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Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Lille Nord de France

Works: 219 works in 220 publications in 2 languages and 220 library holdings
Roles: 985
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Communauté d'universités et d'établissements Lille Nord de France
La notion de preuve économique : essai sur les interactions entre droit et économie en droits administratifs français et européen by Hicham Rassafi-Guibal( )

2 editions published in 2016 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

The economic evidence is a complex subject just at the confront of Law and Economics. It plays a role of dialogue between these two fields. As a subject of the legal system, it appears when an economic analysis is necessary fulfilling the Law, it substitues legal reasoning for economic analysis. However, it questions how deep is the subjection of law facing economics. More precisely, it questions how Law and Economics uses each other. The economic evidence is a tool for conciliation between ends and purposes of Laws and requirements of economic thought and necessities of economic game. It is to the Administrative authority to fulfill the conciliation, under the constant review of the judge. The administrative law context has a great influence on the way different requirements are combined
Réduction du comportement myope dans le contrôle des FMS : une approche semi-hétérarchique basée sur la simulation-optimisation by Gabriel Zambrano Rey( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Heterarchical-based control for flexible manufacturing systems (FMS) localizes control capabilities in decisional entities (DE), resulting in highly reactive and low complex control architectures. However, these architectures present myopic behavior since DEs have limited visibility of other DEs and their behavior, making difficult to ensure certain global performance. This dissertation focuses on reducing myopic behavior. At first, a definition and a typology of myopic behavior in FMS is proposed. In this thesis, myopic behavior is dealt explicitly so global performance can be improved. Thus, we propose a semi-heterarchical architecture in which a global decisional entity (GDE) deals with different kinds of myopic decisions using simulation-based optimization (SbOs). Different optimization techniques can be used so myopic decisions can be dealt individually, favoring GDE modularity. Then, the SbOs can adopt different roles, being possible to reduce myopic behavior in different ways. More, it is also possible to grant local decisional entities with different autonomy levels by applying different interaction modes. In order to balance reactivity and global performance, our approach accepts configurations in which some myopic behaviors are reduced and others are accepted. Our approach was instantiated to control the assembly cell at Valenciennes AIPPRIMECA center. Simulation results showed that the proposed architecture reduces myopic behavior whereby it strikes a balance between reactivity and global performance. The real implementation on the assembly cell verified the effectiveness of our approach under realistic dynamic scenarios, and promising results were obtained
Evaluation des performances d'un système de localisation de véhicules de transports guidés fondé sur l'association d'une technique radio ULB et d'une technique de retournement temporel. by Bouna Fall( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In guided transport, the precise location of trains is vital for nominal operation of the transport system. In a propagation environment such as a railway line, an effective location sensor is complex to design and validate since it must operate in the presence of many fixed and mobile obstacles constituted by the infrastructure and the trains. In this thesis, to design such a sensor, we propose the use of so-called spectral diversity techniques also found under the name of Ultra Wideband radio (UWB). In this work, the latter is also associated with the Time Reversal (TR) technique to take advantage of the complex propagation environment. The objective is to obtain a reliable and robust location of rail vehicles by focusing UWB signals to antennas or ground trains. Theoretical studies combined with simulations were performed on the properties of energy focusing of TR technique taking into account several parameters related to antennal configurations, propagation channels and the railway environment. The contribution of TR on the accuracy of the positioning system was quantified by comparing the conventional UWB positioning system alone and then, combining it with TR. The theoretical results and simulations of the proposed solution have been validated by experiments carried out in an anechoic chamber and in indoor environment
Contribution à l'évaluation de sûreté de fonctionnement des architectures de surveillance/diagnostic embarquées. Application au transport ferroviaire by Jean Gandibleux( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the railway transport, rolling stock cost and availability are major concern. To optimise the maintenance cost of the railway transport system, one solution consists in better detecting and diagnosing failures. Today, centralized monitoring/diagnosis architectures reach their limits. Innovation is therefore necessary. This technological innovation may be implemented with embedded distributed and communicating monitoring/diagnosis architectures in order to faster detect and localize failures and to make a validation with respect to the train operational context.The present research work, carried out as part of the SURFER FUI project (french acronym standing for railway active monitoring) lead by Bombardier, aim to propose a methodology to assess dependability of monitoring/diagnosis architectures. To this end, a caracterisation et une modélisation génériques des monitoring/diagnosis architectures based on the stochastic Petri Nets have been proposed. These generic models take into account communication networks (and the associated failure modes), which constitutes a central point of the studied monitoring/diagnosis architectures. The proposed models have been edited and theoretically validated by simulation. A sensitiveness of the monitoring/diagnosis architectures to parameters has been studied. Finally, these generic models have applied to a real case of the railway transport, train passenger access systems, which are critical in term of availability and diagnosability
Système décisionnel dynamique et autonome pour le pilotage d'un hélicoptère dans une situation d'urgence by Konstanca Nikolajevic( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the aeronautics industrial context, the issues related to the safety constitute a highly differentiating factor. This PhD thesis addresses the challenge of operational type accident reduction. The research works are positioned and considered within the context of existing alerting equipments for collision avoidance, who don't report a thorough analysis of the avoidance manoeuvres with respect to a possible threat. Indeed, in-flight emergency situations are various and do not all have a formal representation of escape procedures to fall back on. Much of operational accident scenarios are related to human mistakes. Even if systems providing assistance already exist, the dynamic generation of a sequence of manoeuvres under high constraints in an unknown environment remain a news research axis, and a key development perspective. In order to address this problematic and make the notion of danger objective, the research works presented in this thesis confront the capabilities of evolution of an aircraft in its immediate environment with possible physical constraints. For that purpose, the study has conducted to generate a module for trajectory generation in the 3D space frame, capable of partitioning and exploring the space ahead and around the aircraft. This has allowed to draw conclusions in terms of flexibility of escape manoeuvres on approach to the terrain. Besides, the elicitation of the Airbus Helicopters (former Eurocopter) experts knowledge put in emergency situations, for reconstituted accident scenarios in simulation, have permitted to derive a certain number of criteria and rules for parametrising the multicriteria method PROMETHEE II in the process for the relative decision-making of the best avoidance trajectory solution. This has given clues for the generation of new alerting rules to prevent the collisions
Outils de commande avancés pour les applications automobiles by Tran Anh-Tu Nguyen( )

1 edition published in 2013 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cette thèse est consacrée au développement de techniques de commande avancées pour des classes de systèmes non linéaires en général et pour des applications automobiles en particulier.Pour répondre au besoin du contrôle moteur, la première partie propose des nouveaux résultats théoriques sur la technique de commande non linéaire à base de modèles de type Takagi-Sugeno soumis à la saturation de la commande. La saturation de la commande est traitée en utilisant sa représentation polytopique ou une stratégie anti-windup.La deuxième partie porte sur la commande du système d'air d'un moteur turbocompressé à allumage commandé. Deux approches originales sont proposées. Dans la première, l'outil théorique concernant les modèles Takagi-Sugeno à commutation développé dans la première partie est directement appliqué. La seconde approche est basée sur une commande linéarisante robuste. L'originalité de ces approches multivariables consiste dans sa simplicité de mise en œuvre et son efficacité par rapport à celles qui existent dans la littérature.La dernière partie vise à développer des stratégies pour la gestion énergétique des systèmes électriques d'un véhicule obtenues en se basant sur le Principe du Minimum de Pontryagin. À cet effet, deux approches sont considérées : l'approche hors ligne d'optimisation utilisant les informations du futur concernant les conditions de roulage et l'approche en ligne qui est adaptée de la précédente. Ensuite, ces deux approches sont implémentées et évaluées dans un simulateur avancé
Modélisation agent de la perception visuelle humaine limitée appliquée à la simulation du comportement des conducteurs en carrefour by Utku Görkem Ketenci( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In the context of traffic modeling, we need some improvements in order to allow to simulate the near accident situations. The most actual agent based traffic simulations tools focuse on the decision activity of drivers. However, the activity of perception is an important precondition of decision. We aim to propose new solutions for agent based modeling of human drivers perception. The proposition include a double activity of perception (passive and active), coupled with a quantitative limitation of percepts (depending on the limit of short term memory). The model has been implemented and tested in the context of a crossroad for which we have a set of observation data. The obtained results confirm the interest of the model to simulate the behaviors of drivers more realistically, and to improve interindividual variations in the driver population
Optimisation aérothermique d'un alternateur à pôles saillants pour la production d'énergie électrique décentralisée by Augusto Salomao Bornschlegell( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work relates the thermal optimization of an electrical machine. The lumped method is used to simulate the temperature field. This model solves the heat equation in three dimensions, in cylindrical coordinates and in transient or steady state. We consider two transport mechanisms: conduction and convection. The evaluation of this model is performed by means of 13 design variables that correspond to the main flow rates of the equipment. We analyse the machine cooling performance by varying these 13 flow rates. Before starting the study of such a complicated geometry, we picked a simpler case in order to better understand the variety of the available optimization tools. The experience obtained in the simpler case is applyed in the resolution of the thermal optimization problem of the electrical machine. This machine is evaluated from the thermal point of view by combining two criteria : the maximum and the mean temperature. Constraints are used to keep the problem consistent. We solved the problem using the gradient based methods (Active-set and Interior-Point) and the Genetic Algorithms
Modélisation et surveillance de systèmes Homme-Machine : application à la conduite ferroviaire by Nedjemi Djamel Eddine Rachedi( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The scope of the thesis is the monitoring of human-machine systems, where the operator is the driver of rail-based transportation system. Our objective is to improve the security of the system preventing and avoiding factors that increase the risk of a human error. Two major problems are identified: characterization, or how to determine indicative and discernible phases of driver's activity and representation, or how to describe and codify driver's actions and its repercussions on the rail system in a mathematical formalism that will allow unequivocal analysis. In order to bring a solution to those problems, we propose, first-of-all, a behavioral model of the human operator representing his control behavior in continuous-time. To consider inter- and intra-individual differences of human operators and situation changes, we propose a transformation of the latter behavioral model in a new space of representation. This transformation is based on the theory of Hidden Markov Models, and on an adaptation of a special pattern recognition technique. Then, we propose a discrete-time behavioral modeling of the human operator, which represents his actions and takes account of errors and unexpected events in work environment. This model is inspired by cognitive models of human operators. These two aspects allow us to interpret observables with respect to reference situations in order to characterize the overall human operator state. Different information sources are considered; as a result the data are heterogeneous and subject to measuring uncertainties, needing a robust data fusion approach that is performed using a Bayesian Network. Finally, the proposed modeling and fusion methodologies are used to design a reliable and unintrusive vigilance system. This system can interpret driving behaviors and to detect driver's risky states in order to prevent drowsiness. The theoretical study was tested in simulation to check the validity. Then, a feasibility study was conducted using data obtained during experiments on the LAMIH laboratory railroad platform "COR&GEST". These results allowed us to plan and implement experiments to be conducted on the future multimodal driving simulator "PSCHITT-PMR"
Couplage modal pour la reproduction de la cinématique d'une aile d'insecte et la génération de portance d'un nano-drone bio-inspiré by Damien Faux( )

1 edition published in 2018 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

This work in the Nano-Air Vehicle field aims to design a small flying object directly inspired by the nature. For this purpose, a state of the art has been performed on insects flight mecanisms and has reviewed the overall artificial flapping wings solutions developped until today. The result of this analysis is on one hand, that insects use a specific wing kinematics which relies on a flapping motion and a twisting motion coupled in a quadrature phase shift and on the other hand, that the existing Nano-Air Vehicles do not exploit the dynamic behavior of their artificial wings to produce lift. The proposed concept in this research is a departure from those other works. It consists of a vibratory coupling in a quadrature phase shift of a flapping and a twisting mode applied on flexible artificial wings in order to reproduce a kinematics close to the insects ones with a single actuator. The used methodology resulted in the development of an analytic modeling which neglects the aerodynamic forces to calculate the dynamic behavior and dimension the prototype structure. Simulations highlighted the existence of eigen modes of the wings structure whose modal shapes match with the wanted flapping and twisting motion. Noteworthy fact, an optimization allowed to get those modes close in frequency while keeping a non-neglectible amplitude in such a way as to couple them and obtain the expected kinematics. The produced lift force is then estimated with an aeroelastic modeling which has shown that the maximum lift is obtained for two frequencies which provide a quadrature phase shift between the two modes. Those results are then validated by experimental measurements performed on a specific bench made according to the constraints due to the prototype in terms of sensitivity and dynamic behavior. The different generations of prototypes tested are produced with microfabrication process, allowing to integrate a wing membrane in parylene with a thickness comparable to the one existing in insects. The conclusion of this study is that we now have a prototype able to compensate its weight
Films pi?zo?lectriques sans plomb par une approche sol gel et applications potentielles dans les MEMS by Sara Abou Dargham( )

1 edition published in 2016 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Lead based materials are widely used in microelectronic industry due to their ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties. However, due to lead toxicity, it has recently desired to develop lead-free piezoelectric materials for environmental protection. The aim of this work is to synthesize a lead-free piezoelectric material by sol-gel method: Bi0.5Na0.5TiO3. BNT films were deposited by spin coating on Pt/TiOx/SiO2/Si substrate. The films were dried at 100?C on a hot-plate after each layer deposition. Rapid thermal process (RTP) was used for the densification and crystallization of BNT films. Thus a pyrolysis step is applied to densify the dried film; the temperature was set at 200?C. The film annealed at 700?C is well crystallized in the perovskite phase. Macroscopic and local electrical characterizations showed promising dielectric, ferroelectric and piezoelectric properties
Modèle viscoélastique-viscoplastique couplé avec endommagement pour les matériaux polymères semi-cristallins by Romain Balieu( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Polymer materials are widely used for structural applications in the automotive sector and their behaviours are complex and require accurate models for finite element simulations. Polymer materials exhibit rate and time dependent behaviours. The rate dependency can be observed by an increase of the stiffness and the yield stress at increasing strain rate. The long time to recover the zero stress after solicitation of the material highlight the time dependent behaviour. Furthermore, particularly for filled polymers, the cavitation phenomenon cause the creation and growth of micro-voids and microcracks called damage and leads to volume change during the deformation. In this work, a behaviourmodel for mineral filled semi-crystalline polymer used in automotive industry is developed. A constitutive viscoelastic-viscoplastic non-associated model coupled with nonlocal damage is proposed in order to simulate the phenomena observed experimentally. In the constitutive model, a non symmetric yield surface is used to take the hydrostatic pressure into account. The non associated viscoplasticity coupled with damage leads to the non-isochoric viscoplastic deformation characterised experimentally. The material parameters arise from experimental tests carried out under various loadings and strain rates. For these experimental tests, different measurement techniques like Digital Image Correlation and optical extensometry are used for the displacements and the strain field measurements. The good agreement between the experimental data and the numerical simulations highlights the accuracy of the developed model for polymer modelling
Modélisation numérique d'assemblage soudé par laser de châssis pour sièges de voiture, sous sollicitations dynamiques by Waseem Arif( )

1 edition published in 2017 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nowadays environmental policies have become more strict towards the automotive industry to reduce the CO2 emission, therefore lightweight structures using high strength materials have become of great interest. Two different FE models namely "Solid Refine Model" (SRM) and "Shell Coarse Model" (SCM) have been developed and are being used as standard models by Faurecia Automotive Seating (Caligny). The SRM is capable to predict accurately the local welding behavior but unfortunately, due to its high computational cost, the SRM is not suitable for a full car seat modeling. On the other hand, the SCM is computationally efficient but it cannot predict the weld line behaviour. The aim of the present thesis is to develop a multimaterial FE model within the Ls-dyna commercial software, which will enhance the SCM to allow the accurate prediction of weld line behavior until failure with a reasonable computational cost. The standard quadrilateral shell FE is developed and enriched using a recently developed method called the "Interpolation Covers Method" (ICM) to capture the solution gradients accurately without mesh refinement. An elasto-plastic material model is developed within Ls-dyna commercial software which takes into account two different materials namely BM and HAZ inside a single shell element. The Generalized Incremental Stress State dependent damage Model has been implemented as a UMAT within Ls-dyna commercial software to predict the weld line failure in SCM. The different developments have allowed the SCM to become able to predict the complex behavior of the welded line accurately until failure, at low computational cost compatible with the industrial needs
Évaluation sur simulateur de conduite du comportement humain en situation de pré-crash : application à l'amélioration des airbags by Frédéric Robache( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les constructeurs automobiles sont tenus de respecter des minima sécuritaires vérifiés lors de crash-tests normalisés, d'où un nombre de scénarios de tests limité ne tenant pas compte des particularités individuelles. Ce mémoire propose d'évaluer le comportement humain réel en phase de pré-crash sur simulateur de conduite. L'expérimentation, intégrant un scénario d'accident difficilement évitable, a permis d'étudier le comportement de 76 conducteurs dont 40 sur simulateur dynamique. Pour ce groupe, 43 voies de mesures centrées sur le conducteur ont été intégrées au protocole. Parmi les résultats obtenus, on retiendra la possible détection précoce de l'accident, pour la moitié des conducteurs, sur la base de leur interaction avec le véhicule. Les manœuvres d'évitement amènent 25% des sujets à positionner l'avant-bras devant le volant au moment de l'impact. Cette situation peut compromettre l'efficacité des airbags, ce qui est vérifié sur banc statique, par le déploiement d'airbags face à un mannequin de type Hybrid III-50%. La projection du bras entraine un impact de 120g à la tête. De plus, l'intégration de membres supérieurs issus de SHPM montre que la situation provoque des fractures de l'avant-bras. Un modèle numérique a été conçu pour estimer les effets de la position atypique lors d'un crash frontal à 50km/h. L'accélération de la tête atteint 270g, synonyme de risques lésionnels élevés. Enfin, une modification technologique des airbags est proposée, basée sur l'hypothèse que la détection à distance peut permettre un déclenchement anticipé et plus lent des airbags. Testée expérimentalement et numériquement, cette évolution permet de respecter les critères lésionnels
Stratégie numérique et expérimentale pour la maîtrise des dégradations des outillages en mise en forme à froid by Kévin Le Mercier( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Cold forming of aluminium alloys can be limited by a severe material transfer to the die surfaces, compromising the process viability. The purpose of this research work is to contribute to a broader understanding of the galling mechanisms which would further allow the optimisation of the forming processes of an Al-Mg-Si alloy. A methodology combining experimental and numerical approaches is introduced in order to build up a database of surface degradations indicators. The experimental approach is carried out by means of upsetting-sliding tests which reproduce a wide range of contact conditions experienced at the tool/workpiece interface during cold forming operations. To evaluate the amounts of adhered material on the tools of each test configuration, surface topography acquisitions are performed by optical profilometry and coupled to scanning electron microscope analyses. Axisymmetric compression tests are carried out by means of the GLEEBLE 3500 thermomechanical simulator to determine the deformation behaviour of the Al-Mg-Si alloy at high strains, in the temperature range of 298 to 423 K and strain rates of 0.1 and 1 s¡1. A constitutive model based on both the Mechanical Threshold Stress model and the analysis of the work-hardening rate is proposed and then implemented in a finite element code. A finite element simulation of the upsetting-sliding test, which is a thermomechanical analysis using the arbitrary lagrangian-eulerian formulation, is introduced. The local contact variables such as the contact pressure and the sliding velocity are evaluated through this simulation and allow a better understanding of the galling mechanisms observed experimentally. Finally, a post-processing program, which analyses the results of the finite element simulation and updates the tool shape according to the amount of adhered material determined experimentally, is developed. A wear model based on the friction work is introduced. This model is a good indicator of the galling tendency and allows a first approximation of this mechanism
Étude et modélisation du comportement en compression du bois sous sollicitations d'impacts by Jérémy Wouts( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Wood is a natural cellular material, which is widely and advantageously used as shock absorber for the transport of radioactive materials. Accident situations are evaluated based on the 9 m drop test, which allows us to observe the complex crushing behavior of wood. A compressive experimental study is conducted on spruce and beech wood species over a large range of strain rates (from 0.001 to 600 s-1) to investigate the effect of the loading direction and of two extreme lateral confinements. The longitudinal direction is the most sensitive to the effect of strain rate and of lateral confinements which have significant consequences on the energy absorption. Besides, the experimental investigation can be adapted to various wood species with very different mechanical properties. A strain rate dependent elastoplastic model with transversal isotropy is developed using multi-scale and micromechanics techniques. The elastic macroscopic properties of wood are estimated with a Mori-Tanaka scheme and information extracted from the microstructure. The Gurson type criterion based on the micromechanical approach of the ductile damage is used in order to describe the non linear behavior of wood, its densification regime and its compressibility as well. Additionally, uncoupled degradation parameters are applied to reproduce the failure mechanisms involved in the longitudinal response. A simplified description of wood is used within the modeling and the numerical results exhibit the good ability of the model to reproduce the various wood responses during an accident situation
Modélisation du comportement des composites stratifiés à préformes textiles avec prédiction du délaminage pour des simulations d'impact by Sylvain Treutenaere( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Les composites à matrice organique et renforcés par des préformes textiles (CMORT) sont en passe d'être déployés sur les véhicules de grandes séries pour réduire leur poids. Lorsqu'ils sont soumis à des impacts basse vitesse ces matériaux présentent des comportements complexes qui doivent être précisément modélisés et prédis au moyen de simulations par éléments finis. Dans ce but, un modèle matériau a été développé et implémenté dans un code éléments finis commercial. Soumis à un impact basse vitesse, un CMORT présente quatre mécanismes physiques majeurs qui altèrent la rigidité initiale du matériau : fissuration matricielle intralaminaire, rupture des fibres, délaminage et sensibilité à la vitesse de déformation. L'endommagement matriciel est modélisé grâce à un modèle constitutif reposant sur la mécanique de l'endommagement des milieux continus. Basé sur l'Onera Damage Model, il prend en compte les mécanismes de friction aux abords des fissures. La sensibilité à la vitesse de déformation est introduite au moyen d'un modèle de Maxwell généralisé. Ensuite, un critère de rupture est utilisé pour prédire l'initiation de la rupture des fibres et l'endommagement des fibres qui en découle est régularisé par l'utilisation d'un modèle de rupture progressive. Finalement, afin de prédire précisément le comportement hors-plan d'un stratifié, le calcul d'une distribution de déformation réaliste à travers l'épaisseur est réalisé au niveau du modèle matériau. Cette modélisation est capable de prendre en compte les effets du délaminage en utilisant seulement un élément coque. De plus, l'intégralité du modèle est formulé suivant la description Lagrangienne totale afin d'assurer l'objectivité et la cohérence matérielle durant la simulation. La procédure d'identification, ainsi que les tests de validation et les corrélations essais/simulations sont décrits pour chaque mécanisme physique. Enfin, le modèle est évalué au travers de la prédiction du comportement d'une structure automobile industrielle
Echanges d'intervalles. Equations cohomologiques et distributions invariantes by Hadda Hmili( )

1 edition published in 2012 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In this thesis, we study two subjects, which are priori different but are within the scopeof dynamical systems: interval exchange, the resolution of cohomological equationsand the explicit description of invariant distributions by a diffeomorphism on a compactLie group.1. We prove a criterion for the existence of continuous non constant eigenfunc-tions for interval exchange transformations which are non topologically weakly mixing.We first construct, for any m > 3, uniquely ergodic interval exchange transforma-tions of Q-rank 2 with irrational eigenvalues associated to continuous eigenfunctionswhich are not topologically weakly mixing; this answers a question of Ferenczi andZamboni [5]. Moreover we construct, for any even integer m ? 4, interval exchangetransformations of Q-rank 2 with both irrational eigenvalues (associated to continuouseigenfunctions) and non trivial rational eigenvalues (associated to piecewise continu-ous eigenfunctions); these examples can be chosen to be either uniquely ergodic ornon minimal.2. We prove that an affine interval exchange, whose slopes are integer powers ofthe same integer n, and whose cuts and their images are rational, has a very simpledynamic: all its orbits are proper and it has a periodic orbit or a periodic cycle.3. A third section deals with two analytic questions on a connected compact Liegroup G. i) Let a ? G and denote by ? the diffeomorphism of G given by ?(x) = ax(left translation by a). We give necessary and sufficient conditions for the existenceof solutions of the cohomological equation f ? f ? ? = g on the Fr?echet space C?(G)of complex C? functions on G. ii) When G is the torus Tn, we compute explicitly thedistributions on Tn invariant by an affine automorphism ?, that is, ?(x) = Ax+a withA ? GL(n, Z) and a ? Tn.4. We apply the results of the preceding section to describe the infinitesimaldeformations of a foliation obtained by suspension of a translation associated to anelement on a compact Lie group
Étude et optimisation aérothermique d'un alterno-démarreur by Pierre-Olivier Jandaud( )

1 edition published in 2013 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The goal of this thesis is the aero-thermal study and optimization of a starter-alternator used in hybrid cars. This kind of machines being more powerful than a regular alternator, their cooling is critical. The machine is modeled using lumped method in steady state which uses networks of thermal conductances. The inputs for the model are obtained using correlations from bibliography for the convective heat transfers and three dimensional CFD for the flow rates inside the machine. The numerical results are validated by experimental results with PIV for the fluid results and a machine fitted with thermocouples for the thermal part. In the second part, the thermal code is coupled with an optimization algorithm to obtain an optimal geometry of the machine from a thermal point of view. The method chosen is Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO). The parameters are the sizes of the end-windings, the positions of the fans and the cross section of the rotor channels. For different objectives, different optimal geometries are obtained. The last part of this work aims at the multi-objectives optimization of a heat sink located at the back of the machine. The heat sink has to be thermally efficient but should not affect the flow. Different shapes of fins are also studied
Analyse des structures des écoulements et des instabilités développées par un rideau d'air cisaillé latéralement par un courant externe : application au cas des meubles frigorifiques de vente by Ahmed Kaffel( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

In this study, the aerodynamic behavior of the plane wall jet (Re = 8000) sheared laterally by an external lateral stream (ELS) of a uniform velocity profile (Ulf) was studied and analyzed. The experiments were carried out by PIV and LDV on a reduced-scale isothermal aeraulic model of a refrigerated display cabinet. The study focuses on the near-field region of the jet (x / e <10) which corresponds to the zone of transition to turbulence and onset and development of instabilities. The results obtained with and without perturbation showed a significant decrease in the entrainment rate, a strong decrease in the maximum velocity decay rate, a lower jet expansion and an overall increase in the values of second order moments of the Reynolds stress components. The time-resolved PIV analysis (10 kHz) shows a distorted and elongated topology of the Kelvin-Helmholtz (K-H) structures for (Ulf = 0,5 ms-1) and a detached topology for (Ulf = 1 ms-1). The results of the mutual interaction between the inner and outer layers indicate that the ELS partially breaks the vortex dipole formation mechanism which becomes irregular and less predictive, leading to the elongation of the transitional region and a lag effect in the beginning of the self-similarity region. POD technique reveals the role of the ELS in redistributing energy between the modes. The ELS also affects the K-H instabilities by disrupting their two-dimensional organization, topology, alignment and shedding frequency, highlighting the inhibitory effect exerted on the development of primary structures. The spatial correlations Rvv reflect the decrease of the length scales in the case of a perturbed jet
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Alternative Names
COMUE Lille Nord de France

Pôle de recherche et d'enseignement supérieur Université Lille Nord de France

PRES Université Lille Nord de France

Ülikool Lille Université Lille Nord de France (Prantsusmaa)

Univarsitè Lile Nord Franche Univarsitè Lile

Universidad de Lille Nord-de-France Universidad (Francia)

Universitatea din Lille Universitatea Franceză

Université Lille Nord de France

Université Lille Nord de France Forskning Universitet Lille (Frankrig)

Université Lille Nord de France Francia egyetemei

Université Lille Nord de France Sveučilište u Lilleu Francuska

Université Lille Nord de France Universidade de Lille (França)

Université Lille Nord de France Università (Lille, Francia)

Université Lille Nord de France Universitat de Lille

Université Lille Nord de France Universitat de recerca Lilla (França)

Université Lille Nord de France Universität Lille (Frankreich)

Université Lille Nord de France universitāte Lille

Université Lille Nord de France Universitato Lille Nordo de Francio

Université Lille Nord de France Üniversite Lille Fransa

Université Lille Nord de France Universiteit in Frankrijk

Université Lille Nord de France Universiteit Rysel Noord-Vrankryk

Université Lille Nord de France Universitet Frankrike

Université Lille Nord de France University of Lille (France)

Université Lille Nord de France Uniwersytet Francuska

Université Lille Nord de France 대학 프랑스

Université Lille Nord de France 大学 フランス

Universite Lille Nord de France 大學 里尔 法国

Universitet Lille Frankrike Université Lille Nord de France

Univerzita v Lille Université Lille Nord de France (Francie)

Yliopisto Lillen Université Lille Nord de France (Ranska)

πανεπιστήμιο της Λιλ Γαλλία

Лілльський університет Université Lille Nord de France (Франція)

Лільскі ўнівэрсытэт

Универзитет на Лил

Университет Лилля — Северной Франции Université Lille Nord de France (Франция)

Университета в Лил Université Lille Nord de France (Франция)

جامعة ليل فرنسا

دانشگاه لیل فرانسه دانشگاه

ჩრდილოეთ საფრანგეთის ლილის უნივერსიტეტი

法国里尔北方的大学 位于北法国里尔的综合性大学 Université Lille Nord de France

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