WorldCat Identities

Haltiwanger, John C.

Works: 176 works in 821 publications in 1 language and 13,179 library holdings
Genres: Longitudinal studies  Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Honoree
Classifications: HD5717.5.U6, 338.540973
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by John C Haltiwanger
Job creation and destruction by Steven J Davis( Book )

21 editions published between 1996 and 1998 in English and Undetermined and held by 899 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Economic turbulence : is a volatile economy good for America? by Clair Brown( Book )

16 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and Undetermined and held by 844 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Every day, in every sector of our economy, a business shuts down while another starts up, jobs are created while others are cut, and workers are hired while others are laid off. This constant flux, or turbulence, is a defining characteristic of our free market system, yet it mostly inspires angst about unemployment, loss of earnings, and the overall competitiveness of corporations. But is this endless cycle of fluctuation really so bad for America? Might something positive be going on in the economy as a result of it?" "In this work, three economists seek to answer these questions by exploring the real impact of volatility on American workers and businesses alike. According to the authors, while any number of events - shifts in consumer demand, changes in technology, mergers and acquisitions, or increased competition - can contribute to economic turbulence, our economy as a whole is, by and large, stronger for it, because these processes of creation and destruction make it more flexible and adaptable. The authors also acknowledge and document the adverse consequences of this turbulence on different groups of workers and firms and discuss the resulting policy challenges. Basing their argument on an up-close look into the dealings and practices of five key industries - financial services, retail food services, trucking, semiconductors, and software - the authors demonstrate the resiliency of most workers and firms by turning turbulence into new opportunities."--Jacket
Measuring capital in the new economy by Carol Corrado( Book )

15 editions published between 2005 and 2009 in English and held by 323 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In Measuring Capital in the New Economy, Carol Corrado, John Haltiwanger, Daniel Sichel, and a host of collaborators offer new approaches for measuring capital in an economy that is increasingly dominated by high-technology capital and intangible assets. As the contributors show, these resources affect the economy in ways that are controversial and notoriously difficult to appraise." "In this detailed analysis of the problem and its solutions, the contributors study the nature of this economic challenge and provide guidance as to what factors should be included in calculations of different types of capital for economists, policymakers, and the financial and accounting communities alike."--Jacket
The creation and analysis of employer-employee matched data by Jules Theeuwes( Book )

15 editions published between 1999 and 2010 in English and held by 210 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Consists of a selected subset of papers presented at the International Symposium of Linked Employer-Employee Data, held in Washington DC, in May 1998 - to address the creation and analysis of such matched data in an environment that safeguards respondent confidentiality
Understanding business dynamics : an integrated data system for America's future( Book )

7 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 144 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The U.S. economy is highly dynamic: businesses open and close, workers switch jobs and start new enterprises, and innovative technologies redefine the workplace and enhance productivity. With globalization, markets have also become more interconnected. Measuring business activity in this rapidly evolving environment increasingly requires tracking complex interactions among firms, establishments, employers, and employees. This report presents strategies for improving the accuracy, timeliness, coverage, and integration of data that are used in constructing aggregate economic statistics, as well as in microlevel analyses of topics ranging from job creation and destruction and firm entry and exit to innovation and productivity. This report offers recommendations that could be enacted by federal statistical agencies to modernize the measurement of business dynamics, particularly the production of information on small and young firms that can have a disproportionately large impact in rapidly expanding economic sectors. It also outlines the need for effective coordination of existing survey and administrative data sources, which is essential to improving the depth and coverage of business data."--Jacket
A comparison of job creation and job destruction in Canada and the United States by John R Baldwin( Book )

22 editions published in 1994 in English and held by 112 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides a description and detailed comparison of new data series on job creation and job destruction, constructed using establishment-level data sets, for the United States and Canada. The paper begins with a description of the data sets used and discussion of measurement issues related to job flows. It then examines and compares time-series fluctuations of job creation and destruction in the two countries and disaggregates average annual rates of job creation and destructed by two-digit industry. The subsequent section of the paper develops a simple model of the dynamics of job creation and destruction in order to provide structure for interpreting the similarities and differences in the behavior of job flows in Canada and the United States. The paper ends with basic estimates of the relative importance of country, industry, and year effects
Downsizing and productivity growth : myth or reality? by Martin Neil Baily( Book )

19 editions published between 1994 and 1996 in English and held by 95 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The conventional wisdom is that the rising productivity in the U.S. manufacturing sector in the 1980s has been driven by the apparently pervasive downsizing over this period. Aggregate evidence clearly shows falling employment accompanying the rise in productivity. In this paper, we examine the microeconomic evidence using the plant level data from the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD). In contrast to the conventional wisdom, we find that plants that increased employment as well as productivity contribute almost as much to overall productivity growth in the 1980s as the plants that increased productivity at the expense of employment. Further, there are striking differences by sector (defined by industry, size, region, wages, and ownership type) in the allocation of plants in terms of whether they upsize or downsize and whether they increase or decrease productivity. Nevertheless, in spite of the striking differences across sectors defined in a variety of ways, most of the variance of productivity and employment growth is accounted for by idiosyncratic factors
Labor productivity : structural change and cyclical dynamics by Martin Neil Baily( Book )

23 editions published between 1995 and 1998 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A longstanding puzzle of empirical economics is that average labor productivity declines during recessions and increases during booms. This paper provides a framework to assess the empirical importance of competing hypotheses for explaining the observed procyclicality. For each competing hypothesis we derive the implications for cyclical productivity conditional on expectations of future demand and supply conditions. The novelty of the paper is that we exploit the tremendous heterogeneity in long-run structural changes across individual plants to identify the short-run sources of procyclical productivity. Our findings favor an adjustment cost model which involves a productivity penalty for downsizing as the largest source of procyclical labor productivity
Aggregate growth : what have we learned from microeconomic evidence? by John C Haltiwanger( Book )

12 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 85 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper provides a synthesis of what is known about the determinants of output growth based on studying microeconomic data sets. It starts with a summary of the theoretical explanations which help reconcile heterogeneous performance observed across establishments in the same sector. The related theoretical literature on creative destruction models of growth is also discussed. This is followed by a review of the recent empirical literature on the relationship between microeconomic and macroeconomic productivity growth. The final section discusses the main empirical findings, the caveats of interpretation and the main issues of interpretation underlying the relationship between reallocation and growth
Aggregate productivity growth : lessons from microeconomic evidence by Lucia Foster( Book )

15 editions published in 1998 in English and held by 76 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: In this paper, we exploit establishment-level data to examine the relationship between microeconomic productivity dynamics and aggregate productivity growth. After synthesizing the evidence from recent studies, we conduct our own analysis using establishment-level data for U.S. manufacturing establishments as well for selected service industries. The use of longitudinal micro data on service sector establishments is one of the novel features of our analysis. Our main findings are summarized as follows: (i) the contribution of reallocation of outputs and inputs from less productive to more productive establishments plays a significant role in accounting for aggregate productivity growth; (ii) for the selected service industries considered, the contribution of net entry (more productive entering establishments displacing less productive exiting establishments) is dominant; (iii) the contribution of net entry to aggregate productivity growth is disproportionate and is increasing in the horizon over which the changes are measured since longer horizon yields greater differentials from selection and learning effects; (iv) the contribution of reallocation to aggregate productivity growth varies over time (e.g. is cyclically sensitive) and industries and is somewhat sensitive to subtle differences in measurement and decomposition methodologies
Microeconomic evidence of creative destruction in industrial and developing countries by Eric J Bartelsman( )

17 editions published between 2004 and 2012 in English and Undetermined and held by 73 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper we provide an analysis of the process of creative destruction across 24 countries and 2-digit industries over the past decade. We rely on a newly assembled dataset that draws from different micro data sources (business registers, census, or representative enterprise surveys). The novelty of our approach is in the harmonisation of firm level data across countries, which enables international comparisons and the identification of country specific factors as opposed to sectoral and time effects. All countries display a massive reallocation of resources, with the entry and exit of many firms in all markets, the failure of many newcomers and the expansion of successful ones. This process of creative destruction affects productivity directly, by reallocating resources towards more productive uses, but also indirectly through the effects of increased market contestability. There are also large differences across groups of countries. While entry and exit rates are fairly similar across industrial countries, post entry performance differs markedly between Europe and the U.S., a potential indication of the importance of barriers to firm growth as opposed to barriers to entry. Transition economies show an even more impressive process of creative destruction and, amongst them, those that have progressed the most towards a market economy show better outcomes from this process. Finally, Mexico shows large firm dynamics with many new firms entering the battle but also many failing rapidly, while Argentina resembles more of Continental Europe with smaller flows and less impressive post-entry growth of successful firms
Technology and jobs : secular changes and cyclical dynamics by Timothy Dunne( Book )

14 editions published in 1996 in English and held by 68 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, we exploit plant-level data for U.S. manufacturing for the 1970s and 1980s to explore the connections between changes in technology and the structure of employment and wages. We focus on the nonproduction labor share (measured alternatively by employment and wages) as the variable of interest. Our main findings are summarized as follows: (i) aggregate changes in the nonproduction of labor share at annual and longer frequencies are dominated by within plant changes; (ii) the distribution of annual within plant changes exhibits a spike at zero, tremendous heterogeneity and fat left and right tails; (iii) within plant secular changes are concentrated in recessions; and (iv) while observable indicators of changes in technology account for a significant fraction of the secular increase in the average nonproduction labor share, unobservable factors account for most of the secular increase, most of the cyclical variation and most of the cross sectional heterogeneity
Machine replacement and the business cycle : lumps and bumps by Russell W Cooper( Book )

14 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 65 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper explores cyclical fluctuations in investment due to discrete changes in the plant's stock of capital. To do so, we focus on a machine replacement problem in which a producer decides whether to replace its entire existing stock of capital with new machinery and equipment. This decision is undertaken in a stochastic, dynamic environment which allows us to characterize the relationship between lumpy investment and the state of the aggregate economy. Our theoretical results are supplemented by numerical and empirical analyses of the dynamics of lumpy investment at the plant level and the associated aggregate implications. The dynamics are surprisingly rich since they represent the interaction between a replacement cycle, the cross sectional distribution of the age of the capital stock and the state of the aggregate economy. The empirical analysis of these dynamics is based on plant level investment data for the Longitudinal Research Database (LRD) for the 1972-91 period. Overall, we find that the frequency of lumpy investment activity is higher during periods of high economic activity and more likely the older is the capital. These empirical results are consistent with the predictions of our theoretical model. Nonetheless, the predicted path of aggregate investment that neglects the interaction of the non-flat hazard and the cross sectional distribution of the age of the capital stock tracks actual aggregate investment quite well. However, ignoring the fluctuations in the cross sectional distribution can yield predictable nontrivial errors in forecasting changes in aggregate investment in periods following large swings in aggregate investment
Sectoral job creation and destruction reponses to oil price changes by Steven J Davis( Book )

12 editions published in 1999 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: We study the effects of oil price changes and other shocks on the creation and destruction of U.S. manufacturing jobs from 1972 to 1988. We find that oil shocks account for about 20-25 percent of the cyclical variability in employment growth under our identifying assumptions, twice as much as monetary shocks. Employment growth shows a sharply asymmetric response to oil price ups and downs, in contrast to the prediction of standard equilibrium business cycle models. The two-year employment response to an oil price increase rises (in magnitude) with capital intensity, energy intensity, and product durability. Job destruction shows much greater short-run sensitivity to oil and monetary shocks than job creation in every sector with the clear exception of young, small plants. Oil shocks also generate important reallocative effects. For example, we estimate that job reallocation rose by 11 percent of employment over 3-4 years in response to the 1973 oil shock. More than 80 percent of this response reflects greater job reallocation activity within manufacturing
Employer size and the wage structure in U.S. manufacturing by Steven J Davis( Book )

16 editions published between 1995 and 1996 in English and Undetermined and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We study how the hourly wage structure varies with establishment size and how wage dispersion breaks down into between-plant and within-plant components Our study combines household and establishment data for the U.S. manufacturing sector in 1982. 1) Wage dispersion falls sharply with establishment size for nonproduction workers and mildly for production workers. 2) Size-class differences in wage dispersion often mask even sharper differences in the dispersion of wages generated by observable worker characteristics and in the 'skill prices' on those characteristics. 3) In terms of dispersion in predicted log wages worker heterogeneity tends to rise with establishment size production workers are much more homogenous in the union sector, but only at plants with 1,000 or more workers. 4) Unobserved factors generate sharply greater wage dispersion at smaller establishments. 5) The variance in mean wages across establishments accounts for 59% of total variance. Within-plant wage variance among production workers accounts for a mere 2%. 6) Mean wage differences by size of establishment account for about one-fourth of the total between-plant variance of wages. 7) Between-plant wage dispersion falls sharply with establishment size, entirely accounting for the negative relationship of establishment size to overall wage dispersion. Guided by these and other empirical findings, we assess several hypotheses about the determination of the wage structure
Aggregate employment dynamics : building from microeconomic evidence by Ricardo J Caballero( Book )

12 editions published between 1994 and 1995 in English and held by 62 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Abstract: This paper studies quarterly employment flows of approximately 10,000 large U.S. manufacturing establishments during 1972:1-1980:4. After estimating the extent of short run microeconomic substitution between employment and hours per worker (hours-week), we construct measures of the path of the deviation between actual and desired employment based on the observed behavior of establishments' hours-week. These deviations are then used as the state variables upon which units decide their employment adjustments (microeconomic policy). Using this framework we find that: (i) Microeconomic employment adjustment policies are non-linear, with firms adjusting to large deviations proportionally more than to small ones; (ii) Employment adjustments are often either large or nil, suggesting the presence of non-convexities in the adjustment cost technologies; (iii) 60 to 90 % of aggregate employment fluctuations is due to changes in the cross sectional distribution of employment deviations, while the rest is due to microeconomic policy changes; (iv) Most of the net aggregate employment fluctuations from changes in the cross sectional distribution are accounted for by aggregate shocks, despite significant fluctuations in the distribution of idiosyncratic shocks and the marked countercyclical nature of their second moment(i.e. reallocation shocks) (v) Similarly, most of the net aggregate employment fluctuations due to microeconomic policy changes are accounted for by aggregate shocks; (vi) Aggregate shocks are also the dominant source of job destruction, but account for less than half of fluctuations in job creation; (vii) A simple parametric version of the aggregate model suggested by the microeconomic nonlinearities shown above has a mean square error 50% lower than its linear counterpart's
Assessing job flows across countries : the role of industry, firm size, and regulations by John C Haltiwanger( Book )

19 editions published between 2006 and 2008 in English and held by 61 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper analyzes job flows in a sample of 16 industrial and emerging economies over the past decade, exploiting a harmonized firm-level dataset. It shows that industry and firm size effects (and especially firm size) account for a large fraction in the overall variability in job flows. However, large residual differences remain in the job flow patterns across countries. To account for the latter, the paper explores the role of differences in employment protection legislation across countries. Using a difference-in-difference approach that minimizes possible endogeneity and omitted variable problems, our findings show that hiring and firing costs tend to curb job flows, particularly in those industries and firm size classes that require more frequent labor adjustment
Measuring gross worker and job flows by Steven J Davis( Book )

10 editions published in 1995 in English and held by 59 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We combine information from several different studies and data sets to assemble a fuller, more accurate picture of job flows and worker flows in U.S. labor markets. Our picture characterizes the magnitudes of job and worker flows, the connections between them, their cyclical behavior, differences among identifiable groups of workers and employers, the spatial concentration of job flows, and other aspects of labor market dynamics. We also assess the relative strengths and weaknesses of the U.S. data sets that are currently available for measuring labor market flows, and we clarify the relationships among various measures of labor market flow activity that appear in the literature. Finally, we discuss prospects for using administrative records maintained by U.S. government agencies to develop new longitudinal data sets that would permit timely, detailed and comprehensive measures of gross job and worker flows
On the nature of capital adjustment costs by Russell W Cooper( Book )

14 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 58 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper studies the nature of capital adjustment at the plant-level. We use an indirect inference procedure to estimate the structural parameters of a rich specification of capital adjustment costs. In effect, the parameters are optimally chosen to reproduce the nonlinear relationship between investment and profitability that we uncover in the plant-level data. Our findings indicate that a model which mixes both convex and nonconvex adjustment costs with irreversibility fits the data best
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Job creation and destruction
Alternative Names
Couch Haltiwanger, John 1955-

Haltiwanger John

Haltiwanger, John 1955-

Haltiwanger, John C

Haltiwanger, John Couch 1955-

Haltiwangwer, John 1955-

John Haltiwanger American economist

John Haltiwanger économiste américain

John Haltiwanger US-amerikanischer Wirtschaftswissenschaftler und Hochschullehrer

English (289)

Economic turbulence : is a volatile economy good for America?Measuring capital in the new economyThe creation and analysis of employer-employee matched dataUnderstanding business dynamics : an integrated data system for America's future