60f Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni [WorldCat Identities]
WorldCat Identities

Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni

Overview
Works: 14 works in 16 publications in 2 languages and 54 library holdings
Roles: Author, Contributor, Other
Classifications: LB2362.M4, 150
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells
Music, Brain, and Rehabilitation : Emerging Therapeutic Applications and Potential Neural Mechanisms by Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells( Book )

2 editions published in 2016 in Undetermined and English and held by 33 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Music is an important source of enjoyment, learning, and well-being in life as well as a rich, powerful, and versatile stimulus for the brain. With the advance of modern neuroimaging techniques during the past decades, we are now beginning to understand better what goes on in the healthy brain when we hear, play, think, and feel music and how the structure and function of the brain can change as a result of musical training and expertise. For more than a century, music has also been studied in the field of neurology where the focus has mostly been on musical deficits and symptoms caused by neurological illness (e.g., amusia, musicogenic epilepsy) or on occupational diseases of professional musicians (e.g., focal dystonia, hearing loss). Recently, however, there has been increasing interest and progress also in adopting music as a therapeutic tool in neurological rehabilitation, and many novel music-based rehabilitation methods have been developed to facilitate motor, cognitive, emotional, and social functioning of infants, children and adults suffering from a debilitating neurological illness or disorder. Traditionally, the fields of music neuroscience and music therapy have progressed rather independently, but they are now beginning to integrate and merge in clinical neurology, providing novel and important information about how music is processed in the damaged or abnormal brain, how structural and functional recovery of the brain can be enhanced by music-based rehabilitation methods, and what neural mechanisms underlie the therapeutic effects of music. Ideally, this information can be used to better understand how and why music works in rehabilitation and to develop more effective music-based applications that can be targeted and tailored towards individual rehabilitation needs. The aim of this Research Topic is to bring together research across multiple disciplines with a special focus on music, brain, and neurological rehabilitation. We encourage researchers working in the field to submit a paper presenting either original empirical research, novel theoretical or conceptual perspectives, a review, or methodological advances related to following two core topics: 1) how are musical skills and attributes (e.g., perceiving music, experiencing music emotionally, playing or singing) affected by a developmental or acquired neurological illness or disorder (for example, stroke, aphasia, brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, aut
Educación para la carrera y diseño curricular : teoría y práctica de programas de educación para el trabajo( Book )

1 edition published in 1995 in Spanish and held by 6 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Neurophysiological correlates of reward processing and cognitive control in Borderline Personality Disorder patients with and without self-harm history by Daniel Vega Moreno( Book )

2 editions published between 2014 and 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

El trastorno límite de la personalidad (TLP) es un trastorno mental grave. Las profundas perturbaciones en la regulación del afecto y el control de los impulsos que se observa en estos pacientes han sido relacionadas con un pobre control inhibitorio prefrontal, lo que sugiere una desregulación de las redes fronto-límbicas responsables del control ejecutivo y el procesamiento de la recompensa. Esta tesis está dedicada al estudio del procesamiento de la recompensa y los mecanismos de control cognitivo en pacientes con TLP. En particular, se pretende examinar las posibles alteraciones en estas funciones cognitivas de orden superior mediante el uso de técnicas neurofisiológicas (resonancia magnética funcional: fMRI y Potenciales Evocados: ERP) y psicométricas, a fin de obtener una mejor comprensión de la fenomenología del TLP, y más concretamente, de las conductas autolesivas no suicidas (NSSI). Para este propósito, noventa y seis participantes, divididos en tres grupos (pacientes con TLP con los pacientes NSSI, BPD sin NSSI y controles sanos), fueron evaluados para su inclusión en el estudio. De esta muestra inicial, diferentes subgrupos de sujetos participaron en cuatro experimentos diferentes. En el primero, se analizaron dos componentes relacionadas con la recompensa en una muestra de dieciocho pacientes con TLP y dieciocho controles sanos mediante ERP. El segundo fue un estudio de fMRI en el que se estudiaron las regiones cerebrales relacionadas con el procesamiento de la recompensa en una muestra amplia de cuarenta pacientes con TLP (agrupados en función de la presencia o no de NSSI) y veinte controles sanos. En tercer lugar, se realizó un estudio de ERP en el que se analizó el procesamiento de errores en un grupo de treinta y cuatro pacientes con TLP (agrupados en función de la presencia de NSSI) y diecisiete controles sanos. Por último, la capacidad metacognitiva se evaluó en una muestra grande de treinta y seis sujetos con TLP y treinta y seis sujetos sanos. En resumen, los resultados obtenidos muestran que los pacientes con TLP presentan alteraciones relacionadas con el procesamiento de la recompensa. En concreto, estos pacientes presentan una disminución en la amplitud del componente Feedback Related Negativity y de la potencia de la actividad Theta. Además, los pacientes con TLP con NSSI presentan una mayor actividad en la corteza orbitofrontal en comparación con los pacientes con TLP sin NSSI y los controles sanos, asociada al procesamiento de la recompensa. Por otra parte, en relación con el control cognitivo, los mecanismos de monitorización del error están preservados en el TLP (incluso en aquellos con NSSI). Sin embargo, los pacientes con TLP muestran déficits en su capacidad metacognitiva de los procesos de autorregulación y control cognitivo implicados en sus actividades diarias. Todos estos resultados nos permiten una mejor comprensión del TLP y las NSSI, y sugieren nuevas líneas de investigación futuras
Atypical language organization in temporal lobe epilepsy revealed by a passive semantic paradigm by Júlia Miró( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Individual differences in error tolerance in humans: Neurophysiological evidences by Gonçalo Padrao( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Prognostic value of cortically induced motor evoked activity by TMS in chronic stroke: Caveats from a revealing single clinical case by Julià L Amengual( )

1 edition published in 2012 in English and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Estudio factorial y adaptacion de la escala de calidad de vida en la esquizofrenia (QLS) by Antonio Rodriguez Fornells( )

1 edition published in 1995 in Spanish and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Headstart for speech segmentation: a neural signature for the anchor word effect( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: Learning a new language is an incremental process that builds upon previously acquired information. To shed light on the mechanisms of this incremental process, we studied the on-line neurophysiological correlates of the so-called anchor word effect where newly learned words facilitate segmentation of novel words from continuous speech. Higher segmentation performance was observed for speech streams embedded with newly learned anchor words. The anchor words elicited an enhanced Stimulus-preceding negativity (SPN) component considered to be an index of expectation for incoming relevant information. Moreover, we confirmed a previously reported N400 amplitude increase for the to-be-segmented novel words, indicating a bottom-up learning process whereby new memory representations for the novel words emerge. We propose that the anchor word effect indexed by SPN reflects an expectation for an incoming novel word at the offset of the anchor word, thus facilitating the segmentation process. Highlights: Facilitatory effect on segmentation performance mediated by recently learned words. Modulation of the SPN component reflecting expectation for novel words to occur. Correlation between the SPN and behavioral performance. A reduction of expectancy is associated to word learning
Neurophysiological signatures of the body representation in the brain using Immersive Virtual Reality by Mar González Franco( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Exogenous capture of medial-frontal oscillatory mechanisms by unattended conflicting information( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract: A long-standing debate in psychology and cognitive neuroscience concerns the way in which unattended information is processed and influences goal-directed behavior. Although selective attention allows us to filter out task-irrelevant information, there is a substantial number of unattended, yet relevant, events that must be evaluated in a flexible manner so that appropriate behaviors can succeed. Here we inspected the extent to which unattended conflicting visual information, which cannot be consciously identified, influences behavior and activates medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) mechanisms of action-monitoring and regulation, traditionally associated with conscious control processes. To that end, we performed two experiments using a novel variant of the Eriksen flanker task in which spatial attention was manipulated, preventing the conscious identification of unattended visual events. The first behavioral experiment was conducted to validate the efficacy of the novel paradigm. In the second experiment, we evaluated electrophysiological correlates of mPFC activity (a frontocentral negative ERP component and medial-frontal theta oscillations) in response to attended and unattended conflicting events. The results of both experiments demonstrated that attended and unattended conflicting stimuli altered subjects' behavior in a similar fashion, i.e. slowing down their reaction times and increasing their error rates. Importantly, the results of the EEG experiment showed that unattended conflicting stimuli, similarly to attended conflicting stimuli, led to an increase in theta-related frontocentral ERP activity and medial-frontal theta power, irrespective of the degree of conscious representation of the sources of conflict. This study provides evidence that medial-frontal theta oscillations represent a neural mechanism through which the mPFC may suppress and regulate potentially inappropriate actions that are automatically triggered by conflicting environmental stimuli to which we are oblivious. Highlights: Does conflict-monitoring and regulation in the mPFC occur without conscious awareness? We examined mPFC theta oscillations to unattended (non-conscious) conflicting events. Non-conscious conflicting stimuli influenced behavior. Conscious and non-conscious conflicts trigger ERP activity and theta power in the mPFC. mPFC theta oscillations monitor and regulate inappropriate actions activated non-consciously
Towards an ecological approach to understanding the neurophysiological bases of human error-monitoring by Gonçalo Padrão( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

To err is certainly human. Detect and correct our errors are fundamental during our interaction with the outside world. Therefore, understanding the nature of the brain mechanisms involved in the flexible evaluation of human action and the adaptive changes that follow behavioral imperceptions is a basic goal of modern cognitive neuroscience. The study of the brain mechanisms of error-monitoring has advanced enormously during the last two decades, mostly due to the discovery of specific electrophysiological signals and neural networks that are sensitive to error commission, but also to conflicting, unexpected and undesired events, all requiring the implementation of cognitive control processes in order to optimize performance. Neuroimaging studies, for instance, have associated error-monitoring with the activity of a widespread network of brain regions, wherein the medial prefrontal cortex is a key neural hub for regulative aspects of action monitoring and cognitive control. Electrophysiological studies have also identified a family of negative ERP signals in medial-frontal regions which appear to be mainly orchestrated by neural oscillatory theta activity. This field has provided the grounding for a very interesting research program regarding high-order cognitive control, decision-making and learning processes. It is worth mentioning, though, that most of this research program has been mainly focus on the examination of action slips in fairly simple force-choice reaction time paradigms. In these contexts errors reflect no deliberated actions caused by perceptual or attentional lapses. However, in real life situations error forms are so widespread and its causes so diverse that a crucial challenge for cognitive neuroscientists concerns the development of methods and paradigms that allow the study of the neural bases of error-monitoring in broad ecological contexts that reproduce the complexity of everyday life situations in which humans are likely to commit errors. The present dissertation aims at providing new alternatives and contributions regarding this issue by addressing novel questions, developing new toolkits and bringing new ideas to study well described neural dynamics of error-monitoring in more extended and ecological contexts in which humans interact. Throughout this research I have combined electrophysiological tools, fundamentally event-related potentials (ERPs) and time-frequency analysis, with novel experimental paradigms in order to provide answers to questions that all over these years have remained elusive and difficult to address experimentally. This Thesis is composed by four studies which taking together put forward for consideration several ideas. First, there is a substantial amount of visual inputs that are processed outside the focus of overt attention, and not available for conscious access, that still activates mechanisms in medial prefrontal control networks related to conscious and attentional processes. Neural theta oscillatory activity may stand as a neurobiological mechanism by which the medial-frontal networks monitor and regulate inappropriate actions that are automatically triggered by environmental information to which we remain oblivious. Second, practice leads to functional changes in neurophysiological signatures associated with error-monitoring and error-awareness processes, which are crucial during the acquisition of new motor skills and learning. Third, self-generated errors and errors related to agency violations are evaluated by distinct neural networks. The medial-frontal cortex is crucial for the evaluation of the correctness of ones actions while the parietal cortex seems to be more involved in providing a coherent sense of the agency, or sense of control, over ones actions. Finally, different thresholds of error-tolerance in humans are related to different decisional processes and distinct patterns of cortical activity during the monitoring of redundant error feedback information in contexts involving rule-based decisions. These differences may reflect the externalization of distinctive cognitive schemas and standards of self-reinforcement to cope with errorful information in contexts requiring complex decision-making processes. I believe that the findings forward in this dissertation are important to validate current neurophysiological evidences and theories regarding human error processing and cognitive control processes and may offer a great contribution to understand the extent and depth to which the human error-monitoring system can be studied extended and ecological contexts
Event-related brain responses to morphological violations in Catalan by Antoni Rodriguez-Fornells( Book )

1 edition published in 1999 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Brain potential and functional MRI evidence for how to handle two languages with one brain by Antoni Rodríguez-Fornells( )

1 edition published in 2002 in English and held by 0 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

 
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Audience level: 0.74 (from 0.62 for Music, Bra ... to 1.00 for Brain pote ...)

Alternative Names
Antoni Rodriguez Fornells wetenschapper

Rodríguez, Antonio (Rodríguez Fornells)

Rodríguez Fornells, Antonio

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