WorldCat Identities

Masson, Philippe

Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 5 library holdings
Roles: Curator, Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Philippe Masson
Art et manuscrits de Toul : autour d'un livre d'heures : musée d'Art et d'Histoire de Toul, 23 octobre au 20 décembre 2004 by Alde Harmand( Book )

1 edition published in 2004 in French and held by 3 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

L'Erémitisme dans les diocèses champenois et lorrains fin XVIe- courant XIXe siècle by Philippe Masson( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Hermit leaves the world for meeting God. This fact that accompanied the Church all the long of her history. In Champagne and Lorraine, eremitical life appears especially dynamic at three times : end of 5th century to end of 7th century, end of 10th to 12th century and end of 16th to end of 17th century. This last era is the golden age of the movement. Reasons of revival of eremitical life in the second half of 16th century are manies. Books praise of solitude. The success of spiritual currents (dévotio moderna and spanish spirituality) favorable to solitude is real. Climate factors favour the movement. Wars of Religion, the League lead to the desire to leave a world of violence. The state of regular clergy plays a part too. Send to the pastoral or not yet reformed, it is not satisfactory for peoples who search solitude, all the more that monastic rules are for some peoples a too rigid framework. Finally, some hermits have an aura and arouse vacations.In the 17th and in the beginning of the 18th century, literatur and arts spread a positiv picture of hermit. But it's mean an old or faraway hermit. The contemporary hermit is criticized. The first is an independent spirit out of place in an order society. So, supervision of hermits in the first decades of the 17th century is made by diocesan congregations at Langres (1623) and Toul (1655 and 1676).The 410 hermitages listed in Lorraine and Champagne at the beginning of the 18th century show the success of eremitical life. But the result is not homogenous in the space. eremitical life is principally present ant active in dioceses of Toul, Metz and Langres. Dioceses of Verdun, Reims and above Châlons and Troyes are clearly less concerned. Here play regional idiosyncrasies : importance of protestantism and jansenism in these dioceses create a spiritual competition unfavorable to eremitical life and the personality of the bishop, when he's in disfavor about hermits, as Le Tellier at Reims, take a big importance.The study of hermitages in sacred geography shake the myth of hermitage faraway of all. The hermit, often born in lower or middle social classes, has a career sometime complex (widowerhood, poverty). His spirituality is often the same of Christian people but sometime exceptional and he is seeing as a saint.The 1670 decade is the beginning of a time disfavor to hermits. The bishops of Reims then Metz and Verdun forget hermits in their dioceses. The Age of Enlightenment makes fun of hermits in their woods. Nevertheless their quality is proved. Eremitical life declines at the 18th century and miss practically behind the French Revolution. Hermits are expelled and hermitages sold. Some hermits exist at the XIXth century. Often, the hermitage is broken after the death of the last hermit. Only the chapel remains. Eremitical life miss physically but literature and art perpetuate an imaginary hermit
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.93 (from 0.92 for L'Erémiti ... to 0.94 for Art et man ...)

French (2)