WorldCat Identities

McIntosh, Robert

Overview
Works: 3 works in 3 publications in 1 language and 3 library holdings
Genres: Academic theses 
Roles: Other
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Robert McIntosh
The action of prism adaptation on intact visuospatial cognition : when time matters to space by Selene Schintu( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nous sommes fonctionnellement et structurellement asymétriques. La symétrie parfaite que nous expérimentons subjectivement en observant l'espace qui nous entoure est, dans une certaine mesure, une illusion. La cognition visuospatiale, comme indiqué par les tâches de bissection de lignes, est généralement biaisée à gauche chez les sujets sains et à droite suite à des lésions de l'hémisphère droit causant la Négligence Spatiale Unilatérale (NSU). Ces biais peuvent être modulés et l'adaptation prismatique (AP) a démontré sa capacité à réduire les symptômes de la NSU et à induire des comportements similaires à la NSU chez les individus sains. La question de savoir comment ce type d'adaptation sensorimotrice module la cognition spatiale est encore débattue. L'objectif de cette thèse était d'utiliser des approches comportementales et physiologiques, pour examiner les mécanismes sous-jacents des effets de l'AP sur la cognition visuospatiale d'individus sains. Dans une 1ère étude comportementale, nous avons observé la présence d'une dynamique temporelle des effets survenant après l'AP. Suite à ce premier résultat, nous avons testé sur une période de temps plus longue les effets faisant suite à l'AP déviant la vision vers la droite ou la gauche, et nous avons dévoilé, dans une 2ème étude, des dynamiques temporelles différentes en fonction de la direction de l'AP. Dans une 3ème étude, nous avons utilisé la stimulation magnétique transcrânienne pour étudier la physiologie sous-tendant la modulation visuospatiale efficacement induite par l'AP. Les résultats de cette thèse appellent à un raffinement des modèles actuels de l'action de l'AP sur la cognition visuospatiale
Vision, attention and action in posterior cortical atrophy and other dementias by Harriet Elizabeth Ingle( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Remote distractor effects in saccadic, manual and covert attention tasks by Antimo Buonocore( )

1 edition published in 2010 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The Remote Distractor Effect (RDE) is a robust phenomenon where a saccade to a lateralised target is delayed by the appearance of a distractor in the contralateral hemifield (Walker, Kentridge, & Findlay, 1995). The main aim of this thesis was to test whether the RDE generalises to response modalities other then the eyes. In Chapter 2, the RDE was tested on saccadic and simple manual keypress responses, and on a choice discrimination task requiring a covert shift of attention. The RDE was observed for saccades, but not simple manual responses, suggesting that spatially oriented responses may be necessary for the phenomenon. However, it was unclear whether distractor interference occurred in the covert task. Chapter 4 compared the effects of distractors between spatially equivalent tasks requiring saccadic and manual aiming responses respectively. Again, the RDE was observed for the eyes but not for the hands. This dissociation was also replicated in a more naturalistic task in which participants were free to move their eyes during manual aiming. In order to examine the time-course of distractor effects for the eyes and the hands, a third experiment investigated distractor effects across a wider range of target-distractor delays, finding no RDE for manual aiming responses at distractor delays of 0, 100, or 150 ms. The failure of the RDE to generalise to manual aiming suggests that target selection mechanisms are not shared between hand and eye movements. Chapter 5 further investigated the role of distractors during covert discrimination. The first experiment showed that distractor appearance did not interfere with discrimination performance. A second experiment, in which participants were also asked to saccade toward the target, confirmed the lack of RDE for covert discrimination while saccades were slower in distractor trials. The dissociation between covert and overt orienting suggests important differences between shifts of covert attention and preparation of eye movements. Finally, Chapter 6 investigated the mechanism driving the RDE. In particular it was assessed whether saccadic inhibition (Reingold & Stampe, 2002) is responsible for the increase in saccadic latency induced by remote distractors. Examination of the distributions of saccadic latencies at different distractor delays showed that each distractor produced a discrete dip in saccadic frequency, time-locked to distractor onset, conforming closely to the character of saccadic inhibition. It is concluded that saccadic inhibition underlies the remote distractor effect
 
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Audience level: 0.86 (from 0.77 for Remote dis ... to 0.96 for Remote dis ...)

Alternative Names
McIntosh, Rob

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