WorldCat Identities

Abdel Baki, Zaher

Works: 2 works in 2 publications in 1 language and 3 library holdings
Roles: Author
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Zaher Abdel Baki
Glycérol: valorisation innovante by Zaher Abdel Baki( )

1 edition published in 2019 in French and held by 2 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Esters carboniques oléochimiques simples ou complexes co-formulants des agromatériaux by Zaher Abdel Baki( )

1 edition published in 2015 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

The main objective of this research work is to contribute to the development of oleo-chemicals as a new brand of co formulating agricultural inputs. The starting point of our research was the "toolbox" developed within LCA under the direction of Mr. Zéphirin Mouloungui since 1985, this box contains the work that was carried out on: - Glycerol chemistry by the implementation of the esterification reaction of glycerol with fatty acids to obtain pure monoglycerides as additives for phytosanitary co-formulants. - Chemistry of glycerol carbonate esters, which showed that the cyclocarbonate group include dipolar properties and high dielectric constant, excellent solvent capacity, and surfactant ability. - The oligomerization of glycerol carbonate chemistry with the aim to provide a strong candidate as agrochemical herbicide adjuvant, complexing agent and encapsulation. This original box tools and know-how accumulated LCA has led us to act on these earlier works while developing a new oligomerization chemistry of glycerol carbonate esters. This framework was initiated to meet the following specifications: • The molecules must be derived from renewable resources • They must be biodegradable and eco-friendly • They must be non-toxic. The physicochemical properties contributed by the carbonate esters of this toolkit must show a competitive vis-a-vis the properties of the fossil originated co-formulants which gathers up to 5 adjuvantatrice features: physical & chemical stability, quality of dispersion , improved water retention, improved spreading, reduction of wash-off and improving the penetration of biological barrier. Our research work relies on three research axes: 1 - Synthesis of pure cyclic carbonate esters. Glycerol carbonate esters have been prepared according to an operating protocol developed in the laboratory. The ECGs are: Acetate of glycerol carbonate, glycerol carbonate heptanoate, glycerol carbonate nonanoate, glycerol carbonate undecylenate, glycerol carbonate oleate. 2- Synthesis of Oligomers of glycerol carbonate esters (OECGs) We focused in this part on understanding the 5- membered ring-opening mechanism from glycerol carbonate esters, to obtain oligomers with controlled CO2 retention. Operational parameters such as the type of reactor, the type of heating and the reactor inerting were studied to determine the most suitable system. These studies have demonstrated the insertion coordination ring opening mechanism of 5 membered carbonate, a reaction which leads to oligomers with a carbonate - ether backbone with cyclic carbonate compounds of terminal groups and / or glycerol units. 3-Analysis and structural determination of the oligomers. Structural analysis of the synthesized oligomers (repeating units and end groups) was performed by mass spectroscopy MALDI-TOF-MS, ES and size exclusion chromatography. MALDI-TOF is useful in determining the repeating units in the oligomers having a molecular weight between 400 and 1500 g mol-1, while the electron-spray technique (ES = Electron spray) was used to determine the structure of molar mass units less than 400 g· mol -1. NMR spectroscopy has contributed to measure the linear carbonates units in the oligomers. In results, the new chemical synthesis methodologies to produce new bio-based and biodegradable oligomers, all respecting REACH regulation and agronomic performance are subject to filing four patents (Agronutrition / INRA / INPT
Audience Level
Audience Level
  Kids General Special  
Audience level: 0.96 (from 0.94 for Esters car ... to 0.97 for Glycérol: ...)

French (2)