60f Amade Rovira, Roger [WorldCat Identities]
WorldCat Identities

Amade Rovira, Roger

Overview
Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 2 library holdings
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Roger Amade Rovira
Carbon nanotubes deposited by hot wire plasma CVD and water assisted CVD for energetic and environmental applications by Hussein Shahzad( )

1 edition published in 2014 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Nanoscience and Nanotechnology have experienced a tremendous growth in few years. Nanotechnologies are the design, characterization, production and application of structures, devices and systems by controlling shape and size at nanometer scale. Carbon exists in several forms, depending on how the carbon atoms are arranged, their properties vary. One of the carbon forms is carbon nanotubes, which are capped at each end by half of a fullerene, and have aroused great interest in the research community because of their exotic electrical, thermal and mechanical properties. MWCNTs and SWCNTs were discovered in 1991 and 1993, respectively, by Ijima. A single-wall carbon nanotube can be described as a graphene sheet rolled into a cylindrical shape so that the structure has one-dimensional axial symmetry. Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have unique characteristics that allow them to act as electrodes in charge storage devices, sensors and traps for pollutants, among others. On the one hand, for applications that require a certain amount of energy in pulse form, the traditional capacitors used in electronic circuits are not suitable because they cannot store enough energy in the volume and weight available. However, given the characteristics of CNTs that have a narrow size distribution, large specific surface area, low resistivity and high stability, CNTs have been regarded as a suitable material for electrodes in supercapacitors. On the other hand, the development of new systems, based in CNTs, which could overcome some of the current limitations in the capture of emerging pollutants in fluids, such as nanometric particles (being, moreover, difficult to detect) and organic pollutants at very low concentrations, is an additional objective of the present thesis. Water plasma and nitrogen plasma treatments were performed to remove amorphous carbon and to functionalize the surface of CNTs with different oxygen or nitrogen groups. Conditions of plasma treatments were optimized by adopting a Box-Wilson experimental design. Various microscopic and spectroscopic techniques were used to characterize the morphology, structure and elemental compositions before and after the plasma treatments. Electrochemical measurements show that water plasma treatment significantly increases the active surface area of CNTs, and nitrogen plasma is more effective to improve the charge transfer. Both nitrogen and water plasma raise the capacitance of CNTs notably in comparison to untreated CNTs. Manganese dioxide was deposited by galvanostatic method on untreated CNTs and plasma treated nanotubes. The MnO2 structure changes from nanoflower (as deposited) to needle like or to a layer coating on the surface of CNTs depending on the voltage applied during the cycling measurements. CNTs treated with 75 W plasma power and 10 Pa nitrogen pressure, and further functionalized with MnO2, exhibit the highest specific capacitance obtained in this thesis; 955 Fg-1 at 10 mVs-1. This value is almost 87% of the theoretical value for MnO2. The structural evolution of CNTs during water assisted growth has also been studied. The obtained length of CNTs was ̃800 µm on silicon wafer. Transfer of ultralong CNTs on conductive adhesive aluminum tape was carried out using a novel methodology that lowers the series resistance of the electrode. The specific capacitance of CNTs/Al increases from 87 to 148 Fg-1 for untreated and water plasma treated CNTs/Al, respectively. In addition, we found that for a successful and faster growth of CNTs on copper substrate, strong adhesion of the buffer layer (Al2O3) is essential. A multilayered setup (Cu/Ni/Ti/Al2O3) prior to catalyst deposition boosts the growth rate and quality of CNTs. Vertically-aligned CNTs were synthesized on quartz fiber filters for environmental applications. Three chlorinated VOCs; trichloroethylene, chloroform and 1,2-dichlorobenzene were used to study the adsorption/desorption properties of CNTs/QF. The ability to detect or remove organic pollutants increases after the water plasma treatment, which functionalizes the CNTs surface and removes the catalyst from the top of CNTs (inner cavities are available for use). We found that molecules with aromatic rings present stronger interactions with CNTs (Phi-stacking)
Carbon nanotubes grown on stainless steel for supercapacitor applications by Luis Fernando Pantoja Suárez( )

1 edition published in 2019 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

"The ability of humans to study, manipulate and understand matter at the nanoscale has enabled us to develop materials that can combine physical, chemical, optical, magnetic and mechanical properties that bulk materials do not possess. One of the materials that triggered interest in the world of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology was carbon nanotubes (CNTs). These nanostructures had already been reported more than forty years ago, but it is not until the beginning of the 90s that Dr. Sumio Iijima manages to produce them under stable conditions in his laboratory. From that time onwards, the resources devoted to the research and production of these carbon-based materials were on the rise. Although today they do not capture the same scientific interest as they did until 2010, their importance in the scientific world and especially in the market is relevant. In fact, since the technology for the production of CNTs on an industrial scale has matured, they are found in an infinite number of applications, such as reinforcing polymers, acting as scaffolds for the growth of artificial tissue, in the manufacture of conductive inks or as part of new generation battery electrodes and supercapacitors. It is precisely in this last application that scientific interest has been focused with special attention. Together with other carbon-based materials, such as graphene, they are excellent support materials for materials with high capacitance. Research groups and companies around the world are spending a lot of resources to obtain electrodes that have a three-dimensional architecture at the nanoscale and whose specific surface is high.In that sense, the objective of this work was to synthesize CNTs on the surface of a flexible and conductive material: 304 stainless steel. We focused on optimizing the growth processes by plasma enhanced chemical vapor Deposition (PECVD) and water assisted chemical vapor deposition (WACVD) with and without the contribution of external catalyst material. In addition, as will be seen in the development of this work there is an important effort to understand the effects that thermal processes, necessary for CNTs growth, produced on the properties of steel. Especially the influence on corrosion resistance, since the final use of stainless steel CNTs is the manufacture of electrodes exposed to corrosive environments."-- TDX
 
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Alternative Names
Roger Amade wetenschapper

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