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Aberrant beliefs and reasoning

Author: Niall Galbraith
Publisher: Hove, East Sussex : Psychology Press, 2015
Series: Current issues in thinking and reasoning
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This volume in the Current issues in Thinking and Reasoning series explores the role of reasoning in psychopathology. It provides an up-to-date theoretical analysis of research on thinking processes and biases, to examine why delusional or aberrant beliefs can develop and be maintained. Including both theoretical and review chapters, the edited text will review, synthesise and critique the most prominent theories in
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Niall Galbraith
ISBN: 9781848723412 1848723415 9781848723429 1848723423
OCLC Number: 900468711
Notes: Introduction, Niall Galbraith 1. A psychological model of delusional belief: Integrating reasoning biases with perceptual, self-concept and emotional factors, Niall Galbraith and Ken Manktelow 2. Prediction-error and two-factor theories of delusion formation: Competitors or allies? Kengo Miyazono, Lisa Bortolotti and Matthew R. Broome 3. Reasoning and delusions: Do people with delusions really jump to conclusions? Rob Dudley and Kate Cavanagh 4. Affect, Dual Processes and some Pertinent Questions about Delusional Reasoning. Stephanie Rhodes and Claire Jones 5. Reasoning in schizophrenia. Amelia Gangemi and Valentina Cardella 6. Paranormal believers' proneness to probabilistic reasoning biases: A review of the empirical literature. Paul Rogers 7. Danger-confirming reasoning and the persistence of phobic beliefs. Peter J. de Jong 8. Non-pharmacological Treatment Targeting Cognitive Biases underlying Delusions in Schizophrenia: Metacognitive Training and Therapy. Ryan Balzan, Todd S. Woodward, Mahesh Menon and Steffen Moritz
Description: xii, 180 s
Contents: Introduction, Niall Galbraith 1. A psychological model of delusional belief: Integrating reasoning biases with perceptual, self-concept and emotional factors, Niall Galbraith and Ken Manktelow 2. Prediction-error and two-factor theories of delusion formation: Competitors or allies? Kengo Miyazono, Lisa Bortolotti and Matthew R. Broome 3. Reasoning and delusions: Do people with delusions really jump to conclusions? Rob Dudley and Kate Cavanagh 4. Affect, Dual Processes and some Pertinent Questions about Delusional Reasoning. Stephanie Rhodes and Claire Jones 5. Reasoning in schizophrenia. Amelia Gangemi and Valentina Cardella 6. Paranormal believers' proneness to probabilistic reasoning biases: A review of the empirical literature. Paul Rogers 7. Danger-confirming reasoning and the persistence of phobic beliefs. Peter J. de Jong 8. Non-pharmacological Treatment Targeting Cognitive Biases underlying Delusions in Schizophrenia: Metacognitive Training and Therapy. Ryan Balzan, Todd S. Woodward, Mahesh Menon and Steffen Moritz
Series Title: Current issues in thinking and reasoning
Responsibility: edited by Niall Galbraith

Abstract:

This volume in the Current issues in Thinking and Reasoning series explores the role of reasoning in psychopathology. It provides an up-to-date theoretical analysis of research on thinking processes and biases, to examine why delusional or aberrant beliefs can develop and be maintained. Including both theoretical and review chapters, the edited text will review, synthesise and critique the most prominent theories in light of recent evidence in the field - including new research findings conducted by the authors themselves. The text will provide new perspectives and theoretical advancements, encompassing cognitive, philosophical and clinical orientations. It will be of interest to academics and students in the fields of human reasoning, cognitive psychology and philosophy and will also be of use to clinicians and psychiatrists"

An aberrant belief is extreme or unusual in nature. In the most serious cases these beliefs cause emotional distress in those who hold them, and typify the core symptoms of psychological disorders. Each of the chapters in this volume seeks to examine the role that biases in reasoning can play in the formation of aberrant beliefs. The chapters consider several conjectures about the role of reasoning in aberrant belief, including the role of the jumping to conclusion bias in delusional beliefs, the probabilistic bias in paranormal beliefs, the role of danger confirming reasoning in phobias, and the controversial notion that people with schizophrenia do not succumb to specific forms of reasoning bias. There are also chapters evaluating different theoretical perspectives, and suggestions for future research. Aberrant Beliefs and Reasoning is the first volume presenting an overview of contemporary research in this growing subject area. It will be essential reading for academics and students in the fields of human reasoning, cognitive psychology and philosophy, and will also be of great interest to clinicians and psychiatrists"

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"Aberrant Beliefs and Reasoning will be required reading for everyone interested in understanding human rationality. The editor provides an excellent introductory overview of the field, and the Read more...

 
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