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University of Texas at Arlington Center for Mexican American Studies

Works: 151 works in 176 publications in 1 language and 152 library holdings
Genres: Interviews  Music 
Publication Timeline
Publications about University of Texas at Arlington
Publications by University of Texas at Arlington
Most widely held works by University of Texas at Arlington
Oral history interview with María Jiménez by María Jiménez( Book )
1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Ms. Jiménez describes her work as director of the Immigration Law Enforcement Monitoring Project (ILEMP) and explains the background and purpose of its parent organization, the American Friends Service Committee (AFSC). She discusses ILEMP's funding, budget, goals and operations and how its collection of data on human rights abuses has impacted immigration policy and law; she refers repeatedly to the Ezekiel Hernandez case and its effect on the U.S. policy of using military troops on the U.S.-Mexico border. In speaking of her family, Ms. Jiménez relates the effects her activism has had on her personal life and her children, and describes her parents' support for education and her early exposure to political activism. She also talks of the race and gender discrimination she experienced in school and discusses her participation in MAYO (Mexican American Youth Organization) while a student at the University of Houston. Ms. Jiménez speaks about campaigning as a La Raza Unida candidate for Houston city council and how that party and the Democratic party interacted during the race. She describes her work history and involvement in union organizing activities. She also expresses her views on the inequities of immigration policy, especially its economic aspects, and on Mexican American leadership and its future
Oral history interview with Olga Peña by Olga Peña( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Olga Peña speaks briefly of her family background and her early life in San Antonio, Texas. She refers to Albert Peña's campaign for state representative against Ray T. Felixson in the early 1950s, his run for Bexar County Commissioner in 1956, and his involvement in the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC). She discusses his political group, the Loyal Latin American Democrats, their work with the Democratic Party conventions in the 1950s and 1960s, including Adlai Stevenson's campaign, and with the Raza Unida Party. She talks about the involvement of Lalo Solis and Ruben Mungia [sic, Munguía] in the Democratic Party and notes briefly her husband's civil rights and race discrimination cases. She recalls the startup of radio station KEDA and describes the impact of redistricting efforts on election outcomes. She tells about Albert Peña's connection with the case of Communist Party member Angela Davis through his colleague G.J. Sutton, and its effect on his 1972 election campaign, and reads a communication from Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., about Albert Peña's interest in the Poor People's Campaign. She comments on her work with Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA) which led to a protest march in Del Rio in 1969 as part of the Chicano Movement. She mentions the campaigns of Henry B. Gonzales and assails his attitudes, particularly those toward the Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations (PASSO) and the Viva Kennedy Clubs. She gives the underlying reasons for her divorce and discusses her life following the divorce, including her work on George McGovern's campaign
Oral history interview with Mike V. Gonzalez by Mike V González( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Mike V. González begins with his early life and childhood and shares how he got into sports. He states his stepfather worked on the Anaconda [sic, Anacacha] Ranch near Spofford, Texas and reveals the race discrimination he encountered while growing up in Uvalde. He talks about his athletic ability and praises his high school coach, Orville Ethridge [sic, Etheredge], for encouraging him to excel even though it cost the coach his job, and refers to his sports prowess at Howard Payne University. He provides details of his miltary service as an agent tracking German Nazi war criminals who had escaped to South America for the United States Army Counter Intelligence Corps. He mentions his brief marriage to a German national and explains his decision to leave the military to pursue law at St. Mary's University in San Antonio, Texas. He discusses his heavy work schedule while attending law school and thanks Dean Ernest A. Raba for finding him work with the law firm of Matt (Mattías William) García. He mentions his exposure to politics during his time at Matt García, and explains his return to Uvalde to practice law. He recalls a demonstration in the Edcouch-Elsa Independent School District, talks about Pete Tijerina and the legal battles they fought before the formation of Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF), and assails the attempts of non-Hispanic lawyers to represent Mexican Americans in early civil rights cases. He remembers being set up and arrested on smuggling charges and credits legendary Texas attorney Warren Burnet [sic, Burnett] for clearing his name. He recounts a demonstration at Lion's Park in Del Rio which became one of his major civil rights cases, and attributes Richard (J.) Clarkson, a researcher in Warren Burnett's office for the success of the case. He speaks briefly of his connections with Ruben Salazar, laments Salazar's death, and describes the Palm Sunday protest march in Del Rio. He rages about being shot and his home being burnt to the ground yet never investigated, and addresses the founding of the Southwest Council of La Raza. He tells of participating in Democratic Party conventions and campaigning for Raza Unida Party candidates. González recalls flying over Dolph Briscoe's ranch with Sissy Farenthold to spot illegal aliens in Briscoe's employ and attributes his own successful election to the Del Rio city council in 1970 to voter registration efforts conducted by the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) and the Brown Berets (National Brown Beret Organization). He boasts about garnering financial assistance from the Southern Christian Leadership Conference and refers to his participation in the Poor People's Campaign demonstration in Washington, DC. He remarks on the presidential visit to El Paso over the El Chamizal border resolution and assails Dr. Alfredo Gutiérrez, Jr., mayor of Del Rio, for interfering with his own bid for mayor. González enumerates his contributions as a member of the Del Rio city council and as its police commissioner and criticizes Henry B. Gonzalez. He boasts about the United States Economic Development Administration (EDA) grants he obtained for the city of Del Rio through regional director, Joe Bailey Swanner, and provides details of the projects he funded in the San Felipe and Chihuahua neighborhoods of Del Rio. He refers to his children and former wife, Delia Flores González, and elaborates on the legal battle Ms. González underwent against immigration fraud charges. He gives details of one of many attempted frames plotted by his political enemies but which he foiled, and reiterates how he and his family were often threatened. He describes the Del Rio school system of the 1930s, the creation of the San Felipe Independent School District, and the legal battle involving students from the nearby military base (Laughlin Air Force Base), a court case tried in Tyler, Texas by Judge William Wayne Justice. González explains his rift with the American G.I. Forum and considers his differences with its founder, Dr. Fermin Calderon. He comments on the roles of the John Birch Society and the Ku Klux Klan in South Texas and expresses his beliefs and reasoning for taking on the challenge of his life's work
Oral history interview with Elfida Marquez Gutièrrez by Elfida Marquez Gutiérrez( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Elfida Marquez Gutiérrez begins with her family's background and her college years. She describes the discrimination she encountered, particularly when living in Lubbock, Texas, and compares her high school years in her hometown to her experiences at college. She talks about the family moving to Socorro and about working in the Socorro Independent School District. She discusses unethical real estate developers, the homes they built in Socorro, and the tactics she learned from the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Aztlán (MEChA) to fight for public utilties for their neighborhoods. She notes her involvement in the incorporation of Socorro as a city, its zoning issues, and the election campaigns of Carlos Aguilar and Nacho Padilla. She discusses her appointment and election to the El Paso Community College Board of Trustees and details her election campaign. She refers to the colonia of Montana Vista and cites the W. K. Kellogg Foundation for its assistance there. She relates how the national level of the Association of Community College Trustees (ACCT) lacked Hispanic representation and tells about the work of the national and state levels of the Association of Latino Community College Trustees. She comments on her role as an educator and administrator, talks about state representative Norma Chavez, and mentions such notable Mexican Americans as Barbara Perez, Sergio Lewis, Dan Morales, and Henry Cisneros
Oral history interview with Gilberto Torres by Gilberto Torres( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Mr. Torres discusses his family history and genealogy. He recalls memories of race discrimination practices by teachers and school administrators. He talks about racist acts by law enforcement agencies and other incidents of race discrimination he experienced while in the military. He focuses on his twenty-one year career in the U.S. Army including the difficulties and successes he experienced as a soldier. He explains that he decided to get into politics because of the abuses he and other Mexican Americans have experienced. He details his involvement with the Economy Furniture Strike in Austin, the student walkouts in Uvalde, and other political movements and protests. He comments on his political campaigns, including methods of raising money and campaign management. Mr. Torres recounts the events that led to his decision to run for county commissioner, and he describes the support he received from Mexican American leaders such as Josʹe Uriega, Alberto Peña, and Dr. Fermʹin Calderʹon. He elaborates upon his activities as a county commissioner, and describes the abuses of power and corruption in Uvalde County politics and government. Mr. Torres explains some of the measures he took to combat and/or correct such abuses. He concludes the interview by describing how some Mexican American political leaders do not understand the nature of politics and how the system operates which results in them hurting their own political futures as well as that of other Mexican American politicians
Oral history interview with Lidia Serrata by Lidia Serrata( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Ms. Serrata talks about her family history and genealogy, and she discusses Mexican Americans in positions of leadership in the Victoria region. She talks about her relationship with former governor Ann Richards, lawsuits to get single member districting, and race discrimination practices in the hiring and firing of Mexican American teachers and personnel in the schools. She also describes programs in which she was involved to help keep kids in school. Ms. Serrata tells about her activities with the Raza Unida Party, the Brown Berets, and the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO). She gives her impressions of Raza Unida Party activities in Colorado and compares the Colorado and Texas groups. She describes her scholastic difficulties and the negative environment while in law school. She discusses issues such as pay inequity between Mexican American males and females, prison reform in Texas, the anti-death penalty movement, the feminist movement, and the need for alternative punishment methods for drug offenders. Ms. Serrata talks about her activities as an assistant district attorney in Victoria, Texas and she elaborates upon how she established her own private law practice. She concludes the interview by reviewing her personal problems in child rearing, commenting upon Dan Morales' problems with the public's perception of his political performance as Texas Attorney General, and by lauding Jose Angel Gutierrez for his lifetime efforts on civil rights reforms for Mexican Americans in Texas
Oral history interview with Josue Garza by Josue Garza( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Mayor Josue 'George' Garza talks about his family background, their association with the Assemblies of God in South Texas, and the example his father set for his family. Mayor Garza describes his earliest involvement in politics when he marched as a student at Texas A&I-Kingsville in support of the Kingsville farm laborer strike in 1966. He speaks at length of discrimination against Mexican-Americans in Uvalde, and how efforts at electing Mexican-Americans were repeatedly thwarted, and to what extent Mexican-Americans and their families were pressured to refrain from political activity. He discusses the role of the Raza Unida Party and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Educational Fund (MALDEF) in halting discriminatory practices against Mexican Americans in Uvalde County and what it took to overturn unfair decisions made by local judges. Mayor Garza recalls his work as a teacher and the pride he helped imbue in the students, and the ensuing formation of a local chapter of the Mexican-American Youth Organization (MAYO). He gives details of his first run for public office and the support he received from colleagues and students when his teaching contract was not renewed in retaliation for his bid for public office. He discusses Genoveva Morales' legal battle for bilingual education in Uvalde schools and talks about how former Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe, a Uvalde native, facilitated racial integration in the schools. He also describes unfair practices conducted by the Selective Service Board in Uvalde and what actions were taken to correct them. Mayor Garza elaborates upon his financial struggles, the threat to his real estate holdings by unfair banking practices, and his resolution to strengthen his financial position by concentrating on the profitability of his business ventures. He talks about his election as Executive Director of the Community Council of Southwest Texas, the local organization of the national Community Action Program (CAP)/War on Poverty, and how the Council put a halt to a 'good old boy' system that undermined elections and maintained the status quo. He assails Texas Ranger Captain Alfred Young Allee's intimidation tactics toward Mexican-Americans in court and reveals details of the handling of incidents of alleged police brutality attributed to Morris Barrow. Mayor Garza mentions other prominent Mexican Americans involved in Uvalde politics, including Joe Uriegas, Gilbert Torres, Ismael Sosa, and his son, Ronald B. Garza. He also notes the work of Gabriel 'Jimmy' Tafolla with the Texas Migrant Council and as the first Mexican-American elected to the Uvalde Consolidated Independent School District board of trustees
Oral history interview with Cesareo Guadarrama by Cesareo Guadarrama( Book )
1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The interview begins with a discussion of the Guadarrama family history and genealogy. He tells about his early life as the stepchild of a military man and the family's frequent relocations which did not allow him to establish long term relations and friends while he was growing up. He also relates how the frequent relocating negatively impacted his education by not allowing consistency in instruction and how that led him to become a failure in school. Mr. Guadarrama elaborates upon his involvement as a member of neighborhood gangs when he was a youth. He explains the events and influences that led him to seek election to the Seguin school board and how his election campaign was conducted and managed. Mr. Guadarrama credits Vincent Patlan as his mentor and states that he had the most positive influence on him and his decisions to enter politics. He talks about how he went about gaining the confidence of the White school board members once he was elected. Mr. Guadarrama explains that he left politics for a few years to tend to family and build his business. He details the events that led to his return to politics when he decided to run for the office of Guadalupe County commissioner. Mr. Guadarrama describes the campaigns and elections. He discusses county commissioner politics and contrasts them with those of school board politics. He laments the difficulty of getting Mexican American voters out to vote and describes that as a major problem in getting elected. He concludes the interview with a discussion of the failures and accomplishments he has experienced as county commissioner and the issues he hopes to address in the future
Oral history interview with Victor Morales by Victor Morales( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This second interview with Victor Morales begins with a review of his accomplishments as a city councilman for Crandall, Texas. He gives details about his grassroots campaign for the Democratic Party nomination for the U.S. Senate, and his campaign against Phil Gramm. Mr. Morales talks about problems he faced during his political campaigns, which include raising money to support his political endeavors and obtaining Democratic Party financial support. He elaborates upon his perceptions of Phil Gramm's character and discusses Senator Gramm's campaign tactics. He discusses the role of the media in discrediting his candidacy largely by ignoring him in newspaper write-ups and coverage. Mr. Morales comments on the lack of moral and financial support offered by Mexican American organizations. He identifies the Mexican American Democrats as the only organization to give him financial backing. Mr. Morales discusses his role at the Democratic National Convention for Clinton's 1996 nomination for President, and he describes his thoughts and emotions upon being interviewed by all the major television networks and receiving positive comments on his speech performance from notable congressional Democrats and Mrs. Hillary Clinton. He concludes the interview by stating that he hopes that voters will learn to understand his personality and not let it sway them from voting for him for public office because his agenda is solid and does not include special interest groups' agendas
Oral history interview with Lauro Cruz by Lauro Cruz( Book )
1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The interview begins with the history and genealogy of the Cruz family. He elaborates upon his political activism in the Democratic Party as a precinct judge and his later involvement with the Humphrey-Johnson presidential campaign as campaign co-chairman. He describes the difficulties that Mexican Americans experience in seeking elected office due to racial prejudice and stereotyping by the White dominated power structure. Mr. Cruz talks about his involvement with the farm workers' Austin March of 1966, and describes political activities by Mexican Americans and labor unions during that protest. He elaborates upon the role that the Raza Unida Party played in denying Governor Dolph Briscoe a majority vote in his re-election bid, and he tells about serving as his special assistant later. Mr. Cruz describes the tension created when the Mexican American Democrats (MAD) organization was formed to counter the effectiveness of the Raza Unida Party with voters from the Mexican American Community. Mr. Cruz describes his work as staff manager for Senator Carlos Truan and talks about establishing his own independent public relations company. He concludes the interview with a description of his leadership-training program for Mexican Americans at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas
Oral history interview with Viviano Flores by Viviano Flores( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Viviano Flores begins with his personal and family background and recounts his entry into the music industry as a manager. He recounts the failure of the 'Little Joe' club venue, a business venture begun in Pasadena, Texas in the late 1970s to showcase the musical group, Little Joe, Johnny y La Familia. He discusses the start of his own talent agency, Hispanic Talent Unlimited, and his work with the musical group La Mafia in 1987 as their road manager. He tells of his work as a promoter in the Dallas/Fort Worth area and emphasizes learning the legal side of the music business to protect his clients' interests. He attributes the increasing popularity of Tejano music across the United States since the 1950s to the settlement of Mexican-American migrant agricultural workers in major cities, particularly Chicago, Illinois. He gives his opinions of the differences between conjunto, norteño, and Tejano music and comments on the crowd-pleasing performances of guitarist Lorenzo Caballero, singer Isidro Lopez, and late Tejana artist Selena, as well as Selena's role in creating opportunities for women within the male-dominated Tejano music scene. He examines the financial aspects of the music business and mentions Selena's bank the dinos, and her father Abraham Quintanilla, Jr., and his recording company, Q Productions. He notes his work with La Fiebre (The Fever), the New Variety Band, and Naomi/Noemi [sic, Noemy] Esparza and explains the recording options and labels available to Tejano musicians. He explores the possibilities Tejano music artists have to win a Grammy, a Tejano music award, or a Pura Vida Hispanic Music Award and reveals Question Mark and the Mysterians were Mexican American musicians. He talks about scouting bands from South Texas for José Valenzuela to play in Chicago. He comments on a number of Tejano music artists such as Laura Canales, Tony de la Rosa, Paulino Bernal, and Patsy Torres
Oral history interview with Angel N. González by Angel N Gonzʹalez( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Mr. González talks about his family history and genealogy. He shares memories of his childhood years including experiences in schools. He comments on his early career in education as a public school coach and relates the circumstances that led to his appointment as an elementary school principal. He gives details about his employment with the Texas Education Agency, the Dallas Independent School District, Houston Independent School District, Crystal City Independent School District, and the Office of Education for Bilingual Education in Washington, D.C. Mr. González discusses various issues and difficulties associated with the implementation of Bilingual Education programs in Texas. He also talks about problems associated with financing bilingual education programs and lack of monitoring of school districts to enforce court mandates to provide bilingual education for limited English speaking students. Mr. González discusses the different types of bilingual education approaches used by school districts, and he tells about the role that race discrimination plays in deciding which definition is selected to define any given bilingual education program. He elaborates upon the multiple difficulties that he experienced while serving as Superintendent of Crystal City schools. Mr. González talks about the role he played in bringing about the decriminalization of using Spanish as the language of instruction in the schools. He provides details about his indictment on fraud charges, his trial, the trial outcome, and the financial hardships he faced
Oral history interview with Frances Terán by Frances Terán( Book )
1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Frances Terán begins with the background of the National Council of La Raza (NCLR) and explains the organization's purpose and financial backing. She describes the NCLR Texas Affiliate Network and talks about other Hispanic non-profit programs across the southwest, including the Texas Migrant Council. She discusses the criteria which must be met for community based organizations to become affiiliated with the NCLR and compares major foundations funding programs in Houston and Dallas which appear to favor the African American community over the Mexican American community. She covers her work with the Bexar County Metropolitan Youth Agency, the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program, and the Bexar County Local Development Corporation. She talks about a suit against Bexar County by the Bexar County Legal Aid Association requiring the county to fund assistance to the poor and about using CDBG funds through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development to construct facilities to allow handicap accessibility to county buildings. She comments on Henry Cisneros' positive impact on San Antonio as its mayor and recalls her family background and childhood years, highlighting her meeting of Richard M. Nixon, Hubert H. Humphrey, Henry B. Gonzales, and George Bush. She credits Raul Yzaguirre's leadership at NCLR for the progress made on issues concerning Hispanic Americans and elaborates on a controversy based on funding from the Coors Foundation. She states her opinions about Levi Strauss and Company which closed its San Antonio plant in response to the organized labor efforts of the San Antonio Coalition of the United Force and Mujer Obrera. She notes the careful review NCLR gives to public issues and expresses her views on how the Hispanic community is perceived by the African American community. She mentions the Mexican and American Solidarity Foundation in relation to economic development issues between the United States and Mexico and points to El Paso and South Texas as natural benefactors of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the North American Development Bank. She cites the drop out rate of Mexican Americans and stresses the importance of meeting the educational needs of the Hispanic community. She concludes by pondering the future leadership of NCLR at the national level
Oral history interview with Román Martínez by Román Martínez( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Mr. Martʹinez discusses the reasons that he decided to become a political activist on Mexican American issues and seek election to state office. He describes his participation in the Movimiento Estudiantil Chicano de Atzlʹan (MEChA) at Yale University and its influence on him and how that led to his interest in pursuing politics on behalf of Mexican American interests and rights. He also talks about the minority student recruitment program at Yale University that resulted in a substantial number of Mexican American young people from Texas going to Yale. Mr. Martʹinez details key elements of his work in Texas politics. He describes political issues in which he became involved such as statewide redistricting, high school drop out legislation, and, building new schools in Houston's Hispanic areas. He talks about the details involved in getting the legislature to establish line item funding to create the Mexican American Cultural Center at the University of Houston in spite of the protests of University officials. He tells about the racial prejudices and struggles that Mexican American legislators faced both locally and statewide in getting positive results for the Hispanic community. Mr. Martʹinez describes the problems he experienced as a political candidate in Texas politics. He talks about the difficulties of raising money to support his candidacy and being politically disadvantaged by wealthier political opponents. Mr. Martʹinez details his constant fights against political maneuvering by opponents and members of the Mexican American community. He tells how he supported himself financially by building up his own taxi cab company which was the first Mexican American owned taxi cab business in the Houston area
Oral history interview with Arnoldo Rodríguez, Jr., 1998 by Arnoldo Rodríguez( Book )
1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Rodríguez describes his depressed childhood, including use and sale of drugs, and how he turned around his life under the influence of his foster family (his cousins), especially his foster mother and fellow school board member, Maria Areza López. Rodríguez talks about the effect on his life of his participation in high school athletics. He also relates the influence on the family and on his own philosophy of the attitude held by Mrs. López' father toward participation in politics and voting, and the resulting election to the school board of both Rodríguez and López. He discusses their approach to their political campaigns and his motivation to run for election and re-election to the school board, as well as his relationship with his foster mother as a fellow board member. Rodríguez also talks about the election and the campaign for re-election in 1997, his attitude toward his service and role on the board, his experience as a board member, and his feelings about leadership. In conclusion, Rodríguez expresses his choice of Dr. Hector Garcia as the most influential Mexican American leader, reiterates his motiviation for being politically active and his belief in the importance of voting, and reveals his intent to run for other political office upon completion of his school board service
Oral history interview with Ruben Bonilla, Jr by Ruben, Jr Bonilla( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Ruben Bonilla, Jr., begins with his role in the Mexican American Democrats of Texas (MAD) and talks about the politics of Mexican Americans and their organizations in Texas, particularly the Raza Unida Party, the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), MAD, Tejano Democrats, the American G.I. Forum, and the Mexican American Legislative Caucus. He states his concerns for the lack of action on the issues of Mexican American gangs, dropouts, and juvenile crime and shares his family's background in Calvert, Texas. He tells about the politics and economic development in Corpus Christi, Robstown, Mathis, and Nueces County, and derides Richard M. Borchers, elected to a number of Nueces County offices, who failed to create opportunities for Mexican Americans and local residents. Bonilla notes particularly the instance Borchers opted for the Linebarger (now Linebarger Goggan Blair & Sampson) law firm in Austin over local bidders, and laments the decision of Judge Raul Gonzales regarding a case against the Linebarger firm. Ruben Bonilla shares his opinions on the impact of the North American Free Trade Agreement and the involvement of the Hispanic American organization Comisión Mixta in trade issues between Mexico and the United States, and describes the purpose of the Alliance (an organization formed by the merger of the Chamber of Commerce, the Economic Development Corporation and the Visitors and Tourist Bureau) in Corpus Christi. He provides information on Mexican American politicians Annette Hassette, Lauro Olivárez, and Hugo Berlanga who were elected to public office in Corpus Christi, and gives details on the judicial appointment of Hilda Tagle, with additional commentary on the success of Mexican American women in politics. He commends African American politician Mickey Leland, berates local Mexican American politician Solomon Ortiz, and refers to his friendship with American G.I. Forum founder Dr. Hector P. Garcia. He expresses his hope for a Mexican American owned newspaper and discusses the media's influence on the public's opinion of Mexican Americans. He briefly mentions his own participation in the West Texas march with Ruben Sandoval against police brutality and his experiences with race discrimination, and comments on prominent Mexican American politicos such as Tony Canales, Dan Morales, and Victor Morales
Oral history interview with Charles Cotrell by Charles Cotrell( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Dr. Cotrell describes his early relationships with Mexican American friends and neighbors and gives a brief overview of his education. He discusses the Mexican American student activism he witnessed and supported as a professor at Texas A & I and St. Mary's universities, and gives his opinion about why those campuses and communities generated such activity. Dr. Cotrell speaks of the formation of PASO (Political Association of Spanish-Speaking Organizations) and MAYO (Mexican American Youth Organization) and describes his role therein as that of guide and supporter of the involved students (who included José Angel Gutiérrez) and their ideas. He briefly discusses his participation in the Mexican American Unity Council (MAUC). He analyzes the importance of the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (and its 1975 and 1982 extensions) in bringing the Mexican American community and other minority groups into the mainstream of the electoral process. Dr. Cotrell talks of San Antonio and Bexar County politics and leaders, devoting the most detail to Henry Cisneros and María Antonietta Berriozábal (CMAS No. 33). He laments the lack of dominant leadership figures and the effects of political term limits on the development of Mexican American leaders. In conclusion, Dr. Cotrell speaks of his hopes for and doubts about San Antonio's future
Oral history interview with Juan Chuy Hinojosa by Juan Chuy Hinojosa( Book )
1 edition published in 2003 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Juan 'Chuy' Hinojosa begins with his family's background and recalls their deportation to Mexico by the United States Immigration and Nautralization Services Border Patrol despite his American birthright. He shares numerous incidents of the race discrimination he experienced in South Texas, but praises the school system in Mission. He discusses his education and military service and talks about his run for the Texas House of Representatives against Eddie de la Garza, grandson to U.S. Congressman Eligio 'Kika' de la Garza. He reveals his campaign finances and the grassroots campaign strategy he learned from his mentor John Luke Hill, Jr. He speaks of his efforts in office to unify and strengthen the Mexican American caucus and tells of his budget confrontation with Speaker of the House Bill(y) Clayton in order to keep farm chemical regulation under the Commissioner of Agriculture Jim Hightower. He explains his non-partisan voting record by citing a vote on redistricting and touts his legislative successes. He elaborates on his struggle with the University of Texas System Chancellor, William H. Cunningham, to bring the Regional Academic Health Center (RAHC) to South Texas. He shares his decision to run for the Texas Senate seat vacated by Carlos Truán and expresses his gratitude for the financial support he garnered in Corpus Christi, Texas to run and win against Tony Canales' granddaughter, Barbara Canales Black. He points out the differences between working in the Texas House of Representatives and working in the Texas Senate, and contrasts the Republican and Democratic Parties in Texas. He talks about a case he tried prior to introducing legislation, with the help of Judith Zafarrini, for victims of Battered Woman Syndrome and tells about the clean up operation of chemical dumping from the Hayes Sammons Chemical Company on the property of Celia Muñoz. He contrasts the camaraderie of his Marine Corps squad in Vietnam to his first-year impressions and discomfort at Georgetown University and refers to the La Raza Law Students Association he started in the Washington, D.C. area as a student
Oral history interview with Gregory Luna by Gregory Luna( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The interview covers Luna's role in organizing MALDEF (Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund) with Pete Tijerina; Warren Burnett's role in the Del Rio protest; the Ford Foundation's role as the first founder of MALDEF; conflict with Chicanos in California; how Luna became chair of MALDEF: Henry B. Gonzales' opposition to MALDEF and his relations with Pete Tijerina and José Angel Gutierrez; the roles of Gonzales, Tijerina, Gutierrez, and Rep. Mills (first name not given) in the move of MALDEF's national office from Texas to San Francisco; Mario Obledo's chairmanship of MALDEF; Luna's entry into politics via his election to the State Democratic Executive Committee (SDEC) and as state representative. The interview also mentions the campaign of Joe Bernal for an unspecified office (Luna was campaign manager) and La Raza Unida's part in his defeat. Luna also recounts the creation of Mexican American Democrats as a counterforce to La Raza Unida, gives his opinion of MAD's split, and explains his withdrawal from participation in MAD and SDEC. He discusses his theory on why national unity among Mexican American leaders and organizations has been elusive, why Mexican American voter turnout is still low, and his motivation for running for office. Luna describes interaction among members of the Mexican American political community; discusses efforts made to improve higher education in South Texas; and gives his opinions of the role of women in the Texas Legislature and in politics (he especially mentions Irma Rangel and Judith Zaffirini), the role of Mexican American studies in higher education, and on the Mexican American leaders of today
Oral history interview with Norma Villarreal Ramírez, July 5 by Norma Villarreal Ramírez( Book )
1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The interview begins with Ms. Ramírez recounting the events in her life that prepared her for public office such as serving on school student councils, active participation in school extracurricular competitions, and early legal training as an attorney with Texas Rural Legal Aid and as Zapata County Commissioner Court Coordinator. She describes the personal influences in her life such as her father who financed her campaigns, her family (immediate and extended) who voluntarily managed the campaigns, supportive and non-supportive former employers and politicians. She also talks about challenges from negative attitudes she faced as a woman in politics. Ms. Ramʹirez talks about the issues she experienced during her campaigns such as political manipulations and voting fraud on the part of her opponents, resentment and retaliation from incumbent politicians, the intervention of the FBI in Zapata County local elections, and her ultimate victory in the Zapata County Judge election following a reversal of voting results by the Texas Court of Appeals. As Zapata County Judge, she talks about the difficulties she continues to encounter learning her job citing lack of cooperation from some county commissioners and the negative attitudes and hostilities by clerical support staff and other incumbent politicians including women, and law enforcement agencies. Ms. Ramʹirez concludes with a discussion of her personal disappointment, discouragement, and disillusionment with the realities of Zapata County politics
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