WorldCat Identities

Chazan, Robert

Works: 75 works in 348 publications in 6 languages and 17,094 library holdings
Genres: History  Sources  Criticism, interpretation, etc  Apologetic writings  Biography 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: DS135.G31, 943.004924
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Robert Chazan
Medieval stereotypes and modern antisemitism by Robert Chazan( )

11 editions published in 1997 in English and held by 2,258 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The twelfth century in Europe has been hailed by historians as a time of intellectual and spiritual vitality, setting the stage for the subsequent flowering of European thought. Robert Chazan points out, however, that the "twelfth-century renaissance" had a dark side: the marginalization of minorities emerged as part of a growing pattern of persecution, and among those stigmatized the Jews figured prominently." "The migration of Jews to northern Europe in the late tenth century led to the development of a new set of Jewish communities. This new northern Jewry, which came to be called Ashkenazic, grew strikingly during the eleventh and twelfth centuries and spread from northern France and the Rhineland across the English Channel to the west and eastward through the German lands and into Poland. Despite some difficulties, the northern Jews prospered, tolerated by the dominant Christian society in part because of their contribution as traders and moneylenders. Yet at the end of this period, the rapid growth and development of these Jewish communities came to an end and a sharp decline set in. Chazan locates the cause of the decline primarily in the creation of new, negative images and stereotypes of Jews." "Tracing the deterioration of Christian perceptions of the Jew, Chazan shows how these novel and damaging twelfth-century stereotypes developed. He identifies their roots in traditional Christian anti-Jewish thinking, the changing behaviors of the Jewish minority, and the deepening sensitivities and anxieties of the Christian majority. Particularly striking was the new and widely held view that Jews regularly inflicted harm on their neighbors out of profound hostility to Christianity and Christians. Such notions inevitably had an impact on the policies of both church and state, and Chazan goes on to chart the powerful, lasting role of the new anti-Jewish image in the historical development of antisemitism."
European Jewry and the First Crusade by Robert Chazan( )

20 editions published between 1987 and 1996 in English and held by 1,987 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the year 1096 : the First Crusade and the Jews by Robert Chazan( )

15 editions published between 1996 and 1997 in English and held by 1,875 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In 1996 the world commemorates the 900th anniversary of the First Crusade or, more precisely, of the pogroms unleashed by the crusade upon the Jews of the Rhineland. In the Year 1096 ... presents a clear, highly readable chronicle of the events of 1096. Noted teacher and historian Robert Chazan brings readers to critical moments in Jewish history, illuminating the events themselves, their antecedents, and their far-reaching consequences. Equally important, his book assesses the significance of the events of 1096 within the larger framework of Jewish history, including both the scope of persecution and the record of Jewish resistance. He has created a dramatic portrait of the clash between three conflicting forces in medieval Europe: the German crusaders, the Rhineland burghers, and the Rhineland Jews. His book provides an extensive look at the Christian assaults and the intense Jewish responses, with much material translated directly from remarkable Hebrew narratives which are admirable for both the vividness of their description and the complexity of the portrait they provide. Chazan tells the story of 1096 in "grays," not blacks and whites; that is, he relates stories of Christian enemies, but also of Christian friends, and of Jewish martyrs, but also of Jewish negotiators and converts. The author devotes the second half of In the Year 1096 ... to tracing these events through the intervening nine centuries of Jewish history. In the second part he surveys the Jewish perception of 1096 over the ages, including both the neglect of these events in some quarters and their emphasis in others; he places 1096 within the lengthy history of anti-Jewish actions and thinking, and examines the unusual behaviors of the Rhineland Jews within the context of historic Jewish responses to persecution
God, humanity, and history : the Hebrew First Crusade narratives by Robert Chazan( )

14 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 1,848 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Barcelona and beyond : the Disputation of 1263 and its aftermath by Robert Chazan( )

11 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 1,608 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ki Baruch hu : ancient Near Eastern, biblical, and Judaic studies in honor of Baruch A. Levine by Robert Chazan( )

14 editions published between 1998 and 1999 in English and Hebrew and held by 1,441 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Daggers of faith : thirteenth-century Christian missionizing and Jewish response by Robert Chazan( )

12 editions published between 1988 and 1989 in English and held by 1,031 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Annotation Our understanding of both Jewish history and the history of Western civilization is deepened by this finely balanced account of Christian missionizing among the Jews. Arguing that until the thirteenth century Western Christendom showed little serious commitment to converting the Jews, Robert Chazan proceeds to detail the special circumstances of that critical century in European history. The Roman Catholic Church, characterized at that time by a remarkable combination of vitality and confidence on the one hand and deep-seated insecurities on the other, embarked on its first vigorous campaign to convert the Jews in significant numbers. Chazan examines the new missionizing endeavor in its formative stages, roughly from 1240 to 1280, and analyzes Christian efforts to convince Jews of the truth of Christianity and, at the same time, of the nullity of the Jewish religious tradition. At least as interesting is his investigation of the Jewish lines of response. These ranged from the postures adopted in public debate to the reassurances penned by Jewish leaders for the eyes and ears of their followers only. Although few Jews were converted by the first wave of this new missionizing thrust, it ranked high among the developments that eventually sapped the strength of late medieval European Jewry
Fashioning Jewish identity in medieval western Christendom by Robert Chazan( )

22 editions published between 2003 and 2009 in English and held by 866 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

During the course of the twelfth century, increasing numbers of Jews migrated into western Christendom from Islamic lands. But western Christendom was both appealing and threatening to the Jewish immigrants. Indeed, western Christendom was entering a phase of intense missionizing activity, some of which was directed at the long-term Jewish residents of Europe and the Jewish newcomers. The writings of twelfth- and thirteenth-century leaders from southern France and northern Spain constitute the first evidence of Jewish anti-Christian polemics from within western Christendom. These leaders were fully cognizant of the core Christian thrusts, described them in detail for their co-religionists, and rebutted them carefully. This study recreates some of the clarification and rebuttal, and examines the techniques of persuasion adopted by the Jewish polemicists in order to reassure their Jewish readers of the truth of Judaism and the error of Christianity
Medieval Jewry in Northern France; a political and social history by Robert Chazan( Book )

24 editions published between 1973 and 1994 in 3 languages and held by 727 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Studies in medieval Jewish intellectual and social history : festschrift in honor of Robert Chazan by Elliot R Wolfson( )

14 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 644 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In this volume, thirteen leading Judaicists and medievalists engage subjects that have been of particular concern to Professor Chazan...: the history of the Jewish communities in Western Christendom during the Middle Ages, Jewish-Christian interactions in medieval Europe, medieval Jewish Biblical exegesis and religious literature, and historical representations of the experience of medieval Jewry."--Back cover
The Jews of Medieval Western Christendom, 1000-1500 by Robert Chazan( Book )

27 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in 3 languages and held by 597 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Between the years AD 1000 and 1500, western Christendom absorbed by conquest and attracted through immigration a growing number of Jews. This community was to make a valuable contribution to rapidly developing European civilisation but was also to suffer some terrible setbacks, culminating in a series of expulsions from the more advanced westerly areas of Europe. At the same time, vigorous new branches of world Jewry emerged and a rich new Jewish cultural legacy was created. In this important new historical synthesis, Robert Chazan discusses the Jewish experience over a 500 year period across the entire continent of Europe. As well as being the story of medieval Jewry, the book simultaneously illuminates important aspects of majority life in Europe during this period. This book is essential reading for all students of medieval Jewish history and an important reference for any scholar of medieval Europe."
Reassessing Jewish life in Medieval Europe by Robert Chazan( Book )

16 editions published in 2010 in English and Spanish and held by 398 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"This book re-evaluates the prevailing notion that Jews in medieval Christian Europe lived under an appalling regime of ecclesiastical limitation, governmental exploitation and expropriation, and unceasing popular violence. Robert Chazan argues that, while Jewish life in medieval Western Christendom was indeed beset with grave difficulties, it was nevertheless an environment rich in opportunities; the Jews of medieval Europe overcame obstacles, grew in number, explored innovative economic options, and fashioned enduring new forms of Jewish living. His research also provides a reconsideration of the legacy of medieval Jewish life, which is often depicted as equally destructive and projected as the underpinning of the twentieth-century catastrophes of antisemitism and the Holocaust. Dr Chazan's research proves that, although Jewish life in the medieval West laid the foundation for much Jewish suffering in the post-medieval world, it also stimulated considerable Jewish ingenuity, which lies at the root of impressive Jewish successes in the modern West"--
Modern Jewish history : a source reader by Robert Chazan( Book )

14 editions published between 1969 and 1977 in English and held by 375 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Church, state, and Jew in the Middle Ages( Book )

9 editions published between 1979 and 2014 in English and held by 367 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A collection of medieval European documents of the Church and state, including theological positions on the Jews; papal decrees and local and national charters granting rights to Jews; documents relating to protection of Jews; ecclesiastic limitations on Jews, relating particularly to usury and attacks on the Talmud; missionizing (e.g. forced sermons and disputations); and persecution by the state (e.g. confiscation of properties, bodily attacks, and expulsions)
From anti-Judaism to anti-Semitism : ancient and medieval Christian constructions of Jewish history by Robert Chazan( Book )

13 editions published between 2016 and 2017 in English and held by 228 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

From its earliest days, Christianity has viewed Judaism and Jews ambiguously. Given its roots within the Jewish community of first-century Palestine, there was much in Judaism that demanded Church admiration and praise; however, as Jews continued to resist Christian truth, there was also much that had to be condemned. Major Christian thinkers of antiquity - while disparaging their Jewish contemporaries for rejecting Christian truth - depicted the Jewish past and future in balanced terms, identifying both positives and negatives. Beginning at the end of the first millennium, an increasingly large Jewish community started to coalesce across rapidly developing northern Europe, becoming the object of intense popular animosity and radically negative popular imagery. The portrayals of the broad trajectory of Jewish history offered by major medieval European intellectual leaders became increasingly negative as well. The popular animosity and the negative intellectual formulations were bequeathed to the modern West, which had tragic consequences in the twentieth century. In this book, Robert Chazan traces the path that began as anti-Judaism, evolved into heightened medieval hatred and fear of Jews, and culminated in modern anti-Semitism
Medieval Jewish life : studies from the proceedings of the American Academy for Jewish Research( Book )

12 editions published in 1976 in English and held by 207 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cultures and contexts of Jewish education by Barry I Chazan( )

10 editions published in 2017 in English and German and held by 201 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This book examines the history of Jewish education from the Biblical period to the present. It traces how Jews have formally and informally transmitted their culture and worldview over the years, with particular attention to the shift from premodernity to modernity and to the unique opportunities and challenges of contemporary American Jewish education. Its authors combine historical background and insight with educational expertise to provide a robust portrait of the cultures and contexts of Jewish education and address possibilities for the future
The trial of the Talmud : Paris, 1240 by Robert Chazan( Book )

6 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 194 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The Trial of the Talmud that took place in Paris in 1240 has been the subject of a number of trenchant studies over the years. The present volume, with its felicitous, annotated translations of the Hebrew protocol along with a series of crucial papal letters and other church documents, places before an English-language readership for the first time a corpus of the essential primary texts that have framed the earlier scholarly discussions and analyses. The masterful overview by Robert Chazan effectively locates this disputation in its historical and literary contexts through a deft, critical synthesis of the previous studies; it also offers new insights which will undoubtedly serve to shape further discussion of this episode. This volume should be of great interest to scholars and students of Jewish history and thought, Jewish - Christian relations, and polemical literature of the middle ages. (back cover)
Jewish suffering : the interplay of medieval Christian and Jewish perspectives by Robert Chazan( Book )

6 editions published in 1998 in English and Italian and held by 97 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The new Christian missionizing of the thirteenth century by Robert Chazan( Book )

2 editions published in 1988 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

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God, humanity, and history : the Hebrew First Crusade narratives
European Jewry and the First CrusadeIn the year 1096 : the First Crusade and the JewsGod, humanity, and history : the Hebrew First Crusade narrativesBarcelona and beyond : the Disputation of 1263 and its aftermathKi Baruch hu : ancient Near Eastern, biblical, and Judaic studies in honor of Baruch A. LevineDaggers of faith : thirteenth-century Christian missionizing and Jewish responseFashioning Jewish identity in medieval western ChristendomThe Jews of Medieval Western Christendom, 1000-1500
Alternative Names
Chazan, Robert 1936-

Chazan, Robert L. 1936-

Hazan, Robert 1936-

Ḥazan, Roberṭ Ph. D.

Robert Chazan American historian

Robert Chazan historiador estadounidense

Robert Chazan istoric american

חזן, רוברט

English (263)

German (2)

Italian (2)

Czech (2)

Hebrew (1)

Spanish (1)