WorldCat Identities

Deary, Ian J.

Overview
Works: 76 works in 200 publications in 8 languages and 4,554 library holdings
Genres: Conference papers and proceedings  Case studies 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ian J Deary
Personality traits by Gerald Matthews( )

54 editions published between 1998 and 2010 in English and Undetermined and held by 2,641 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This edition discusses how personality traits are defined and measured, reviewing the origins of traits in biological and social processes, and their consequences for cognition, performance, and mental and physical health
Intelligence : a very short introduction by Ian J Deary( Book )

22 editions published between 2001 and 2013 in 6 languages and held by 736 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For people with little or no knowledge of the science of human intelligence, this volume takes readers to a stage where they are able to make judgments for themselves about the key questions of human mental ability. Each chapter addresses a central scientific issue but does so in a way that is lively and completely accessible. Issues discussed include whether there are several different types of intelligence, whether intelligence differences are caused by genes or the environment, t e biological basis of intelligence levels, and whether intelligence declines as we grow older
A lifetime of intelligence : follow-up studies of the Scottish mental surveys of 1932 and 1947 by Ian J Deary( Book )

14 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 461 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"In two landmark and world-famous studies, over 150,000 eleven-year-olds participated in Scottish national intelligence tests, known as the Scottish Mental Surveys, which are the only studies to date to test an entire population. Over the past 10 years, Ian J. Deary, Lawrence J. Whalley, and John M. Starr have conducted follow-up studies with many of these now elderly participants. Using the latest testing assessments and technology, they have further investigated the roles of biological and sociobehavioral factors in cognitive aging." "This book is important to many fields and will surely become the source to consult on anything related to IQ and its effects on cognitive aging and physical longevity. It captures a lifetime of intelligence, from childhood to about age 80, and also explores general matters of intelligence. Does having a high childhood IQ affect one's likelihood of being ill later in life or surviving to old age? Does it affect happiness later in life? Does being a twin affect childhood intelligence? These questions and more are explored in depth in this book."--Jacket
Looking down on human intelligence : from psychometrics to the brain by Ian J Deary( Book )

12 editions published between 2000 and 2008 in English and held by 428 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Human mental ability differences have a hierarchical structure, and may be viewed at levels from general ability (g) to specific abilities. Ability differences show moderate stability across the lifespan, moderate heritability, and some predictive power in the fields of education, work, and social life. The most persistent mystery is the origin(s) of individual differences in cognitive and biological processes. The book reviews the search for these origins. The chapters cover historical work from antiquity to the 20th century. The book identifies solid findings and sites of progress and criticizes empirical and conceptual weaknesses in the field
Foundations of personality by Joop Hettema( Book )

11 editions published between 1993 and 2013 in English and held by 158 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Differences between people are a fascinating and long-standing area of psychological inquiry. However, previous research has largely been confined to studies at the descriptive level. This book tries to explain individual difference, rather than merely describe them. Explanations are derived from two major competing frameworks: the biological and social approaches to individuality. The book is based on the contributions of specialists from Europe and North America invited to represent the biological and social points of view. Thus, a direct confrontation is obtained of two approaches that, hitherto, have proceeded with virtually no reference to each other. Attention is paid to behavior genetics, psychophysiology and temperament, as well as to social learning, behavioral strategies and person-environment interactions. Differences and commonalities between the biological and social approaches are scrutinized and a common framework is outlined to stimulate future research. Due to its innovative character, the book is particularly relevant for investigators in the field. In addition, it may be fruitfully used in advanced graduate level courses in personality psychology
Looking down on human intelligence : from psychometrics to the brain by Ian J Deary( Book )

8 editions published in 2000 in English and held by 31 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

What is it about human brains that makes some people more capable than others? In this critical account, Professor Ian Deary reviews historical, cognitive, and biological research on the foundations of human mental ability
Intelligenz : eine sehr kurze Einführung by Ian J Deary( )

2 editions published in 2013 in German and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Für viele Menschen ist die Frage nach der eigenen Intelligenz von hoher Faszination. Bin ich so schlau, wie ich sein könnte? Und warum sind andere Menschen deutlich intelligenter, während andere in diesem Bereich nicht so gesegnet sind? Ian Deary ist ein renommierter Forscher und Experte im Bereich der menschlichen Intelligenz. In diesem Buch bietet er eine konzise und spannende Einführung, die ohne Vorwissen gelesen werden kann. Der Autor führt den Leser durch die wichtigsten Fragen und Aspekte der Intelligenz, und diskutiert dabei die Fragen, welche Typen von Intelligenz es gibt, ob Intelligenz mehr durch die Gene oder durch die Umwelt und Erziehung bestimmt wird, oder ob unsere Intelligenz mit steigendem Lebensalter zunimmt oder abnimmt
A backward look at the future? by Martin Lawn( Book )

3 editions published in 2008 in English and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Foundations of personality( Book )

3 editions published in 1993 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Psihologia personalităţii by Gerald Matthews( Book )

2 editions published between 2005 and 2012 in Romanian and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Computerised image analysis of retinal vascular network geometry and its relationship to cognition. by Niall Patton( Book )

2 editions published in 2006 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

DNA mismatch repair gene MSH6 implicated in determining age at natural menopause by John R. B Perry( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Determinants of functional decline in community-dwelling older adults by Robert Anthony Fieo( )

1 edition published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The overarching theme of this thesis is the prevention of progressive-type disability. Unlike catastrophic disability, progressive disability is gradual and more common in older adults. Because progressive disability can take years to develop, it is often conceptualized as a continuum, from less to more disabled. Disability prevention, by definition, is designed to identify people who are as yet nondisabled but at high risk for future functional decline by identifying an early functional state associated with increased risk of subsequent disability (Fried & Guralnik, 1997). This thesis sought to address two challenges associated with identifying an early functional state of disability. The first challenge relates to instrument calibration. Traditional instruments (based on self-report) used for assessing disability, scales of activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL), were originally developed to describe levels of functional status in institutionalized older adults. Thus, these instruments poorly discriminate, as well as underestimate disability in the early stages of development. Poor discrimination refers to tasks or activities (i.e., scale items) that prove unresponsive to changes in a particular person's ability level. Performance measures on the other hand, such as walk time or grip strength, have proven to be quite responsive to early declines in functional status. Despite the popularity of performance measures used to assess health status in epidemiology or gerontological research, evidence suggests that they measure a somewhat different construct than self-reported activities of daily living. ADLs have a long history of use in the medical community, yet it has been proposed that the relative standing of ADLs, in relation to communitydwelling older adults, could be enhanced by improving construct validities that are at least equivalent to those of physical performance measures. Item response theory (IRT) methodology can be used to improve the structure of ADL scales so that they are more sensitive in detecting the early stages of functional decline within relatively high functioning older adults; a stage that has been shown to be more responsive to clinical interventions aimed at prevention of overt disability or frailty. IRT can improve ADL scales in multiple ways: by confirming an underlying uni-dimensional continuum of disability, establishing interval level measurement or item hierarchies, and increasing scale precision. As part of this thesis I conducted a systematic review of functional status scales, applied to community-dwelling older adults, which employed IRT procedures. The review was useful in that it draws attention to areas of functional assessment that can be improved upon, most notably, the topic of establishing interval level data and construct under-representation. Using data from the Cardiovascular Health Study, I was able to show that a common hierarchy of functional decline was observed for a diverse set of conditions and diseases that are prevalent among community-dwelling older adults. Such an indicator could be used to identify hierarchical declines relating to severity in diverse patient populations. Improvements in validity of functional status scales can also lead to the use of ADL-IADLs as potential determinates of disability, rather than simply acting as outcome measures of disability. Again using data from the Cardiovascular Health Study, I examined the predictive power of IADL (mobility-type) items on later disability. Self reported difficulty in 2 or 3 of the most difficult IADL items increased the odds of being disabled eight years later by a factor of 3.5. The odds of being disabled fell to 1.9 for those reporting difficulty with one item. The second challenge of this thesis relates to defining determinants of functional decline that manifest themselves at the earliest stages of the disablement process. As previously stated physical performance measures have been shown to be sensitive to early stages of functional decline. However, can other measures, potentially spanning multiple domains, be used to identify those at high risk for future disability? In particular I was interested in whether psychosocial and cognitive variables could be used to detect changes in functional status at the preclinical stages of the disablement process. With regard to the Cardiovascular Health Study, I was able to show that, for subjects within the normal range of cognitive functioning, performance in the lowest quartile of the Digit Symbol Substitution Test resulted in a 2.2 increase in the odds of being disabled. Performance on this measure, as well as selfreported mobility noted above, could detect decrements in functional status as much as 8 years prior. With the use of the Lothian Birth Cohort sample I explicitly investigated the psychosocial domain. I found that the level of depressive symptoms increased the odds of being disabled by 56%. Again, these symptoms were assessed as much as eight years prior to self-reported disability. The general findings of this thesis indicate that refinements in ADL-IADL measures can aid in the detection of disability at the pre-clinical level, and that cognitive function and intra-individual factors play a pivotal role in speeding up or slowing down the disablement process
Inteligenţa : foarte scurtă introducere by Ian J Deary( Book )

1 edition published in 2005 in Romanian and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bodily symmetry : origins and lifecourse associations with cognition, personality, and status by David John Hope( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In how many ways can one age successfully? : patterns of wellbeing in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 by Andrea Rose Zammit( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis explored cognitive, psychosocial, and physical domains of wellbeing to find out their contribution to successful ageing in 70-year old individuals. Discovering groups with different patterns of wellbeing and their correlates may be informative about what constitutes success in old age. The objectives were to find out whether distinct groups within and across domains of wellbeing existed, and to find out the variables associated with the resulting groups. Using a cross-sectional design on the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936, maximum n = 1091), which is a group of community-dwelling 70 year-olds, latent class analysis (LCA) was used to explore possible patterns of ageing in domains of cognitive, psychosocial, and physical function. Demographic, personality, and lifestyle variables that were not used in the LCA were used to characterise the resulting groups. The first study investigated cognitive ability. Individuals were grouped according to their scores on general cognitive ability (g), memory, and speed. I accepted a 3-group solution, including High- (n = 749, 69%), Average- (n = 303, 28%), and Low- (n = 39, 4%) cognition groups. Results indicated the presence of a strong dimension: people who did well on one component also did well on others, and failed to show any indication of uneven patterns of scores. In the second study on psychosocial wellbeing individuals were grouped according to their scores on physical function, quality of life, and emotional wellbeing. A 5-group solution was accepted. High (n =515, 42.7%), Average (n = 417, 38.3%), and Poor (n = 37, 3.4%) Wellbeing groups were identified; however, contrasting patterns of wellbeing across components were noticed in the two other groups: one group scored relatively highly on physical function, but low on emotional wellbeing (High Function/ Low Spirits, n = 60, 5.5%), while another group showed low physical function but relatively high emotional wellbeing (Low Function/High Spirits, n = 62, 5.7%). The next study investigated the physical fitness domain: groups were determined on physical fitness, lack of inflammation, and lack of morbidity. Two groups, High Physical Fitness (n = 757, 73.3%) and Low Physical Fitness (n = 291, 26.7%) were identified, which, like the cognitive domain, also indicated a continuous pattern of wellbeing. In the final study individuals were grouped according to their scores on all variables reflecting cognitive, psychosocial, and physical function. I identified 3 groups showing high or uneven patterns of wellbeing. The majority of individuals fell in the High Wellbeing group (n = 712, 65.3%). The two other groups contained either individuals scoring high on cognitive measures but poorly on psychosocial and physical measures (the Low Bio-Psychosocial group, n = 158, 14.5%), or individuals scoring low on cognitive measures but highly on psychosocial and physical measures (the Low Cognition group, n = 221, 20.3%). Intelligence, personality and health behaviours showed salient differences amongst the groups in all studies. Overall, high childhood cognitive ability, low scores on Neuroticism, and avoiding smoking were associated with high wellbeing. Overall, results demonstrated that although wellbeing in old age is primarily dimensional, there is evidence of groups showing uneven patterns of function, indicating that individuals could show relatively successful patterns in some areas of wellbeing despite relatively poor functioning in other areas. Awareness of the importance of lifelong intelligence and personality traits and health practices to later-life wellbeing amongst health-care professionals and policymakers may help address risk-prevention, and improve compliance and patient-practitioner relationships to reduce health inequalities
Looking down on human intelligence : information processing and cognitive ability differences by Ian J Deary( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Az intelligencia by Ian J Deary( Book )

1 edition published in 2003 in Hungarian and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Auditory inspection time and intelligence by Ian J Deary( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Intelligence : a very short introduction
Covers
Intelligence : a very short introductionA lifetime of intelligence : follow-up studies of the Scottish mental surveys of 1932 and 1947Looking down on human intelligence : from psychometrics to the brainFoundations of personalityLooking down on human intelligence : from psychometrics to the brainFoundations of personalityFoundations of personality : [proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Basic Issues in Personality: European-American Workshop on Biological and Social Approaches to Individuality, Oisterwijk, the Netherlands, August 17-20, 1992]. Published in cooperation with NATO Scientific Affairs DivisionLooking down on human intelligence : information processing and cognitive ability differences
Alternative Names
DEARY, I

Deary, Ian

Deary, Ian 1954-

Ian Deary britischer Psychologe

Ian Deary British psychologist

Ian Deary Brits psycholoog

דירי, איאן ג'י

ディアリ, イアン

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