WorldCat Identities

Milner-Gulland, E. J.

Works: 28 works in 65 publications in 2 languages and 1,510 library holdings
Roles: Editor, Author, 958
Classifications: QH75, 333.9516
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by E. J Milner-Gulland
Animal migration : a synthesis( )

14 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 975 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Despite the wealth of natural historical research conducted on migration over decades, there is still a dearth of hypothesis-driven studies that fully integrate theory and empirical analyses to understand the causes and consequences of migration, and a taxonomic bias towards birds in much migration research. This book takes a comparative, integrated view of animal migration, linking evolution with ecology and management, theory with empirical research, and embracing all the major migratory taxa (including human pastoralists). The scope extends beyond the target organism to consider the ecosystem-level dynamics of migration. The emphasis is on exciting new research avenues that are now opening up, whether due to advances in our understanding of migration as a biological phenomenon or through the availability of a range of new technologies. Broad themes that emerge include integrating migration into the broad spectrum of movement behaviour, the need for a comparative and cross-taxonomic approach that considers migration at a range of temporal and spatial scales, and examination of the key roles of resource uncertainty and spatial heterogeneity in driving migratory behavior. The book identifies the potential for new tools to revolutionize the study of migration, including satellite-tracking technology, genomics, and modeling - all of which are linked to increasing computing power. We are now on the verge of a breakthrough in migration research, which is crucial given the multiple threats that face the conservation of migration as a phenomenon, including climate change."--Publisher's description
Conservation and sustainable use : a handbook of techniques by E. J Milner-Gulland( Book )

19 editions published between 2007 and 2012 in English and held by 438 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Conservation and Sustainable Use provides an integrated approach to carrying out research on the conservation of exploited species. It is relevant to both tropical and temperate biomes and is applicable to all exploited species, including mammals, fish, and plants. It describes both the practical and theoretical techniques for obtaining and interpreting information, integrating biological, social, economic and institutional analyses. It demonstrates how to translate information into effective action through appropriate interventions, from legislation to changing attitudes." "This book will be essential reading for students and researchers in conservation biology, human ecology, sociology, and resource economics. It will provide an important reference for anyone carrying out a scientifically-based conservation programme for an exploited species, including field biologists, wildlife managers and practitioners in the fields of conservation, and international development."--Jacket
Decision-making in conservation and natural resource management : models for interdisciplinary approaches by N Bunnefeld( Book )

4 editions published between 2015 and 2017 in English and held by 56 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

"Making decisions about the management and conservation of nature is necessarily complex, with many competing pressures on natural systems, opportunities and benefits for different groups of people and a varying, uncertain social and ecological environment. An approach which is narrowly focused on either human development or environmental protection cannot deliver sustainable solutions. This volume provides frameworks for improving the integration of natural resource management with conservation and supporting stronger collaboration between researchers and practitioners in developed and developing countries. Novel approaches are required when ecological and social dynamics are highly interdependent. A structured, participatory, model-based approach to decision-making for biodiversity conservation has been proven to produce real-world change. There are surprisingly few successful case studies, however; some of the best are presented here, from fisheries, pest management and conservation. Researchers and practitioners need this interdisciplinary approach, focused on quantitative tools that have been tested and applied, and learning from success"--Résumé de l'éditeur
The conservation and use of biological resources by E. J Milner-Gulland( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 7 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The exploitation of certain large mammals for trade : the implications for management by E. J Milner-Gulland( Book )

4 editions published in 1991 in English and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Social, economic and regulatory drivers of the shark fin trade by Simon Clarke( Book )

1 edition published in 2008 in English and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Donʼt forget to look down - collaborative approaches to predator conservation( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Border security fencing and wildlife : the end of the transboundary paradigm in Eurasia?( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

One hundred questions of importance to the conservation of global biological diversity by W. J SUTHERLAND( )

1 edition published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

New directions in management strategy evaluation through cross-fertilization between fisheries science and terrestrial conservation( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Biological conservation and sustainable use by E. J Milner-Gulland( Book )

1 edition published in 1998 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

A Global Mitigation Hierarchy for Nature Conservation( )

1 edition published in 2018 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract Efforts to conserve biodiversity comprise a patchwork of international goals, national-level plans, and local interventions that, overall, are failing. We discuss the potential utility of applying the mitigation hierarchy, widely used during economic development activities, to all negative human impacts on biodiversity. Evaluating all biodiversity losses and gains through the mitigation hierarchy could help prioritize consideration of conservation goals and drive the empirical evaluation of conservation investments through the explicit consideration of counterfactual trends and ecosystem dynamics across scales. We explore the challenges in using this framework to achieve global conservation goals, including operationalization and monitoring and compliance, and we discuss solutions and research priorities. The mitigation hierarchy's conceptual power and ability to clarify thinking could provide the step change needed to integrate the multiple elements of conservation goals and interventions in order to achieve successful biodiversity outcomes
Religious relationships with the environment in a Tibetan rural community : interactions and contrasts with popular notions of indigenous environmentalism by Emily Woodhouse( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Robust study design is as important on the social as it is on the ecological side of applied ecological research( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The effective management of natural systems often requires resource users to change their behaviour. This has led to many applied ecologists using research tools developed by social scientists. This comes with challenges as ecologists often lack relevant disciplinary training. Using an example from the current issue of Journal of Applied Ecology that investigated how conservation interventions influenced conservation outcomes, we discuss the challenges of conducting interdisciplinary science. We illustrate our points using examples from research investigating the role of law enforcement and outreach activities in limiting illegal poaching and the application of the theory of planned behaviour to conservation. Synthesis and applications. Interdisciplinary research requires equal rigour to be applied to ecological and social aspects. Researchers with a natural science background need to access expertise and training in the principles of social science research design and methodology, in order to permit a more balanced interdisciplinary understanding of social-ecological systems
Why model assumptions matter for natural resource management: interactions between model structure and life histories in fishery models( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Bioeconomic models are increasingly used to provide benchmarks for harvest levels in wildlife and natural resource management, yet uncertainties related to model structure are underexplored. We investigate the importance of a range of uncertainties with a focus on model structure and life histories when estimating bioeconomic target reference point (TRPs) and assess the policy implications of ignoring these uncertainties. We use three contrasting case studies to investigate the interactions between model, observational and process errors related to life-history parameters: the short-lived Japanese common squid Todarodes pacificus and Pacific saury Cololabis saira, and the slow-growing Patagonian toothfish Dissostichus eleginoides. We developed a simulation framework to test the harvest strategies resulting from bioeconomic TRPs under various assumptions about model structures and parameters. We found the relative importance of different types of uncertainties affecting precision and accuracy of the model outputs varied according to the life-history traits. Little difference in TRP estimates was found between simple vs. complex population models for saury, while large differences were found for toothfish. The assumptions made about stock structure for squid not only resulted in different TRP estimates (generally, smaller for the multistock models), but also different economic outcomes depending on the balance of effort allocation between stocks. Synthesis and applications. We use models similar to those used in the actual management of three case study species to explore the effects of interacting uncertainties on the management advice. We show that the interactions between structural elements of the models lead to very different management advice, depending on the life history of the species concerned. For the long-lived toothfish, life-history and gear selectivity parameters interacted strongly. For the short-lived squid which is managed as two stocks, spatial fishing effort allocation, correlation of environmental drivers between stocks and differential stock productivity interacted, producing very poor economic performance if assumptions about stock structure are incorrect. The key message for model-based natural resource management is that it is vital to investigate the major uncertainties related to model structure, process and estimation errors simultaneously, because they interact to produce non-intuitive results
Celebrating the golden jubilee of the Journal of Applied Ecology( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Understanding fishers' spatial behaviour to estimate social costs in local conservation planning by Andrea Pauline Coombs Wallace( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Artisanal fisheries are a key source of food and income for millions of people worldwide. However, unmanaged or excessive fishing activity can lead to declining returns for fishing effort and livelihood insecurity, and adversely impact wetland ecosystems. Management interventions such as protected areas and temporal closures may improve fishery sustainability and reduce environmental degradation, but often carry costs for fishers. Understanding predictors of fishing behaviour would allow conservation planning to minimise the adverse impacts of interventions, increasing the likelihood of fisher support of change. However, factors influencing fishers' behaviour are rarely identified or taken into account when implementing conservation actions. Madagascar's Lake Alaotra wetland supports the nation's largest and most productive artisanal freshwater fishery, and provides critical habitat for endemic wildlife. Local fishers depend on the fishery for livelihood throughout the year. Catch-monitoring interviews, semi-structured interviews, focus groups, and follows were conducted over 16 months with 784 fishers at Lake Alaotra to understand the socioeconomic dynamics of the fishery. Although information from the fishers was sometimes imprecise, participatory monitoring methods engaged fishers and improved understanding of system dynamics. Linear mixed models confirmed that proposed restricted areas and temporal closures would generate direct short-term costs through reduced catch sizes, which vary between gear types. Socioeconomic data, spatial distribution of fishing effort, and fishers' evaluations of management scenarios were used to explore alternative strategies. The conservation planning tool Marxan was used to identify reserve networks capable of achieving conservation goals while minimising adverse impacts for fishers. The research demonstrates that: interventions can have unequal impacts on local people: information about costs and benefits of interventions can produce more realistic and implementable conservation plans: and actively engaging fishers and understanding their spatial behaviour at relevant scales is critical for managing fisheries sustainability and promoting effective long-term conservation of freshwater ecosystems
La chasse aux trophées : menace ou alliée pour les espèces rares by Lucille Palazy( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Trophy hunting, which is a form of recreational hunting with the main objective of collecting a trophy of interest, is a controversial subject. This activity could potentially generate an anthropogenic Allee effect (AAE). This demographic process states that the valuation of rarity could drive rare species exploitation and even lead to their extinction. Our project aims at testing the potential for an AEE in trophy hunting. We demonstrate that rare species have a high financial value, regardless of the trophy size, indicating that there is a high demand for those species. We also show that the number of trophies traded internationally and the number of recorded trophies by the Safari Club International (one of the largest clubs for international trophy hunters in the USA) rises as the degree of rarity (as measured by a rarity index) increases. Trophy hunting of rare species has been proposed as a tool to fund their conservation. However, our results indicate that there is a risk of an AAE for rare species. Furthermore, the combined effects of trophy hunting, illegal hunting, corruption as well as the lack of population knowledge and of management controls have potential to result in the unsustainable exploitation of rare species of high financial value. Nonetheless, trophy hunting has potential to generate strong financial incentives that are necessary for wildlife preservation. Such incentives are only likely to be effective if strict measures are required and enforced to prevent overexploitation of rare trophy species
Satellite remote sensing for applied ecologists: opportunities and challenges( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Habitat loss and degradation, overexploitation, climate change and the spread of invasive species are drastically depleting the Earth's biological diversity, leading to detrimental impacts on ecosystem services and human well-being. Our ability to monitor the state of biodiversity and the impacts of global environmental change on this natural capital is fundamental to designing effective adaptation and mitigation strategies for preventing further loss of biological diversity. This requires the scientific community to assess spatio-temporal changes in the distribution of abiotic conditions (e.g. temperature, rainfall) and in the distribution, structure, composition and functioning of ecosystems. The potential for satellite remote sensing (SRS) to provide key data has been highlighted by many researchers, with SRS offering repeatable, standardized and verifiable information on long-term trends in biodiversity indicators. SRS permits one to address questions on scales inaccessible to ground-based methods alone, facilitating the development of an integrated approach to natural resource management, where biodiversity, pressures to biodiversity and consequences of management decisions can all be monitored. Synthesis and applications. Here, we provide an interdisciplinary perspective on the prospects of satellite remote sensing (SRS) for ecological applications, reviewing established avenues and highlighting new research and technological developments that have a high potential to make a difference in environmental management. We also discuss current barriers to the ecological application of SRS-based approaches and identify possible ways to overcome some of these limitations
Matching observations and reality: using simulation models to improve monitoring under uncertainty in the Serengeti( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Planning for conservation success requires identifying effective and efficient monitoring strategies but multiple types of uncertainty affect the accuracy and precision of wildlife abundance estimates. Observation uncertainty, a consequence of sampling effort and design as well as the process of observation, is still understudied, with little attention given to the multiple potential sources of error involved. To establish error minimization priorities and maximize monitoring efficiency, the direction and magnitude of multiple sources of uncertainty must be considered. Using monitoring of two contrasting ungulate species in the Serengeti ecosystem as a case study, we developed a 'virtual ecologist' framework within which we carried out simulated tests of different monitoring strategies for different types of species. We investigated which components of monitoring should be prioritized to increase survey accuracy and precision and explored the robustness of population estimates under different budgetary scenarios. The relative importance of each process affecting precision and accuracy varied according to the survey technique and biological characteristics of the species. While survey precision was mainly affected by population characteristics and sampling effort, the accuracy of the survey was greatly affected by observer effects, such as juvenile and herd detectability. Synthesis and applications. Monitoring efficiency is of the utmost importance for conservation, especially in the context of limited budgets and other priorities. We provide insights into the likely effect of different types of observation and process error on population estimates for savanna ungulates, and more generally present a framework for evaluating monitoring programmes in a virtual environment. In highly aggregated species, the main focus should be on survey precision; sampling effort should be defined according to wildlife spatial distribution. For random or slightly aggregated species, accuracy is the key factor; this is most sensitive to observer effects which should be minimized by training and calibration by observer
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Audience level: 0.25 (from 0.11 for Animal mig ... to 0.99 for Religious ...)

Conservation and sustainable use : a handbook of techniques
Conservation and sustainable use : a handbook of techniquesThe conservation and use of biological resourcesBiological conservation and sustainable use
Alternative Names
Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland ahli biologi asal Britania Raya

Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland britische Biologin

Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland British biologist

Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland Brits biologe

Eleanor Jane Milner-Gulland Tasso Leventis Professor of Biodiversity at the University of Oxford

Gulland, E. J. Milner-.

Gulland Eleanor Jane Milner-

Milner, E. J. Gulland-

Milner, Eleanor Jane Gulland-

Milner-Gulland, E. J.

Milner-Gulland, Eleanor Jane.

English (56)

French (1)