WorldCat Identities

Naenifard, Hesam

Works: 1 works in 1 publications in 1 language and 1 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Author
Classifications: LD3950.T96,
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Hesam Naenifard
Risk factors of Epstein-Barr virus infection among United States children ages 6-15 : data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2009-2010 by Hesam Naenifard( Book )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Viral infections continue to be a public health issue. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has become a common medical condition in adolescents and young children. Some studies have shown a link between demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, secondƠhand smoke, and smoking with EBV. Other studies have shown a link between malnutrition and food insecurity with other viral infections. A cross-sectional study was conducted on NHANES 2009-2010 sample population (n= 1,550) aged 6-15 years to examine the association between low dietary intake and food insecurity with EBV infection. The exposure variables were measured using the self-report data from the NHANES 2009-2010 dietary intake and food security questionnaire. The outcome variable was measured using EBV index from the NHANES 2009-2010 EBV laboratory data. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to determine the association between exposure and outcome variables. Age and socioeconomic status defined as poverty to income ratio (PIR), were used as effect modifiers. Both dietary intake and food security variables did not show a statistically significant association with EBV. Among those with a PIR of>1 families that rely on low-cost food for their child (OR=2.94, 95% CI: 1.38-6.31) or had an adolescent who drank 100% fruit juice every week (OR=2.22, 95% CI: 1.08-4.60) had two times higher odds of EBV. Adolescents who consumed leafy/lettuce salad weekly showed a significant protective effective against EBV in families with a PIR <1 (OR=0.60, 95% CI:0.37-0.98). When stratified by age, among children ages 6-8 years, the odds of EBV were significantly reduced for who drank milk daily (OR=0.45, 95% CI:0.26-0.78). Results show that adolescents in age group 9-11 years who consumed leafy/lettuce salad (Weekly: OR=2.14, 95% CI: 1.00-4.58) and red meat [(Daily: OR=2.13, 95% CI: 1.20-3.77); (Weekly: OR=1.92, 95% CI:1.21-3.06)j had statistically significant increased odds of EBV. Those in age group three 12-15 years who ate fruit [(Daily: OR=0.55, 95% CEO. 3-0.94); (Weekly: OR=0.52, 95% CTO. 27-0.67)] and leafy/lettuce salad (Weekly: OR= 0.37, 95% CEO. 20-0.67) had statistically significant reduced odds of EBV. Public health programs targeting specific subgroups may prove advantageous in preventing EBV infection among adolescents
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