WorldCat Identities

Aelian active 3rd century

Works: 880 works in 2,461 publications in 9 languages and 12,425 library holdings
Genres: Anecdotes  History  Terminology  Sources 
Roles: Author, Singer, Other, Performer
Classifications: PA3821, 590
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Aelian
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Most widely held works by Aelian
On the characteristics of animals by Aelian( Book )

208 editions published between 1533 and 2018 in 10 languages and held by 2,725 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

AELIAN (Claudius Aelianus), a Roman born c. A.D. 170 at Praeneste (where he held a religious office), was a pupil of the rhetorician Pausanias of Caesarea, and taught and practised rhetoric. Expert in good Attic Greek, he became a serious scholar and studied history under the patronage of the Roman Empress Julia Domna. He apparently spent all his life in Italy where he died after A.D. 230. In three volumes we present his On the Characteristics of Animals, in 17 books, which is a mixed collection of facts and beliefs concerning the habits of animals taken from Greek authors with some personal observation, and having as their chief object entertainment. Fact, fancy, legend, stories and gossip all play their part in a narrative which has, of set purpose, no arrangement. If there is any ethical motive, it is that the virtues of untaught yet reasoning animals can be a lesson to thoughtless and selfish mankind. Aelian's philosophy is an easy stoicism. Another surviving work is 'Varied History' in 14 books, consisting mainly of historical, biographical, and antiquarian anecdotes and short narratives, many of them taken from authors whose works are lost. Here also Aelian follows no scheme of arrangement. We have also fragments of a work on 'Providence' and one on 'Divine Manifestations' and these also were apparently collections of stories. Some Letters, by fictitious persons, on husbandry and other country matters survive -- these are rhetorical
Claudii Aeliani Varia historia by Aelian( Book )

252 editions published between 1533 and 2015 in 10 languages and held by 1,594 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Historical miscellany by Aelian( Book )

49 editions published between 1667 and 2018 in 7 languages and held by 1,007 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aelian's Historical Miscellany is a pleasurable example of light reading for Romans of the early third century. Offering engaging anecdotes about historical figures, retellings of legendary events, and enjoyable descriptive pieces, Aelian's collection of nuggets and narratives appealed to a wide reading public. Here then are anecdotes about the famous Greek philosophers, poets, historians, and playwrights; myths instructively retold; moralizing tales about heroes and rulers, athletes and wise men; reports about food and drink, different styles in dress, lovers, gift giving, entertainments, religious beliefs, and death customs; and comments on Greek painting. Some of the information is not preserved in any other source. Underlying it all are Aelian's Stoic ideals as well as this Roman's great admiration for the culture of the Greeks (whose language he borrowed for his writings)
Claudii Aeliani Epistulae et fragmenta by Aelian( )

21 editions published between 1993 and 2012 in 5 languages and held by 513 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Epistulae et fragmenta by Aelian( Book )

6 editions published in 1994 in Greek, Ancient and held by 203 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Claudii Aeliani De natura animalium libri XVII, Varia historia, Epistolae fragmenta, ex recognitione Rudolphi Hercheri by Aelian( Book )

in Greek, Ancient and held by 145 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aeliani De natura animalium, varia historia, epistolae et fragmenta. Porphyrii philosophi de abstinenta et de antro nympharum. Philonis Byzantii de septem orbis spectaculis by Aelian( Book )

26 editions published in 1858 in Latin and Greek, Ancient and held by 134 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Kl. Ailianu poikilēs historias biblia 14 = Cl. Aeliani variae historiae libri 14 by Aelian( Book )

57 editions published between 1662 and 1811 in 5 languages and held by 130 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

De natura animalium by Aelian( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in Greek, Ancient and held by 125 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"More than 140 years have gone by since R. Hercher's 1864 Teubner edition, a book with serious editorial shortcomings which have been often underlined in recent publications. This new text offers an accurate and new critical edition as a result of an extensive and detailed work undertook by a team of scholars of the University of Oviedo (Spain), under the direction of the Professor Manuela García Valdés. The text has been established on the basis of a complete collation of all the most significant manuscripts of Aelians' textual tradition. This is the first edition with an accurate and scientific critical apparatus by applying the scope of textual criticism and ecdotics. The edition also takes into account the literary koiné of II-III centuries AD and the authors' own style. This edition offers to all scholars a reliable text as a starting point for future research on Aelians' Language and Stoic thought. It will be also useful for studies on zoology, on animals' habits and behaviour, medieval bestiaries, and on the concepts of Science and Technique in Late Antiquity. Confronted with his wealth of materials, the author writes each chapter as a finished unit, as a short story. He uses a wide variety of both literary and linguistic expedients, resorting to formal and content resources."--Publisher's website
Æliani De historia animalium libri XVII : quos ex integro ac veteri exemplari Graeco, Petrus Gillius vertit by Aelian( Book )

24 editions published between 1562 and 1974 in 3 languages and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Histoire variée by Aelian( Book )

5 editions published in 1991 in French and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aelian on the characteristics of animals by Aelian( Book )

4 editions published in 1959 in English and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Poikilēs historias = Varia historia by Aelian( Book )

39 editions published between 1668 and 1995 in 6 languages and held by 107 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Aeliani Varia historia, Heraclidis Pontici et Nicolai Damasceni quae supersunt. Ad optimorum librorum fidem accurata edita by Aelian( Book )

28 editions published between 1819 and 1882 in 4 languages and held by 92 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Klaudiou Ailianou Peri zōōn idiotētos biblia iz = Claudii Aeliani De animalium natura libri XVII by Aelian( Book )

28 editions published between 1611 and 1616 in 4 languages and held by 74 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The letters of Alciphron, Aelian and Philostratus by Alciphron( )

5 editions published between 1949 and 2015 in English and Greek, Ancient and held by 72 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The fictitious, highly literary Letters of Alciphron (second century CE) are mostly to invented characters. Letters of Farmers by Aelian (c. 170-235 CE) portray the country ways of their imagined writers. The Erotic Epistles of Philostratus (perhaps born c. 170 CE) resemble and may have been influenced by those of Alciphron. The Letters of Alciphron (second century CE) constitute one of the most attractive products of the Second Sophistic. They are fictitious compositions based on an astonishingly wide variety of circumstances, though the theme of erotic love is constantly sounded. The imagination shown by the author and his convincing realism win him a place of distinction in the early development of romantic prose. The letters, which are highly literary, owing much to the New Comedy of Menander, purport to give us a sketch of the social life of Athens in the fourth century BCE. The collection is arranged in four divisions: Letters of Fishermen; Farmers; Parasites; Courtesans. Senders and addressees are mostly invented characters, but in the last section Alciphron presents us with several attempts at historical fiction, the most engaging being an exchange of letters between Menander and Glycera. This volume also includes twenty Letters of Farmers ascribed to Aelian (c.170-235 CE) and a collection of seventy-three Erotic Epistles of Philostratus (probably Flavius of that name, also born c. 170 CE). In style and subject matter these resemble those of Alciphron, by whom they may have been influenced
The letters of Alciphron, Aelian and Philostratus by Alciphron( Book )

15 editions published between 1949 and 2006 in 3 languages and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Fictieve literaire brieven
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Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.48 (from 0.13 for Scholia in ... to 0.92 for De Aeliani ...)

WorldCat IdentitiesRelated Identities
On the characteristics of animals
Claudii Aeliani Varia historiaHistorical miscellanyDe natura animaliumPoikilēs historias = Varia historiaThe letters of Alciphron, Aelian and PhilostratusThe letters of Alciphron, Aelian and Philostratus
Alternative Names


Aelian 0170?-0235?

Aelian 170-240

Aelian 3rd cent

Aelian ca.175-ca.235

Aelian, Claudius

Aelian, Claudius 170-240

Aelian, Claudius 3rd cent

Aelian, Claudius active 3rd century

Aelian, Claudius c. 175-c. 235

Aelian, Claudius ca 170-ca 235

Aelian römischer Sophist 170-240


Aelianus 170-240

Aelianus 170-240 Praenestinus

Aelianus 170-240 Sophista

Aelianus 170-240 Sophistes

Aelianus ca.175-ca.235

Aelianus, Cl.

Aelianus, Claudius.

Aelianus Claudius 0170?-0235?

Aelianus, Claudius 170-240 Praenestinus

Aelianus, Claudius 170-240 Sophista

Aelianus, Claudius 3rd cent

Aelianus, Claudius active 3rd century

Aelianus Claudius asi 175-235

Aelianus Claudius ca 175-235

Aelianus, Claudius Praenestinus

Aelianus, Claudius Praenestinus 170-240

Aelianus, Claudius römischer Sophist 170-240

Aelianus, Claudius Sophista 170-240

Aelianus Praenestinus 170-240

Aelianus Praenestinus, Claudius römischer Sophist 170-240

Aelianus Sophista 170-240

Aelianus sophistes 0170?-0235?

Aelianus Sophistes 170-240

Ailianos 170-240

Ailianos 170-240 Romaios

Ailianos 170-240 Sophist

Ailianos, Kl.

Ailiános Klaudios

A̓ilianòs, Klaúdios 0170?-0235?

Ailianos, Klaudios 170-240

Ailianos, Klaudios 3rd cent

Ailianos, Klaudios active 3rd century

Ailianos Klaudios c. 175-c. 235

Ailianos, Klaudios ca 170-ca 235

Ailianos, Klaudios ca.175-ca.235

Ailianos, Klaudios römischer Sophist 170-240

Ailianos Romaios 170-240

Ailianos Sophist 170-240

Ailianos, Taktikos


Ailianus 170-240

Älian 170-240

Claude Élien professeur de rhétorique, historien et philosophe auteur et orateur latin de langue grecques

Claudi Elià

Claudio 170-240 Eliano

Claudio Eliano

Claudio Eliano 170-240

Claudio Eliano 3rd cent

Cláudio Eliano filósofo e escritor romano em língua grega

Claudio Eliano filosofo e scrittore romano in lingua greca

Claudius 170-240 Aelianus

Claudius Aelianus

Claudius Aelianus 0170?-0235?

Claudius Aelianus 170-240

Claudius Aelianus Author and teacher

Claudius Aelianus filosoof uit Oude Rome (200-235)

Claudius Aelianus pisarz rzymski

Claudius Aelianus römischer Sophist und Lehrer der Rhetorik

Claudius Aelianus Soph.

Claudius Aeliianus

Claudius Ailianos 2. Jh.


Elian, Klaudiusz

Elian, Klavdii.

Ėlian, Klavdiĭ 3rd cent

Ėlian, Klavdiĭ active 3rd century


Eliano 170-240

Eliano 3rd cent

Eliano active 3rd century

Eliano, Claudio

Eliano, Claudio 170-240

Eliano, Claudio 3rd cent

Eliano, Claudio active 3rd century

Eliano, Claudio c. 175-c. 235

Eliano, Claudio ca 170-ca 235

Eliano, Claudio ca.175-ca.235

Eliano römischer Sophist 170-240


Élien 170-240

Elien 3rd cent

Elien active 3rd century

Elien ca.175-ca.235

Élien, Claude

Élien, Claude 0170?-0235?

Elien, Claude 170-240

Élien de Préneste

Elien le sophiste

Élien le Sophiste auteur latin

Elien römischer Sophist 170-240

Elijan, Klaudije

Klaudije, Elijan

Klaŭdio Eliano

Klaudios Ailianos 170-240

Tacticus, Aelianus

z Praeneste, Claudius Aelianus asi 175-235

z Praeneste, Claudius Aelianus ca 175-235

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος

Αἰλιανὸς, Κλαύδιος 0170?-0235?

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος 3rd cent

Αἰλιανός, Κλαύδιος active 3rd century

Κλαύδιος Αἰλιανός

Κλαύδιος Αιλιανός συγγραφέας και διδάσκαλος ρητορικής


Клавдий Элиан древнеримский писатель и философ

Клавдиј Елијан

Клаудије Елијан

קלאודיוס איליאנוס סופר רומי

آلیان نویسنده و فیلسوف در روم باستان

ক্লাউদিয়ুস আইলিয়ানুস

ელიანუს, კლავდიუს.


アイリアノス, クラウディオス