WorldCat Identities

Gaub, Florence

Works: 79 works in 160 publications in 2 languages and 2,410 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  History  Military history  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, 070
Classifications: JQ1850.A38, 355.3089
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Florence Gaub
Military integration after civil wars : multiethnic armies, identity, and post-conflict reconstruction by Florence Gaub( )

11 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 417 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines the role of multiethnic armies in post-conflict reconstruction, and demonstrates how they can promote peacebuilding efforts. The author challenges the assumption that multiethnic composition leads to weakness of the military, and shows how a multiethnic army is frequently the impetus for peacemaking in multiethnic societies. Three case studies (Nigeria, Lebanon and Bosnia-Herzegovina) determine that rather than external factors, it is the internal structures that make or break the military institution in a socially challenging environment. The book finds that where the political will is present, the multiethnic military can become a symbol of reconciliation and coexistence. Furthermore, it shows that the military as a professional identity can supersede ethnic considerations and thus facilitates cooperation within the armed forces despite a hostile post-conflict setting. In this, the book challenges widespread theories about ethnic identities and puts professional identities on an equal footing with them. The book will be of great interest to students of military studies, ethnic conflict, conflict studies and peacebuilding, and IR in general Florence Gaub is a Researcher and Lecturer at the NATO Defence College in Rome. She holds a PhD in International Politics from Humboldt University, Berlin
Rebuilding armed forces : learning from Iraq and Lebanon by Florence Gaub( )

9 editions published between 2011 and 2013 in English and held by 351 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Security Force Assistance becomes more and more important not only in the post-conflict reconstruction process, but also in a more general way in the foreign policy of the United States. Looking into the experience of both Iraq and Lebanon, this monograph offers useful insights for future military assistance programs and reconstruction efforts. While current assistance programs are certainly of high quality in technical terms, this publication sheds light on the equally important, yet often overlooked social dimension. Elements such as ethnic composition, exclusion of politically compromised personnel, and the armed forces' image in society will determine the military's future success just as much as technical training. How to improve these aspects is explained in this analysis
Against all odds : relations between NATO and the MENA region by Florence Gaub( )

9 editions published between 2012 and 2013 in English and held by 340 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While NATO was created with a primary outlook to the East, its Southern rim was neglected strategically until the end of the Cold War. Since then, the Alliance has undertaken a number of efforts to build strategic relationships with the Middle East and North Africa, recognizing the region's importance for Allied security. But obstacles are on the way to deepened relations, and geostrategic realities do not play in NATO's favor: a region of crisis, suspicious of the West in general and riddled with internal instability, is a difficult one to build ties with. This monograph examines the existing relationships as well as the remaining obstacles, and proposes solutions to the latter
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization and Libya : reviewing Operation Unified Protector by Florence Gaub( )

6 editions published in 2013 in English and held by 317 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On March 17, 2011, a month after the beginning of the Libyan revolution, with up to dead 2,000 civilians, the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) decided on backing a no-fly zone over Libya and authorized "all necessary measures" to protect civilians. While France, Great Britain, and the United States took immediate military action using air and missile strikes, considerations to hand over military actions to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) emerged within days of the operation. On March 22 2012, NATO agreed to enforce the arms embargo against Libya; 2 days later, it announced to take over all military aspects of the UNSC 1973. On March 31, 2012, Operation UNIFIED PROTECTOR (OUP) began. OUP turned out to be one of NATO's shorter, and seemingly also less controversial, missions. Mandated by both the League of Arab States and the UN as the regime of Colonel Qaddafi was launching assaults on peacefully demonstrating citizens, its aim was to protect civilians from the air and sea. Described as a "war of choice" rather than a "war of necessity," NATO achieved its goals more by accident than by design, according to some critics. The lessons which can be drawn from OUP are both military and political in nature. The overestimation of air power as a result of "no boots on the ground" might be a dangerous conclusion for future cases; the lack of cultural advice very likely prolonged the mission, while the shortcomings in strategic communication gave input to improve an area that is still new to NATO. The operation also highlighted a strategic dimension the Alliance was not ready to perceive -- that the Mediterranean, and its Southern states, is likely to continue being a source of instability for NATO, particularly after the Arab Spring. In legal terms, the Alliance faced an important communication gap between its legal, and therefore military, mandate -- the legal interpretations of UNSCR 1973 made clear that the operation did not seek to topple Colonel Gaddafi's regime, let alone assassinate him. Its aim was solely the protection of civilians in a situation of internal conflict, and, therefore, it conformed to the norm of "Responsibility to Protect." On the political level, heads of NATO member states made contradictory remarks calling for Gaddafi's departure, thereby compromising the clarity of the mission. Last but not least, the aftermath of NATO's Libya operation was not planned at all as the Libyan National Transitional Council firmly rejected any military personnel on the ground, not even UN observers. As the regime's security forces had virtually imploded, Libya's security therefore fell into the hands of the multiple militias which continued to proliferate after the conflict had ended
Arab nato in the making? middle eastern military cooperation since 2011 by Florence Gaub( )

4 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 240 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Arab military cooperation has been, over the past century, mostly a history of failures. Whether the Arab League's Defence Pact or the Middle East Command, ideas for collective security in the region all failed to move beyond the state of declarations. Most of the time, Arab states were either at open war or in cold peace. Since the Arab Spring has toppled not only regimes but also brought insecurity, new momentum has come into regional security. From joint exercises to the announcement of first an Arab and more recently an Islamic military alliance, states begin to move further into cooperation. As this Letort Paper shows, several obstacles will have to be overcome before collective security in the Middle East and North Africa can become a reality"--Publisher's web site
Guardians of the Arab state : when militaries intervene in politics, from Iraq to Mauritania by Florence Gaub( Book )

10 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 164 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Guardians of the Arab State explains clearly and concisely how and why military organizations become involved in politics across the Middle East and North Africa, identifying four key factors: a high degree of organizational capacity, clear institutional interest, a forgiving population and weak civilian control. Looking at numerous case studies ranging from Mauritania to Iraq, the book finds that these factors are common to all Arab countries to have experienced coups in the last century. It also finds that the opposite is true in cases like Jordan, where strong civilian control and the absence of capacity, interest, or a positive public image made coup attempts futile. Gaub also convincingly argues that the reasons are structural rather than cultural, thereby proving a counter-narrative to conventional explanations, which look at Arab coups along religious or historical lines. In essence, the questions addressed herein lead back to issues of weak statehood, legitimacy, and resource constraints - all problems the Arab world has struggled with since independence. Guardians of the Arab State picks up where previous literature on Middle Eastern military forces dropped the debate, and provides an updated and insightful analysis into the soul of Arab armies."--
The Gulf moment : Arab relations since 2011 by Florence Gaub( )

3 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 122 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This monograph examines the impact that the 'Arab Spring' has had on how Arab states relate to each other post-regime change and post-Islamist electoral victory. It shows that the region is undergoing a profound change as some traditional regional policy actors are paralyzed by internal turmoil (such as Syria and Egypt), while others do not have a regional ambition (such as Algeria and Morocco). The region has therefore entered a Gulf moment where key decisions pertaining to the region's future are now taken in Riyadh, Doha, and Abu Dhabi. From having once been mere bystanders of regional politics, the Gulf States have moved to become players with both the ambition and capability to shape regional dynamics. As the ripple effects of their 2014 rift show, these dynamics will have a wider Arab impact"--Publisher's web site
The cauldron : NATO's campaign in Libya by Rob Weighill( Book )

5 editions published in 2018 in English and held by 109 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Attacking conventional wisdom, Weighill and Gaub argue that NATO's intervention in Libya was soundly conceived and executed
Arab futures three scenarios for 2025( )

2 editions published in 2015 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This report is the outcome of three sessions that convened a group of experts, the Arab Foresight Group, during 2014. It takes into account projections made by a wide array of organisations and is based to the maximum extent possible on available data. It reduces speculation to a bare minimum, and identifies the relative certainties or 'megatrends' which concern the Middle East region and which are not likely to change over the next decade; perhaps more importantly, it also identifies six game-changers: those areas where policy-makers will influence the course of events by their choices. Depending on these choices, three probable scenarios have been hypothesised for the year 2025"--Publisher's web site
Arab armies : agents of change? : before and after 2011 by Florence Gaub( )

4 editions published in 2014 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Many aspects of the so-called Arab Spring came as a surprise: the mass demonstrations, the toppling of dictatorships, and indeed the timing. One of the most unexpected aspects, however, was the behaviour of the respective military forces. Regarded until 2011 as being unequivocal supporters of the regimes in power, they were expected to crack down on the demonstrators with an iron fist. Decades of military dictatorships, coups d'état and wars had entrenched the notion of Arab armed forces as agents of coercion, not agents of change. But only one of the Arab militaries confronted with the massive social dislocation unleashed by the Arab Spring behaved in the expected way, i.e. unequivocally standing by the regime and suppressing the uprisings. The others facilitated regime change either actively or passively, and in Egypt assumed an even more direct role. In all cases, the armed forces were, and remain, the kingmakers, whose support is essential for rulers to hold onto, or accede to, power. But what drives these forces? Why do they choose to act, or not act, under certain political conditions? When do they have the capacity to act, and when is it that they do not? While these questions are fundamental, they relate to the specific circumstances pertaining to the military in the post-2011 environment: how come the armed forces seem to possess the casting vote between secular and Islamist forces on the road to democracy? More puzzlingly, what is it that these forces stand for in the eyes of the populations in their respective countries -- if it was modernity in the 1950s and 1960s, what is it today?
Die Darstellung von Krieg im französischen Roman : von Waterloo bis zum 1. Weltkrieg by Florence Gaub( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in German and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What if ... conceivable crises unpredictable in 2017, unmanageable in 2020?( )

3 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 25 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In a world increasingly shaped by unexpected events and developments--ranging from 'strategic surprises' like 9/11 or the Arab Spring to the unintended consequences of often well-meant decisions--trying to imagine contingencies that challenge current assumptions may well prove a useful exercise. This Report presents a number of grey swan scenarios which are designed to help decision-makers think about possible responses to crises and how they can be prevented. They cover a wide variety of geographical and operational situations while never explicitly calling into question specific EU actions or policies--only general EU principles and interests."--
Civil-military relations in the MENA: between fragility and resilience by Florence Gaub( )

3 editions published in 2016 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Florence Gaub's Chaillot Paper is centred upon one key source of fragility and instability among the EU's southern neighbours: the dif cult relations between the civil and the military sectors. This relationship lies at the very juncture between state and society and involves issues of power, loyalty and legitimacy. Her study offers an in-depth comparative analysis of the main countries in the MENA region (from Morocco to Turkey via Egypt and others) and highlights the fundamental aws and failures that have so far prevented a more functional and balanced relationship between civilian and military authorities -- crucial to building 'resilience' -- from emerging. Moreover, it does so from the perspective of security sector reform (SSR), taken as a conceptual and operational framework with which the international community -- and especially the EU -- can contribute to consolidating the rule of law and, more generally, sustainable systems of governance
Defence industries in Arab states : players and strategies by Florence Gaub( )

2 editions published in 2017 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This Chaillot Paper analyses how Arab states strive to achieve strategic, economic and symbolic goals through indigenous armaments production, with some countries in the region showing a new determination to become more self-reliant technologically as well as operationally in this domain. The paper focuses in particular on how efforts undertaken by Arab states to develop national defence technological and industrial bases (DTIBs) entail new relationships with defence suppliers whereby Arab states that were formerly customers are evolving into arms manufacturers in their own right -- a phenomenon that also marks a shifting strategic balance in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region"--
After the Spring : reforming Arab armies by Florence Gaub( )

3 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 23 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"As the Arab Spring has renewed Western interest in the political, as well as military, role of Arab armed forces, reform -- rather than mere assistance -- is crucial. In this monograph, the author focuses on the structural aspects of reform from which the Arab Spring forces would benefit. Seven features are identified which need to be addressed when attempting Arab military reform in the countries affected by large-scale unrest in 2011: an unclear mandate, over-politicization, a challenging ongoing security situation, limited resources, lack of civilian oversight, pockets of paramilitary activity, and, in parts, as well as the lack of an institutional perception of reform need. Their origins are elaborated as much as recommendations for what outside assistance can achieve"--Publisher's web site
Strategic communications East and South by Antonio Missiroli( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Emanating from Russia in the east and the so-called Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)/Daesh in the south, the EU has been increasingly hit by destabilising messages amounting -- in different forms and to different degrees -- to coherent hostile 'strategic communications' campaigns, or the processes of infusing communications activities with an agenda or plan to impact the behaviour of a target audience. Russia and ISIL have engaged in aggressive messaging and deceptive media campaigns, albeit with distinct narratives, targets and audiences. This Report analyses the 'what' and the 'how': the respective narratives of each actor, their specificities, their similarities and their differences. The analysis also draws attention to strategic communications efforts undertaken by the EU, which are vectored into defensive (react and respond) and offensive (probe and push) dimensions. This understanding of the present context finally allows for an evaluation of what actions can be taken to enhance the effectiveness of the EU's own strategic communications"--Publisher's web site
Can ISIL be copied?( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first EUISS Brief of 2015 explores the possibility of other jihadi groups evolving along the lines of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). What explains the organisation's spectacular rise? And what elements are required for other groups to replicate ISIL's achievements?
Libya, the struggle for security by France) Institute for Security Studies (Paris( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

With the security situation in Libya rapidly spiralling out of control, this brief analyses the challenges faced by the country in its attempts to establish an effective internal security apparatus since the fall of Qaddafi, the dangers of the current security vacuum and the difficulties in disbanding and reintegrating the plethora of powerful militia groups. -- EU Bookshop
Civil wars, a very short introduction by France) Institute for Security Studies (Paris( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the conflict in Syria rages on, this brief provides a succinct analysis of the causes and consequences of the longest, and bloodiest, of all forms of human conflict. Why do civil wars break out? And more importantly, how can they be brought to an end? -- EU Bookshop
Complex operations : NATO at war and on the margins of war by Christopher M Schnaubelt( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in English and held by 11 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In November 2009, the Research Division of the NATO Defense College conducted a workshop on NATO and complex operations. This NDC forum paper is a result of that workshop. It is designed to take a broad look at this topic and includes a wide range of articles -- some of which may not be consistent with today's official policies -- related to the problems that complex operations pose for NATO
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Military integration after civil wars : multiethnic armies, identity, and post-conflict reconstruction
Alternative Names
فلورانس جوب

English (80)

German (3)