WorldCat Identities

Peltonen, Markku

Overview
Works: 29 works in 138 publications in 3 languages and 3,548 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other
Classifications: B1198, 192
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Markku Peltonen
The duel in early modern England : civility, politeness, and honour by Markku Peltonen( )

23 editions published between 2002 and 2006 in English and held by 1,779 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Arguments about the place and practice of the duel in early modern England were widespread. The distinguished intellectual historian Markku Peltonen examines this debate, and shows how the moral and ideological status of duelling was discussed within a much larger cultural context of courtesy, civility and politeness. The advocates of the duel, following Italian and French examples, contended that it maintained and enhanced politeness: its critics by contrast increasingly severed duelling from civility, and this separation became part of a vigorous attempt in the late seventeenth century and beyond to redefine civility, politeness and, indeed, the nature and evolution of Englishness. The book ends with a detailed and original analysis of Bernard Mandeville's influential theory of politeness, to which duelling was central
The Cambridge companion to Bacon by Markku Peltonen( Book )

32 editions published between 1993 and 2006 in English and held by 1,019 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Each volume of this series of companions to major philosophers contains specially commissioned essays by an international team of scholars, together with a substantial bibliography, and will serve as a reference work for students and nonspecialists. One aim of the series is to dispel the intimidation such readers often feel when faced with the work of a difficult and challenging thinker." "Francis Bacon (1561-1626) is one of the most important figures of the early modern era. His plan for scientific reform played a central role in the birth of the new science. The essays in this volume offer a comprehensive survey of his writings on science, including his classifications of sciences, his theory of knowledge and of forms, his speculative philosophy, his idea of cooperative scientific research, and the providential aspects of Baconian science. There are also essays on Bacon's theory of rhetoric and history as well as on his moral and political philosophy and on his legacy. Throughout the contributors aim to place Bacon in his historical context." "New readers and nonspecialists will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Bacon currently available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Bacon."--Jacket
Classical humanism and republicanism in English political thought, 1570-1640 by Markku Peltonen( Book )

31 editions published between 1995 and 2004 in English and held by 425 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Markku Peltonen examines humanist and republican themes in English political thinking between the mid-sixteenth century and the Civil War. He challenges the dominant view that humanism fizzled out in the middle of the sixteenth century only to re-emerge during the 1650s in the writings of such classical republicans as James Harrington and John Milton. The English continued to use central notions of the humanist tradition such as the virtuous civic life and vera nobilitas to portray themselves as citizens, characterizing their life as one of participation rather than subjection. They often resorted to openly republican themes - notably that governors be elected rather than hereditary - and the classical idea of the mixed constitution was profoundly influential. Dr Peltonen casts an important new perspective on these humanist and republican themes, and locates their uses in specific historical circumstances
Rhetoric, politics, and popularity in pre-revolutionary England by Markku Peltonen( Book )

13 editions published between 2012 and 2017 in English and held by 256 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Rhetoric, Politics and Popularity in Pre-Revolutionary England provides a completely new account of the political thought and culture of Elizabethan and early Stuart England. It examines the centrality of humanist rhetoric in the pre-revolutionary educational system and its vital contribution to the political culture of the period. Humanism, Markku Peltonen argues, was crucial to the development of the participatory character of English politics as schoolboys were taught how to speak about taxation and foreign policy, liberty and tyranny. A series of case studies illustrates how pre-revolutionary Englishmen used the rhetorical tools their schoolmasters had taught them in political and parliamentary debates. The common people and the multitude were the orator's chief audience and eloquence was often seen as a popular art. But there were also those who followed these developments with growing dismay and Peltonen examines further the ways in which populist elements in political rhetoric were questioned in pre-revolutionary England"--
Classical humanism in English political thought from 1570 to 1640 with special reference to classical republicanism by Markku Peltonen( Book )

11 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 35 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ideas in Context, 36 by Markku Peltonen( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Se rakkain kotipolku" : Erkki Kouri ja yleinen historia( Book )

3 editions published in 2000 in Finnish and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bacon's political philosophy by Markku Peltonen( )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Citizenship and republicanism in Elizabethan England by Markku Peltonen( )

2 editions published in 2002 in Undetermined and English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Trends and determinants in cardiovascular disease in Sweden : analyses based on the northern Sweden MONICA study and national registers by Markku Peltonen( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Changes in lifestyle modestly reduce the estimated cardiovascular disease risk in one-year follow-up of the Finnish diabetes prevention program (FIN-D2D)( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Aims: The purpose of this study was to assess whether changes in self-rated physical activity and diet during a type 2 diabetes (T2D) prevention program were associated with changes in estimated 10-year risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) events and mortality in people at high risk for T2D. Methods: Individuals were identified and offered lifestyle counseling as part of the Finnish diabetes prevention program. Ten-year risk for estimated CVD events and mortality were calculated with Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) formula. FRS was available for 774 men and 1474 women and SCORE for 961 men and 1766 women. Results: During the one-year follow-up, 9.6% of the men reported both an increase in physical activity and improved dietary pattern, 4.1% an increase in physical activity, 39.3% an increase in improved dietary pattern, while 47.0% reported no lifestyle changes. Corresponding numbers for women were 14.2%, 3.8%, 39.2% and 42.7%. Estimated 10-year risk for CVD events decreased 3.5% in men and 1.5% in women reporting an increase in physical activity and improvement in diet, compared to an increase of 0.15% in men ( p <0.001, between groups) and decrease of 0.43% ( p =0.027, between groups) in women with no lifestyle changes after adjustment for age and baseline FRS. Numbers needed to treat to prevent one CVD event by lifestyle changes were 25 for men and 59 for women. Lifestyle changes had no effect on estimated CVD mortality risk. Conclusions: Lifestyle counseling offered in primary health care for one year results in favorable changes in lifestyle, and lowered the estimated 10-year risk for CVD events
¿7FSe rakkain kotipolku" : Erkki Kouri ja yleinen historia( Book )

1 edition published in 2000 in Finnish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Kansallinen Finriski 2007 -terveystutkimus : tutkimuksen toteutus ja tulokset( Book )

1 edition published in 2008 in Finnish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Sammanfattning: Den nationella Finriski 2007 -hälsoundersökningen
The Cambridge Companion to Bacon( )

2 editions published between 1996 and 2006 in German and English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Bacon by Markku Peltonen( Book )

1 edition published in 1996 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Apteekki suomalaisessa yhteiskunnassa : keskustelu Suomen apteekkilaitoksesta 1900-luvulla by Markku Peltonen( Book )

1 edition published in 1987 in Finnish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Health-care costs over 15 years after bariatric surgery for patients with different baseline glucose status: results from the Swedish Obese Subjects study( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Background: Bariatric surgery prevents and induces remission of type 2 diabetes in many patients. The effect of preoperative glucose status on long-term health-care costs is unknown. We aimed to assess health-care costs over 15 years for patients with obesity treated conventionally or with bariatric surgery and who had either euglycaemia, prediabetes, or type 2 diabetes before intervention. Methods: The Swedish Obese Subjects (SOS) study is a prospective study of adults who had bariatric surgery and contemporaneously matched controls who were treated conventionally (age 37–60 years; BMI of ≥34 in men and ≥38 in women) recruited from 25 Swedish surgical departments and 480 primary health-care centres. Exclusion criteria were identical for both study groups, and were previous gastric or bariatric surgery, recent malignancy or myocardial infarction, selected psychiatric disorders, and other contraindicating disorders to bariatric surgery. Conventional treatment ranged from no treatment to lifestyle intervention and behaviour modification. In this study, we retrieved prescription drug costs for the patients in the SOS study via questionnaires and the nationwide Swedish Prescribed Drug Register. We retrieved data for inpatient and outpatient visits from the Swedish National Patient Register. We followed up the sample linked to register data for up to 15 years. We adjusted mean differences for baseline characteristics. Analyses were by intention to treat. The SOS study is registered withClinicalTrials.gov, numberNCT01479452 . Findings: Between Sept 1, 1987, and Jan 31, 2001, 2010 adults who had bariatric surgery and 2037 who were treated conventionally were enrolled into the SOS study. In this study, we followed up 4030 patients (2836 who were euglycaemic; 591 who had prediabetes; 603 who had diabetes). Drug costs did not differ between the surgery and conventional treatment groups in the euglycaemic subgroup (surgery US$10 511 vs conventional treatment $10 680; adjusted mean difference –$225 [95% CI −2080 to 1631]; p=0·812), but were lower in the surgery group in the prediabetes ($10 194 vs $13 186; –$3329 [–5722 to −937]; p=0·007) and diabetes ($14 346 vs $19 511; –$5487 [–7925 to −3049]; p<0·0001) subgroups than in the conventional treatment group. Compared with the conventional treatment group, we noted greater inpatient costs in the surgery group for the euglycaemic ($51 225 vs $25 313; $22 931 [19 001–26 861]; p<0·0001), prediabetes ($58 699 vs $32 861; $27 152 [18 736–35 568]; p<0·0001), and diabetes ($61 569 vs $47 569; 18 697 [9992–27 402]; p<0·0001) subgroups. We noted no differences in outpatient costs. Total health-care costs were higher in the surgery group in the euglycaemic ($71 059 vs $45 542; $22 390 [17 358–27 423]; p<0·0001) and prediabetes ($78 151 vs $54 864; $26 292 [16 738–35 845]; p<0·0001) subgroups than in the conventional treatment group, whereas we detected no difference between treatment groups in patients with diabetes ($88 572 vs $79 967; $9081 [–1419 to 19 581]; p=0·090). Interpretation: Total health-care costs were higher for patients with euglycaemia or prediabetes in the surgery group than in the conventional treatment group, but we detected no difference between the surgery and conventional treatment groups for patients with diabetes. Long-term health-care cost results support prioritisation of patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes for bariatric surgery. Funding: US National Institutes of Health, AFA Försäkring, and Swedish Scientific Research Council
Former male elite athletes and risk of hypertension in later life( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Objective: The aim of this study was to assess whether a former career as an elite athlete protects from hypertension in later life. We hypothesized that vigorous physical activity during young adulthood protects against hypertension later in life. Methods: The study population (n = 3440) consists of 2037 former male elite athletes and 1403 matched controls. Of those, 599 (392 former athletes, 207 controls) participated in a clinical study in 2008. The athletes were divided into three groups: endurance, mixed and power sports. Assessment of hypertension was based on athletes' entitlement to reimbursable antihypertensive medication from the Finnish Social Insurance Institution; among the clinical study participants, this was also based on self-reported current use of antihypertensive drugs or measured hypertension. The current volume of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) was determined by questionnaires. Results: Among the participants, the former athletes had lower age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension than the controls [odds ratio (OR) 0.69, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.49-0.98] and the endurance athletes had the lowest OR (OR 0.43, 95% CI 0.23-0.80). OR for the prevalence of hypertension decreased (OR 0.90, 95% CI 0.84-0.96 per 10 metabolic equivalent hours/week) when there was an increase in the volume of LTPA. The former athletes without blood pressure-lowering medication had significantly lower SBP than the controls [139.2 mmHg (SD 18.7) vs. 144.2 mmHg (SD 19.5)] (P = 0.027). Conclusion: A former career as an elite athlete seems to be associated with a lower prevalence of hypertension in later life. The volume of current LTPA was inversely related to prevalence of hypertension. Abstract : Supplemental Digital Content is available in the text
A 2 year multidomain intervention of diet, exercise, cognitive training, and vascular risk monitoring versus control to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people (FINGER): a randomised controlled trial( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Background: Modifiable vascular and lifestyle-related risk factors have been associated with dementia risk in observational studies. In the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER), a proof-of-concept randomised controlled trial, we aimed to assess a multidomain approach to prevent cognitive decline in at-risk elderly people from the general population. Methods: In a double-blind randomised controlled trial we enrolled individuals aged 60–77 years recruited from previous national surveys. Inclusion criteria were CAIDE (Cardiovascular Risk Factors, Aging and Dementia) Dementia Risk Score of at least 6 points and cognition at mean level or slightly lower than expected for age. We randomly assigned participants in a 1:1 ratio to a 2 year multidomain intervention (diet, exercise, cognitive training, vascular risk monitoring), or a control group (general health advice). Computer-generated allocation was done in blocks of four (two individuals randomly allocated to each group) at each site. Group allocation was not actively disclosed to participants and outcome assessors were masked to group allocation. The primary outcome was change in cognition as measured through comprehensive neuropsychological test battery (NTB) Z score. Analysis was by modified intention to treat (all participants with at least one post-baseline observation). This trial is registered atClinicalTrials.gov, numberNCT01041989 . Findings: Between Sept 7, 2009, and Nov 24, 2011, we screened 2654 individuals and randomly assigned 1260 to the intervention group (n=631) or control group (n=629). 591 (94%) participants in the intervention group and 599 (95%) in the control group had at least one post-baseline assessment and were included in the modified intention-to-treat analysis. Estimated mean change in NTB total Z score at 2 years was 0·20 (SE 0·02, SD 0·51) in the intervention group and 0·16 (0·01, 0·51) in the control group. Between-group difference in the change of NTB total score per year was 0·022 (95% CI 0·002–0·042, p=0·030). 153 (12%) individuals dropped out overall. Adverse events occurred in 46 (7%) participants in the intervention group compared with six (1%) participants in the control group; the most common adverse event was musculoskeletal pain (32 [5%] individuals for intervention vs no individuals for control). Interpretation: Findings from this large, long-term, randomised controlled trial suggest that a multidomain intervention could improve or maintain cognitive functioning in at-risk elderly people from the general population. Funding: Academy of Finland, La Carita Foundation, Alzheimer Association, Alzheimer's Research and Prevention Foundation, Juho Vainio Foundation, Novo Nordisk Foundation, Finnish Social Insurance Institution, Ministry of Education and Culture, Salama bint Hamdan Al Nahyan Foundation, Axa Research Fund, EVO funding for University Hospitals of Kuopio, Oulu, and Turku and for Seinäjoki Central Hospital and Oulu City Hospital, Swedish Research Council, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, and af Jochnick Foundation
 
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The duel in early modern England : civility, politeness, and honour
Covers
The Cambridge companion to BaconClassical humanism and republicanism in English political thought, 1570-1640The Cambridge Companion to BaconBacon
Alternative Names
Markku Peltonen suomalainen yleisen historian (aate- ja kulttuurihistorian) professori Helsingin yliopistolla, akatemiaprofessori (Suomen Akatemia)

Маркку Пелтонен

Languages
English (120)

Finnish (7)

German (1)