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Works: 1,180 works in 1,278 publications in 1 language and 1,299 library holdings
Classifications: QA76.9.A25,
Publication Timeline
IDA paper by Va.> Institute for Defense Analyses <Alexandria( serial )
in Undetermined and held by 4 libraries worldwide
Inspection Costs for a Multilateral Chemical Weapons Convention; An Analytical Framework and Preliminary Estimates ( Book )
3 editions published in 1990 in English and held by 3 libraries worldwide
The draft Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) now being negotiated at the forty-nation Conference on Disarmament is a complex disarmament convention to both eliminate chemical weapons and to deter further production. Achieving these goals will require an extensive verification regime involving a variety of inspections, visits, and extended on-site presence. Planning for such a regime requires an understanding of the level of effort that will be required and the costs that may be incurred. This paper examines the draft Convention, develops an analytical framework for costing the monitoring activities associated with the CWC, and provides preliminary cost estimates under a variety of assumptions
Missile, Bomb, and Projectile Fuze Subtier Assessment ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
This briefing maps the U.S. industrial base for development and production of fuzes for bombs, missiles, and large caliber projectiles. The strengths and weaknesses of the firms are assessed. The current and future business base is compiled. Development trends are identified. Potential problems in maintaining competition among willing, competent contractors and suppliers are discussed
SAGEN (SADMT (Strategic Defense Initiative Architecture Dataflow Modeling Technique) Generator) User's Guide Version. 1.5 ( Book )
3 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 2 libraries worldwide
IDA Paper P-2028 documents a tool that can facilitate the description of processes for the Strategic Defense System (SDS) and Battle Management/Command, Control and Communications (BM/C3) architectures. The process descriptions generated by this tool conform to the Strategic Defense initiative (SDI) Architecture Dataflow Modeling Technique (SADMT)
U.S. Atlantic Command Exercise Cooperative Safeguard 1997 (CS-97) After Action Report ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This document provides a summary of Exercise COOPERATIVE SAFEGUARD 97. It contains observations from the exercise and recommendations pertinent to the planning and conduct of similar exercises in the future. The document was prepared for the U.S. Atlantic Command. This unique and successful event was the first NATO Partnership for Peace (PfP) exercise to be hosted by the Govemment of Iceland and one of the first PfP exercises to use a natural disaster as the scenano. The exercise, scheduled by the Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic and conducted by the Commander-in-Chief Eastern Atlantic, consisted of two phases: a Command Post Exercise in June 1977 followed by a Live Exercise in July with eight NATO and eleven PfP nations participating
Ultra-Wide SAR System Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper develops a methodology for analyzing the performance of ultra wide SAR systems that relaxes the approximations commonly carried over from narrow band/beam SAR analysis. The analysis is applied to system sensitivity and resolution calculations
Defense Science Study Group IV: Study Reports 1994-1995. Volume I ( Book )
2 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
The Defense Science Study Group (DSSG) is a program sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and managed by the Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA). The purpose of the program is to expose some of the most talented young scientists and engineers from academia to issues and operations related to national security. Strengthening ties between the scientists and engineers and the national security community will provide the Government with a new source of technical advisors and informed critics. Individuals spend about 20 days per year for 2 years receiving briefings by distinguished speakers; visiting laboratories, intelligence organizations, and military, manufacturing, and industrial facilities; and conducting studies on defense-related topics. This report is a compilation of the studies prepared by the members (various topics)
An Assessment of New Applications for Single-Crystal Piezoelectric Materials ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Piezoelectricity was first discovered by the Curie brothers in 1880. During the 1940s, piezoelectric ceramic materials were first used in commercial devices, and new materials and other applications have continued to develop over the years. Most recently, however, relaxor-based ferroelectric single crystals have been produced. In most cases, these single-crystal material properties, exceed those of conventional piezoelectric ceramics. The purpose of this study was to determine the current commercial and military uses of the piezoelectric materials, the properties that are important to these uses, and the impact of substituting single-crystal materials for the piezoelectric materials. Service and Defense agency piezoelectric development programs are discussed, as is the possibility of restructuring these programs to take advantage of the single-crystal materials. Novel military uses for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are given, and important commercial applications for single-crystal piezoelectric materials are identified. Finally, issues such as design modifications needed to produce devices using the single crystals are addressed
A Review of Study Panel Recommendations for Defense Modeling and Simulation (Computer Diskette) ( Book )
2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
File characteristics: Text (17 files). Physical description: 1 computer diskette; 3 1/2 in., low density. System requirements: MacIntosh 6.0.7; Microsoft Word for Windows 4.00 B; MacDraw Pro 1.0, V1. This paper reviews the recommendations made by senior study panels, such as those of the Defense Science Board, the Army Science Board, and the General Accounting Office, concerning Defense modeling and simulation. A total of 179 recommendations were identified, made by 25 different study panels overa period of about 16 years. Overall they provide a foundation for the work of the Defense Modeling and Simulation (DMSO) Office which was established in 1991. In this review, each recommendation was categorized with regard to which DMSO General Objective, Functional (Application) Area, and Technical Objective it addresses. Each recommendation was also categorized with regard to what action (application, targeted research and development, technical improvement, modeling and simulation development, management improvement, and coordination) it advocates. Common themes found in the recommendations concern opportunities and needs for improved coordination, increased involvement and responsibility of higher management, more systematic and comprehensive planning, improved technology, improved technical quality, increased information sharing and feedback, broadened perspective, and new and extended opportunities for modeling and simulation, including increased application in system acquisition, test, and evaluation
A Multimedia-Based System for Foreign Language Listening and Reading Comprehension ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This report presents a conceptual and functional design for a multimedia-based system for foreign language listening and reading comprehension. It describes how integrating existing and proven multimedia and artificial intelligence technology, and the World Wide Web may provide an innovative and effective approach to foreign language learning in DoD. The proposed system uses speech and natural language processing technology to phonetically, morphologically, and typographically "enhance" authentic foreign language input. The goal is to extend and strengthen the language student's listening and reading comprehension ability. The functional design of the system is grounded in Second Language Acquisition theory
Opportunities to Improve Diagnostics Performance Using Computer-Based Product Definition Models and Simulations ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper reports on analysis of opportunities for applying defense product definition models and simulations (M & S) that are based on computer-aided design, manufacturing, engineering, and test (CAx, representing CAD, CAM, CAE and CAT) capabilities to enhance diagnostics performance and lifecycle support affordability of defense systems. Opportunities for applying CAx-based product M & S were reviewed from four diagnostic domain perspectives: Development and use of diagnostic capabilities during design, application of integrated rated diagnostics in maintenance processes for fault detection and isolation, engineering analyses of critical problems and faults, and development and use of fault prediction and prognostic capabilities. Viable concepts for applying CAx-based M & S capabilities to improve integrated diagnostic element capabilities for each of these diagnostic domains were identified. During the analysis, the study team noted the application of CAx-based models and simulations to integrated diagnostics is an essential component of effective integrated rated product and process development (IPPD) strategies and DoD's simulation based acquisition SBA) initiative
Symmetric Analysis ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Symmetric analysis is based on force on force simulations conducted on symmetric terrain, obtained by reflecting a rectangular digital terrain database around one of its boundaries. Many of the input variables (e.g., forces, starting positions, and mission objectives) are the same for both sides. Only the experimental variables are different. This document introduces the concept of symmetric analysis, describes its benefits, and illustrates its application
Environmental Restoration - Expedient Methods and Technologies: A User Guide with Case Studies ( Book )
2 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This document collects information on potential methods and technologies that could be used to support environmental restoration projects undertaken by NATO Cooperation Partners (Partnership for Peace nations) in Central and Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union. The information is presented according to the type of pollution that is the object of remediation plans but is limited to pollution problems involving fuels, chlorinated solvents, and heavy metals. Case studies include descriptions of the problems to be solved, the methods used to resolve problems, relative successes, the anticipated cost and actual cost (if known), and technologies that are soon to become available. Also included are discussions of technical problems encountered and World Wide Web sites that may have added information. Risk assessment and risk based corrective actions are covered. Appendices include discussions of models and modeling, a guide to a hierarchy of preferred alternatives for each type of problem, and emerging technologies useful for former naval installations. One appendix includes short discussions of alternatives deemed not to be useful and why
Assessment of Thermal Neutron Activation Applied to Surface and Near Surface Unexploded Ordnance ( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
Thermal neutron activation (TNA) has been proposed for confirming the presence of energetic materials as part of a mine or unexploded ordnance detection system. SAIC, funded through the Night Vision Electro-Sciences Directorate by the Environmental Security Test Certification Program, has carried out proof of concept demonstrations of TNA in this confirmatory role at Socorro, NM, and at Yuma, AZ. In this paper, we present a description of the phenomenology of TNA, an analysis of the performance of the SAIC system, and suggestions for hardware upgrades to improve current performance. Our analysis includes the development of a semi-empirical model for the expected signal strength as a function of the target's nitrogen content and depth. We expect this simple model to be useful in future assessments of the feasibility of this approach. We also calculate the Pd/PFA performance of the system at the two sites and determine it to correspond to a signal to noise ratio (or figure-of-merit) of order unity. We estimate that an increase in signal to noise of roughly 10 will be necessary to make this technology applicable for unexploded ordnance and mine detection. Such order-of-magnitude improvements may be possible if the NaI detectors currently employed are replaced with high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors
Trends in Weapon System Operating and Support Costs by Timothy J Graves( Book )
3 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
In this period of diminishing Department of Defense (DoD) budgets, an increasing percentage of each budget goes to the operating and support (O & S) accounts. This slows modernization of weapons inventories and could cause the average age of weapon systems in use to rise, perhaps to unacceptable levels. To address this situation, decision makers must buy fewer or less expensive replacement systems and find ways to lower the O & S costs of existing and future systems. Concerned about the effect of shrinking modernization budgets, the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology recently asked the Service Acquisition Executives to look for acceptable ways to minimize O & S requirements for systems now under development. He also asked that a study be undertaken to determine if past efforts to reduce O & S costs have been effective. This study responds to that tasking
A Methodology for Independent Assessment of Advanced Warfighting Experiments ( Book )
2 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This document suggests an approach for defining independent assessments of the results of joint advanced warfighting experiments undertaken in support of Joint Vision 2010. The joint experiments are those pursued in development of innovative operational doctrine or operational concepts to be employed by a joint task force, a unified command, or similar organization. Independent assessments would have the goal of interpreting the operational potential of new warfighting concepts free of the biases of those who propose the capability or conduct the experiments. Since their use throughout the military establishment is not standard, this document first presents some reasonable definitions of the meanings of innovation, experimentation, and jointness as used in the context of joint operations and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff's vision for future warfighting capabilities. Then, the document describes the nature of experiments, their purposes, and how they support development of advanced warfighting concepts that will be the focus of experimentation. Following that, a structure for an independent assessment or evaluation of an advanced warfighting concept, and a methodology for independently assessing the success or failure of experiments dealing with future warfighting concepts are developed
Inserting commercial technologies into military systems : lessons from British experience by Andrew W Hull( Book )
2 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 1 library worldwide
This paper examines robust and long standing British experience in using commercial off the shelf (COTS) technology to satisfy military requirements. It then develops a series of lessons upon which the new commercial insertion program of the U.S. Department of Defense may draw
Lights Out and Gridlock: The Impact of Urban Infrastructure Disruptions on Military Operations and Non-Combatants ( file )
1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
Recent and ongoing military operations in cities and urban areas, as well as the expectation for future conflict and operations in this environment, have led the U.S. military community to focus on improving its understanding of and capabilities in military operations in urban terrain (MOUT). However, despite this interest and the importance of interconnected infrastructure networks to the functioning of a city, there does not appear to have been a corresponding degree of concentration or study with respect to the effects (costs and benefits) of urban infrastructure and its disruption. The study presented in this paper attempts to address this void by expanding the understanding of infrastructure, specifically the power grid and transportation network, and the types of impacts that its disruption can have on a military operation and non-combatants. This study further uses this improved understanding of infrastructure to develop an approach for incorporating a power grid, transportation network, and their impacts into modeling and simulation (M & S)
Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator User's Guide ( file )
2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
IDA Paper 2109, Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator User's Guide, documents how to use the Ada Lexical Analyzer Generator program which will create a lexical analyzer or next-token procedure for use in a compiler, pretty printer, or other language processing programs. Lexical analyzers are produced from specifications of the patterns they must recognize
Integrity-oriented control objectives : proposed revisions to the trusted computer system evaluation criteria (TCSEC), DOD 5200.28-STD by Terry Mayfield( file )
2 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 0 libraries worldwide
For many years, the security research community has focused on the confidentiality as security, an a solid analytical foundation for addressing confidentiality issues has evolved. Now it is recognized that integrity is at least as important as confidentiality in many computer systems; it is also apparent that integrity is not well understood. Control objectives, as they apply to automated information systems, express fundamental computer security requirements and serve as guidance to the development of more specific systems evaluation criteria. Within the department of defense, the control objectives contained in the Trusted Computer System Evaluation Criteria (TCSEC), DoD 5200. 28-STD, are of primary concern to the development of product evaluation criteria. The TCSEC's scope is currently confined to address only confidentiality protection of information. This document is intended to extend the scope of the TCSEC so that the control objectives, contained therein, will also address the protection of information and computing resource integrity. The document provides new and modified statements of control objective along with discussion and rationale for their inclusion or revision. The basis in Federal law and policy for the revised control objectives is discussed and a summary of each law and policy used in the derivation of the revisions is provided. The document is intended to be used as a strawman to foster further research and debate leading to a new standard for evaluation criteria that encompasses both integrity and confidentiality
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