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Tiongson, Erwin

Works: 28 works in 81 publications in 2 languages and 612 library holdings
Classifications: HC244.Z9, 339.460947
Publication Timeline
Publications about Erwin Tiongson
Publications by Erwin Tiongson
Most widely held works by Erwin Tiongson
The crisis hits home stress-testing households in Eastern Europe and Central Asia ( file )
8 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 319 libraries worldwide
"The global financial crisis, which has led to a sharp slowdown in economic activity everywhere, including the emerging markets in Europe and Central Asia, now risks reversing the substantial gains and improvements in living standards achieved by the region over the past few years. It threatens the well-being of millions of people in the region who are poor or who are living just above the poverty line and at risk of easily falling into poverty as economies contract. This book seeks to understand the key macroeconomic shocks confronted by the region and the impact of such shocks on household welfare, including the effect on household income flows, consumption levels, and liabilities. It draws on a large, cross-country database of recent house-hold surveys and presents regional overviews as well as relevant country examples to illustrate the incidence and distribution of specific vulnerabilities." --Book Jacket
How Does the Composition of Public Spending Matter? by Stefano Paternostro( file )
4 editions published in 2005 in English and Undetermined and held by 43 libraries worldwide
Search agenda to provide theoretically and empirically robust and verifiable guidance to public spending policy
Does higher government spending buy better results in education and health care? by Sanjeev Gupta( Book )
5 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
In a recent paper, Sen (forthcoming) argues that "since premature mortality, significant undernourishment, and widespread illiteracy are deprivations that directly impoverish human life, the allocation of economic resources as well as arrangements for social provision must give some priority to removing these disadvantages for the affected population." In particular, this requires greater provision of basic education and primary health care
Mortgage finance in central and eastern europe: opportunity or burden? by Thorsten Beck( Computer File )
6 editions published in 2010 in 3 languages and held by 31 libraries worldwide
Household credit, especially for mortgages, has doubled over the past years in the new European Union member countries, raising concerns about the economic and social consequences of household indebtedness in the event of a macroeconomic crisis. Using household survey data for 2005, 2006, and 2007 for both old and new European Union members, this paper assesses the determinants of access to mortgage finance. It also examines whether mortgage holders were more likely to suffer financial distress compared with non-mortgage holders in the period before the global financial crisis. The analysis does not find any systematic evidence that mortgage holders are financially more vulnerable than renters or outright owners; in fact, the incidence of financial vulnerability generally fell between 2005 and 2007, possibly reflecting the strong income growth experienced by these countries over this period. In addition, although tenure status is more difficult to explain in the new European Union member countries, the analysis finds that many of the same drivers of tenure status in the older member countries generally drive tenure status in the newer member countries as well. Finally, there is no evidence that access to mortgage credit is based on expected income in the old or in the new European Union member countries
How useful are benefit incidence analyses of public education and health spending? by Hamid Reza Davoodi( Book )
5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 30 libraries worldwide
This paper provides a primer on benefit incidence analysis (BIA) for macroeconomists and a new data set on the benefit incidence of education and health spending covering 56 countries over 1960-2000, representing a significant improvement in quality and coverage over existing compilations. The paper demonstrates the usefulness of BIA in two dimensions. First, the paper finds, among other things, that overall education and health spending are poorly targeted; benefits from primary education and primary health care go disproportionately to the middle class, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, HIPCs and transition economies; but targeting has improved in the 1990s. Second, simple measures of association show that countries with a more propoor incidence of education and health spending tend to have better education and health outcomes, good governance, high per capita income, and wider accessibility to information. The paper explores policy implications of these findings
Corruption and the provision of health care and education services by Sanjeev Gupta( Book )
5 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 28 libraries worldwide
Income inequality and redistributive government spending by Luiz R. de Mello( Book )
6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 27 libraries worldwide
The paper examines empirically the question of whether more unequal societies spend more on income redistribution than their more egalitarian counterparts. Theoretical arguments on this issue are inconclusive. The political economy literature suggests that redistributive spending is higher in unequal societies due to median voter preferences. Alternatively, it can be argued that unequal societies may spend less on redistribution because of capital market imperfections. Based on different data sources, the cross-country evidence reported in this paper suggests that more unequal societies do spend less on redistribution
Split decisions family finance when a policy discontinuity allocates overseas work by Michael A Clemens( file )
4 editions published in 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 19 libraries worldwide
"Labor markets are increasingly global. Overseas work can enrich households but also split them geographically, with ambiguous net effects on decisions about work, investment, and education. These net effects, and their mechanisms, are poorly understood. This study investigates a policy discontinuity in the Philippines that resulted in quasi-random assignment of temporary, partial-household migration to high-wage jobs in Korea. This allows unusually reliable measurement of the reduced-form effect of these overseas jobs on migrant households. A purpose-built survey allows nonexperimental tests of different theoretical mechanisms for the reduced-form effect. The study also explores how reliably the reduced-form effect could be measured with standard observational estimators. It finds large effects on spending, borrowing, and human capital investment, but no effects on saving or entrepreneurship. Remittances appear to overwhelm household splitting as a causal mechanism"--Abstract
Attitudes To Equality: The "Socialist Legacy" Revisited by Mamta Murthi( Computer File )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 14 libraries worldwide
It is routinely assumed that residents of post-socialist countries have a preference for greater income equality, other things being equal, owing to the legacy of socialism. This proposition is examined in the context of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union using data from three waves of the World Values Survey. Contrary to expectations, the authors find little evidence of a 'socialist legacy' en bloc. Considering the former Soviet Union separately from other post-socialist countries, the analysis finds that as a group these countries display significantly lower preference for moving toward greater income equality than both Eastern Europe and other comparator groups (developed and developing countries). These findings hold up even when controlling for the conventional determinants of attitudes such as income level and employment status of the individual respondent, as well as national factors such as per-capita income and its distribution. Moreover, the preference for greater income inequality appears to have persisted at least since the mid-1990s and possibly since the early 1990s (data difficulties preclude a robust examination of this latter question). The results are consistent with the fairly low levels of public spending on redistribution commonly found in the former Soviet Union
The Impact of Emigration on Source Country Wages: Evidence from the Republic of Moldova by Lawrence Bouton( Computer File )
4 editions published in 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 14 libraries worldwide
Thousands of Moldovans emigrated for work abroad over the last few years following nearly a decade of economic stagnation in their home country. At about 30 percent of the labor force, Moldova's emigrant population is in relative terms among the largest in the world. This study uses a unique household survey to examine the impact of emigration on wages in Moldova. The authors find a positive and significant impact of emigration on wages and the result is robust to the use of alternative samples and specifications. The size of the emigration coefficient varies depending on the sample and model specification, but the baseline result suggests that, on average, a 10 percent increase in the emigration rate is associated with 3.2 percent increase in wages. At the same time, there is evidence of significant differences across economic sectors in the estimated effect of emigration on wages. The authors speculate and provide some evidence that offsetting changes in labor demand, as revealed by information on employment growth by sector, may help explain some of the heterogeneity
Bosnia And Herzegovina 2001-2004 : Enterprise Restructuring, Labor Market Transitions And Poverty by Erwin Tiongson( file )
4 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
This paper takes stock of labor market developments in Bosnia and Herzegovina over the period 2001-2004, using the panel Living Standards Measurement Study/Living in Bosnia and Herzegovina survey. The analysis estimates a multinomial logit model of labor market transitions by state of origin (employment, unemployment, and inactivity) following the specification of widely used models of transition probabilities, and analyzes the impact of standard covariates. The results provide strong evidence that there are indeed significant differences in labor market transitions by gender, age, education, and geographic location. Using the panel structure of the multi-topic survey data, the authors find that these transitions are related to welfare dynamics, with welfare levels evolving differently for various groups depending on their labor market trajectories. The findings show that current labor market trends reflecting women's movement out of labor markets and laid-off male workers accepting informal sector jobs characterized by low productivity will lead to adverse social outcomes. These outcomes could be averted if the planned enterprise reform program creates a more favorable business environment and leads to faster restructuring and growth of firms
Foreign aid and consumption smoothing : evidence from global food aid by Sanjeev Gupta( Computer File )
2 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 9 libraries worldwide
Global food aid is considered a critical consumption smoothing mechanism in many countries. However, its record of stabilizing consumption has been mixed. This paper examines the cyclical properties of food aid with respect to food availability in recipient countries, with a view to assessing its impact on consumption in some 150 developing countries and transition economies, covering 1970 to 2000. The results show that global food aid has been allocated to countries most in need. Food aid has also been countercyclical within countries with the greatest need. However, for most countries, food aid is not countercyclical. The amount of food aid provided is also insufficient to mitigate contemporaneous shortfalls in consumption. The results are robust to various specifications and filtering techniques and have important implications for macroeconomic and fiscal management
Growth, Poverty, and Inequality Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union by Asad Alam( Computer File )
5 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 5 libraries worldwide
"....A most interesting report. I have read it with considerable interest, and have learned a lot. It tells a clear story, and it contains a lot of interesting material."- Anthony Atkinson, Professor Nuffield CollegeOxford University, United Kingdom "The key conclusion of the report is that rapid economic growth is fundamentally important for job creation and, consequently, reducing poverty."- Ewa Balcerowicz, President of the BoardCenter for Social and Economic Research, Warsaw, Poland While the countries of Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union have made significant progress in reducing poverty in the past five years, poverty and vulnerability remain significant problems. More than 60 million are poor and more than 150 million are vulnerable. Most of the poor are the working poor. Many others face deprivations in terms of access and quality of public services. Regional inequalities both between and within countries are large. The highest levels of absolute poverty are found in the poor countries of Central Asia and the South Caucasus, but most of the region's poor and vulnerable are in middle- income countries. Growth, Poverty, and Inequality examines these important issues and recommends that public policies focus on: accelerating shared growth and job creation; improving public service delivery; strengthening social protection; and enhancing the monitoring of progress in poverty reduction. This book will be informative for policy makers and social scientists working in the Region
The Crisis Hits Home Stress Testing Households In Europe And Central Asia ( Book )
2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The crisis threatens the welfare of about 160 million people in the Europe and Central Asia region and a new round of price increases triggered by currency adjustments is expected. However, compared with previous crises, households and governments alike face difficult choices over spending priorities
Public spending on health care and the poor by Sanjeev Gupta( Book )
3 editions published between 2001 and 2004 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
This paper estimates the impact of public spending on the poor's health status in over 70 countries. It provides evidence that the poor have significantly worse health status than the rich and that they are more favorably affected by public spending on health care. An important new result is that the relationship between public spending and the health status of the poor is stronger in low-income countries than in higher-income countries. However, the results suggest that increased public spending alone will not be sufficient to meet international commitments for improvements in health status
Attitudes To Equality the "Socialist Legacy" Revisited by Mamta Murthi( file )
1 edition published in 2008 in Undetermined and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Essays on trade and migration by Erwin Tiongson( Archival Material )
1 edition published in 2007 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Foreign aid and revenue response : does the composition of aid matter? by Sanjeev Gupta( Book )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Bosnia And Herzegovina 2001-2004 Enterprise Restructuring, Labor Market Transitions And Poverty by Erwin Tiongson( file )
1 edition published in 2008 in Undetermined and held by 2 libraries worldwide
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Alternative Names
Tiongson, Erwin R.
English (65)
German (1)
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