WorldCat Identities

Arkin, Ronald C. 1949-

Overview
Works: 57 works in 101 publications in 1 language and 2,161 library holdings
Roles: Author, Editor, ed
Classifications: TJ211, 629.892
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ronald C Arkin
Behavior-based robotics by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

24 editions published between 1998 and 2000 in English and Undetermined and held by 536 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Governing lethal behavior in autonomous robots by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

11 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 122 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Expounding on the results of the author's work with the US Army Research Office, DARPA, the Office of Naval Research, and various defense industry contractors, Governing Lethal Behavior in Autonomous Robots explores how to produce an ""artificial conscience"" in a new class of robots, humane-oids, which are robots that can potentially perform more ethically than humans in the battlefield. The author examines the philosophical basis, motivation, theory, and design recommendations for the implementation of an ethical control and reasoning system in autonomous robot systems, taking into account t
Robot colonies by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

11 editions published between 1997 and 2011 in English and Undetermined and held by 69 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Robots in groups or colonies can exhibit an enormous variety and richness of behaviors which cannot be observed with singly autonomous systems. Of course, this is analogous to the amazing variety of group animal behaviors which can be observed in nature. In recent years more and more investigators have started to study these behaviors. The studies range from classifications and taxonomies of behaviors, to development of architectures which cause such group activities as flocking or swarming, and from emphasis on the role of intelligent agents in such groups to studies of learning and obstacle avoidance. There used to be a time when many robotics researchers would question those who were interested in working with teams of robots: `Why are you worried about robotic teams when it's hard enough to just get one to work?'. This issue responds to that question. Robot Colonies provides a new approach to task problem-solving that is similar in many ways to distributed computing. Multiagent robotic teams offer the possibility of spatially distributed parallel and concurrent perception and action. A paradigm shift results when using multiple robots, providing a different perspective on how to carry out complex tasks. New issues such as interagent communications, spatial task distribution, heterogeneous or homogeneous societies, and interference management are now central to achieving coordinated and productive activity within a colony. Fortunately mobile robot hardware has evolved sufficiently in terms of both cost and robustness to enable these issues to be studied on actual robots and not merely in simulation. Robot Colonies presents a sampling of the research in this field. While capturing a reasonable representation of the most important work within this area, its objective is not to be a comprehensive survey, but rather to stimulate new research by exposing readers to the principles of robot group behaviors, architectures and theories. Robot Colonies is an edited volume of peer-reviewed original research comprising eight invited contributions by leading researchers. This research work has also been published as a special issue of Autonomous Robots (Volume 4, Number 1)
Intelligent robotics and autonomous agents( )

in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Knowledge requirements for the navigation of an intelligent mobile robots by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

3D navigational path planning by T. M Rao( Book )

1 edition published in 1989 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Governing lethal behavior : embedding ethics in a hybrid deliberative/reactive robot architecture by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

2 editions published in 2007 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This report provides the basis, motivation, theory, and design recommendations for the implementation of an ethical control and reasoning system potentially suitable for constraining lethal actions in an autonomous robotic system so that they fall within the bounds prescribed by the Laws of War and Rules of Engagement. It is based upon extensions to existing deliberative/reactive autonomous robotic architectures, and includes recommendations for (1) post facto suppression of unethical behavior, (2) behavioral design that incorporates ethical constraints from the onset, (3) the use of affective functions as an adaptive component in the event of unethical action, and (4) a mechanism in support of identifying and advising operators regarding the ultimate responsibility for the deployment of such a system
Autonomous helicopter position determination using an on-board integrated vision system by Douglas C MacKenzie( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Ethical Robots in Warfare( Book )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Robotic system capabilities have advanced dramatically over the last several decades. We now have artificially intelligent systems and robots that are stronger than humans, that can venture places where people cannot go (such as Mars), that are smarter than people in certain cases (e.g., in chess), and so on. We are no longer truly surprised when machine artifacts outperform humans in new domains
SWAMI II drum position and dent recognition by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Advances in unmanned vehicle systems( Book )

1 edition published in 1992 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The development of a shared interdisciplinary intelligent mechatronics laboratory by Ronald C Arkin( )

1 edition published in 1997 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Intelligent mobile robots in the workplace : leaving the guide behind by Ronald C Arkin( Book )

1 edition published in 1988 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Spatio-Temporal Case-Based Reasoning for Efficient Reactive Robot Navigation( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents an approach to automatic selection and modification of behavioral assemblage parameters for autonomous navigation tasks. The goal of this research is to make obsolete the task of manual configuration of behavioral parameters, which often requires significant knowledge of robot behavior and extensive experimentation, and to increase the efficiency of robot navigation by automatically choosing and fine-tuning the parameters that fit the robot task-environment well in real time. The method is based on the Case-Based Reasoning paradigm. Derived from incoming sensor data, this approach computes spatial features of the environment. Based on the robot's performance, temporal features of the environment are then computed. Both sets of features are then used to select and fine-tune a set of parameters for an active behavioral assemblage. By continuously monitoring the sensor data and performance of the robot, the method re-selects these parameters as necessary. While a mapping from environmental features onto behavioral parameters (i.e., the cases) can be hard-coded, a method for learning new and optimizing existing cases also is presented. This completely automates the process of behavioral parameterization. The system was integrated within a hybrid robot architecture and extensively evaluated using simulations and indoor and outdoor real-world robotic experiments in multiple environments and sensor modalities, clearly demonstrating the benefits of the approach
Integrated Mission Specification and Task Allocation for Robot Teams - Part 2: Testing and Evaluation( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work presents the evaluation of two mission specification and task allocation architectures. These architectures, described in part 1 of this paper, present novel means with which to integrate a case-based reasoning (CBR) mission planner with contract net protocol (CNP) based task allocation. In the first design, the CBR and runtime-CNP architecture, the case-based mission planner generates mission plans that support necessary behaviors for CNP-based task allocation and execution. In the second design, the CBR and premission-CNP architecture, task allocation takes place during mission specification. The results of an empirical evaluation of the CBR and runtime-CNP across three naval scenarios is described. Finally, we briefly describe an earlier usability evaluation of the CBR and premission-CNP architecture using goals, operators, methods, and selection rules modeling
Forgetting Bad Behavior: Memory Management for Case-Based Navigation( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In this paper, the authors present successful strategies for forgetting cases in a Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) system applied to autonomous robot navigation. This extends previous work that involved a CBR architecture that indexes cases by the spatio-temporal characteristics of the sensor data, and outputs or selects parameters of behaviors in a behavior-based robot architecture. In such a system, the removal of cases can be applied when a new situation unlike any current case in the library is encountered, but the library is full. Various strategies of determining which cases to remove are proposed, including metrics such as how frequently a case is used and a novel spreading activation mechanism. Experimental results show that such mechanisms can increase the performance of the system significantly and allow it to essentially forget old environments in which it was trained in favor of new environments it is currently encountering. The performance of this new system is better than both a purely reactive behavior-based system and the CBR module that did not forget cases. Furthermore, such forgetting mechanisms can be useful even when there is no major environmental shift during training, since some cases can potentially be harmful or rarely used. The relationship between the forgetting mechanism and the case library size also is discussed
An Empirical Evaluation of Context-Sensitive Pose Estimators in an Urban Outdoor Environment( )

1 edition published in 2005 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

When a mobile robot is executing a navigational task in an urban outdoor environment, accurate localization information is often essential. The difficulty of this task is compounded by sensor drop-out and the presence of non-linear error sources over the span of the mission. We have observed that certain motions of the robot and environmental conditions affect pose sensors in different ways. In this paper, we propose a computational method for localization that systematically integrates and evaluates contextual information that affects the quality of sensors, and utilize the information in order to improve the output of sensor fusion. Our method was evaluated in comparison with conventional probabilistic localization methods (namely, the extended Kalman filter and Monte Carlo localization) in a set of outdoor experiments. The results of the experiment are also reported in this paper
Spatio-Temporal Case-Based Reasoning for Behavioral Selection( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper presents the application of a Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) approach to the selection and modification of behavioral assemblage parameters. The goal of this research is to achieve an optimal parameterization of robotic behaviors in run-time. This increases robot performance and makes a manual configuration of parameters unnecessary. The CBR module selects a set of parameters for an active behavioral assemblage in real-time. This set of parameters fits the environment better than hand-coded ones, and its performance is monitored providing feedback for a possible re-selection of the parameters. This paper places a significant emphasis on the technical details of the CBR module and how it is integrated within a schema-based reactive navigation system. The paper also presents the results and evaluation of the system in both simulated and real-world robotic experiments
Internalized Plans for Communication-Sensitive Robot Team Behaviors( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Autonomous teams of robots operating in a dynamic, adversarial environment stand to benefit from using all available resources. But how can knowledge be used to construct a plan that does not interfere with the robot's ability to react to its environment? In this research, the authors distill abstract representation into a plan usable by a reactive behavior-based architecture. This plan is then exploited to enhance the performance of a team of robots tasked with maintaining communications while performing reconnaissance. Utilizing multiple plans in serial and in parallel is shown via simulation to be a promising method for increasing mission performance. They conclude that the utility of these internalized plans warrants further investigation as a method for imbuing reactive agents with a priori map knowledge
Robotic Comfort Zones( )

1 edition published in 2006 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This paper investigates how the psychological notion of comfort can be useful in the design of robotic systems. A review of the existing study of human comfort, especially regarding its presence in infants, is conducted with the goal being to determine the relevant characteristics for mapping it onto the robotics domain. Focus is placed on the identification of the salient features in the environment that affect comfort level. Factors involved include current state familiarity, working conditions, the amount and location of available resources, etc. As part of The authors' newly developed comfort function theory, the notion of an object as a psychological attachment for a robot also is introduced, as espoused in Bowlby's theory of attachment. The output space of the comfort function and its dependency on the comfort level are analyzed. The results of the derivation of this comfort function are then presented in terms of the impact they have on robotic behavior. Justification for the use of the comfort function in the domain of robotics is presented with relevance for real-world operations. Also, a transformation of the theoretical discussion into a mathematical framework suitable for implementation within a behavior-based control system is presented. The paper concludes with results of simulation studies and real robot experiments using the derived comfort function
 
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Behavior-based robotics
Alternative Names
Arkin, Ronald

Ronald C. Arkin American roboticist and roboethicist

Ronald C. Arkin American roboticist/roboethicist/Regents' Professor:School of Interactive Computing/College of Computing/Georgia Institute of Technology

Ronald C. Arkin Amerikaans hoogleraar

Ronald C. Arkin US-amerikanischer Wissenschaftler in dem Bereich Robotik und Roboterethik

Languages
English (62)

Covers
Governing lethal behavior in autonomous robotsRobot colonies