Front cover image for Judeus em Portugal durante a II Guerra Mundial : em fuga de Hitler e do Holocausto

Judeus em Portugal durante a II Guerra Mundial : em fuga de Hitler e do Holocausto

During the Nazi period, Portugal became a place of transit for thousands of Jewish refugees from Germany and from countries occupied by the Nazis, as well as for non-Jewish refugees. The Portuguese government was willing to allow entry to the country on condition that the refugees would not stay. Restrictions were introduced in 1938: a visa was issued for 30 days only, there was a prohibition on working, refugees were confined to refugee centers or specific areas of residence, and permission was given to diplomats to decide to whom to extend visas. Many who entered the country illegally or whose permits expired were arrested, expelled, or deported to Cabo Verde. Ch. 7 (pp. 317-350), "Portugal e o Holocausto. 1943-1944", deals with the stance of the Salazar regime to the Holocaust, in regard to the Jews of Portuguese origin. The government was informed about the atrocities committed against Jews by the Nazis, especially through its diplomats. Although it did not approve of the deeds of the Nazis, it did not take decisive action against the extermination, intent on preserving its neutrality. But Portuguese diplomats in France, Yugoslavia, Greece, and Hungary helped hundreds of Jews who claimed to have Portuguese origins, giving them passports or "protection passports". (From the Bibliography of the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism - The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Print Book, Portuguese, 2006
Esfera dos Livros, Lisboa, 2006