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Meng, Juanjuan

Works: 6 works in 13 publications in 2 languages and 75 library holdings
Classifications: LC3067,
Publication Timeline
Publications about Juanjuan Meng
Publications by Juanjuan Meng
Most widely held works by Juanjuan Meng
Using audit studies to test for physician induced demand the case of antibiotic abuse in China by Janet M Currie( file )
4 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 32 libraries worldwide
The overuse of medical services including antibiotics is often blamed on Physician Induced Demand. But since this theory is about physician motivations, it is difficult to test. We conduct an audit study in which physician financial incentives, beliefs about what patients want, and desires to reciprocate for a small gift are systematically varied. We find that all of these treatments reduce antibiotics prescriptions, suggesting that antibiotics abuse in China is not driven by patients actively demanding antibiotics, by physicians believing that patients want antibiotics, or by physicians believing that antibiotics are in the best interests of their patients, but is largely driven by financial incentives. Our results also show that physician behavior can be significantly influenced by the receipt of a token gift, such as a pen
Confucianism and preferences evidence from lab experiments in Taiwan and China by Elaine Meichen Liu( file )
3 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 24 libraries worldwide
This paper investigates how Confucianism affects individual decision making in Taiwan and in China. We found that Chinese subjects in our experiments became less accepting of Confucian values, such that they became significantly more risk loving, less loss averse, and more impatient after being primed with Confucianism, whereas Taiwanese subjects became significantly less present-based and were inclined to be more trustworthy after being primed by Confucianism. Combining the evidence from the incentivized laboratory experiments and subjective survey measures, we found evidence that Chinese subjects and Taiwanese subjects reacted differently to Confucianism
Evaluating the role of science philanthropy in American research universities by Fiona E. S Murray( file )
2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 13 libraries worldwide
Philanthropy plays a major role in university-based scientific, engineering and medical research in the United States contributing over $4Billion annually to operations, endowment and buildings devoted to research. When combined with endowment income, university research funding from science philanthropy is $7Billion a year. This major contribution to U.S. scientific competitiveness comes from private foundations as well as gifts from wealthy individuals. From the researcher's perspective, analysis in this paper demonstrates that science philanthropy provides almost 30% of the annual research funds of those in leading universities. And yet science philanthropy has been largely overshadowed by the massive rise of Federal research funding and, to a lesser extent, industry funding. Government and industry funding have drawn intensive analysis, partly because their objectives are measureable: governments generally support broad national goals and basic research, while industry finances projects likely to contribute directly to useful products. In contrast, philanthropy's contribution to overall levels of scientific funding, and, more importantly, the distribution of philanthropy across different types of research is poorly understood. To fill this gap, we provide the first empirical evaluation of the role of science philanthropy in American research universities. The documented extent of science philanthropy and its strong emphasis on translational medical research raises important questions for Federal policymakers. In determining their own funding strategies, they must no longer assume that their funding is the only source in shaping some fields of research, while recognizing that philanthropy may ignore other important fields
Wo yao rang wo shang Bei da : Juanjuan shou ji = I'm coming, Beijing University! by Juanjuan Meng( Book )
2 editions published in 2002 in Chinese and held by 3 libraries worldwide
Bao bao bu ku zhi bai tian xiao shui mi jue ( Book )
1 edition published in 2013 in Chinese and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Three essays on behavioral economics by Juanjuan Meng( file )
1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This dissertation investigates two topics on behavioral economics: reference-dependent preferences and social utility. Chapter 1 and 2 provide field evidence from labor market and financial market to support reference-dependent model that treats expectations as reference points. Chapter 3 explores the implications of social distance on the endogenous emergence of personal relationships and impersonal market exchange. Chapter 1 : A model of cabdrivers' labor supply is proposed, building on Farber's (2005, 2008) empirical analyses and Kószegi and Rabin's (2006; henceforth "KR") theory of reference-dependent preferences. Following KR, the proposed model has targets for hours as well as income, determined by proxied rational expectations. The model, estimated with Farber's data, reconciles his finding that stopping probabilities are significantly related to hours but not income with Colin Camerer et al.'s (1997) negative "wage" elasticity of hours; and avoids Farber's criticism that estimates of drivers' income targets are too unstable to yield a useful model of labor supply. Chapter 2 : An investor' aversion to losses relative to a reference point in the stock market predicts a V-shaped relationship between the optimal position in a stock and current gains from that stock. Estimates from Odean's (1999) individual trading records show that (i) the predicted V-shape relationship exists for a large majority of investors, and (ii) expectations are the most likely determinant of investors' reference points. The V-shaped relationship and the implication of the initial purchase decision that expectations are mostly positive yield a simple explanation of the disposition effect. Chapter 3 : Personal relationships and impersonal exchange have been previously modeled in ways that prevent them from coexisting in equilibrium as contract enforcement mechanisms. Empirical evidence nonetheless suggests that they sometimes coexist. This paper introduces social surplus into exchange payoff, which is determined by social distance and specific to personal relationships but not to impersonal exchange. This approach allows the two modes of exchange to coexist in equilibrium. The possibility of impersonal exchange improves welfare and equality among buyers in general. But there also exist cases where competition between the two forms of exchange makes welfare and equality deteriorate
English (10)
Chinese (3)
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