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Fortin, Nicole M.

Overview
Works: 34 works in 106 publications in 3 languages and 519 library holdings
Classifications: HB1, 331.4
Publication Timeline
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Publications about Nicole M Fortin
Publications by Nicole M Fortin
Most widely held works by Nicole M Fortin
Labor market institutions and the distribution of wages, 1973-1992 : a semiparametric approach by John E DiNardo( Book )
12 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 85 libraries worldwide
This paper presents a semiparametric procedure to analyze the effects of institutional and labor market factors on recent changes in the U.S. distribution of wages. The effects of these factors are estimated by applying kernel density methods to appropriately 'reweighted' samples. The procedure provides a visually clear representation of where in the density of wages these various factors exert the greatest impact. Using data from the Current Population Survey, we find, as in previous research, that de-unionization and supply and demand shocks were important factors in explaining the rise in wage inequality from 1979 to 1988. We find also compelling visual and quantitative evidence that the decline in the real value of the minimum wage explains a substantial proportion of this increase in wage inequality, particularly for women. We conclude that labor market institutions are as important as supply and demand considerations in explaining changes in the U.S. distribution of wages from 1979 to 1988
Occupational gender composition and wages in Canada, 1987-1988 by Michael Baker( Book )
12 editions published between 1999 and 2001 in English and held by 82 libraries worldwide
The relationship between occupational gender composition and wages is the basis of pay equity/comparable worth legislation. A number of previous studies have examined this relationship in US data, identifying some of the determinants of low wages in female jobs'' well as important limitations of public policy in this area. There is little evidence, however, from other jurisdictions. This omission is particularly disturbing in the case of Canada, which now has some of the most extensive pay equity legislation in the world. In this paper we provide a comprehensive picture, circa the late 1980's, of the occupational gender segregation in Canada and its consequences for wages. The sample period precedes many provincial pay equity initiatives and thus the results should provide a baseline for the evaluation of this legislation. We find that the estimated wage penalties in female jobs in Canada are generally much smaller than the estimates for the United States. Although there is some heterogeneity across worker groups on average, the link between female wages and gender composition is small and not statistically significant
Does comparable worth work in a decentralized labor market? by Michael Baker( Book )
12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 78 libraries worldwide
We investigate the effect of pro-active comparable worth legislation covering both the public and private sectors on wages, the gender wage gap and the gender composition of employment. The focus is the pay equity initiative of the Canadian province of Ontario in the early 1990s. We document substantial lapses in compliance and problems with the implementation of the law among smaller firms where the majority of men and women work. This evidence provides important lessons of the obstacles to extending pay equity to the private sector of a decentralized labor market. When we focus on those sectors of the labor market where compliance was relatively strict, our results suggest that any positive effects on the wages of women in female jobs were very modest. Our most consistently estimated effects of the law on wages are negative: slower wage growth for women in male jobs and for men in female jobs
Gender composition and wages : why is Canada different from the United States? by Michael Baker( Book )
4 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and held by 34 libraries worldwide
Unconditional Quantile Regressions by Thomas Lemieux( file )
6 editions published between 2006 and 2007 in English and held by 33 libraries worldwide
We propose a new regression method to estimate the impact of explanatory variables on quantiles of the unconditional (marginal) distribution of an outcome variable. The proposed method consists of running a regression of the (recentered) influence function (RIF) of the unconditional quantile on the explanatory variables. The influence function is a widely used tool in robust estimation that can easily be computed for each quantile of interest. We show how standard partial effects, as well as policy effects, can be estimated using our regression approach. We propose three different regression estimators based on a standard OLS regression (RIF-OLS), a logit regression (RIF-Logit), and a nonparametric logit regression (RIF-OLS). We also discuss how our approach can be generalized to other distributional statistics besides quantiles
Decomposition methods in economics by Nicole M Fortin( file )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of decomposition methods that have been developed since the seminal work of Oaxaca and Blinder in the early 1970s. These methods are used to decompose the difference in a distributional statistic between two groups, or its change over time, into various explanatory factors. While the original work of Oaxaca and Blinder considered the case of the mean, our main focus is on other distributional statistics besides the mean such as quantiles, the Gini coefficient or the variance. We discuss the assumptions required for identifying the different elements of the decomposition, as well as various estimation methods proposed in the literature. We also illustrate how these methods work in practice by discussing existing applications and working through a set of empirical examples throughout the paper
Population aging and human capital investment by youth by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
3 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
The training divide a Canada-US comparison of employee training by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 29 libraries worldwide
Occupational Tasks and Changes in the Wage Structure by Sergio Firpo( file )
3 editions published between 2010 and 2011 in English and German and held by 17 libraries worldwide
This paper argues that changes in the returns to occupational tasks have contributed to changes in the wage distribution over the last three decades. Using Current Population Survey (CPS) data, we first show that the 1990s polarization of wages is explained by changes in wage setting between and within occupations, which are well captured by tasks measures linked to technological change and offshorability. Using a decomposition based on Firpo, Fortin, and Lemieux (2009), we find that technological change and deunionization played a central role in the 1980s and 1990s, while offshorability became an important factor from the 1990s onwards
Leaving boys behind gender disparities in high academic achievement by Nicole M Fortin( Computer File )
2 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Using three decades of data from the "Monitoring the Future" cross-sectional surveys, this paper shows that, from the 1980s to the 2000s, the mode of girls' high school GPA distribution has shifted from "B" to "A", essentially "leaving boys behind" as the mode of boys' GPA distribution stayed at "B". In a reweighted Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition of achievement at each GPA level, we find that gender differences in post-secondary expectations, controlling for school ability, and as early as 8th grade are the most important factor accounting for this trend. Increases in the growing proportion of girls who aim for a post-graduate degree are sufficient to account for the increase over time in the proportion of girls earning "A's". The larger relative share of boys obtaining "C" and C+" can be accounted for by a higher frequency of school misbehavior and a higher proportion of boys aiming for a two-year college degree
Rank regressions, wage distributions, and the gender gap by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
6 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and French and held by 11 libraries worldwide
Taux de féminité des professions et salaires : pourquoi le Canada diffère-t-il des États-Unis? by Michael Baker( file )
1 edition published in 2000 in French and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Borrowing constraints and female labor supply : nonparametric and parametric evidence of the impact of mortgage lending rules by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
4 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 8 libraries worldwide
Labor market institutions and gender differences in wage inequality by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
4 editions published in 1996 in English and French and held by 7 libraries worldwide
Allocation inflexibilities, female labor supply and housing assets accumulation : are women working to pay the mortgage? by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 6 libraries worldwide
A unified theory of aggregation : similarity and separability reconsidered by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Heterogeneity biases, distributional effects and aggregate consumption : an empirical analysis using stratified micro-data by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
Women's wages in women's work : a U.S./Canada comparison of the roles of unions and "Public goods" sector jobs by Michael Baker( Article )
3 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Fonctions de production et biais d'agrégation by Nicole M Fortin( Book )
2 editions published in 1990 in French and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Gender role attitudes and the labour-market outcomes of women across OECD countries by Nicole M Fortin( file )
2 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
"This paper uses data from the World Value Surveys (1990, 1995, 1999) to investigate the impact of gender role attitudes and work values on women's labour-market outcomes across 25 OECD countries. Anti-egalitarian views are found to display the strongest negative association with female employment rates and the gender pay gap. These views are, however, softening among recent cohorts. On the other hand, perceptions of women's role as homemakers, which are likely formed in youth and linked to religious ideology, are more persistent over time. They could be implicated in the recent slowdown of the gender convergence in pay. Finally, the unavoidable clash between family values and egalitarian views, that takes the form of an inner conflict for many women - the so-called "mother's guilt" - is another obstacle in the path towards greater gender equality in the labour market."--Editor
 
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Alternative Names
Fortin, N. M. 1954-
Fortin, Nicole
Fortin, Nicole 1954-
Fortin, Nicole M. 1954-
Fortin, Nicole Marie
Languages
English (80)
French (5)
German (1)
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