<br><h3> Chapter One </h3> <b><i>Books and Journals</i></b> <p> Overview 1.1 <b>The Parts of a Book</b> 1.3 <i>Introduction</i> 1.3 <i>Page Numbers</i> 1.5 <i>Running Heads</i> 1.9 <i>Front Matter</i> 1.16 [ TITLE PAGES 1.16 [ COPYRIGHT PAGE 1.19 [ DEDICATION AND EPIGRAPH 1.35 [ TABLE OF CONTENTS AND LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS OR TABLES 1.37 [ FOREWORD, PREFACE AND ACKNOWLEDGMENTS, AND INTRODUCTION 1.39 [ OTHER FRONT MATTER 1.43 <i>Text</i> 1.45 [ TEXT DIVISIONS 1.46 [ TEXT SUBDIVISIONS 1.53 <i>Back Matter</i> 1.57 <i>Covers and Jackets</i> 1.66 <b>The Parts of a Journal</b> 1.72 <i>Introduction</i> 1.72 <i>Page Numbers and Running Heads</i> 1.75 <i>Covers and Home Pages</i> 1.78 <i>Front Matter</i> 1.81 <i>Articles and Other Components</i> 1.87 <i>Tables and Illustrations</i> 1.99 <i>Documentation</i> 1.101 <i>Index</i> 1.103 <i>Version Control and Material Not Available in Print</i> 1.105 <i>Design and Style</i> 1.108 <b>Considerations for Web-Based Publications</b> 1.111 <p> <p> <b>Overview</b> <p> 1.1 <i>Books and journals as the core of scholarly publishing.</i> Printed-and-bound books and journals and their electronic counterparts constitute the core of scholarly publishing. Book-length works in particular—in their breadth and variety, not to mention their long history—provide an overview of the anatomy of a scholarly work that, in conjunction with the discussion of journals (see 1.72–110 ), can be usefully applied to other types of published works. <p> 1.2 <i>Electronic publishing.</i> Electronic publication of scholarly books and journals in various formats is increasingly common. Most journals at Chicago have implemented a simultaneous print and electronic publishing model (see 1.72 )—a model that has become the industry standard. For books, if print has remained the most common format, publishers are increasingly gravitating toward a simultaneous print and electronic model. In general, electronic books tend to emulate the organization and structure of their printed-and-bound counterparts, whether they are offered as page images or in an e-book format, proprietary or not—and whether or not they incorporate hyperlinks, search engines, and other features that are unique to the electronic environment. In fact, the industry-wide goal for e-book versions of printed monographs has been one of approximating on-screen the experience of reading the printed book. The discussion on the parts of a book—though it assumes electronic publication is an option for any scholarly book—therefore includes special considerations for electronic book formats only where these might differ from those for print. But see 1.111–17. <p> <p> <b>The Parts of a Book <p> <i>Introduction</i></b> <p> 1.3 <i>Rectos and versos.</i> Publishers refer to the trimmed sheets of paper that you turn in a printed-and-bound book as leaves, and a page is one side of a leaf. The front of the leaf, the side that lies to the right in an open book, is called the recto. The back of the leaf, the side that lies to the left when the leaf is turned, is the verso. Rectos are always odd-numbered, versos always even-numbered. In an electronic book, the distinction between rectos and versos can be represented or simulated but need not be. <p> 1.4 <i>Outline of divisions and parts of a book.</i> Books are traditionally organized into three major divisions: the front matter (also called preliminary matter, or prelims), the text, and the back matter (or end matter). The front matter presents information about a book's title, publisher, and copyright; it acknowledges debts to the work of others; it provides a way to navigate the structure of the book; and it introduces the book and sets its tone. The text proper comprises the narrative—including arguments, data, illustrations, and so forth—often divided into chapters and other meaningful sections. The back matter presents sources or source notes, appendixes, and other types of documentation supporting the text but outside its central focus or narrative. This section discusses the parts of a book according to a standard outline of these divisions and their components, starting with the list below. Few books contain all these elements, and some books have components not on the list. Books published electronically may depart especially from the order or presentation of elements. The list that follows presents the traditional arrangement, using lowercase roman numerals for pages in the front matter and arabic numerals for all the rest, including the back matter. Indications of recto (right-hand page) or verso (left-hand page) may be applicable only to printed-and-bound books; starting pages that cannot be assigned at manuscript stage are simply indicated as recto, the right-hand page being the traditional choice. Every page is counted in the page sequence, even those on which no number actually appears, such as the title and half-title pages, copyright page, and blank pages (see 1.5–8). <p> <i>FRONT MATTER</i> Book half title i Series title, frontispiece, or blank ii Title page iii Copyright page iv Dedication v Epigraph v or vi (Table of) Contents v or vii (List of) Illustrations recto or verso (List of) Tables recto or verso Foreword recto Preface recto Acknowledgments (if not part of preface) recto Introduction (if not part of text) recto Abbreviations (if not in back matter) recto or verso Chronology (if not in back matter) recto <p> <i>TEXT</i> First text page (introduction or chapter 1) 1 <i>or</i> Second half title or first part title 1 Blank 2 First text page 3 <p> <i>BACK MATTER</i> Acknowledgments (if not in front matter) recto Appendix (or first, if more than one) recto Second and subsequent appendixes recto or verso Chronology (if not in front matter) recto Abbreviations (if not in front matter) recto Notes recto Glossary recto Bibliography or References recto (List of) Contributors recto Illustration Credits (if not in captions or elsewhere) recto Index(es) recto <p> <p> <b><i>Page Numbers</i></b> <p> 1.5 <i>Pages and folios.</i> Modern books are paginated consecutively, and all pages except endpapers (see 1.68) are counted in the pagination whether or not the numbers appear. The page number, or folio, is most commonly found at the top of the page, flush left verso, flush right recto. The folio may also be printed at the bottom of the page, and in that location it is called a drop folio. Drop folios usually appear either centered on each page or flush left verso and flush right recto. A page number that does not appear is sometimes referred to as a blind folio. Not paginated are pages that are inserted into printed books after pages have been made up—for example, color illustrations or photo galleries printed on a different type of paper (see 1.38). <p> 1.6 <i>Roman numerals for front matter.</i> The front matter of a book is paginated with lowercase roman numerals (see 1.4). This traditional practice prevents renumbering the remainder of a book when, for example, a dedication page or additional acknowledgments are added at the last moment. By convention, no folio appears on blank pages or on "display" pages (i.e., such stand-alone pages as those for the half title, title, copyright, dedication, and epigraph), and a drop folio (or no folio) is used on the opening page of each succeeding section of the front matter (e.g., table of contents, foreword, preface). <p> 1.7 <i>Arabic numbers for text and back matter.</i> The text, or the central part of a book, begins with arabic page 1. If the text is introduced by a second half title or opens with a part title, the half title or part title counts as page 1, its verso counts as page 2, and the first arabic number to appear is the drop folio 3 on the first page of text (see 1.45, 1.48). (Some publishers ignore the second half title in paginating their books, counting the first page of text as p. 1.) Page numbers generally do not appear on part titles, but if text appears on a part-title page (see 1.47), a drop folio may be used. Arabic numbering continues for the back matter. As in the front matter, the opening page of each chapter in the text and each section in the back matter carries either a drop folio or no page number. On pages containing only illustrations or tables, page numbers are usually omitted, except in the case of a long sequence of figures or tables. <p> 1.8 <i>Separate versus consecutive pagination across more than one volume.</i> Publishers weighing pagination schemes for works that run to more than one volume should consider the index and the projected number of volumes. If an index to two volumes is to appear at the end of volume 2, consecutive pagination saves index entries from having to refer to volume as well as page number. In rare cases where back matter, such as an index, must be added to volume 1 later in the production process, lowercase roman folios may be used; these should continue the sequence from the front matter in that volume (including a final blank page)—if, for example, the last page of the front matter is xii, the back matter would start with page xiii. Multivolume works that run into the thousands of pages are usually paginated separately to avoid unwieldy page numbers. Index entries and other references to such works must include volume as well as page number. In either scenario—consecutive or separate pagination across volumes—the front matter in each volume begins anew with page i. <p> <p> <b><i>Running Heads</i></b> <p> 1.9 <i>Running heads defined.</i> Running heads—the headings at the tops of pages—function, like page numbers, as signposts. Especially useful in scholarly books and textbooks, they are sometimes omitted for practical or aesthetic reasons—in a novel or a book of poems, for example. Running heads are sometimes placed at the bottom of the page, where they are referred to as running feet, or, more rarely, in the left- and right-hand margins. In endnotes and other places where the information conveyed by these signposts is essential to readers, placement at the tops of pages is preferred. In this manual, <i>running head</i> is used for this element wherever it appears. For preparation of running-head copy, see 2.73 . <p> 1.10 <i>Running heads for front matter.</i> Running heads are never used on display pages (half title, title, copyright, dedication, epigraph) or on the first page of the table of contents, preface, and so forth (see also 1.15 ). Any element that runs more than one page usually carries running heads. Each element in the front matter normally carries the same running head on verso and recto pages. <p> <i>VERSO RECTO</i> Contents Contents Preface Preface <p> 1.11 <i>Running heads for text.</i> Chapter openings and other display pages carry no running heads (see also 1.15 ). The choice of running heads for other text pages is governed chiefly by the structure and nature of the book. Among acceptable arrangements are the following: <p> <i>VERSO RECTO</i> <p> Part title Chapter title Chapter number Chapter title Chapter title Subhead Chapter title Chapter subtitle Chapter title Chapter title Subhead Subhead Chapter author Chapter title <p> See also 2.73 . Chicago generally advises against putting the book title on the verso (partly to minimize complications from a last-minute change to a title)—though the practice of doing so has persisted, especially for works of fiction. In electronic books, verso and recto running heads, when they are not the same, are sometimes combined and separated by a colon or a slash or other device. <p> 1.12 <i>Subheads as running heads.</i> When subheads in the text are used as running heads on recto pages and more than one subhead falls on a single page, the last one on the page is used as the running head. When subheads are used as running heads on versos, however, the <i>first</i> subhead on the page is used as the running head. (The principle is the same as for dictionary running heads.) <p> 1.13 <i>Running heads for back matter.</i> Running heads for back matter follow the same pattern as those for front matter and text (but see 1.14 ). If there is an appendix, Appendix (or Appendix 1 or Appendix A, etc.) appears verso, the appendix title recto. If there is more than one index, it is essential that the running heads so indicate (Index of Names, Index of Subjects, etc.). <p> 1.14 <i>Running heads for endnotes.</i> The running heads for a section of notes in the back of the book should give the inclusive page numbers or (much less useful for readers but more expedient for the publisher) the chapter where the relevant note references are found in the text. If chapter numbers are used, it is essential that the verso running heads in the text also give chapter numbers. Thus, two facing running heads might read: <p> <i>VERSO RECTO</i> <p> Notes to Pages 2–10 Notes to Pages 11–25 <i>or</i> Notes to Chapter One Notes to Chapter Two <p> For a fuller explanation, see 14.42. <p> 1.15 <i>Omission of running heads.</i> Besides display pages in the front matter (see 1.10 ), running heads are omitted on part titles, chapter openings, and any page containing only an illustration or a table. (For the omission of page numbers, see 1.7 .) Pages that include lines of text in addition to an illustration or table should include running heads. Running heads may also be included in long sequences of illustrations or tables to keep readers oriented. <p> <p> <b><i>Front Matter</i></b> <p> TITLE PAGES <p> 1.16 <i>Half title.</i> The half title (p. i in a printed book, no folio) normally consists only of the main title (less any subtitle) and is usually counted as the very first page in a printed-and-bound book. All other information—including author name, publisher, and edition—is omitted. <p> 1.17 <i>Series title or frontispiece.</i> The verso following the half-title page (p. ii in a printed book) is usually blank. But if the book is part of a series, it may include the title and volume number of the series, the name of the general editor of the series, and sometimes the titles of previously published books in the series. (A series title may appear on the title page instead.) If the book is the published proceedings of a symposium, the title of the symposium and the date it was held and other relevant details may appear on page ii. Some publishers list an author's previous publications on page ii; Chicago generally lists these on the copyright page and on the jacket or cover (see 1.20 ). Alternatively, page ii might carry an illustration, called a frontispiece. If the frontispiece is printed on a different stock from the text, and thus is inserted separately, it will not constitute page ii, though it will still appear opposite the title page, which is normally page iii (see 1.18 ). Page ii might also be used for a title page across pages ii and iii. <p> <i>(Continues...)</i> <p> <p> <p> <!-- copyright notice --> <br></pre> <blockquote><hr noshade size='1'><font size='-2'> Excerpted from <b>The Chicago Manual of Style</b> Copyright © 2010 by The University of Chicago. Excerpted by permission of The University of Chicago Press. All rights reserved. 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