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INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA

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Works: 1,175 works in 1,274 publications in 1 language and 1,294 library holdings
Classifications: QA76.9.A25, 355.5
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Publications about INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
Publications by INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
Most widely held works by INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
IDA paper by Va.> Institute for Defense Analyses <Alexandria( serial )
in Undetermined and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Inspection Costs for a Multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention; An Analytical Framework and Preliminary Estimates ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
The draft Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) now being negotiated at the forty-nation Conference on Disarmament is a complex disarmament convention to both eliminate chemical weapons and to deter further production. Achieving these goals will require an extensive verification regime involving a variety of inspections, visits, and extended on-site presence. Planning for such a regime requires an understanding of the level of effort that will be required and the costs that may be incurred. This paper examines the draft Convention, develops an analytical framework for costing the monitoring activities associated with the CWC, and provided preliminary cost estimates under a variety of assumptions
Missile, Bomb, and Projectile Fuze Subtier Assessment ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This briefing maps the U.S. industrial base for development and production of fuzes for bombs, missiles, and large caliber projectiles. The strengths and weaknesses of the firms are assessed. The current and future business base is compiled. Development trends are identified. Potential problems in maintaining competition among willing, competent contractors and suppliers are discussed
Individualized Systems of Instruction by J. D Fletcher( Book )
3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The techniques and effectiveness of systems for adjusting the pace, content, sequence, and/or style of instruction to fit the needs of individual learners are briefly reviewed. These systems are all designed to function within group instructional settings. They may be separated into print-oriented approaches (Programmed Instruction, Personalized System of Instruction, Audio-Tutorial Approach, and Individually Guided Education) and computer-oriented approaches (Individually Prescribed Instruction, Adaptive Learning Environments Model, Program for Learning in Accordance with Needs, the Strands Approach, Optimization of Instruction, and Intelligent Computer-Assisted Instruction). The primary task of these and similar systems is to replace the two standard deviations of achievement that may be lost by grouping students for instruction rather than providing a single teacher for each student in one-on-one, individualized instructional settings. Difficulty in accomplishing this task appears to lie primarily with the costs and increased workload that individualization requires
SDI (Strategic Defense Initiative) Software Technology Program Plan ( Book )
3 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
IDA Paper P-1926 was prepared in response to a request from the Battle Management C3 office within the Strategic Defense Initiative Organization (SDIO) of the Department of Defense (DoD). The request was for a software technology program plan to define software research and development (R & D) efforts required by the SDI, and to provide the basis for integrating the SDIO software technology program with ongoing non-SDIO programs. This paper emphasizes reviewing the ongoing software programs and plans within the DoD and academia. The reviews identify critical software technology areas required to meet the unique SDI requirements, and indicate priorities among the software technologies to meet attainability, productivity and reliability goals, as well as functional performance objectives
Defense Workforce Training Programs by J. D Fletcher( Book )
3 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This report discusses the amount and kinds of Department of Defense (DoD) interactive courseware (icw) programs that are candidates for transfer to the private sector. Candidates for transfer were identified through an analysis of the Defense Instructional Technology Information System (ditis). Out of 4,644 icw programs that have been reported to the ditis since its inception in May 1991, 2,718 were identified as having possible utility in the private sector. Of these 2,718 programs, 591 were computer-based instruction programs that run on the ms-dos operating system, 1,997 were computer-based instruction programs that run on the nos operating system and were prepared using the tutor authoring system, and 130 were interactive videodisc programs that run on the ms-dos operating system. Final determination of the transferability of these programs will depend on more authoritative reviews of suitability, legality, and security; reviews that must be undertaken on a case-by-case basis. The DoD has taken several initiatives to assist the private sector in transferring DoD icw programs to the civilian workforce for training. However, a number of issues, particularly those involving the availability of resources and the establishment of responsibilities, must be resolved before comprehensive procedures for transfer can be implemented successfully. Six tables and four figures provide details about the programs and the transfer process. (Contains 20 references.) (Author/SLD)
Opportunities to Improve Diagnostics Performance Using Computer-Based Product Definition Models and Simulations ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper reports on analysis of opportunities for applying defense product definition models and simulations (M & S) that are based on computer-aided design, manufacturing, engineering, and test (CAx, representing CAD, CAM, CAE and CAT) capabilities to enhance diagnostics performance and lifecycle support affordability of defense systems. Opportunities for applying CAx-based product M & S were reviewed from four diagnostic domain perspectives: Development and use of diagnostic capabilities during design, application of integrated rated diagnostics in maintenance processes for fault detection and isolation, engineering analyses of critical problems and faults, and development and use of fault prediction and prognostic capabilities. Viable concepts for applying CAx-based M & S capabilities to improve integrated diagnostic element capabilities for each of these diagnostic domains were identified. During the analysis, the study team noted the application of CAx-based models and simulations to integrated diagnostics is an essential component of effective integrated rated product and process development (IPPD) strategies and DoD's simulation based acquisition SBA) initiative
A review of study panel recommendations for defense modeling and simulation by J. Dexter Fletcher( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
File characteristics: Text (17 files). Physical description: 1 computer diskette; 3 1/2 in., low density. System requirements: MacIntosh 6.0.7; Microsoft Word for Windows 4.00 B; MacDraw Pro 1.0, V1. This paper reviews the recommendations made by senior study panels, such as those of the Defense Science Board, the Army Science Board, and the General Accounting Office, concerning Defense modeling and simulation. A total of 179 recommendations were identified, made by 25 different study panels overa period of about 16 years. Overall they provide a foundation for the work of the Defense Modeling and Simulation (DMSO) Office which was established in 1991. In this review, each recommendation was categorized with regard to which DMSO General Objective, Functional (Application) Area, and Technical Objective it addresses. Each recommendation was also categorized with regard to what action (application, targeted research and development, technical improvement, modeling and simulation development, management improvement, and coordination) it advocates. Common themes found in the recommendations concern opportunities and needs for improved coordination, increased involvement and responsibility of higher management, more systematic and comprehensive planning, improved technology, improved technical quality, increased information sharing and feedback, broadened perspective, and new and extended opportunities for modeling and simulation, including increased application in system acquisition, test, and evaluation
An Assessment of New Applications for Single-Crystal Piezoelectric Materials ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Piezoelectricity was first discovered by the Curie brothers in 1880. During the 1940s, piezoelectric ceramic materials were first used in commercial devices, and new materials and other applications have continued to develop over the years. Most recently, however, relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals have been produced. In most cases, these single-crystal material properties, exceed those of conventional piezoelectric ceramics. The purpose of this study was to determine the current commercial and military uses of the piezoelectric materials, the properties that are important to these uses, and the impact of substituting single-crystal materials for the piezoelectric materials. Service and Defense agency piezoelectric development programs are discussed, as is the possibility of restructuring these programs to take advantage of the single-crystal materials. Novel military uses for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are given, and important commercial applications for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are identified. Finally, issues such as design modifications needed to produce devices using the single crystals are addressed
Assessment of Thermal Neutron Activation Applied to Surface and Near Surface Unexploded Ordnance ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Thermal neutron activation (TNA) has been proposed for confirming the presence of energetic materials as part of a mine or unexploded ordnance detection system. SAIC, funded through the Night Vision Electro-Sciences Directorate by the Environmental Security Test Certification Program, has carried out proof of concept demonstrations of TNA in this confirmatory role at Socorro, NM, and at Yuma, AZ. In this paper, we present a description of the phenomenology of TNA, an analysis of the performance of the SAIC system, and suggestions for hardware upgrades to improve current performance. Our analysis includes the development of a semi-empirical model for the expected signal strength as a function of the target's nitrogen content and depth. We expect this simple model to be useful in future assessments of the feasibility of this approach. We also calculate the Pd/PFA performance of the system at the two sites and determine it to correspond to a signal to noise ratio (or figure-of-merit) of order unity. We estimate that an increase in signal to noise of roughly 10 will be necessary to make this technology applicable for unexploded ordnance and mine detection. Such order-of-magnitude improvements may be possible if the NaI detectors currently employed are replaced with high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors
U.S. Atlantic Command Exercise Cooperative Safeguard 1997 (CS-97) After Action Report ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This document provides a summary of Exercise COOPERATIVE SAFEGUARD 97. It contains observations from the exercise and recommendations pertinent to the planning and conduct of similar exercises in the future. The document was prepared for the U.S. Atlantic Command. This unique and successful event was the first NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) exercise to be hosted by the Govemment of Iceland and one of the first PfP exercises to use a natural disaster as the scenano. The exercise, scheduled by the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic and conducted by the Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic, consisted of two phases: a Command Post Exercise in June 1977 followed by a Live Exercise in July with eight NATO and eleven PfP nations participating
Inserting commercial technologies into military systems : lessons from British experience by Andrew W Hull( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper examines robust and long standing British experience in using commercial off the shelf (COTS) technology to satisfy military requirements. It then develops a series of lessons upon which the new commercial insertion program of the U.S. Department of Defense may draw
Defense Science Study Group IV: Study Reports 1994-1995. Volume I ( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) is a program sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and managed by the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA). The purpose of the program is to expose some of the most talented young scientists and engineers from academia to issues and operations related to national security. Strengthening ties between the scientists and engineers and the national security community will provide the Government with a new source of technical advisors and informed critics. Individuals spend about 20 days per year for 2 years receiving briefings by distinguished speakers; visiting laboratories, intelligence organizations, and military, manufacturing, and industrial facilities; and conducting studies on defense-related topics. This report is a compilation of the studies prepared by the members (various topics)
Trends in weapon system operating and support costs by Timothy Graves( Book )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
In this period of diminishing Department of Defense budgets, an increasing percentage of each budget goes to the operating and support (O&S) accounts. This slows modernization of weapon inventories and could cause the average age of weapon systems in use to rise, perhaps to unacceptable levels. To address this situation, decision makers must find ways to lower the O&S costs of existing and future systems. This study was to determine if past efforts to reduce O&S costs have been effective. DoD's efforts to reduce per unit weapon system O&S costs have not been fully successful. In half of the cases we studied, new weapons were more expensive to operate, and in the other half they were the same or less expensive. However, most new weapon systems are more complex, more expensive to buy, and have significantly more capability than their predecessors. When you take asset value and capability into account, new systems are often less expensive to operate than the systems they replaced. The study does not address potential O&S cost increases avoided through cost-reducing design initiatives
Environmental restoration : expedient methods and technologies : a user guide with case studies by Mary Pat Huxley( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This document collects information on potential methods and technologies that could be used to support environmental restoration projects undertaken by NATO Cooperation Partners (Partnership for Peace nations) in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. The information is presented according to the type of pollution that is the object of remediation plans but is limited to pollution problems involving fuels, chlorinated solvents, and heavy metals. Case studies include descriptions of the problems to be solved, the methods used to resolve problems, relative successes, the anticipated cost and actual cost (if known), and technologies that are soon to become available. Also included are discussions of technical problems encountered and World Wide Web sites that may have added information. Risk assessment and risk based corrective actions are covered. Appendices include discussions of models and modeling, a guide to a hierarchy of preferred alternatives for each type of problem, and emerging technologies useful for former naval installations. One appendix includes short discussions of alternatives deemed not to be useful and why
Ultra-Wide SAR System Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper develops a methodology for analyzing the performance of ultra wide SAR systems that relaxes the approximations commonly carried over from narrow band/beam SAR analysis. The analysis is applied to system sensitivity and resolution calculations
Report of Symposium: Applications of Advanced and Innovative Computational Methods to Defense Science and Engineering ( file )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
This document summarizes a symposium whose purpose was to use more fully the talents of the alumni of the Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) to help ensure that DoD was benefiting to the fullest extent possible from the use of advanced computational methods in academic research. The participants were the alumni of the DSSG, other key academics, and members of the DoD and DOE. The alumni and other academics presented briefings on advanced and innovative ways that computers are being used in academic research, while the members of DoD and DOE presented briefings on their related research. The participants believe that the DoD should continue to reach out to the commercial world and to academia for expertise that could aid the DoD in finding the best ways to implement the use of parallel computing for applications related to scientific and engineering research. They agreed that new techniques of visualizing the results of many of the various applications discussed are needed. The document should help the DoD in continuing Its work with the commercial world and academia
What do Sharable Instructional Objects Have to do With Intelligent Tutoring Systems, and Vice Versa? ( file )
1 edition published in 2001 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
By reviewing data on classroom and tutorial instruction, this document presents a perspective on the value ot technology-based instruction in general and intelligent tutoring systems (ITSs) in particular. It tinds the mixed-initiative dialogue and on-demand, real-time generative capabilities to be detining tunctionalities ot ITSs. These tunctionalities are motivated by basic research into human learning and cognition. From this perspective, development ot the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative and ITSs are viewed as parallel but presently independent activities. This document describes and discusses their common interests in the development and availability ot (accessible, interoperable, durable, and reusable) instructional objects on the World Wide Web. These sharable instructional objects can act as either instructional content or algorithmic agents. Sharable instructional objects are likely to reduce the costs and increase the ettectiveness ot ADL technologies and ITSs. Development ot these objects should be cooperatively promoted and pursued by the ADL and ITS communities. Doing so may lead to the development and wide use ot personal learning associates, which would allow high- quality instruction and decision-aiding to become ubiquitous and attordable
Integrity-oriented control objectives : proposed revisions to the trusted computer system evaluation criteria (TCSEC), DOD 5200.28-STD by Terry Mayfield( file )
2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Control objectives, as they apply to automated information systems, express fundamental computer security requirements and serve as guidance to the development of more specific systems evaluation criteria. Within the DoD, the control objectives contained in the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (TCSEC), DoD 5200.28-STD, are of primary concern to the development of product evaluation criteria. The TCSEC's scope is currently confined to address only confidentiality protection of information. This document is intended to extend the scope of the TCSEC so that the control objectives, contained therin, will also address the protection of information and computing resource integrity. The document provides new and modified statements of control objectives along with discussion and rationale for their inclusion or revision. The revisions were initially determined as a result of an examination of various mechanisms and policy abstractions that seemed focused on integrity. The revisions were further reinforced by an examination of Federal law and policy. The basis in Federal law and policy for the revised control objectives is discussed. A summary, key text, cross-references, and commentary notes of each law and policy used in the derivation of the revisions are provided. The document is intended to be used as a strawman to foster further debate and research leading to a new standard for evaluation criteria that encompasses both integrity and confidentiality
The Accuracy of Independent Estimates of the Procurement Costs of Major Systems ( file )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
This paper reports the results of an assessment of the accuracy of the independent estimates of procurement costs the Department of Defense uses in milestone reviews of major acquisition programs. IDA initially examined 63 major programs that received authorization to begin Engineering and Manufacturing Development during the years 1985 through 1998. The data needed to evaluate the accuracy of the independent procurement cost estimates could be located for only 25 of these programs. IDA found that the independent cost estimate was reasonably accurate for 18 of those 25 cases. In the remaining cases, the independent estimate was sometimes substantially too high and sometimes substantially too low
 
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IDA
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