Competition in the Promised Land
" From 1940 to 1970, nearly four million black migrants left the American rural South to settle in the industrial cities of the North and West. Competition in the Promised Land provides a comprehensive account of the long-lasting effects of the influx of black workers on labor markets and urban space in receiving areas. Traditionally, the Great Black Migration has been lauded as a path to general black economic progress. Leah Boustan challenges this view, arguing instead that the migration produced winners and losers within the black community. Boustan shows that migrants themselves gained tremendously, more than doubling their earnings by moving North. But these new arrivals competed with existing black workers, limiting black-white wage convergence in Northern labor markets and slowing black economic growth. Furthermore, many white households responded to the black migration by relocating to the suburbs. White flight was motivated not only by neighborhood racial change but also by the desire on the part of white residents to avoid local public services and fiscal obligations in increasingly diverse cities. Employing historical census data and state-of-the-art econometric methods, Competition in the Promised Land revises our understanding of the Great Black Migration and its role in the transformation of American society. "-- Provided by publisher
eBook, English, 2016
Princeton University Press, 2016
1 online resource.
Acknowledgments xiii Introduction 1 1 Black Migration from the South in Historical Context 14 2 Who Left the South and How Did They Fare? 39 3 Competition in Northern Labor Markets 65 4 Black Migration, White Flight 93 5 Motivations for White Flight: The Role of Fiscal/Political Interactions 122 Epilogue: Black Migration, Northern Cities, and Labor Markets after 1970 154 References 165 Index 187