Front cover image for Sociology : a down-to-earth approach

Sociology : a down-to-earth approach

Print Book, English, ©2007
Allyn & Bacon, Boston, ©2007
1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations (chiefly color), color maps ; 29 cm
9780205473052, 9780205407354, 0205473059, 0205407358
Each chapter concludes with “Summary and Review.” I. THE SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. 1. The Sociological Perspective. The Sociological Perspective.Sociology and the Other Sciences.Origins of Sociology.Values in Sociological Research.Verstehen and Social Facts.Sexism in Early Sociology.Sociology in North America.Theoretical Perspectives in Sociology.Trends Shaping the Future of Sociology.2. Culture. What Is Culture?Components of Symbolic Culture.Many Cultural Worlds: Subcultures and Countercultures.Values in U.S. Society.Cultural Universals.Technology in the Global Village.3. Socialization. What Is Human Nature?Socialization into the Self and Mind.Learning Personality, Morality, and Emotions.Socialization into Gender.Agents of Socialization.Resocialization.Socialization Through the Life Course.Are We Prisoners of Socialization?4. Social Structure and Social Interaction. Levels of Sociological Analysis.The Macrosociological Perspective: Social Structure.Social Institutions.The Microsociological Perspective: Social Interaction in Everyday Life.The Need for Both Macrosociology and Microsociology.5. How Sociologists Do Research. What Is a Valid Sociological Topic?Common Sense and the Need for Sociological Research.A Research Model.Research Methods.Gender in Sociological Research.Ethics in Sociological Research.How Research and Theory Work Together.II. SOCIAL GROUPS AND SOCIAL CONTROL. 6. Societies to Social Networks. Social Groups and Societies.The Transformation of Societies.Groups Within Society.Group Dynamics.7. Bureaucracy and Formal Organizations. The Rationalization of Society.Formal Organizations and Bureaucracy.Voluntary Associations.Working for the Corporation.Humanizing the Corporate Culture.U.S. and Japanese Corporations.8. Deviance and Social Control. What Is Deviance?The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective.The Functionalist Perspective.The Conflict Perspective.Reactions to Deviance.III. SOCIAL INEQUALITY. 9. Global Stratification. Systems of Social Stratification.What Determines Social Class?Why Is Social Stratification Universal?How Do Elites Maintain Stratification?Comparative Social Stratification.Global Stratification: Three Worlds.How Did the Worlds Nations Become Stratified?Maintaining Global Stratification.A Concluding Note.10. Social Class in the United States. What Is Social Class?Sociological Models of Social Class.Consequences of Social Class.Social Mobility.Intergenerational Social Mobility.Poverty.11. Sex and Gender. Issues of Sex and Gender.Gender Inequality in Global Perspective.How Females Became a Minority Group.Gender Inequality in the United States.Gender Inequality in Health Care.Gender Inequality in the Workplace.Gender and Violence.The Changing Face of Politics.Glimpsing the Future–With Hope.12. Race and Ethnicity. Laying the Sociological Foundation.Theories of Prejudice.Global Patterns of Intergroup Relations.Race and Ethnic Relations in the United States.Looking Toward the Future.13. The Elderly. Aging in Global Perspective.The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective.The Functionalist Perspective.The Conflict Perspective.Problems of Dependency.The Sociology of Death and Dying.Looking Toward the Future.IV. SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS. 14. The Economy. The Transformation of Economic Systems.The Transformation of the Medium of Exchange.World Economic Systems.The Functionalist View of the Globalization of Capitalism.The Conflict View of the Globalization of Capitalism.Work in U.S. Society.Facing the Future: Implications of Global Capitalism.15. Politics. Micropolitics and Macropolitics.Power, Authority, and Violence.Types of Government.The U.S. Political System.Who Rules the United States?War and Terrorism: A Means to Implement Political Objectives.A New World Order?16. The Family. Marriage and Family in Global Perspective.Marriage and Family in Theoretical Perspective.The Family Life Cycle.Diversity in U.S. Families.Trends in U.S. Families.Divorce and Remarriage.Two Sides of Family Life.The Future of Marriage and Family.17. Education. The Development of Modern Education.Education in Global Perspective.The Functionalist Perspective: Providing Social Benefits.The Conflict Perspective: Reproducing the Social Class Structure.The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective: Fulfilling Teacher Expectations.Problems in U.S. Education–and Their Solutions.18. Religion. What Is Religion?The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective.The Conflict Perspective.Religion and the Spirit of Capitalism.The Worlds Major Religions.Types of Religious Groups.Religion in the United States.The Future of Religion.19. Medicine and Health. Sociology and the Study of Medicine and Health.The Symbolic Interactionist Perspective.The Functionalist Perspective.The Conflict Perspective.Historical Patterns of Health.Issues in Health Care.Threats to Health.The Search for Alternatives.V. SOCIAL CHANGE. 20. Population and Urbanization. Population in Global Perspective.A Planet with No Space for Enjoying Life?Population Growth.Urbanization.The Development of Cities.Models of Urban Growth.City Life: Alienation and Community.Urban Problems and Social Policy.21. Collective Behavior and Social Movements. Collective Behavior.Early Explanations: The Transformation of the Individual.The Contemporary View: The Rationality of the Crowd.Forms of Collective Behavior.Social Movements.Types and Tactics of Social Movements.Why People Join Social Movements.On the Success and Failure of Social Movements.22. Social Change and the Environment. How Social Change Transforms Social Life.Theories and Processes of Social Change.How Technology Changes Society.The Growth Machine Versus the Earth.Online Chapter. The Sociology of Human Sexuality. What Does Sociology Have to Do with Sex?The Social Construction of Sexual Identity.The Incest Taboo: Social Control of Human Sexuality.Homosexuality: Gay and Lesbian Sexual Behavior.Heterosexuality.A Concluding Note.