WorldCat Identities

Chi, Michelene T. H.

Works: 1 works in 8 publications in 1 language and 78 library holdings
Roles: Author
Classifications: BF441,
Publication Timeline
Most widely held works by Michelene T. H Chi
Expertise in problem solving by Michelene T. H Chi( Book )

8 editions published in 1981 in English and held by 78 WorldCat member libraries worldwide

Based on the premise that the quality of domain-specific knowledge is the main determinant of expertise in that domain, an examination was made of the shift from considering general, domain-independent skills and procedures, in both cognitive psychology and artificial intelligence, to the study of the knowledge base. Empirical findings and theoretical models of research in physics problem-solving are detailed and summarized, followed by eight empirical studies indicating in general, the importance of differences in the knowledge bases of experts and of novices to their problem-solving success. Specifically, they show that: (1) it is difficult to use protocols of problem-solving episodes to illuminate the differences in the knowledge bases of experts and novices; (2) experts and novices perceive the problems themselves differently (novices respond to surface features of a problem while experts respond to its deep structure); (3) less successful novices have deficiencies in their declarative knowledge of physics; (4) novices tend to lack knowledge of when to use certain physics knowledge; and (5) deficiencies in knowledge appear to prevent novices at times from making key inferences for solving problems. These results and their implications for theories of intelligence are then discussed. (Author/JN)
Audience Level
Audience Level
  General Special  
Audience level: 0.00 (from 0.00 for Expertise ... to 0.00 for Expertise ...)

Alternative Names
Chi, M. T

Chi, Micki

치, 미켈렌 T. H