WorldCat Identities

Ecole doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil / 2010-2015)

Overview
Works: 114 works in 118 publications in 1 language and 211 library holdings
Genres: History 
Roles: Other, Degree grantor
Classifications: DD281.2.S7, 943
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Ecole doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil / 2010-2015)
Entre Histoire et Vérité : Paul Ricoeur et Michel Foucault. Généalogie du sujet, herméneutique du soi et anthropologie by Simon Bourgoin-Castonguay( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Through a philosophical analysis of the concepts of history and truth, this dissertation aims at creating a dialogue between the works of two of the most important contemporary French philosophers: Paul Ricœur and Michel Foucault. Our main hypothesis is that through its history, the concept of subjectivity fluctuates between the will to know and the desire of understanding. These two positions, irreducible to one another, reveal the two methods under study: a genealogy of the subject ensuing from a historicization of the will of truth (Foucault) and a hermeneutics of the self based on a universal need for interpreting our finitude (Ricœur).However, this comparison does not aim at reconciliation. The idea is rather to reveal a blind spot by which it becomes possible to grasp the complementary aspects of these thoughts through what actually separates them: therefore, this thesis could be considered as a playful use of the distance
L'exil comme patrie : les réfugiés communistes espagnols en RDA (1950-1989) by Aurélie Dénoyer( Book )

3 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 5 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Die spanischen kommunistischen Flüchtlinge in der DDR stehen im Zentrum dieser Forschungsarbeit. Dennoch wird das politische Exil der Spanier in Ostdeutschland nicht als Objekt betrachtet, sondern als Feld, welches Zugang zu zahlreichen Thematiken bietet : der französischen Politik gegenüber den ausländischen Kommunisten zur Zeit des Kalten Krieges, der Integrationspolitik der DDR, den Beziehungen zwischen der SED und der PCE (Partido Comunista de España, Kommunistische Partei Spaniens), so wie der Wirkung des Exils auf die Identitätskonstruktion. Die Ziele dieser Studie sind vielfältig : auf der einen Seite soll diese Arbeit die Geschichte des spanischen Exils im besonderen und der Migrationsforschung im allgemeinen bereichern, auf der anderen Seite soll zur Erneuerung der Kommunismusforschung und insbesondere der DDR-Forschung beigetragen werden. Um dies zu tun, wurde in Archiven in Frankreich, Deutschland sowie Spanien gearbeitet. Weiterhin wurden in Berlin, Paris und Barcelona Gespräche geführt, mit den Kindern der ersten Welle politischer Flüchtlinge aus Spanien, die in der DDR aufgenommen wurden. Im Anschluss an die Recherchen in Archiven und den geführten Gesprächen, wurden, soweit dies möglich war, die individuellen Lebensläufe jedes Einzelnen rekonstruiert. Dabei blieb folgendes Ziel ständig vor Augen: nicht die Vielfältigkeit individueller Lebensläufe und die allgemeine Situation der Gruppe aus dem Sichtfeld zu verlieren
Territoires et représentations du genre dans l'école de la banlieue : l'enseignement féminin dans la banlieue sud-est parisienne de 1880 aux années 1950 by Cécile Duvignacq-Croisé( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 4 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the last two decades of the 19th century came the fast development of Parisian suburbs and the beginnings of the state school system. Laws bearing the names of Paul Bert, Ferry and Goblet were the foundation of a republican, secular educational system, as well as they designed public education for women. In the south-west of Paris, urbanism and education followed a joint development. A study of female education through learners and teachers until the implementation of coeducation in the late 1950s reveals the evolution of educational models and gender representation in suburban areas. It highlights the part played by schools in the systematization of the social role of women and the place attributed to them within the city; it also allows for a better understanding of the relationship between the capital and its suburbs, the latter differentiated in the way they are experienced not less than in the way they are planned and built, as well as through representations of the urban space. With the representations it promotes, female education highlights the social diversity of the Parisian south-west, and its socio-demographical mutations. Through the evolution of school structures and educational offer, expectations from parents and the elite, it becomes an indicator of the powers and agents at play there - local competitions and initiatives, discrepancies between local efforts and regional or national policies. The school system focuses the inequalities between Paris and its suburbs, and from one suburb to another. This history of women, education and suburbs addresses three distinct eras : the turn of the 20th century and the beginnings of the secularization of the school system, the Interwar period and the growing competition between genders and between Paris and its suburbs, and the 1950s, when educational policies openly factors in urban hierarchical organization. Between political powers and civil society, female education appears as an essential vehicle for the organization of the south-east suburbs, and the creation of a suburban identity
Vision contemporaine de la Grèce antique : mythe et cinéma selon Pier Paolo Pasolini by Sylwia Frach( )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pasolini's vision of ancient Greece is barbaric because the filmmaker refuses any neoclassicalidealization. This vision of antiquity was already famous in European culture through the textsof Nietzsche. Pasolini is particularly inspired by two disciplines he often refers to : anthropologyand psychoanalysis.The barbarian theme is also linked to a barbaric environment, with agreement between the formof expression and form of content. Pasolini rejects archaeological reconstruction. He combinesblinding brightness of Morocco (were the mythical part of the Oedipus Rex is turned), archaicarchitecture in stone of Cappadocia (Colchis in Medea), and the ramparts of a Syrian city Aleppo(Corinth in Medea) with costumes from different archaic cultures and music mostly from non-Western countries (African, Tibetan, Japanese, Romanian).With the practice of contamination and pastiche, Pasolini wants to recreate the timelesslanguage of myth, the primary language of the peasant civilization. The relationship between theGreek myth and the rural world revolves mainly around the notion of cyclicity
Conjuguer technologie de l'information et de communication et management de l'administration publique : le défi d'une formation administrative publique efficiente en République de Djibouti by Ilham Ahmed Hagui Salem( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The theme of this thesis within the field of training throughout the working lives of administrative officers of the state of Djibouti and in particular the use of ICT.Indeed, the role of ICT in adult education, has become an important means to modernize teaching and mode of transmission of knowledge to wider audiences. There has been a very important phenomenon of convergence and distance learning worldwide. Many of the National School of Administration (ENA), including those of industrialized countries now devote human and financial resources very important to teach digital. They use this system to enrich their classroom teaching and sometimes also to provide programs remotely.It is therefore to study the environment of this system in its complexity, taking into account its specifications (educational and functional), but also its dynamics, its implementation and operation. We will consider in particular the educational and technological dimensions of alternative teaching methods and training of adults in order to propose and to adapt to the context of Djibouti.Thus, it is to find clues and criteria for strategic decision making to enhance the skills of human resources of the government of Djibouti
Le Liban face au développement (1948-1972) - L'anémone pourprée - by Jean-Marc Fevret( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pas de résumé français
Le cinéma libanais après la guerre civile. Un cinéma mélancolique et urbain (de 1990 à nos jours) by Dima El-Horr( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

As the Lebanese civil war ended in 1991, a feeling of malaise and melancholy started to imprint the works of filmmakers. Between a collapsing world and a fading past, the films' characters seem to drift aimlessly as they face constant violence, separation, mourning and exile. Their malaise lingers in a city crammed by massive construction sites where the dead, like ghosts, emerge from the ruins. While melancholy roots itself in the films, fragmented and never ending stories interlace.With Ghassan Salhab, Michel Kammoun, Joanna Hadjithomas, Khalil Joreige, Mohammad Soueid, Danielle Arbid, Christophe Karabache, Waël Noureddine, Nigol Bezgian, Borhane Alaouié, Jocelyne Saab... a new cinema is born
Temps et société : les horlogers parisiens (1750-1850) by Marie-Agnès Dequidt( )

1 edition published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Entre 1750 et 1850, Paris est un centre de production horlogère de renomméeinternationale. Dans un monde qui bouge, dont les mentalités évoluent, l'horlogerie peut êtreconsidérée comme un secteur témoin pour les activités passant de l'artisanat à l'industrie. Leterrain de jeu des horlogers, mécanique et précision technique en tête, est justement celui quiamène le décrochement de l'Europe par rapport aux autres continents en termes dedéveloppement. L'étude du temps et l'étude de l'horlogerie, loin d'être anecdotiques, sont doncun maillon essentiel de la compréhension du tournant du XIXe siècle.La première partie présente des hommes et des femmes travaillant aux mille et uneactivités de l'horlogerie. Bien sûr, tous n'ont pas le même statut ni la même implication dans lasociété. La hiérarchie de la communauté de métier du XVIIIe siècle est là pour le rappeler, comme,au XIXe siècle, la différence entre patrons et ouvriers. Entre l'Ancien Régime et la Monarchie deJuillet, les structures du métier se modifient mais les gestes des horlogers se perpétuent, même sil'aspect commercial prend plus d'importance quand les quantités produites à Paris diminuent.C'est donc également comme hommes d'affaires que nous découvrons les horlogers au travers deleurs réussites et de leurs faillites, dans leurs réseaux au niveau local mais aussi à plus largeéchelle.Dans la deuxième partie, nous mettons plus précisément l'accent sur les objets, nonseulement en eux-mêmes, mais aussi pour ce qu'ils révèlent de leurs acquéreurs. Ceci se faitautour de trois thèmes : l'horlogerie de luxe comme marqueur social et comme vecteurd'exportation ; l'horlogerie de précision et ses liens avec les inventions techniques comme avecles curiosités ; l'horlogerie commune et comment les différentes couches de la société peuvent yavoir accès. C'est par ce biais que nous tentons de cerner l'importance du rôle joué par la mesuredu temps dans la société et la perception du temps par les contemporains
Étude lexicométrique expérimentale et critique de l'expression de l'identité nationale dans le discours politique en Côte d'Ivoire. Analyse contrastive de ses variations et de sa circulation chez trois locuteurs politiques (Gbagbo, Bédié, Ouattara) by Soumaïla Doumbia( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is an experimental lexicometric analysis of the concept of national identity in political discourse. We mean by identity discourse, the discourses of otherness that encourages openness to a community or a withdrawal into a group, presented or perceived as a strong fortress in which subjects feel protected. Within these communities formed or desired, the expression of identity can be based on religious elements, tribal, ethnic, clanic, or racial orders. It can also be embeded in a common history, a fantasy or legend. Sometimes it is the reason and the opportunity to externalize certain fears of the alien, or simply hatred manifested in the form of discrimination, rights denial, exclusion and xenophobia, but it can also be expressed as opposed to exclusion, promoting the integration or living together. These types of discourse on identity are determined and structured by their framework of emergence. This framework dictates the contents which vary under the influence of several factors which in turn are organized on several levels of influences.Empirical evidence leads us to distinguish a first level where sociocultural and historical markers act, a second level where the contingency factors are involved, a third level which surrounds the immediate deployment of the speech, and a final level of operation where the personality and discursive strategy factors act. It is the combination of these levels that acts as factors structuring and determining the content and variability of identity discourses we highlighted in this thesis. It is for us to share the observation that the discourses of national identity constantly varies, adapting themselves to changes that occur in their context of emergence. To verify these empirical observations, we were led to formulate the hypothesis that the identity discourses are geometrically variables speeches, that are influenced by factors determining their structures and contents. This hypothesis was tested on an experimental corpus, which served as pretence to check the action of a few of these factors on political discourse. Support for this experiment was the speech of three Ivorian political players (Bedie, Gbagbo, Ouattara), in which we showed that the variations of their reference to national identity were related to the action of three situational variables, namely : the political status, alliances and war.The study conducted by means of lexicometry, has led to the conclusion that the identity discourse on "Ivorianness" called "Ivoirité" in Ivory Coast is a polymorphic speech, changing under the influence of situational variables, while sometimes having a strategic dimension. This speech is modular ; used as a formula, a kind of floating signifier in which ones put everything and anything as long as it relates to identity. The use of such speech could have unpredictable drift.Ultimately, we can easily say that this work on the discourse of Ivorianness in Ivory Coast is a task of deconstruction and denonciation of a formula which study opens up interesting perspectives, concerning in one hand the use of lexicometrics instruments, used to examine mental representations of concepts, and on the other hand as a technique for studying the evolution of mental conceptual universe
"La Chouette aveugle" de Sadegh Hedayat, un récit à la croisée des textes occidentaux by Marzieh Balighi( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La Chouette aveugle, un récit d'abord publié en 1936, à Bombay, en Inde, puis en 1941 en Iran, à Téhéran, et traduite en français, en 1951, par Roger Lescot,est une œuvre singulière d'un auteur iranien, Sadegh Hedayat (1903-1951). C'est une nouvelle qui se présente sous la forme d'une longue confession faite par un narrateur anonyme, victime de cauchemars et d'hallucinations. Écrite durant un séjour effectué par cet écrivain en France entre 1926 et 1930, cette œuvre est surchargée d'emprunts,de réminiscences, et d'allusions à de multiples lectures littéraires, philosophiques,métaphysiques, religieuses et psychanalytiques. C'est un lieu de croisement d'influences diverses, orientales certes mais aussi, surtout, occidentales. Cet entrelacs minutieux fait de La Chouette aveugle une œuvre hybride, très élaborée, à la croisée de l'Orient et de l'Occident. Pour en cerner la singularité, on s'est fondé sur une approche qui a cherché à désenchevêtrer les références mythologiques qui en constituent la matière, à repérer les empreintes des modes orientalistes qui existaient à l'époque, entre les deux guerres, en France et en Europe, à dégager l'existence des modèles et des moules esthétiques, occidentaux, qui s'y imbriquent, à en analyser aussi l'inspiration nihiliste, marqué par la philosophie occidentale, et à en étudier le caractère surréaliste qui lui confère une originalité très particulière dans la littérature iranienne
André Gide au miroir de la critique : "Corydon" entre œuvre et manifeste by Chahira Abdallah El Sokati( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Pas de résumé anglais
Créations chorégraphiques d'Afrique francophone : systèmes de représentations et stratégies de reconnaissance en période contemporaine by Annie Bourdie( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Les créations chorégraphiques contemporaines d'Afrique, sont non seulement traversées par des représentations sur la danse, le corps et les arts, mais également alimentées par toute une histoire des regards portés au cours des siècles par l'Occident sur l'Afrique le “Noir“, et “sa“ danse. Par ailleurs la France et l'Afrique ont entretenu historiquement des relations ambivalentes dont la teneur a pu avoir un impact sur les représentations, y compris dans le domaine de la danse scénique professionnelle. Dans les années soixante-dix, Léopold Sedar Senghor, mû par l'ambition de valoriser tous les Arts d'Afrique à travers le concept de Négritude, a tenté, à Dakar, en collaboration avec Maurice Béjart,une expérience inédite intitulée Mudra Afrique. Ce projet de formation aux arts de la scène, destiné essentiellement aux danseurs du continent, nourri par les représentations de ses concepteurs, visait à“moderniser“ les arts chorégraphiques en Afrique. Il n'a pourtant pas eu l'impact attendu, même si Germaine Acogny, qui en fut la directrice artistique, est devenue aujourd'hui l'une des figures les plus influentes de la danse en Afrique, au-delà même de sa partie francophone.Au cours des années quatre-vingt dix, on a pourtant assisté à un essor fulgurant de la création chorégraphique contemporaine du continent. Mais celui-ci est essentiellement dû à la mise en placepar le Ministère français des Affaires Etrangères d'une politique de coopération culturelle vis-à-vis despays africains. Le programme Afrique en Créations chargé de développer l'ensemble des expressionsartistiques contemporaines d'Afrique, a joué un rôle particulièrement déterminant dans la promotion etle développement d'une “danse africaine contemporaine“ notamment par la mise en place de rencontres chorégraphiques biennales.Par le biais des arts et de la culture, la France a ainsi réaffirmé ses liens spécifiques avec l'Afrique.Cependant, dans un tel contexte, où le politique et l'artistique se sont trouvés inextricablement liés,comment les artistes ont-ils composé avec les modèles dominants ? Sont-ils parvenus à se mettre à distance des ces cadres préétablis ? Quelles stratégies ont-ils été amenés à adopter ? Qu'en est-il plus spécifiquement pour les chorégraphes francophones ?
Discours et représentations de l'Au-delà dans le monde grec by Thomas Reyser( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Representations of afterlife in ancient Greece, from Homer to the fourthcentury AD, raise the question of the elaboration of an imaginary space and timeperception in a society. The decision to focus on limited but well documentedspecific studies allows the identification of successive layers of representation ofafterlife, all dominated by the fear of crossing into the netherworld. The comparisonbetween the literary texts and epigraphic materials highlights the feelings concerningafterlife and death. If fatalism dominates throughout the ages, the gradual emergenceof a judgment of the deceased in the afterlife brings hope. Moreover, the epitaphsmake it possible to distinguish what belongs to the collective representations fromwhat belongs to the individual. In those ones, emphasis is given to family feelingsand the hope of maintaining a social life in the hereafter. Representations elaboratedby religious communities emphasize that very hope, which is the mark of the insider.Hellenized Judaism along with Christianism engrave this expectation of the afterlifefor the believers in a theology of retribution.Persistent stereotypes associated with afterlife - which are mostly inheritedfrom great authors, great texts or Attic iconography - are highly qualified. The trip inCharon's boat, or the presence of Cerberus are only representations of a given era.Afterlife is not a fixed space but, quite the opposite, it evolves according to socialand cultural circumstances
Littérature et médiation dans "L'enfant de sable" et "La nuit sacrée" de Tahar Ben Jelloun, "La virgen de los sicarios" de Fernando Vallejo et "Le cavalier et son ombre" de Boubacar Boris Diop. by Yves Romuald Dissy Dissy( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis proposes a theorical discourse on the fictional mediation, more particularly in the novels of our corpus. From a rhetorical perspective, the research consists in studying the process of implementation of the signification in the literary works. The communication appears to it not as a stable and simple datum which we could reduce to formal appearances or still to sociohistorical contents, but as a set of coherent requirements wich specify the terms, otherwise the modalities of the argumentative cooperation between the writer and the reader. The thiking is composed of three parts.The first part consists in indentifiying the question of wich the fiction statement is the answer. It allows to raise, in thematic form, the main axes of the narrative line of argument, consequently the issues of the communication in each novel.The second part deals with the analysis of the formal choices of the statement and it shows on which modes and what ideological end the contribution of the reader is requested. In fact, it's the discursive strategy wich defines the method of communication and characterizes the functioning of mediation in a literary work.The central idea of the third part is to show the epistemological skill that a writer gives to the literary work and the reader's ability to identify it. The theories wich become epistemological pools appear as reductionisms and as real obstacles to the pleasure to read or to make pertinently resound the significance of a work art
Restauration et déconstruction de la métaphysique. Heidegger, Bergson by Karl Sarafidis( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The after--effects of spiritualism in France and those of idealism in Germany have led to two major figuresin XXth century thought: Bergson and Heidegger. The resurgence of the ancestral project of first philosophy conducted them both to demand an overcoming of traditional conceptual structures with a view to think being once again in regards to time. Thus, concerning both methods, the first step would be to articulate their understanding of the question "why something rather than nothing?" in the perspective of a reversal of the onto--theological principle of which it proceeds.Then, after a sustained reading of their way of establishing the concept of fundamental time, and a critical examination of the interpretation Heidegger gives of the Bergsonian idea on duration, our study attempts to test their diverging confrontation ofAristotle as a representative of the natural conception of derivative time. This ultimate test which aims to release in an explicit way their position in regards to a crucial stage in the installation of the reign of occidental metaphysics contributeshenceforth the rethinking of the conditions of an exchange from which their respective projects could both finally benefit
Au carrefour des influences : Yahya Kemal et la modernité de la poésie turque by Pınar Aka( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis aims to look at the poetry of Yahya Kemal who has lived at a period corresponding to the fall of the Ottoman Empire and to the fondation of the Turkish Republic, at a time when the problems of modernity, occidental and oriental identities intensely occupy the Turkish intellectual climate through the angle of influence. Yahya Kemal is considered to be, together with Ahmet Haşim, the founder of modern Turkish poetry. The first part of the thesis intends to interpret modernity from the viewpoint of the notion of 'being' (devenir) advanced by Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari. In the second part, the position of Baudelaire as the founder of modern occidental poetry is once again treated in the frame of certain notions put forward by Deleuze and Guattari. These notions are the following : 'and' (et), 'being' (devenir), 'signifying regime' (régime signifiant), 'post-signifying regime' (régime post-signifiant) and 'disjunctive synthesis' (synthèse disjonctive). In this part, first the reflections on Yahya Kemal of the critical approach of Baudelaire, and second, the 'being modern' of Yahya Kemal's poetry are treated through certain notions put forward to define modern poetry. These are 'lyricism', 'obscurity' and 'intertextuality'. These notions will show clearly that the 'being modern' of poetry is not independent of its 'remaining traditional'. In addition, the interaction between Yahya Kemal's poetry and Ahmet Haşim's, the other founder of modern Turkish poetry, is significant. The last part of the thesis aims to understand how Baudelaire's and Nedîm's influences meet, interact and play a role in the construction Yahya Kemal's poetry. This part tries to comprehend why Baudelaire and Nedîm come forward among the numerous poets having influenced Yahya Kemal. To conclude, the thesis wishes to emphasize that Yahya Kemal's effort to appropriate both of the occidental and oriental poetic traditions puts him in a privileged position in comparision with poets adopting one or the other of these traditions
Dire l'événement quand il surgit. Les journées d'avril 2002 au Venezuela dans trois quotidiens nationaux : une analyse discursive by Églantine Samouth( )

1 edition published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In April 2002, the President of Venezuela, Hugo Chávez Frías, was removed from power for approximately forty-eight hours and replacing by an acting president, Pedro Carmona Estanga, who disbanded all of the public authorities. In spite of its brevity, this episode marked the history of Venezuela and testifies acutely to the social and political antagonisms experienced by this country. This research aims to analyse the discursive construction of this event within a corpus of three national daily newspapers, by observing how its meaning takes shape during the moment the events took place. Firstly, I present the historical and political context in which these events occurred and media's situation in Venezuela, before exploring the notion of the event in general terms. As a result, I show that the event is not a reality that can be captured as such, but is in fact a signified reality, in which language plays a fundamental role. Secondly, I examine in what ways the event is materialised in the dailies' structure, while according particular attention to the various hierarchical levels of the headlines. The third part of the thesis is dedicated to the study of the event naming act, firstly in the headlines and front pages, then within articles. The corpus analyses show that the discourse of the newspapers in front of this event are characterised by a certain vagueness, by abundant usage of implicit modes of address and by the journalists' tendency to hide behind facts that seem to impose themselves naturally
Ecritures photographiques des identités collectives : classe, ethnicité, nation dans la photographie en Grande-Bretagne entre 1990 et 2010 by Karine Chambefort( )

1 edition published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis is based on a corpus of photography books and exhibitions dealing with social, ethnic, and national identities in Britain. It adopts a historicizing perspective by analysing the political and social contexts for the production and circulation of photographs, with special attention to cultural policies. Photographs and exhibitions are studied as narratives and practices that contribute to the formation of collective identities. The genre of photographs, and especially the notion of documentary, is discussed throughout the work, as a corollary to the question of identification. With a focus on representations, collective identities, culture and politics, this study lies in the field of cultural studies and regularly summons some of its prominent figures like Stuart Hall or Paul Gilroy. It shows that photography both documented and helped the dissolution of collective identities at the end of the 1990s, by questioning national identity and its representations, and by advocating greater cultural pluralism. As the social question became less prominent, photography departed from traditional social documentary forms and from the figure of the committed photographer. Parallel to this, in the wake of Black Arts, Black Photography was institutionalized with the creation of Autograph-ABP. It is also argued that when the New Labour party promoted a New Britain, some photographs acted as a magic mirror, revealing dissonances in the brand new narrative of a young, creative, multi-ethnic Britain. However, as photography entered the realm of contemporary art, it also became subject to the multiculturalist policies of the period and sometimes turned into a source of ethnicisation and essentialization. After 2001, as multiculturalism was questioned, photography kept documenting the diversity of British society and helped debunk stereotypes, especially those associated with Muslims and refugees in Britain. Finally, the late 2000s are analysed as a period when new modes of social cohesion are explored through photographic practices. Collaborative documentary projects are experimented to re-engage citizens. New photographs documenting the relation between people and territory in Britain seem to suggest that collective identification may rather be found in shared everyday experience
Le "De bello ciuili" de Lucain, une parole en mutation : de la rhétorique républicaine à une poétique de la guerre civile by Isabelle Anne Catherine Meunier( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The first two books of Lucan reveal an innovative use of direct speech in epic. Presented as contiguous speech triads - dialogs being impossible in the realm of De bello ciuili - whose purpose and genre are similar, they lead the ancient reader-listener, used to oral debates typical of declamation contests, to compare them. The investigation of two of these speech groups is our first step to a larger inquiry on rhetoric speech, then on poetic speech.Confronting the speech of the first triad (Curion/Caesar/Laelius in book I) reveals the end of traditional eloquence based on universal ethic values. It is superseded by a sophistic rhetoric that redefines (exclusively according to the speaker's private interests) whatever relates to law, justice or citizenship - problematic concepts in the perverse moral context of bellum ciuile. The efficiency of this new eloquence is highlighted by the success of the three suasory performances which cause the work's main narrative turns: Curion convinces Caesar to definitely take part to the civil war (book I), Cicero leads Pompeus to launch the battle at Pharsalia (book VII) and Pothinus persuades Ptolemy to murder Magnus (book VIII).Comparing the three prophetic speeches at the end of book I (which mirror the three speeches at the beginning of the following book), anxious complains of anonimous Romans (the women, the men and the elderly), we identify an 'art of poetry' aimed at motivating the generic choices made by the poet to handle his subject. Working along the lines of the human depravity of masses, he may not employ neither the tragic style (the speech of women) nor the epic celebration of heroes (the speech of men), but must suggest - as the old man remembers the past to anticipate the future (the longest speech of the epic reminds Eneas' Ilioupersis by means of its place and subject) - an historical epic aiming at enlightening the opaque world of civil war, in which the gods are no longer anthropomorphic. Borrowing their deciphering aesthetic to Ovids' Pierides, human female poets rivaling the godly Muses (Metamorphosis V), Lucan reinvents the persona of his uates. Promoting a new genre, for a renewed epic, the 'pieridic' uates of De Bello Ciuili, which can no longer be omniscient - since the superi's thoughts and deeds are out of his reach - refuses to worship the traditional poetry deities, swears to his 'hero' Caesar not the glory but the eternal hatred and defiantly proclaims that he himself will deserve eternity only through his own talent, the godly Muses and great heroic warriors of ancient works having been dismissed by civil war
L'hôpital des Enfants malades de Paris, 1802-1914 : du soin maternel à la pédiatrie by Marianne Baroni( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'année de son ouverture (1802 - 1803), l'hôpital des Enfants malades de Paris, premier hôpital pour enfants au monde, accueille 2229 enfants (avec 300 lits), le taux de mortalité est de 21,5% ; les années suivantes, il est plutôt de l'ordre de 25%. Au début du siècle (1802-1810), la durée moyenne d'hospitalisation est supérieure à 80 jours, les dépenses annuelles sont de l'ordre de 200 000 francs et le coût d'un lit d'hospitalisation est d'environ 500 francs. Plus d'un siècle après, en 1913, l'hôpital des Enfants malades admet 8945 (600 lits) enfants, soit 5 fois plus qu'en 1802 - 1803, alors qu'il n'est plus le seul hôpital pédiatrique de Paris (s'y ajoutent Trousseau en 1854, Hérold et Bretonneau en 1901). La mortalité n'est plus que de 13.74%, soit à peu près la moitié de celle du début du siècle, une diminution significative certes, mais un chiffre encore élevé qui est cependant à nuancer par l'hospitalisation dès les années 1880 des nourrissons (enfants de moins de 2 ans dont la mortalité est très importante et qui n'étaient pas accueillis auparavant). La durée d'hospitalisation chute (en moyenne 23 jours), les dépenses explosent : 1 400 000 francs en 1913, et chaque lit d'hospitalisation coûte 2200 francs.La création de l'hôpital des Enfants malades permet aux enfants de ne plus être mélangés à des adultes qui avaient une influence néfaste. Il assure une meilleure observation des maladies infantiles et un traitement plus approprié. De grands médecins y exercent (Guersant, Trousseau, Roger, Grancher, Variot, Marfan, Hutinel), ils mettent en place de nouveaux traitements (curatifs et préventifs) et font progresser la médecine infantile. L'évolution des mentalités et les avancées scientifiques favorisent la mutation de l'hôpital pour enfants : transformation des lieux d'hospitalisation, création de laboratoires et de bibliothèques, augmentation et nouvelles priorités du budget, amélioration des conditions de travail et de la formation des personnels de soins, laïcisation de l'hôpital.La population infantile admise aux Enfants malades appartient à la classe la plus pauvre, malade, mal nourrie et mal vêtue ; l'institution essaie de les sauver. Ces enfants sont la plupart du temps atteint de maladies infectieuses, l'étude de la variole, de la scrofule, du choléra, de la diphtérie et des gastroentérites illustre les pathologies infantiles du XIXe siècle, ainsi que l'évolution de leur pris en charge. Administration (argent), médecins (science) et familles (confiance) ont eu un rôle essentiel dans le développement de l'hospitalisation. Ainsi, passe-t-on des soins maternels à la pédiatrie
 
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Audience level: 0.94 (from 0.88 for Entre Hist ... to 0.96 for Entre Hist ...)

Alternative Names
CS

Cultures et Sociétés

École doctorale 529

École doctorale CS

ED 529

ED529

Université Paris-Est. École doctorale Cultures et Sociétés (Créteil)

Languages
French (24)