A companion to science, technology, and medicine in ancient Greece and Rome
Georgia L. Irby (Editor)
Scientific traditions are inextricably bound to the cultures which produce them. A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome brings together 60 essays that offer fresh perspectives on the study of ancient science, technology, and medicine as a product of their time and culture. Each chapter offers a clear and substantive introduction to the current state of knowledge in a given area, and points the way for new scholarship and discussion. This work covers the 1200 year period from 600 BCE to 600 CE, guiding readers from Thales through to the later Roman Empire. The work is organized in two halves: the first focuses on mathematical and natural science in the ancient world, as viewed from a modern perspective; the second focuses on cultural applications and interdisciplinary themes of these principles. Covering topics as diverse as physics, mathematics, healing, food science, travel, telling time, and more, A Companion to Science, Technology, and Medicine in Ancient Greece and Rome offers a comprehensive and invaluable resource to libraries, researchers, and scholars in a host of disciplines across the sciences and humanities. --Book Jacket
Print Book, English, 2016
Wiley Blackwell, Chichester, UK, 2016
volumes : illustrations ; 26 cm.
Volume I Contributor Biographies xi Abbreviations xix List of Figures and Maps xxiii Introduction 1 Part I Physics and Cosmogony 11 1 The Creation and Destruction of the World 13Andrew D. Gregory 2 Matter 29Daniel W. Graham 3 Motion and Energy 43Jean De Groot 4 Nature and the Divine 60Svetla Slaveva-Griffin Part II The Mathematical Sciences 77 5 Mathematics 79Reviel Netz 6 Astronomy 96Andrew D. Gregory 7 Astrology 114Kocku von Stuckrad 8 Ancient Optics: Theories and Problems of Vision 130Philip Thibodeau 9 Hydrostatics and Pneumatics in Antiquity 145Matteo Valleriani 10 The Science of Harmonics and Music Theory in Ancient Greece 16Sophie Gibson Part III E arth Sciences 179 11 Hydrology: Ocean, Rivers, and Other Waterways 181Georgia L. Irby 12 Classical Geology and the Mines of the Greeks and Romans 197Paul T. Craddock 13 Greco-Egyptian and Byzantine Alchemy 217Matteo Martelli 14 Meteorology 232Liba Taub 15 Geography 247Duane W. Roller Part IV L ife Sciences 263 16 Greek and Roman Botany 26M. Eleanor Irwin 17 Zoology 281Tiberiu Popa 18 "Ecology" in the ancient Mediterranean 296Georgia L. Irby, Robin McCall, and Anita Radini 19 The Failure of Evolutionary Thinking in Antiquity 313Devin Henry 20 Embryology 329James Wilberding Part V Healing and the Human Body 343 21 Anatomy and Physiology 345Julius Rocca 22 Gynecology 360Lauren Caldwell 23 Surgery 371Frederic Le BlayTranslated by Todd Black 24 Physicians and "Schools" 386Molly Jones-Lewis 25 Pharmacy 402Molly Jones-Lewis 26 Magic, Curses, and Healing 418Andrew D. Gregory 27 Healing Shrines 434Georgia Petridou 28 Regimen and Athletic Training 450Jason Koenig 29 Epidemiology and Pathology 465Efthymia Nikita, Anna Lagia, and Sevi Triantaphyllou 30 Psychology and Physiognomics 483Arnaud Zucker 31 Anthropology: Knowledge of Man 500Gordon Campbell VOLUME II Abbreviations xi List of Figures and Maps xv Part VI Food Sciences 517 32 Greek and Roman Agriculture 519Philip Thibodeau 33 Animal Husbandry 533Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr. 34 Oil and Wine Production 550Rafael Frankel 35 Cooking and Baking Technology 570John Paulas 36 Food Storage Technology 587Robert I. Curtis 37 Culinary and Medicinal Uses of Wine and Olive Oil 605John F. Donahue 38 Nutrition 618John F. Donahue Part VII T echnology of Human Life 633 39 Greek Public and Religious Architecture 635John R. Senseney 40 Greek Domestic Architecture 656Bradley A. Ault 41 Greek Interior Decoration: Materials and Technology in the Art of Cosmesis and Display 672Hariclia Brecoulaki 42 Roman Monumental and Public Architecture 693Duane W. Roller 43 Roman Domestic Architecture 711Nathalie de Haan 44 Roman Interior Design 730Sarah Lepinski 45 Textile Technology 747Ellen Harlizius-Kluck 46 Urban Infrastructure in the Roman World 768Klaus GreweTranslated by Johanna K. Sandrock 47 Siegeworks and Fortifications 784Raffaele D'Amato 48 Arms and Weapons 801Raffaele D'Amato Part VIII Travel 817 49 Greek and Roman Cartography 819Georgia L. Irby 50 Land Transport and Vehicles 836Georges Raepsaet 51 Navigation and the Art of Sailing 854Georgia L. Irby 52 Ships and Boats 870Julian Whitewright Part IX Telling Time 889 53 Greek Calendars 891Laura Gawlinski 54 Roman Calendars 906Robert Hannah 55 Time-Telling Devices 923Robert Hannah Part X Synthesis and Response 941 56 The Crossroads of Hellenistic and Sanskrit Science 943Tejas S. Aralere 57 Roman Responses to Greek Science and Scholarship as a Cultural and Political Phenomenon 958Thorsten Foegen 58 Scientific Encyclopedias 973Katerina Oikonomopoulou 59 Translation and Transmission of Ancient Scientific Texts 988Sonja Brentjes 60 The Reception of Greco-Roman Science in the Renaissance: Assimilation(s), Transformation(s), Rejection, Hybridization 1009Roberto Lo Presti Appendix: Major Writers And Thinkers 1023 General Index 1029 Index of Authors, Thinkers, and Primary Sources 1049 Index of Toponyms 1061