# Laboratoire de mécanique de Lille (LML)

Overview
Works: 129 works in 161 publications in 2 languages and 161 library holdings Other, Degree grantor, 981
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Most widely held works by Laboratoire de mécanique de Lille (LML)
Contrôle du décollement dans un diffuseur aubé de turbomachine centrifuge by Patrick Cherdieu( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The performance improvement of turbomachinery operating at off-design conditions can be achieved by the understanding of unsteady phenomena which are occuring in its components. The present study is focussing on the interaction between a centrifugal impeller fan and its vaned diffuser. It aims at analysing precisely these unsteady phenomena (and especially the fluctuating separated region identified on the vanes wall) and their consequences on the diffuser performance by three holes probe and unsteady pressure measurements. In a second step, devices for a passive control of the separation are introduced. Several configurations are tested and their results are compared
Modélisation micromécanique du comportement différé des roches argileuses : application au stockage des déchets radioactifs by Yun Huang( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Dans le cadre des études de faisabilité du stockage des déchets radioactifs de haute activité et à vie longue en formation géologique profonde, nous sommes amenés à effectuer des modélisations des phénomènes de couplage THM à court et à long terme engendrés par l'excavation et le stockage. Grâce à sa faible perméabilité qui impose un transport par diffusion et sa capacité de rétention, les argilites du Callovo-Oxfordien ont été choisies comme potentielles barrières géologiques pour le stockage. Au vu de la complexité des phénomènes mises en jeu, la thèse se limitera à l'étude de son comportement mécanique à long terme, volet essentiel à l'étude des couplages précités. Pour la caractérisation du comportement différé des argilites, deux mécanismes de fluage sont envisagés: la déformation viscoplastique de la matrice argileuse et la propagation sub-critique de microfissures. Dans ce travail, les deux mécanismes de fluage sont étudiés respectivement. Comme les approches micromécaniques permettent de conduire à une meilleure description du comportement en relation avec les aspects microstructuraux de la roche et d'éviter ainsi le recours à une identification des paramètres pour chaque zone géomecanique, dans ce travail, nous avons mis en oeuvre une modélisation multi-échelle construite à partir des comportements des constituants et des données microstructurales de l'argilite
Impact de la fissuration sur les propriétés de rétention d'eau et de transport de gaz des géomatériaux : Application au stockage géologique des déchets radioactifs by Sofia M'jahad( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In the context of geological disposal of radioactive waste, this work contributes to the characterization of the effect of diffuse damage on the water retention and gas transfer properties of concrete (CEM I and CEM V) selected by Andra, Callovo-Oxfordian argillite (host rock) and argillite / concrete interfaces. This study provides information on the concrete microstructure from Mercury porosimetry intrusion and water retention curves: each concrete has a distinct microstructure, CEM I concrete is characterized by a significant proportion of capillary pores while CEM V concrete has a large proportion of C-S-H pores. Several protocols have been developed in order to damage concrete. The damage reduces water retention capacity of CEM I concrete and increases its gas permeability. Indeed, gas breakthrough pressure decreases significantly for damaged concrete, and this regardless of the type of concrete. For argillite, the sample mass increases gradually at RH = 100%, which creates and increases damage in the material. This reduces its ability to retain water. Otherwise, water retention and gas transport properties of argillite are highly dependent of its initial water saturation, which is linked to its damage. Finally, we observed a clogging phenomenon at the argillite/concrete interfaces, which is first mechanical and then hydraulic (and probably chemical) after water injection. This reduces the gas breakthrough pressure interfaces
Mise au point d'un essai de caractérisation environnementale sur matériau monolithique par percolation ascendante by Yixuan Han( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The standards of environmental characterisation of wastes recommend the sieving of granular material or the crushing of monolithic material to match a required granulometry. The modification of material characteristics is likely to distort the release of pollutants. The main objective of this thesis is to develop a methodology to test monolithic material by percolation.Various mortar-type and/or under-layer road-type materials incorporating sediment treated by the process NOVOSOL® (STN) designed by the Solvay company have been designed. Their characterization has highlighted the increase of porosity, the decrease of bulk density and the increase of specific area with the addition of STN. The mechanical properties are close to those expected for road type materials.The use of a reference material has allowed designing the test cell and the protocol for testing monolithic materials in percolation with a controlled rate of flow. A breakthrough protocol using an inert salt coupled with a transport modelling software has also been defined, to determine the hydrodynamic characteristics of materials during the percolation.The results of tests showed a good stability of heavy metals contained in the STN compared to metals carried by the cement binder. Thus, for some metals, the introduction of STN tends to reduce the leached quantities, for others, the content of pollutant of leachates either stable or increasing. Despite the complexity of the involved phenomena, some results tend to prove the relation between specific area and heavy metals leaching. Comparison of laboratory results and measurements made in situ demonstrates the representativeness of the test developed
Comportement hydrique et poro-mécanique des bétons à hautes performances Andra : influence de la microstructure by Yao Zhang( Book )

2 editions published in 2014 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This thesis focuses on water retention at high relative humidity (RH) (92-100%) and dessiccation shrinkage under moderate temperature (60-80°C) for two high performance concretes CEMI and CEMV (from Andra), in relation with their microstructure.To investigate the origins of the variations in water saturation degree Sw at high RH, both concretes are dried at RH=92, 98 and 100%, from the fully saturated state. For both concretes, sampling affects significantly Sw. For CEMI at 100%RH, sample size also affects Sw, due to surface drying (desorption); at 92 and 98%RH, CEMI is no longer sensitive to surface drying effects; it is sensitive to experimental conditions (RH, T). CEMV is affected by sample size whatever the RH, but not by experimental conditions.From 60°C drying temperature, the relationship between shrinkage and relative mass loss presents four distinct phases. CEMI concrete is dried at 65°C until phase 3 or 4, and then submitted to a coupled poro-mechanical and gas permeability test. For the same sample tested in phase 3 and then 4, a difference in solid skeleton incompressibility modulus Ks is measured, which is significantly lower than the differences in Ks due to sampling.With the Scanning Electron Microscope, the solid phases and morphology of both concretes are quantified. CEM I and CEM V comprise identical phases, even portlandite, yet CEM V concrete has some specific phases, owing to the addition of slag and fly ash. The C-S-H in CEM V have a lower C/S ratio than in CEM I. The (C/S) ratio remains similar when comparing between three different batches. Besides, millimetric pores vary significantly, owing to differences in manufacturing
Etude de l'influence du nombre de Reynolds sur l'organisation de la turbulence de paroi by Sophie Herpin( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

This work is an experimental study of the influence of the Reynolds number on the characteristics of the streamwise and spanwise vortices in near-wall turbulence. Stereo-PIV measurements in streamwise/wall-normal and spanwise/wall-normal planes of turbulent boundary layer flow are conducted in the LTRAC water-tunnel and LML wind-tunnel at six Reynolds numbers comprised between $Re_\theta=1300$ and $Re_\theta=18950$. The measurements feature good spatial resolution and low measurement uncertainty."The database is validated through an analysis of some single-points statistics (mean and RMS velocity, PDF of the fluctuations), and of the power spectra, compared with reference profiles from theory, hot-wire"measurements and DNS data. A coherent structure detection is then undertaken on the SPIV database, as well as on a DNS dataset at $Re_\tau=950$. The detection is based on a fit of an Oseen vortex to the velocity field surrounding extrema of 2D swirling strength. The wall-normal evolution of some statistical quantities (mean, RMS, PDF) of the vortex characteristics (radius, vorticity, circulation, convection velocity...) is analyzed, using two different scalings: the wall-unit scaling and the Kolmogorov scaling. In wall-unit scaling, a good universality in Reynolds numbers is observed in the near-wall and logarithmic region, but some Reynolds number effects are visible in the outer region of the flow. In contrast, the Kolmogorov scaling was found to be universal both in Reynolds number and wall-normal distance across the three regions investigated. Finally, the results obtained are interpreted in terms of vortices generation mechanisms
Conception, production et qualification des briques en terre cuite et en terre crue by Faycal El Fgaier( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

La réduction de la consommation énergétique dans le secteur de bâtiments présente aujourd'hui une priorité primordiale dans les politiques des pays industrialisés. En France, le secteur du bâtiment consomme environ 43 % de l'énergie finale et contribue pour près d'un quart aux émissions nationales de gaz à effet de serre [ADEME]. Il se positionne comme un acteur clé pour parvenir à résoudre les inquiétants défis environnementaux auxquels nous devons faire face. Face à ces véritables défis, l'augmentation des niveaux d'exigence des réglementations thermiques s'est poursuivie et intensifiée pendant les 40 dernières années, jusqu'à la naissance de la réglementation thermique 2012, qui a permis de construire des bâtiments basse consommation (BBC) qui équivaut à 50 kWh/m².an. Cette nouvelle réglementation plus exigeante constitue une incitation forte à l'innovation des matériaux, produits et systèmes d'enveloppe. Dans ces conditions, l'amélioration des performances hygrothermiques des matériaux de construction aura des retombées économiques et environnementales conséquentes. C'est dans ce contexte que ce travail a été mené. Il vise à étudier et à améliorer les performances des produits de l'entreprise Briqueteries du Nord (BdN). Il est réparti sur deux axes principaux : le premier consiste à l'étude de l'inertie thermique et du pouvoir hygroscopique des briques en terre crue. Le second axe vise à élaborer des solutions possibles concernant l'amélioration de la résistance thermique des briques en terre cuite. Ce travail de recherche a été réalisé au laboratoire de l'Ecole Centrale de Lille avec une étroite collaboration avec l'université d'Artois et l'entreprise (BdN)
Influence du couplage frottement-oxydation sur l'usure d'un acier à outil de travail à chaud : développement d'un tribomètre spécifique au cyclage de matriçage by Mohamed Kchaou( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Life time improvement of hot working tools becomes one of the major industrial issue unsufficiently mastered. Indeed, loadings induced by hot forming involve coupling between thermal, mechanical, tribological and physicochemical phenomena. They lead to multiple degradation modes (mainly by plastic deformation, thermo-mechanical fatigue, friction and oxidation). Friction induces one of the most detrimental damage, which is difficult to apprehend and to control allowing for the complexity of engaged couplings.This thesis deals with wear of tool steel X40CrMoV5-1 in the case of hot forging of brass. Damage and wear mechanisms were analyzed through an expertise of matrices after used in production. It reveals different types of damage, activated thanks to location and exposure of the matrix surface to cyclic loadings induced during forging. A scenario of a three-body abrasion is proposed maintained by working cycles and wherein brass and toll steel oxides are crucial.Oxidation and pre-oxidized tribological behavior of tool steel were investigated. An original test is proposed to study the influence of hot working cycling on friction-oxidation coupling and its effects on the wear of tool steel. A specific tribometer has been developed. The friction tests are defined by analogy with the hot-working cycle, without reproducing the forming process, favoring formation and trapping of oxides inside the contact
Fiabilité mécanique des assemblages électroniques utilisant des alliages du type SnAgCu by Benoît Dompierre( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Since the use of the lead was restricted in electronic assemblies, the electronic market turned on lead-free alloys for electronic assemblies. Most of electronic manufacturers chose SnAgCu (SAC) to replace SnPb alloys. For SAC, former results suggest that high temperature thermal ageing causes a significant drop in mechanical properties, which stabilises after several years at room temperature. The aim of this work is to analyse the impact of thermal ageing on the fatigue damage of SAC305 electronic assemblies under mechanical loadings.This study first focused on the mechanical behaviour of SAC305 alloy. Then, the fatigue damage of SAC305 was analysed on solder joints.The impact of thermal ageing on the mechanical behaviour of SAC305 was evaluated at the bulk scale and at the solder joint scale. Changes in the hardness and in the cyclic mechanical behaviour at room temperature were linked to a grain growth phenomenon. Compression tests on SAC305 solder balls, which are representative of real structure, showed the same changes in the mechanical behaviour. Two viscoplastic constitutive models of mechanical behaviour were identified at the solder joint scale for both initial and aged conditions. Numerical simulations were carried out using these models and led to the validation of the proposed approach.The impact of thermal ageing on the fatigue damage of SAC305 alloy was evaluated thanks to torsion tests on assembled boards. The results of these tests show that the thermal ageing decreases the number of cycles to failure in low cycle fatigue. This observation is very important considering the reliability risk for electronic devices
Etanchéité de l'interface argilite-bentonite re-saturée et soumise à une pression de gaz, dans le contexte du stockage profond de déchets radioactifs by JiangFeng Liu( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In France, the deep underground nuclear waste repository consists of a natural barrier (in an argillaceous rock named argillite), associated to artificial barriers, including plugs of swelling clay (bentonite)-sand for tunnel sealing purposes. The main objective of this thesis is to assess the sealing efficiency of the bentonite-sand plug in contact with argillite, in presence of both water and gas pressures. To assess the sealing ability of partially water-saturated bentonite/sand plugs, their gas permeability is measured under varying confining pressure (up to 12MPa). It is observed that tightness to gas is achieved under confinement greater than 9MPafor saturation levels of at least 86-91%. We than assess the sealing efficiency of the bentonite-sand plug placed in a tube of argillite or of Plexiglas-aluminium (with a smooth or a rough interface). The presence of pressurized gas affects the effective swelling pressure at values Pgas from 4MPa. Continuous gas breakthrough of fully water-saturated bentonite-sand plugs is obtained for gas pressures on the order of full swelling pressure (7-8MPa), whenever the plug is applied along a smooth interface. Whenever a rough interface is used in contact with the bentonite-sand plug, a gas pressure significantly greater than its swelling pressure is needed for gas to pass continuously. Gas breakthrough tests show that the interface between plug/argillite or the argillite itself are two preferential pathways for gas migration, when the assembly is fully saturated
Comportement thermo-visco-élastique des composites CMO - De la statique à la dynamique grande vitesse by Julien Berthe( Book )

2 editions published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Organic matrix composite materials are more and more used in the transportation industry to design strutural components. In order to reach an optimal design, improvements in the understanding and the modelling of the behaviour of these materials under various strain rates and temperatures conditions are required.Therefore, a campaign of various mechanical tests has been performed on the T700GC/M21 organic matrix composite laminate in this work. On one hand, dynamic tests have been performed using hydraulic jacks, as well as creep tests, to characterise the material strain rate dependency. On the other hand, low temperatures and DMA tests have been performed to exhibit the temperature effect.Experimental results have been used to physically justify a bi-spectral visco-elactic model which describes the strain rate dependency of T700GC/M21 on a large range of strain rates. Introducing an Arrhenius like law for the viscous mechanisms, the temperature dependency has also been taken into account. The obtained thermo-visco-elastic model finally describes the behaviour of the T700GC/M21 laminate on a large range of strain rates and temperatures
Simulation numérique en interaction fluide structure : application aux problèmes vibroacoustiques by Mohammed Amdi( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

In many cases the noise which we are daily exposed are due to the vibration of a structure (industrial machinery, vehicle, appliance...). Nevertheless, all the sounds we perceive are not necessarily due to the vibration of a structure, for example, wind noise, the sounds of turbine or jet noise...The vibroacoustic research is closely linked with industrial applications because the industry needs new numerical tools, developed in research centers to develop new silent products. Indeed, purely experimental approaches are generally lengthy, complicated and expensive they can be, again, very inefficient. Since the ultimate objective is to design a structure that reduces noise for a good acoustic comfort, numerical simulations can be included in the design optimization techniques to design optimum shape and optimizationmaterials. Once the simulations validated by experimental results, it can be used as a design tool for improving the structure of the affected system. The main aim of my thesis is the development of numerical predictive tools for the noise reduction due to the vibrationof structures. To do this, the original theoretical formulations have been developed and implemented to encourage the design of silent products. In a more specific way, both parties will be addressed : the first part addreeses the familiarproblem of irregular frequencies of the finite element boundary, the BEM for acoustic radiation in an external field. In the second part of this thesis the formulation of the fast multipole method FMM coupled with BEM, as well asits implementation and validation were carried out to push the boundaries of the BEM in terms of computation time and memory
Etude de l'amorçage en fatigue plastique d'un acier inoxydable austénitique by Pengfei Mu( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Bien que l'amorçage de fissure joue un rôle important en fatigue, ses mécanismes ne sont pas encore pleinement compris. Des critères d'amorçage basés sur des mécanismes physiques de déformation plastique ont été proposés mais ne sont pas faciles à utiliser et à valider, car ils nécessitent des variables locales à l'échelle du grain. L'étude présente vise à établir un critère d'amorçage en fatigue oligocyclique, utilisable sous chargement d'amplitude variable.Le comportement mécanique de l'acier inoxydable AISI 316L étudié a été caractérisé en fatigue oligocyclique. Il a été modélisé par un schéma autocohérent utilisant une loi de plasticité cristalline basée sur l'évolution des densités de dislocations. L'endommagement de surface a été suivi pendant un essai de fatigue à l'aide d'un dispositif de microscopie optique in situ. Les fissures présentes après 2000 cycles ont été analysées et leurs caractéristiques cristallographiques calculées.Comme les grains de surface montrent une déformation plus importante à cause d'un moindre confinement par les grains voisins, il est nécessaire de définir une loi de localisation spécifique aux grains de surface. La forme proposée fait intervenir une variable d'accommodation intergranulaire, sur le modèle de la loi de localisation de Cailletaud-Pilvin. Elle a été identifiée à partir de simulations par éléments finis. L'état des contraintes et des déformations dans les grains de surface a alors été simulé. Des indicateurs d'amorçage potentiels ont ensuite été comparés sur une même base expérimentale. Deux indicateurs pertinents de l'endommagement en fatigue ont pu être obtenus
Valorisation d'une craie du Nord de la France en assise de chaussée routière by Jaouad Nadah( Book )

2 editions published in 2010 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The lack of high quality aggregates in some French regions seems to become a main issue for road work firms. With an annual consumption of 200 millions tonnes of aggregates, road professionals must square up finding new solutions like the valorisation of some forgotten materials. Between rock and soil, chalk has a particular position in road work. While its use is relatively well managed for the realisation of fills and subgrade courses, the same certainly cannot be said for base courses. This kind of material is usually rejected for the design of road base courses because it is not approved within the current standards used by road professionals. Indeed, the low mechanical performances and the high water sensibility of chalk do not allow this material to be used. However, it seems possible to find some pre-treatments to harden chalk for a use in road base courses.This material is found profusely in some French regions otherwise limited in upscale aggregates (Nord-Pas de Calais, Champagne-Ardenne...). Therefore, valorising chalk may overcome the lack of aggregates, contribute to the preservation of natural resources, save up money and avoid pollution due to distant supplying.The study presented here is conducted in partnership between the Ecole Centrale de Lille Civil Engineering Laboratory and the Eurovia Roadworks Laboratory of Loos. We provide several trails aimed at improving the mechanical properties of chalk for its use in road base courses
Modélisation multi-échelle du comportement mécanique des matériaux cimentaires : effets des agrégats by Caifeng Jin( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The phenomena of strain localization and coalescence of microcracks are regarded as two principle precursors of the rupture process structures in cementitious materials. It is now widely recognized that the rupture occurs following by three stages that are microcracks nucleation, the propagation of microcracks and their coalescence in a highly localized area. The modeling of this process of rupture presents a complex and delicate work. This thesis focuses on the multi-scale modeling of damage and fracture of cementitious materials under hydrometric solicitation with effects of aggregates. The work presented in this thesis aims to describe the mechanical behavior and the rupture process of cementitious materials taking into account the effects of aggregates at mesoscopic scale. The cement paste is considered as a homogeneous medium which is described by an elastoplastic homogenized model, which takes into account the strain localization and cracking process. A numerical approach by using the extended finite element method(XFEM) will be proposed to take into account the effects of aggregates and interfaces
Modélisation multi-échelle du comportement mécanique de nanocomposites polymères à renforts d'argile de type montmorillonite : approche micromécanique et simulation de dynamique moléculaire by Kokou Anoukou( Book )

2 editions published in 2012 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Polymer nanocomposites reinforced with clay minerals have attracted a great consideration during the last two decades. That can be explained, firstly, by the availability and the reduced production cost of the reinforcing phase, and secondly, by the remarkable improvements in physical and mechanical properties. These improvements are observed even at very low amounts of reinforcements compared to their microcomposite counterparts. The development of these new materials creates a keen interest both in academic and industrial research. However, the mechanisms responsible of these property improvements are still poorly understood and remain a major concern of researchers. This work contributes to the understanding and to the development of predictive tools of the mechanical behavior of polymer nanocomposites reinforced with montmorillonite clay using two modeling approaches: the micromechanics of heterogeneous materials and the molecular dynamics simulation. An analytical micromechanical model based on the self-consistent approach is developed. The proposed model is validated by our experimental data and those from the literature. A new molecular dynamics simulation protocol is proposed for the modeling of these nanomaterials at the nanometric scale. This approach has allowed us, inter alia, to get insight into the molecular interactions between the different components and to determine the effective elastic properties of the nanocomposite
Effet du chauffage sur le comportement mécanique et poro-mécanique de matériaux cimentaires : propriétés hydrauliques et changements morphologiques by Xiao-Ting Chen( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Cette thèse a permis d'évaluer l'effet des changements de morphologie d'un matériau cimentaire soumis à un traitement thermique jusqu'à T (≤ 400°C). Pour cela, nous avons caractérisé expérimentalement le comportement mécanique (en compression uniaxiale, compression hydrostatique avec ou sans déviateur), poro-mécanique (modules d'incompressibilité Kb, Ks et coefficient de Biot b) et hydraulique (perméabilité au gaz), d'un mortier modèle E/C=0,5 suite à un cycle de chauffage/refroidissement. Les essais mécaniques multiaxiaux sont couplés aux mesures de perméabilité, qui servent d'indicateur de la progression de la fissuration du matériau sous contrainte. Nous avons également mis au point un essai original, permettant de quantifier le volume de l'espace poreux interconnecté sous chargement hydrostatique Pc. La création de porosité occluse sous l'effet d'un accroissement du confinement est confirmée, et ainsi la diminution de la rigidité de la matrice solide Ks avec Pc après traitement thermique T>200°C. Nous avons également identifié un effet bouchon (aucun passage de gaz) lors d'un chargement couplé, thermique et en compression hydrostatique du mortier mais aussi de bétons industriels (CERIB et ANDRA). Afin d'analyser l'évolution des propriétés mécaniques et poro-élastiques après traitement thermique, un modèle prédictif thermo-élasto-plastique avec endommagement isotrope et une approche micro-mécanique descriptive, intégrant la présence de micro-fissures, y sont couplés
Utilisation de la technique de corrélation d'images pour l'étude des effets de bord dans les composites stratifiés by Pauline Grosbras( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The use of composite materials has become more and more widespread in many industrial applications. Thanks to Classical Laminates Theory, design of composite structures is today globally well mastered. However, local effects, such as delamination near free edges or junctions, remain a problem. Indeed, mismatches between elastic properties of adjacent plies induce strong three-dimensional interlaminar stresses in the vicinity of free edges and interlaminar interfaces.The aim of this work is to experimentally study these edge effects and to highlight the parameters which could influence them. The approach has consisted in measuring the mechanical fields by Digital Image Correlation at ply scale (mesoscopic scale) on free edges of laminated samples under tensile loading.Three different materials, with different mechanical properties and microstructures have been studied as well as two sample geometries: plane samples and with ply drops. Finite element calculations allowed choosing the stacking sequence [(15/-15)2]s to be studied for experimental tests in which the edge effects are the most important and measurable.The results highlight the presence of displacements gradients and shear strain concentrations near free edges and interlaminar interfaces which depends on the inter-plies gradient of mechanical properties, width of interlaminar interfaces, and presence of a geometrical discontinuity. Moreover, observations at the microscopic scale show the presence of fissures at fiber / matrix interfaces which induce a non-linear shear behavior at mesoscopic scale
Etude expérimentale du contact aube/abradable : contribution à la caractérisation mécanique des matériaux abradables et de leur interaction dynamique sur banc rotatif avec une aube by Sarah Baïz( Book )

2 editions published in 2011 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'utilisation de revêtements abradables pour assurer l'étanchéité dynamique des turboréacteurs est une solution répandue qui permet d'augmenter la fiabilité et le rendement aérodynamique des turboréacteurs. En fonctionnement, des touches inévitables entre le revêtement et le bout d'aubes de rotor peuvent être à l'origine d'une usure excessive du revêtement abradable et/ou de la rupture d'aube. La simulation numérique de tels incidents butte sur un manque de connaissance des interactions aube/carter et des forces mises en jeu au contact, forces qui résultent notamment de couplages entre le frottement, l'usure du revêtement et des phénomènes vibratoires.Cette thèse a pour objectif de mieux appréhender les mécanismes d'interaction entre l'aube et le revêtement abradable. Elle résulte d'une collaboration entre l'ONERA de Lille et le Laboratoire de Mécanique de Lille et concerne le revêtement de type Al-Si/hbN (Metco 320NS), couramment utilisé dans les compresseurs à basse pression.Les propriétés physico-chimiques et le comportement mécanique - notamment en dynamique - du revêtement abradable sont étudiés. Compte-tenu d'une asymétrie du comportement en traction et en compression, l'exploitation en corrélation d'images numériques d'un essai original inspiré de l'essai Brésilien permet de rendre compte des mécanismes de dégradation. Le comportement tribologique est étudié sur tribomètre dans différentes configurations de contact. L'interaction entre l'aube et le revêtement ainsi que les couplages avec les vibrations d'aube sont investigués et caractérisés dans une configuration simplifiée et fortement instrumentée, sur un banc rotatif spécifique développé à l'ONERA de Lille
Prédiction de la non-rupture fragile dans un joint soudé en acier C-Mn dans le domaine de la transition fragile/ductile by Thai Ha Nguyen( Book )

2 editions published in 2009 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Ce travail de thèse s'inscrit dans le contexte de la sûreté nucléaire, et plus précisément, de l'intégrité des circuits secondaires des Réacteurs à eau pressurisée (REP). L'étude porte donc sur le comportement à rupture de structures minces soudées dans le domaine haut de la transition fragile/ductile. Elle a pour objectif de développer le modèle en contrainte seuil initialement développé par Chapuliot, qui permet de prédire la non-rupture par clivage de cette structure soudée. Le modèle est identifié pour la soudure de l'acier au C-Mn de construction nucléaire, en s'intéressant plus particulièrement à la limite supérieure du domaine de transition.Une contrainte seuil, en-dessous de laquelle le clivage ne peut avoir lieu, est identifiée à partir d'essais de traction à basses températures sur éprouvettes axisymétriques entaillées prélevées dans le joint soudé. Cette contrainte seuil permet de définir le volume seuil, ou volume dans lequel les contraintes principales maximales dépassent la contrainte seuil au cours de l'essai.L'analyse au MEB des faciès des éprouvettes rompues montre que la zone fondue brute de solidification dans la ZAT est la zone la plus susceptible de cliver. La relation entre la probabilité de rupture fragile et le volume seuil dans cette zone est établie via une fonction de sensibilité, grâce à des essais sur éprouvettes CT et à leur simulation multi-matériaux. Le modèle ainsi identifié est testé pour prévoir la non rupture par clivage d'éprouvettes SENT prélevées dans le joint soudé et sollicitées en traction. Les résultats obtenus sont encourageants relativement à la transférabilité du modèle à la structure réelle

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Alternative Names
Ecole Universitaire d'Ingénieurs de Lille Laboratoire de Mécanique

LML

Université Lille 1 - Sciences et technologies. Laboratoire de mécanique de Lille (LML) (Villeneuve d'Ascq (Nord))

Languages
French (33)

English (7)