WorldCat Identities

Oaksford, M. (Mike)

Overview
Works: 22 works in 132 publications in 1 language and 4,680 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Author, Editor, Other, Opponent, Contributor, Thesis advisor
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by M Oaksford
Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour( )

20 editions published in 2002 in English and held by 1,781 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Emotional Cognition gives the reader an up to date overview of the current state of emotion and cognition research that is striving for computationally explicit accounts of the relationship between these two domains. Many different areas are covered by some of the leading theorists and researchers in this area and the book crosses a range of domains, from the neurosciences through cognition and formal models to philosophy. Specific chapters consider, amongst other things, the role of emotion in decision-making, the representation and evaluation of emotive events, the relationship of affect on
Rationality in an uncertain world : essays on the cognitive science of human reasoning by M Oaksford( )

20 editions published between 1998 and 2018 in English and held by 1,268 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The essays in this work focus on problems with logic-based approaches to human reasoning, showing how a probablistic approach can provide a more psychologically plausible, computationally viable and philosophically respectable account of human
Bayesian rationality : the probabilistic approach to human reasoning by M Oaksford( Book )

17 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 415 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

For almost 2,500 years, the Western concept of what is to be human has been dominated by the idea that the mind is the seat of reason - humans are, almost by definition, the rational animal. In this text a more radical suggestion for explaining these puzzling aspects of human reasoning is put forward
The probabilistic mind : prospects for Bayesian cognitive science( Book )

17 editions published between 2008 and 2012 in English and held by 394 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

'The Probabilistic Mind' brings together developments in understanding how, and how far, high-level cognitive processes can be understood in rational terms, and particularly using probabilistic Bayesian methods
Cognition and conditionals : probability and logic in human thinking( Book )

18 editions published between 2010 and 2012 in English and held by 331 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"The conditional, if ... then, is probably the most important term in natural language and forms the core of systems of logic and mental representation. It occurs in all human languages and allows people to express their knowledge of the causal or law-like structure of the world and of others' behaviour, e.g., if you turn the key the car starts, if John walks the dog he stops for a pint of beer; to make promises, e.g., if you cook tonight, I'll wash up all week; to regulate behaviour, e.g., if you are drinking beer, you must be over 18 years of age; to suggest what would have happened had things been different, e.g., if the match had been dry it would have lit, among many other possible uses. The way in which the conditional is modelled also determines the core of most logical systems. Unsurprisingly, it is also the most researched expression in the psychology of human reasoning. Cognition and Conditionals is the first volume for over 20 years (On Conditionals, 1986, CUP) that brings together recent developments in the cognitive science and psychology of conditional reasoning. Over the last 10 to 15 years, research on conditionals has come to dominate the psychology of reasoning providing a rich seam of results that have created new theoretical possibilities. This book shows how these developments have led researchers to view people's conditional reasoning behaviour more as succesful probabilistic reasoning rather than as errorful logical reasoning. It shows how the multifarious, and apparently competing, theoretical positions developed over the last 50 years in this area - mental logics, mental models, heuristic approaches, dual process theory, and probabilistic approaches-have responded to these insights. Its organisation reflects the view that an integrative approach is emerging that may need to exploit aspects of all these theoretical positions to explain the rich and complex phenomenon of reasoning with conditionals. It includes an introductory chapter relating the development of the psychology of reasoning to developments in the logic and semantics of the conditional. It also includes chapters by many of the leading figures in this field. Cognition and Conditionals will be a valuable resource for cognitive scientists, psychologists and philosophers interested how people actually reason with conditionals"--Provided by publisher
Rational models of cognition( Book )

12 editions published between 1988 and 1998 in English and held by 279 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work explores an approach to understanding the human mind that regards thinking and decision-making as facilities adapted to the structure of the world. It contains discussions by some of the world's leading researchers in memory and categorization
Neurodynamics and psychology by M Oaksford( Book )

9 editions published between 1968 and 1994 in English and held by 188 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Choosing computational architectures for text processing by Keith Stenning( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rational reasoning and human implementations of logic by Keith Stenning( Book )

2 editions published in 1992 in English and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Connectionism, classical cognitive science and experimental psychology by M Oaksford( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Autonomy, implementation and cognitive architecture : a reply to Fodor and Pylyshyn by Nick Chater( Book )

2 editions published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Mind, rationality, and cognition: An interdisciplinary debate by Nick Chater( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Rationality in an Uncertain World( )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The essays in this work focus on problems with logic-based approaches to human reasoning and show how a probablistic approach can provide a more psychologically plausible, computationally viable and philosophically respectable account of human inference. The author's probablistic approach shows that although people's behaviour appears irrational from a logical point of view, it is entirely rational from a probablistic perspective. There are new chapters on the emerging empirical support for probablistic models and on the cognitive mechanisms, such as neural networks, that may implement them in the mind. Moreover, the presentation of optimal data selection is simplified reflecting the author's experiences with teaching this material at the advanced undergraduate level
Proceedings of KogWis 2012. 11th Biannual Conference of the German Cognitive Science Society by KogWis( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Sur le rôle de la déduction dans le raisonnement à partir de prémisses incertaines by Nicole Cruz de Echeverria Loebell( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The probabilistic approach to reasoning hypothesizes that most reasoning, both in everyday life and in science, takes place in contexts of uncertainty. The central deductive concepts of classical logic, consistency and validity, can be generalised to cover uncertain degrees of belief. Binary consistency can be generalised to coherence, where the probability judgments for two statements are coherent if and only if they respect the axioms of probability theory. Binary validity can be generalised to probabilistic validity (p-validity), where an inference is p-valid if and only if the uncertainty of its conclusion cannot be coherently greater than the sum of the uncertainties of its premises. But the fact that this generalisation is possible in formal logic does not imply that people will use deduction in a probabilistic way. The role of deduction in reasoning from uncertain premises was investigated across ten experiments and 23 inferences of differing complexity. The results provide evidence that coherence and p-validity are not just abstract formalisms, but that people follow the normative constraints set by them in their reasoning. It made no qualitative difference whether the premises were certain or uncertain, but certainty could be interpreted as the endpoint of a common scale for degrees of belief. The findings are evidence for the descriptive adequacy of coherence and p-validity as computational level principles for reasoning. They have implications for the interpretation of past findings on the roles of deduction and degrees of belief. And they offer a perspective for generating new research hypotheses in the interface between deductive and inductive reasoning
Reasoning theories and bounded rationality by M Oaksford( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Fast, frugal, and rational how rational norms explain behavior by Nick Chater( )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Information gain and decision-theoretic approaches to data selection : response to klauer (1999) by Nick Chater( )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

A rational analysis of the selection task as optimal data selection by M Oaksford( )

1 edition published in 1994 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Rational reasoning and human implementations of logic by K Stenning( )

1 edition published in 1993 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

 
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Emotional cognition : from brain to behaviour
Covers
Rationality in an uncertain world : essays on the cognitive science of human reasoningBayesian rationality : the probabilistic approach to human reasoningThe probabilistic mind : prospects for Bayesian cognitive scienceCognition and conditionals : probability and logic in human thinkingRational models of cognition
Alternative Names
Mike Oaksford researcher

Mike Oaksford wetenschapper

Oaksford, M.

Oaksford, M. (Mike)

Oaksford, Mike

Oaksford, Mike 1956-

Languages
English (130)