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The challenges and opportunities of UN peacekeeping in Darfur

Over the past six decades, United Nations (UN) peace keeping operations have constituted one of the major components of the international security apparatus. Since its first mission in the UN Truce Supervision Operation (UNTSO) on the Arab-Israeli border in 1948, UN peace keeping has experienced both early successes in Guatemala, El Salvador, Mozambique, and Cambodia and a series of disastrous failures in Somalia, Rwanda, and Bosnia in the mid 1990s. Since the end of the Cold War, the UN organization has substantively transformed the peace operation process to adapt it to a newly emerging environment. Nevertheless, a major issue the UN is facing today is the extent to which it has the capacity to restore and keep the peace in the 21st century strategic environment. In this regard, this paper examines and studies the United Nations Mission in Darfur (UNAMID), as UNAMID is one of the most recent and significant missions. First, it will study the evolution of UN peacekeeping operations; second, address the nature and background of the conflict; third, address key issues related to the conflict; and finally, forecast the challenges and make policy recommendations to enhance the effectiveness of UN peace operations
Print Book, English, 2010
U.S. Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA, 2010