WorldCat Identities

Akiyama, T. (Takamasa) 1944-

Works: 133 works in 341 publications in 1 language and 3,689 library holdings
Genres: Case studies  History  Cross-cultural studies 
Roles: Author, Other, Editor, Inventor, Creator, Honoree
Classifications: HD9502.A782, 380.141096
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by T Akiyama
Commodity market reforms : lessons of two decades by T Akiyama( )

20 editions published between 2001 and 2013 in English and held by 750 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Energy demand in five major Asian developing countries : structure and prospects by Masayasu Ishiguro( )

14 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 684 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Managing commodity booms--and busts by Panayotis N Varangis( )

15 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 627 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Why booms happen -- Why this boom won't continue -- Managing booms and busts -- Learning from experience -- Who manages the boom? -- How to manage booms
Energy demand in Asian developing economies by M. Hashem Pesaran( Book )

6 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and held by 165 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This text reviews the relevant economic and econometric theory, introduces some econometric techniques, and uses these techniques to analyse energy demand in the Asian developing economies individually and taking the region as a whole
Indonesia's cocoa boom hands-off policy encourages smallholder dynamism by T Akiyama( )

13 editions published between 1900 and 1999 in English and Undetermined and held by 126 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

March 1996 Indonesia's cocoa output, produced mainly by smallholders on the island of Sulawesi, increased a phenomenal 26 percent a year (average, compounded) between 1980 and 1994. The government's hands-off policy was an important factor in this rapid expansion of output. This case study of Sulawesi's cocoa market is a counterpoint to investigations of highly regulated markets -- agricultural and otherwise. The Indonesian island's rapid expansion surprised the world cocoa market, especially because it came mostly from smallholders. Akiyama and Nishio examined the smallholders' production and marketing systems and the government policies implemented for smallholders to identify any policy lessons that might be useful for other countries. They found: * The following factors contributed to the rapid expansion: the availability of suitable land, low production costs, a highly competitive marketing system (a result of the government's hands-off policy or limited government interventions), relatively good transport infrastructure, favorable macroeconomic policies, and the smallholders' entrepreneurship. * Until the recent imposition of a value-added tax, Indonesia's government left cocoa marketing and distribution freer of government interventions than many other commodities -- in part because the Indonesian Cocoa Association recommended such nonintervention. Other commodities were affected by direct involvement of the National Logistics Agency, price controls, and exclusive trade licensing requirements. * As a result of the competitive cocoa marketing system, the farmgate price of cocoa in Indonesia is about 90 percent of the f.o.b. price -- a much higher share than cocoa produced in other countries and than other commodities produced in Indonesia. This relatively free marketing and distribution system must be maintained for cocoa to develop further. * Some general government policies have benefited the cocoa subsector as well as others. Exchange rates have been kept competitive, for example, no export tax has been imposed, and it has been government policy to build basic infrastructure in the outer islands. Several issues must be addressed for cocoa to be further developed: the quality of cocoa, the adding-up problem (export revenues not increasing in proportion to export quantities, because of the price-depressing effect of increased exports), the recently imposed value-added tax, the cocoa pod-borer, export marketing, research, retribution, local processing, environmental problems, and government interventions now being discussed for the cocoa sector. Government and industry must also resist the natural temptation for current players to become more conservative, to protect their interests. This paper -- a joint product of the Commodity Policy and Analysis Unit, International Economics Department, and the Agriculture Operations Division, Country Department III, East Asia and Pacific -- was presented at the conference, Building on Success: Maximizing the Gains from Deregulation, held in Jakarta, Indonesia, April 26-28, 1995
Electricity demand in Asia and the effects on energy supply and the investment environment by T Akiyama( )

13 editions published in 1995 in English and Undetermined and held by 123 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

December 1995 Electricity demand in seven Asian economies is expected to increase sharply in the coming years. To meet this demand, these countries must develop stronger domestic bond and stock markets to meet capital requirements for projected power development projects and pollution control. Demand for energy (including electricity) has been increasing more rapidly in developing Asian economies than anywhere else in the world and is expected to continue growing. To meet rising demand, these countries must address such issues as how to meet the resulting enormous capital requirements and how to prevent environmental deterioration. To calculate what those capital requirements may be, and to estimate potential environmental damage, Ishiguro and Akiyama built econometric energy demand models for seven economies: China, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Republic of Korea, Taiwan (China), and Thailand. They estimate that electricity demand will increase an average 8.1 percent a year between 1993 and 2010 (the same rate as in 1980-92) -- increasing 4.9-fold for the period. Growth rates for power demand are expend to decline in Indonesia, Korea, and Taiwan (China), but increase in Malaysia and the Philippines. China's growth rate is expected to remain about 7.6 percent a year. Demand growth is expected to shift from the industrial sector to the residential and commercial sector, whose share in electricity demand is expected to increase from 24 percent (1990) to 44 percent (2010). Total electricity generated is expect to increase 3.8-fold, from 1.26 trillion kwh in 1993 to 4.8 trillion kwh in 2010, with coal accounting for 68 percent of the increase, oil 4 percent, natural gas 7 percent, nuclear power 8 percent, and hydro 12 percent. Investment costs range from an estimated US$579 billion to US$772 billion (1992 dollars) for 1994 - 2005 and an estimated US$428 billion to US$485 billion for 2005 - 10. To finance power development projects, many governments are encouraging build, operate, and own or build, operate, transfer schemes, but there is a limit to the use of these schemes, which require foreign capital and thus reimbursements in hard currency. Because the seven governments must mobilize substantial domestic resources to finance capital requirements, it is essential that these countries develop or strengthen development of domestic bond and stock markets. To control emissions of pollutants will cost an estimated US$165 billion (in 1992 dollars) in 1994 - 2010. This paper -- a joint product of the Commodity Policy and Analysis Unit, International Economics Department, and Japan's Nomura Research Institute -- is part of a larger effort to analyze commodity markets and their impact on developing countries
Rural development and agricultural growth in Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand by T Akiyama( Book )

7 editions published between 2004 and 2013 in English and Undetermined and held by 116 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Focuses on economic growth in the agricultural sectors of Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand. The agricultural sectors of these economies have diverged considerably over the last 40 years. The volume investigates the ways in which policy, institutions, investments and resource constraints have driven this divergence
A new global tea model : specification, estimation, and simulation by T Akiyama( Book )

6 editions published in 1987 in English and held by 89 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The model of the world tea economy described herein has a number of general features which are shared by other econometric commodity models. The stylized version of an econometric agricultural commodity market model usually contains supply equations for the major producers, demand equations for major consumers and either inventory demand equations or price equations. However, within this general structure there are usually many variations. Section I of the report begins with a brief overview of the relevant literature concerning commodity models. Section II provides an overview of the new global tea model and an outline of important features of the data used in estimation. Section III sets out the theoretical specification and the empirical estimates of the supply side while Sections IV, V, and VI deal, respectively, with the demand side, price determination and the simulation properties of the model
Analysis of the world coffee market by T Akiyama( Book )

11 editions published between 1982 and 1984 in English and held by 77 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Prospects for the world jute industry by M. Elton Thigpen( Book )

4 editions published in 1986 in English and held by 71 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Prospects for the world jute industry to the mid 1990's are analyzed to identify trends likely to follow the confusion in the jute market originating from the 1984/85 fibre supply crisis. Jute fibre is used primarily as a textile raw material for making packaging products, carpets, industrial fabrics and twine. Structural changes occurring in the world demand for jute are identified. Prospects for the expansion of jute consumption for packaging uses in developing countries are fairly bright since the scope for early changes to bulk-handling and synthetic substitution are limited. The rapid loss of markets for jute sacks and bags to bulk-handling in the industrial and grain exporting countries during the 1970's has about run its course. The resulting structural shifts in the regional distribution of consumption and changes in the product composition of final demand suggest that the growth in world demand for jute to the mid 1990's should be higher than was attained daring the 1970's and early 80's. It is further argued that due to the high prices of 1984/85 output will increase in the 1985/86 and 1986/87 harvests causing prices to fall and leading to a period of low prices and low output in the late 1980's
Commodity market reform in Africa : some recent experience by T Akiyama( )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 67 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the early 1980s, dramatic changes in export commodity markets, shocks associated with resulting price declines, and changing views on the role of the state have ushered in widespread reforms to agricultural commodity markets in Africa. The reforms significantly reduced government participation in the marketing and pricing of commodities. Akiyama, Baffes, Larson, and Varangis examine the background, causes, process, and consequences of these reforms and derive lessons for successful reforms from experiences in markets for four commodities important to Africa--cocoa, coffee, cotton, and sugar. The authors' commodity focus highlights the special features associated with these markets that affect the reform process. They complement the current literature on market reforms in Africa, where grain-market studies are more common. The authors suggest that the types of market interventions prior to reform are more easily classified by crop than by country. Consequently, there are significant commodity-specific differences in the initial conditions and in the outcomes of reforms related to these markets. But there are general lessons as well. The authors find that the key consequences of reform have been significant changes in or emergence of marketing institutions and a significant shift of political and economic power from the public to the private sector. In cases where interventions were greatest and reforms most complete, producers have benefited from receiving a larger share of export prices. Additionally, the authors conclude that the adjustment costs of reform can be reduced in most cases by better understanding the detailed and idiosyncratic relationships between the commodity subsector, private markets, and public services. Finally, while there are significant costs to market-dependent reforms, experiences suggest that they are a necessary step toward a dynamic commodity sector based on private initiative. This is particularly true in countries and sectors where interventions were greatest and market-supporting institutions the weakest. This paper--a product of Rural Development, Development Research Group--is part of a larger effort in the group to examine the consequences of agricultural policies
Analysis of the world cocoa market by T Akiyama( Book )

5 editions published between 1982 and 1984 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is commodity-dependence pessimism justified? : critical factors and government policies that characterize dynamic commodity sectors by Nanae Yabuki( Book )

7 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 55 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Jute supply response in Bangladesh by T Akiyama( Book )

3 editions published in 1985 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is commodity-dependence pessimism justified? critical factors and government policies that characterize dynamic commodity sectors by Nanae Yabuki( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 52 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Global ODA since the Monterrey Conference( Book )

5 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 46 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New approaches to development and changing sector issues( Book )

6 editions published in 2005 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

International development assistance : evolution and prospects : with specific reference to the World Bank and Japan by T Akiyama( Book )

6 editions published in 2003 in English and held by 40 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Is there a case for an optimal export tax on perennial crops? by T Akiyama( Book )

8 editions published between 1991 and 1992 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

How policy changes affected cocoa sectors in Sub-Saharan African countries by Jonathan R Coleman( Book )

9 editions published in 1993 in English and Undetermined and held by 32 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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Commodity market reforms : lessons of two decades
Alternative Names
Akiyama T.

Akiyama, Takamasa

Akiyama, Takamasa 1944-

Takamasa Akiyama

Takamasa, Akiyama 1944-

Акияма, Такамаса

アキヤマ, タカマサ

秋山, 孝允


English (160)