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ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar

Author: Farhang Mehrvash; Brill; Azar Rabbani
Edition/Format: Encyclopedia article Encyclopedia article : English
Summary:
ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar , Abū Muḥammad (d. 80/699), was one of the younger Companions of the Prophet, the son of Jaʿfar b. Abī Ṭālib (known as ‘al-Ṭayyār’), the husband of Zaynab bint ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, and a well-known, influential figure among the Banū Hāshim who, besides holding political positions, transmitted ḥadīth s from the Prophet and his Household. His kunya is given as Abū  Read more...
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All Authors / Contributors: Farhang Mehrvash; Brill; Azar Rabbani
ISSN:1875-9831
Publication:Encyclopaedia Islamica; Leiden, Koninklijke Brill NV, 20080911
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5862847317
Notes: First print: isbn: 978-90-04-16860-2, 20080710, 978-90-04-17859-5, 20091123, 9789004191655, 20110912
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Abstract:

ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar , Abū Muḥammad (d. 80/699), was one of the younger Companions of the Prophet, the son of Jaʿfar b. Abī Ṭālib (known as ‘al-Ṭayyār’), the husband of Zaynab bint ʿAlī b. Abī Ṭālib, and a well-known, influential figure among the Banū Hāshim who, besides holding political positions, transmitted ḥadīth s from the Prophet and his Household. His kunya is given as Abū Jaʿfar (al-Bukhārī, 5/7; see also Ibn Ḥibbān, 27) and sometimes as Abū Muḥammad (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/252). However, he is not often referred to by his kunya (Ibn al-Ṣalāḥ, 196). There is also disagreement over the date of his death (see al-Ḥākim, 3/566; Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/295–297). His father was Jaʿfar b. Abī Ṭālib and his mother was Asmāʾ bint ʿUmays, who was one of the famous women of early Islam. ʿAbd Allāh was the first child born to the emigrants to Abyssinia (al-Ḥākim, 3/566). According to one account, he was ten years old when the Prophet died, although according to others he was older (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/295–296). He is said to have been the youngest Hāshimid Companion of the Prophet (Ibn al-ʿImād, 1/87) and to have embraced Islam, swearing allegiance to the Prophet, when he was only seven years old (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/252–253). He lived in Medina and travelled to Kūfa, Baṣra and Syria (al-Shām) several times (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/248, 251). He was in Kūfa and Baṣra, helping ʿAlī to transfer the capital there, and went with the latter when he went to war (Khalīfa, 146; al-Dīnawarī, 184). He occasionally journeyed to Syria, in order to deal with political matters (Ibn Saʿd, 5/145; Ibn ʿAsākir, 26/258–259) and, doubtless on occasion, to make a living. He died in Medina (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/251, 295). There are many reasons for his great fame and influence: the fact that he was the son of the celebrated martyr Jaʿfar; his family's standing within the Banū Hāshim; his being a Companion of the Prophet and also ʿAlī's son-in-law; his generosity, which was proverbial even in his lifetime (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/271–272); his cautious and considered cast of mind, and his conciliatory attitude towards others. Although he, like others, sometimes met with a negative response when he petitioned ʿAlī for financial help (al-Thaqafī, 66–67), he stayed in ʿAlī's army (Khalīfa, 146) and ʿAlī took note of his advice whenever he deemed it appropriate (Ibn ʿAsākir, 56/389). At the funeral of al-Ḥasan b. ʿAlī, which was held up by a dispute between al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī and Marwān, ʿAbd Allāh b. Jaʿfar and others intervened to resolve matters peacefully (Ibn ʿAsākir, 13/292). He also wrote a letter to al-Ḥusayn b. ʿAlī in order to persuade him to return to change his mind about rising up, but the latter, although respecting his view, did not agree with him (al-Ṭabarī, 5/387; Ibn ʿAsākir, 14/209). He was also highly influential at the Umayyad court. Muʿāwiya regarded him as the most honourable member of the Banū Hāshim of his generation (Ibn ʿAsākir, 27/262–263). After al-Ḥasan

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