WorldCat Identities

Baran, Paul

Works: 61 works in 107 publications in 2 languages and 700 library holdings
Genres: Field guides  Conference papers and proceedings 
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works about Paul Baran
Most widely held works by Paul Baran
Potential market demand for two-way information services to the home, 1970-1990 by Paul Baran( Book )

3 editions published between 1971 and 1972 in English and held by 79 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Two-way information services to the home may become a $20 billion per year industry by the end of the next decade; this report presents some market forecasts for thirty such home information services. The thirty possible home information services are grouped into six major categories: education, business, general information access, shopping facilitation, entertainment, and person-to-person communications. Services included in the education category are: computer aided school instruction, computer tutor, correspondence school, and adult evening courses on television. Computer aided school instruction is predicted to be the highest in computer value of service five years after introduction, while the education services market as a whole would be the largest single market category in terms of expected revenue, comprising 34.4% of all revenue. Appended computer printouts offer a compressed view of the forecasts for the thirty proposed systems. The predictions are made on the basis of a Delphic study. (Jy)
The future of the telephone industry, 1970-1985 by Paul Baran( Book )

7 editions published in 1971 in English and held by 64 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Projections about the growth of the telephone industry from 1970-1985 were made from forecasts of five panels of experts, in five areas: (1) the regulatory environment; (2) changes in U.S. society; (3) existing networks and services; (4) future networks and services; (5) future characteristics of the labor force and employee-management relations. Numerical forecasts were based on medians of the panelists' estimates. The report concluded by 1985 telephone industry revenues will reach $65 billion derived from 220 million telephones, three million picturephones, and eight million data terminals; new to-the-home information services will account for some $15 billion in revenues by 1990. More competition can be expected, with five to thirty new interstate carriers, and maybe four separate domestic special purpose satellite systems and a new nationwide independent data network. The report concluded the telephone industry can expect consumers and employees to be more skeptical about whether the industry is serving the public interest. (Mg)
Some caveats on the contributions of technology to law enforcement by Paul Baran( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 51 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While research and development in newer and better techniques for law enforcement is desirable to cope with the increased mobility of the criminal, and with the greater temptation that society places in his path, caution is needed lest we create a Frankensteinian monster. Any new device created solely with a legitimate police activity in mind can and will probably be misused. Probably the greatest long-range danger is the excessive accumulation of power by mere access to information, and the self-intoxicating nature of such power upon mere mortals. (Author)
Remarks on the question of privacy raised by the automation of mental health records by Paul Baran( Book )

1 edition published in 1967 in English and held by 49 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

While the invasion-of-privacy problem has always been with us, its magnitude and complexion is changing. In the past, personal, sensitive information was kept in separate manual files. Specific individual permission was required any time an outsider wished information. As we look to the future and foresee greater integration of medical information systems, it may not be premature to think of the evolutionary development of such systems and the new problems they will create if adequate safeguards are not considered early and leaky systems prevented. (Author)
The future of newsprint, 1970-2000 by Paul Baran( Book )

1 edition published in 1971 in English and held by 44 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Some changes in information technology affecting marketing in the year 2000 by Paul Baran( Book )

6 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 34 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The report considers how far the year 2000 is from today, then some of the changes in the information technology one might expect, and lastly how these changes might affect marketing and its segmentation. (Author)
A closed circuit TV system for the visually handicapped by S. M Genensky( Book )

2 editions published between 1966 and 1968 in English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

On the engineer's responsibility in protecting privacy by Paul Baran( Book )

4 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The document points out the dangers to the privacy and reputation of individuals through uncontrolled and accelerated use of automatic and electronic data processing systems
Communication policy issues for the coming computer utility by Paul Baran( Book )

5 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

LSI : the basic module for new communication networks by Paul Baran( Book )

3 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 30 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We are witnessing a growing appreciation that communications systems which transmit analog signals (such as voice) could benefit if designed as all-digital computer-like assemblies. This new view of communications as a digital process is a minority viewpoint in the communications industry; but a minority which is rapidly increasing. I believe that the direction of all-digital-communications-networks development will be towards true, all-digital systems including both transmission and switching. Our present analog techniques may be on their way out. Many of the systems cannot be built entirely out of LSI components. Some microwave elements, for example, will still require individual components such as varactor diodes and strip-transmission lines; but the bulk of circuitry could be in LSI modules. (Author)
Urban node in the information network by Paul Baran( Book )

2 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 27 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The author considers some of the major contemporary problems of cities and asks how the fast developing technologies of computers and communications can help. The evolving role that future cities may play as nodes in national and trans-national information networks is discussed
Communications, computers and people by Paul Baran( Book )

3 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 26 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Impact of the computer technology of communications business is discussed as is the increase in creation of new types of computer systems resulting from widespread low-cost digital communications. SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES: Loss of the individual's right to privacy; unscrupulous individuals may use the information unlawfully; organized crime may misuse the information; 'inferential relational retrieval' techniques could draw chains of relationships between persons, organizations, and events; use of private detectives may increase to unearth derogatory information on political candidates and their associates for establishing thin chains of inferred relationships; creation of remote interrogation devices to interact with a file from a large number of points will cut costs of retrieval. PROPOSED SPECIFIC SAFEGUARDS: Provide for minimal cryptographic type of protection to communications lines that carry embarrassing data; never store file data in the complete 'clear'; make random external auditing of file operating programs standard practice; create sensible, precise ground rules on cross-system interrogation access for interconnected individual file systems; provide mechanisms to detect abnormal informational requests; build in provisions to record the source of requests for information interrogations; and audit information requests and inform authorities of suspected misuse of the system
The coming computer utility--laissez-faire, licensing, or regulation? by Paul Baran( Book )

3 editions published in 1967 in English and held by 24 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

We are moving headlong into an era where information processing will be available the same way one buys his electricity. But the attributes that distinguish heterogeneous information from the homogeneous products distributed by the earlier utilities are so different that a fresh regulatory approach is needed for technological progress, safety, and the public interest. We may want to think of this as tomorrow's problem. But tomorrow is here. (Author)
On the future computer era : modification of the American character and the role of the engineer, or a little caution in the haste to number by Paul Baran( Book )

5 editions published in 1968 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DeTocqueville, describing the American frontier of the 1830s, was struck by the freedom of Americans to come and go as they pleased without documents. He recorded the effects of an open frontier which bred people whose optimistic outlook was entirely different from that which he had encountered in Europe. For the first time he met citizens who felt their only limitation to wealth and happiness lay within themselves. We have come a long way from the day of the frontier ethic. In the process of building more complex social institutions to better serve groups of individuals, we are (and perhaps unnecessarily) eroding mechanisms conducive to social mobility. Better record keeping may be forcing us to move away from the value structure deTocqueville described to that of a new nation, where the name of the game is too often 'keeping your nose clean' or 'not getting involved.' (Author)
Binary coded gun barrels to discourage illegal use of small arms by Paul Baran( Book )

3 editions published between 1967 and 1968 in English and held by 22 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A briefing on the distributed adaptive message-block network by Paul Baran( Book )

2 editions published in 1965 in English and held by 17 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Japanese competition in the information industry by Paul Baran( Book )

1 edition published in 1972 in English and held by 15 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Has capitalism changed? An international symposium on the nature of contemporary capitalism by Shigeto Tsuru( Book )

1 edition published in 1970 in Spanish and held by 10 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Notes on a seminar on future broad-band communications by Paul Baran( Book )

2 editions published in 1970 in English and held by 9 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An aided adaptive character reader for machine translation of languages by Paul Baran( Book )

2 editions published in 1960 in English and held by 8 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

An elementary procedure for the synthesis of a character recognition device based upon a learning experiment is described. Utilizing information derived from a significant sample of the set of characters to be read and given identification of the samples by a human operator, a computer defines a set of 'filters.' These filters may then be used to transform unknown characters having similar type characteristics. During the recognition process a probability matrix for each character in the alphabet is used to compute a figure of merit for the hypothesis that an unknown character is the same as a known character. It is shown that this elementary model might adequately serve for construction of a fast input device for a language translation machine if it were able to make use of frequency distribution characteristics of the dictionary. A possible implementation with a raw character reading rate of up to 500 characters a second appears feasible. (Author)
moreShow More Titles
fewerShow Fewer Titles
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.66 (from 0.57 for Potential ... to 0.99 for Baran, Pau ...)

Alternative Names
Baran, Paweł (1926-2011)

Paul Baran Amerikaans ingenieur (1926-2011)

Paul Baran enginyer estatunidenc

Paul Baran enxeñeiro estadounidense

Paul Baran informaticien américain

Paul Baran ingegnere polacco

Paul Baran ingeniero estadounidense

Paul Baran US-amerikanischer Informatiker

Pols Berans

Павал Баран

Пол Баран

Пол Бэран

פול ברן

פול ברן מהנדס אמריקאי

بول باران

بول باران مهندس أمريكي

پل باران

পল বারান মার্কিন প্রকৌশলী

പോൾ ബാരൺ