WorldCat Identities

Richter, Claudine

Overview
Works: 3 works in 3 publications in 2 languages and 3 library holdings
Roles: Opponent
Publication Timeline
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Most widely held works by Claudine Richter
Forest plant community as a driver of soil biodiversity: experimental evidence from collembolan assemblages through large-scale and long-term removal of oak canopy trees Quercus petraea( )

1 edition published in 2016 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Abstract : Plant-soil interactions are increasingly recognized to play a major role in terrestrial ecosystems functioning. However, few studies to date have focused on slow dynamic ecosystems such as forests. As they are vertically stratified by multiple vegetation strata, canopy tree removal by thinning operations could alter forest plant community through tree canopy opening. Very little is known about cascading effects on soil biodiversity. We conducted a large-scale, multi-site assessment of collembolan assemblage response to long-term canopy tree removal in sessile oak Quercus petraea temperate forests. A total of 33 experimental plots were studied covering a large gradient of canopy tree basal area, stand age and local abiotic contexts. Collembolan abundance strongly declined with canopy tree removal in early forest successional stage and this was mediated by negative effect of understory plant community composition changes, i.e. shift from moss and forb to tree seedling, fern, shrub and grass species. Negative effect of this composition shift on collembolan species richness was largely offset by positive effect of the increase in understory plant species richness. This gives support to both the plant mass-ratio and functional diversity hypotheses. Collembolan functional groups had contrasting response patterns, which were mediated by different ecological factors. Epedaphic (r-strategist) abundance and species richness increased with canopy tree removal in relation with the increase in understory plant species richness. In contrast, euedaphic (K-strategist) abundance and species richness declined with canopy tree removal in early forest successional stage in relation with changes in understory plant community composition and species richness, as well as microclimatic conditions. Overall, our study provides experimental evidence that forest plant community can be a strong driver of collembolan assemblages. It also emphasizes the role of trees as foundation species of forest ecosystems that can shape soil biodiversity through their regulation of understory plant community and ecosystem abiotic conditions
De la complexité fonctionnelle et écophysiologique des ressources lumières, azote et eau dans le réseau précoce d'interactions entre le jeune chêne (Quercus petraea) et deux Poacées (D. cespitosa et M. caerulea) : conséquences pour la régénération des chênaies tempérées by Antoine Vernay( )

1 edition published in 2017 in French and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Temperate forest ecosystems are prone to regeneration failures because of strong competition between understorey species and tree seedlings. This thesis aimed to improve our understanding of sessile oak seedlings (Quercus petraea) and poacea responses, both in competition among different levels of resource availabilities. Two poacea species were studied, Molinia caerulea and Deschampisa cespitosa. We focused on the role of the different resource combinations (light, water and inorganic nitrogen) on interaction variation (intensity and importance) between those species and underlying ecophysiological mechanisms. Our greenhouse and field experiments allowed us to infer a very early competition, from the first months of interaction between oak seedlings and poacea neighbours. High light level leads to stronger competition from poacea on oak seedlings, increased by nitrogen supply. Secondly nature and extent of these interactions depend on applied abiotic stress level and on considered organs. Thirdly Oak seedlings mainly respond by accumulating resources in coarse roots. These resources are remobilized next year and may have a positive carry-over effect on oak functioning if there is no water stress. Eventually we observed facilitation as well, from oak on D. cespitosa in fertilized environment. Nitrogen supply would foster oak seedling growth, increasing exudate production and root turn-over, to the benefit of D . cespitosa. The poacea would take up this extra nitrogen source for its own development. This study support the idea of including interaction effects of different abiotic factors in competition models. Silvicultural practices would also be enhanced by optimizing species coexistence in temperate forests as soon as tree seedlings and understorey species start to grow together
Forest management adaptation to climate change: a Cornelian dilemma between drought resistance and soil macro-detritivore functional diversity( )

1 edition published in 2015 in English and held by 1 WorldCat member library worldwide

Global warming induces new constraints on forest ecosystems and requires forest management adaptation. The reduction in stand density is currently debated as a potential tool to face increasing summer drought risk by improving forest resistance to climate change-induced tree mortality. However, few studies have yet assessed the impacts of this management change on soil biodiversity. We conducted a large-scale, multi-site assessment of the response of soil macro-detritivore assemblages and soil functioning to experimental manipulations of stand density. A total of 33 stands were studied covering a wide gradient of stand density, that is stand basal area from 2·5 to 43·7 m2 ha−1, stand age, that is 18-171 years old, and local abiotic context. We observed contrasting responses as a function of both taxonomic and functional groupings. Exploratory analysis using causal diagrams, that is path analysis, highlights that these changes were mainly related to alterations in understorey vegetation, microclimatic and soil pH conditions. The response of soil macro-detritivore assemblages to stand density manipulation was consistent over the gradient of stand ages. Among the litter-dwelling macro-detritivores, millipede abundance and diversity decreased with stand density reduction, while woodlice and epigeic earthworms were unaffected. Further, a shift in soil-dwelling earthworm community composition was observed in mull stands. Endogeic earthworm abundance showed a sharp increase with stand density reduction, which translated into an increase in soil respiration. In contrast, anecic earthworm abundance decreased and was strongly associated with a decline of the rate of forest floor turnover. Synthesis and applications. Our study provides strong evidence that reductions of stand density will have substantial impacts on soil macro-detritivore assemblages and cascading effects on soil functioning, particularly in mull stands. Managing stand density of oak forests at an intermediate level, that is 25 m2 ha−1, appears to be best to optimize the trade-off between improving forest resistance to climate change and ensuring the conservation of functional diversity to preserve forest ecosystem functioning and stability
 
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Audience level: 0.88 (from 0.87 for De la comp ... to 0.89 for Forest man ...)

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