Front cover image for Microporous and mesoporous solid catalysts

Microporous and mesoporous solid catalysts

Eric G. Derouane (Editor)
Print Book, English, ©2006
J. Wiley & Sons, Chichester (GB), ©2006
1 v. (XII-243 p.) ; 24 cm
9780471490548, 0471490547
Series Preface.
Preface to Volume 4.
1 An Overview of Zeolite, Zeotype and Mesoporous Solids Chemistry: Design, Synthesis and Catalytic Properties (Thomas Maschmeyer and Leon van de Water).
1.1 Zeolites, zeotypes and mesoporous solids: synthetic aspects.
1.1.1 Introduction.
1.1.2 Synthetic aspects: template theory for zeolite synthesis.
1.1.3 Synthetic aspects: template theory for mesoporous oxides synthesis.
1.2 Design of extra-large pore zeolites and other micro- and mesoporous catalysts.
1.2.1 Introduction.
1.2.2 Extra-large pore zeolites.
1.2.3 Hierarchical pore architectures: combining micro- and mesoporosity.
1.3 Potential of post-synthesis functionalized micro- and mesoporous solids as catalysts for fine chemical synthesis.
1.3.1 Introduction.
1.3.2 Covalent functionalization.
1.3.3 Noncovalent immobilization approaches.
1.3.4 Single-site catalysts inspired by natural systems.
2 Problems and Pitfalls in the Applications of Zeolites and other Microporous and Mesoporous Solids to Catalytic Fine Chemical Synthesis (Michel Guisnet and Matteo Guidotti).
2.1 Introduction.
2.2 Zeolite catalysed organic reactions.
2.2.1 Fundamental and practical differences with homogeneous reactions.
2.2.2 Batch mode catalysis.
2.2.3 Continuous flow mode catalysis.
2.2.4 Competition for adsorption: influence on reaction rate, stability and selectivity.
2.2.5 Catalyst deactivation.
2.3 General conclusions.
3 Aromatic Acetylation (Michel Guisnet and Matteo Guidotti).
3.1 Aromatic acetylation.
3.1.1 Acetylation with Acetic Anhydride.
3.1.2 Acetylation with Acetic Acid.
3.2 Procedures and protocols.
3.2.1 Selective synthesis of acetophenones in batch reactors through acetylation with acetic anhydride.
3.2.2 Selective synthesis of acetophenones in fixed bed reactors through acetylation with acetic anhydride.
4 Aromatic Benzoylation (Patrick Geneste and Annie Finiels).
4.1 Aromatic benzoylation.
4.1.1 Effect of the zeolite.
4.1.2 Effect of the acylating agent.
4.1.3 Effect of the solvent.
4.1.4 Benzoylation of phenol and the Fries rearrangement.
4.1.5 Kinetic law.
4.1.6 Substituent effect.
4.1.7 Experimental.
4.2 Acylation of anisole over mesoporous aluminosilicates.
5 Nitration of Aromatic Compounds (Avelino Corma and Sara Iborra).
5.1 Introduction.
5.2 Reaction mechanism.
5.3 Nitration of aromatic compounds using zeolites as catalysts.
5.3.1 Nitration in liquid phase.
5.3.2 Vapour phase nitration.
5.4 Conclusions.
6 Oligomerization of Alkenes (Avelino Corma and Sara Iborra).
6.1 Introduction.
6.2 Reaction mechanisms.
6.3 Acid zeolites as catalysts for oligomerization of alkenes.
6.3.1 Medium pore zeolites: influence of crystal size and acid site density.
6.3.2 Use of large pore zeolites.
6.3.3 Catalytic membranes for olefin oligomerization.
6.4 Mesoporous aluminosilicates as oligomerization catalysts.
6.5 Nickel supported aluminosilicates as catalysts.
7 Microporous and Mesoporous Catalysts for the Transformation of Carbohydrates (Claude Moreau).
7.1 Introduction.
7.2 Hydrolysis of sucrose in the presence of H-form zeolites.
7.3 Hydrolysis of fructose and glucose precursors.
7.4 Isomerization of glucose into fructose.
7.5 Dehydration of fructose and fructose-precursors.
7.6 Dehydration of xylose.
7.7 Synthesis of alkyl-D-glucosides.
7.7.1 Synthesis of butyl-D-glucosides.
7.7.2 Synthesis of long-chain alkyl-D-glucosides.
7.8 Synthesis of alkyl-D-fructosides.
7.9 Hydrogenation of glucose.
7.10 Oxidation of glucose.
7.11 Conclusions.
8 One-pot Reactions on Bifunctional Catalysts (Michel Guisnet and Matteo Guidotti).
8.1 Introduction.
8.2 Examples.
8.2.1 One-pot transformations involving successive hydrogenation and acid–base steps.
8.2.2 One-pot transformations involving successive oxidation and acid–base steps.
9 Base-type Catalysis (Didier Tichit, Sara Iborra, Avelino Corma and Daniel Brunel).
9.1 Introduction.
9.2 Characterization of solid bases.
9.2.1 Test reactions.
9.2.2 Probe molecules combined with spectroscopic methods.
9.3 Solid base catalysts.
9.3.1 Alkaline earth metal oxides.
9.3.2 Catalysis on alkaline earth metal oxides.
9.3.3 Hydrotalcites and related compounds.
9.3.4 Organic base-supported catalysts.
9.4 Conclusions.
10 Hybrid Oxidation Catalysts from Immobilized Complexes on Inorganic Microporous Supports (Dirk De Vos, Ive Hermans, Bert Sels and Pierre Jacobs).
10.1 Introduction and scope.
10.2 Oxygenation potential of heme-type complexes in zeolite.
10.2.1 Metallo-phthallocyanines encapsulated in the cages of faujasite-type zeolites.
10.2.2 Oxygenation potential of metallo-phthallocyanines encapsulated in the mesopores of VPI-5 AlPO4.
10.2.3 Oxygenation potential of zeolite encapsulated metallo-porphyrins.
10.3 Oxygenation potential of zeolite encapsulated nonheme complexes.
10.3.1 Immobilization of N,N0-bidentate complexes in zeolite Y.
10.3.2 Ligation of zeolite exchanged transition ions with bidentate aza ligands.
10.3.3 Ligation of zeolite exchanged transition ions with tri- and tetra-aza(cyclo)alkane ligands.
10.3.4 Ligation of zeolite exchanged transition ions with Schiff base-type ligands.
10.3.5 Zeolite effects with N,N0-bis(2-pyridinecarboxamide) complexes of Mn and Fe in zeolite Y.
10.3.6 Zeolite encapsulated chiral oxidation catalysts.
10.4 Conclusions.
Subject Index.
Notes bibliogr