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INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA

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Works: 1,181 works in 1,278 publications in 1 language and 1,298 library holdings
Classifications: QA76.9.A25,
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Publications about INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
Publications by INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
Most widely held works by INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA
Inspection Costs for a Multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention; An Analytical Framework and Preliminary Estimates ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 4 libraries worldwide
The draft Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) now being negotiated at the forty-nation Conference on Disarmament is a complex disarmament convention to both eliminate chemical weapons and to deter further production. Achieving these goals will require an extensive verification regime involving a variety of inspections, visits, and extended on-site presence. Planning for such a regime requires an understanding of the level of effort that will be required and the costs that may be incurred. This paper examines the draft Convention, develops an analytical framework for costing the monitoring activities associated with the CWC, and provides preliminary cost estimates under a variety of assumptions
IDA paper by Va.> Institute for Defense Analyses <Alexandria( serial )
in Undetermined and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Missile, Bomb, and Projectile Fuze Subtier Assessment ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
This briefing maps the U.S. industrial base for development and production of fuzes for bombs, missiles, and large caliber projectiles. The strengths and weaknesses of the firms are assessed. The current and future business base is compiled. Development trends are identified. Potential problems in maintaining competition among willing, competent contractors and suppliers are discussed
Trends in Weapon System Operating and Support Costs by Timothy J Graves( file )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
In this period of diminishing Department of Defense budgets, an increasing percentage of each budget goes to the operating and support (O & S) accounts. This slows modernization of weapon inventories and could cause the average age of weapon systems in use to rise, perhaps to unacceptable levels. To address this situation, decision makers must find ways to lower the O & S costs of existing and future systems. This study was to determine if past efforts to reduce O & S costs have been effective. DoD's efforts to reduce per unit weapon system O & S costs have not been fully successful. In half of the cases we studied, new weapons were more expensive to operate, and in the other half they were the same or less expensive. However, most new weapon systems are more complex, more expensive to buy, and have significantly more capability than their predecessors. When you take asset value and capability into account, new systems are often less expensive to operate than the systems they replaced. The study does not address potential O & S cost increases avoided through cost-reducing design initiatives
SAGEN User's Guide Version 1.5 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
IDA Paper P-2028 documents a tool that can facilitate the description of processes for the Strategic Defense System (SDS) and Battle Management/Command, Control and Communications (BM/C3) architectures. The process descriptions generated by this tool conform to the Strategic Defense initiative (SDI) Architecture Dataflow Modeling Technique (SADMT)
Inserting Commercial Technologies into Military Systems: Lessons from British Experience by Andrew W Hull( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This paper examines robust and long standing British experience in using commercial off the shelf (COTS) technology to satisfy military requirements. It then develops a series of lessons upon which the new commercial insertion program of the U.S. Department of Defense may draw
Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator ( file )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Ida Paper P-2108, Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator, documents the Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator program which will create a lexical analyzer or next- token procedure for use in a compiler, pretty printer, or other language processing programs. Lexical analyzers are produced from specifications of the patterns they must recognize. The notation for specifying patterns is essentially the same as that used in the Ada Language Reference Manual. The generator produces an Ada package that includes code to match the specified lexical patterns and returns the symbols it recognizes. Familiarity with compiler terminology and techniques is assumed in the technical sections of this document
Environmental Restoration - Expedient Methods and Technologies: A User Guide with Case Studies ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This document collects information on potential methods and technologies that could be used to support environmental restoration projects undertaken by NATO Cooperation Partners (Partnership for Peace nations) in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. The information is presented according to the type of pollution that is the object of remediation plans but is limited to pollution problems involving fuels, chlorinated solvents, and heavy metals. Case studies include descriptions of the problems to be solved, the methods used to resolve problems, relative successes, the anticipated cost and actual cost (if known), and technologies that are soon to become available. Also included are discussions of technical problems encountered and World Wide Web sites that may have added information. Risk assessment and risk based corrective actions are covered. Appendices include discussions of models and modeling, a guide to a hierarchy of preferred alternatives for each type of problem, and emerging technologies useful for former naval installations. One appendix includes short discussions of alternatives deemed not to be useful and why
Opportunities to Improve Diagnostics Performance Using Computer-Based Product Definition Models and Simulations ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This paper reports on analysis of opportunities for applying defense product definition models and simulations (M & S) that are based on computer-aided design, manufacturing, engineering, and test (CAx, representing CAD, CAM, CAE and CAT) capabilities to enhance diagnostics performance and lifecycle support affordability of defense systems. Opportunities for applying CAx-based product M & S were reviewed from four diagnostic domain perspectives: Development and use of diagnostic capabilities during design, application of integrated rated diagnostics in maintenance processes for fault detection and isolation, engineering analyses of critical problems and faults, and development and use of fault prediction and prognostic capabilities. Viable concepts for applying CAx-based M & S capabilities to improve integrated diagnostic element capabilities for each of these diagnostic domains were identified. During the analysis, the study team noted the application of CAx-based models and simulations to integrated diagnostics is an essential component of effective integrated rated product and process development (IPPD) strategies and DoD's simulation based acquisition SBA) initiative
The Accuracy of Independent Estimates of the Procurement Costs of Major Systems ( file )
1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This paper reports the results of an assessment of the accuracy of the independent estimates of procurement costs the Department of Defense uses in milestone reviews of major acquisition programs. IDA initially examined 63 major programs that received authorization to begin Engineering and Manufacturing Development during the years 1985 through 1998. The data needed to evaluate the accuracy of the independent procurement cost estimates could be located for only 25 of these programs. IDA found that the independent cost estimate was reasonably accurate for 18 of those 25 cases. In the remaining cases, the independent estimate was sometimes substantially too high and sometimes substantially too low
An Assessment of New Applications for Single-Crystal Piezoelectric Materials ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Piezoelectricity was first discovered by the Curie brothers in 1880. During the 1940s, piezoelectric ceramic materials were first used in commercial devices, and new materials and other applications have continued to develop over the years. Most recently, however, relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals have been produced. In most cases, these single-crystal material properties, exceed those of conventional piezoelectric ceramics. The purpose of this study was to determine the current commercial and military uses of the piezoelectric materials, the properties that are important to these uses, and the impact of substituting single-crystal materials for the piezoelectric materials. Service and Defense agency piezoelectric development programs are discussed, as is the possibility of restructuring these programs to take advantage of the single-crystal materials. Novel military uses for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are given, and important commercial applications for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are identified. Finally, issues such as design modifications needed to produce devices using the single crystals are addressed
Defense Science Study Group IV: Study Reports 1994-1995. Volume I ( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) is a program sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and managed by the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA). The purpose of the program is to expose some of the most talented young scientists and engineers from academia to issues and operations related to national security. Strengthening ties between the scientists and engineers and the national security community will provide the Government with a new source of technical advisors and informed critics. Individuals spend about 20 days per year for 2 years receiving briefings by distinguished speakers; visiting laboratories, intelligence organizations, and military, manufacturing, and industrial facilities; and conducting studies on defense-related topics. This report is a compilation of the studies prepared by the members (various topics)
An Analysis of Variance of the Countermine Experiment (CME) ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
The Countermine Experiment, conducted at the Mounted Warfare Testbed at Ft Knox, KY in July of 1996 by this Night Vision Sensors Division of Ft Belvoir, VA and the Engineer Battle Testbed of Ft Leonard Wood, MO, was a classic 2 to the 3rd factorial experiment. It examined three classes of countermine systems in which each class had two representations. The three categories of countermine systems were aerial surveillance, ground surveillance, and explosive breaching systems. An analysis of variance performed on the number of Blue vehicles lost during this experiment indicates that the aerial surveillance system is the most significant factor in reducing Blue losses to mines
A Methodology for Independent Assessment of Advanced Warfighting Experiments ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This document suggests an approach for defining independent assessments of the results of joint advanced warfighting experiments undertaken in support of Joint Vision 2010. The joint experiments are those pursued in development of innovative operational doctrine or operational concepts to be employed by a joint task force, a unified command, or similar organization. Independent assessments would have the goal of interpreting the operational potential of new warfighting concepts free of the biases of those who propose the capability or conduct the experiments. Since their use throughout the military establishment is not standard, this document first presents some reasonable definitions of the meanings of innovation, experimentation, and jointness as used in the context of joint operations and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's vision for future warfighting capabilities. Then, the document describes the nature of experiments, their purposes, and how they support development of advanced warfighting concepts that will be the focus of experimentation. Following that, a structure for an independent assessment or evaluation of an advanced warfighting concept, and a methodology for independently assessing the success or failure of experiments dealing with future warfighting concepts are developed
Integrity-oriented control objectives : proposed revisions to the trusted computer system evaluation criteria (TCSEC), DOD 5200.28-STD by Terry Mayfield( file )
2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Control objectives, as they apply to automated information systems, express fundamental computer security requirements and serve as guidance to the development of more specific systems evaluation criteria. Within the DoD, the control objectives contained in the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (TCSEC), DoD 5200.28-STD, are of primary concern to the development of product evaluation criteria. The TCSEC's scope is currently confined to address only confidentiality protection of information. This document is intended to extend the scope of the TCSEC so that the control objectives, contained therin, will also address the protection of information and computing resource integrity. The document provides new and modified statements of control objectives along with discussion and rationale for their inclusion or revision. The revisions were initially determined as a result of an examination of various mechanisms and policy abstractions that seemed focused on integrity. The revisions were further reinforced by an examination of Federal law and policy. The basis in Federal law and policy for the revised control objectives is discussed. A summary, key text, cross-references, and commentary notes of each law and policy used in the derivation of the revisions are provided. The document is intended to be used as a strawman to foster further debate and research leading to a new standard for evaluation criteria that encompasses both integrity and confidentiality
U.S. Atlantic Command Exercise Cooperative Safeguard 1997 (CS-97) After Action Report ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This document provides a summary of Exercise COOPERATIVE SAFEGUARD 97. It contains observations from the exercise and recommendations pertinent to the planning and conduct of similar exercises in the future. The document was prepared for the U.S. Atlantic Command. This unique and successful event was the first NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) exercise to be hosted by the Govemment of Iceland and one of the first PfP exercises to use a natural disaster as the scenano. The exercise, scheduled by the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic and conducted by the Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic, consisted of two phases: a Command Post Exercise in June 1977 followed by a Live Exercise in July with eight NATO and eleven PfP nations participating
Symmetric Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Symmetric analysis is based on force on force simulations conducted on symmetric terrain, obtained by reflecting a rectangular digital terrain database around one of its boundaries. Many of the input variables (e.g., forces, starting positions, and mission objectives) are the same for both sides. Only the experimental variables are different. This document introduces the concept of symmetric analysis, describes its benefits, and illustrates its application
Lights Out and Gridlock: The Impact of Urban Infrastructure Disruptions on Military Operations and Non-Combatants by Christina M Patterson( file )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
Recent and ongoing military operations in cities and urban areas, as well as the expectation for future conflict and operations in this environment, have led the U.S. military community to focus on improving its understanding of and capabilities in military operations in urban terrain (MOUT). However, despite this interest and the importance of interconnected infrastructure networks to the functioning of a city, there does not appear to have been a corresponding degree of concentration or study with respect to the effects (costs and benefits) of urban infrastructure and its disruption. The study presented in this paper attempts to address this void by expanding the understanding of infrastructure, specifically the power grid and transportation network, and the types of impacts that its disruption can have on a military operation and non-combatants. This study further uses this improved understanding of infrastructure to develop an approach for incorporating a power grid, transportation network, and their impacts into modeling and simulation (M & S)
Report of Symposium: Applications of Advanced and Innovative Computational Methods to Defense Science and Engineering ( file )
1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This document summarizes a symposium whose purpose was to use more fully the talents of the alumni of the Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) to help ensure that DoD was benefiting to the fullest extent possible from the use of advanced computational methods in academic research. The participants were the alumni of the DSSG, other key academics, and members of the DoD and DOE. The alumni and other academics presented briefings on advanced and innovative ways that computers are being used in academic research, while the members of DoD and DOE presented briefings on their related research. The participants believe that the DoD should continue to reach out to the commercial world and to academia for expertise that could aid the DoD in finding the best ways to implement the use of parallel computing for applications related to scientific and engineering research. They agreed that new techniques of visualizing the results of many of the various applications discussed are needed. The document should help the DoD in continuing Its work with the commercial world and academia
Ultra-Wide SAR System Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This paper develops a methodology for analyzing the performance of ultra wide SAR systems that relaxes the approximations commonly carried over from narrow band/beam SAR analysis. The analysis is applied to system sensitivity and resolution calculations
 
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IDA
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