Action and reaction : proceedings of a symposium to commemorate the tercentenary of Newton's Principia (eBook, 1993) [WorldCat.org]
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Action and reaction : proceedings of a symposium to commemorate the tercentenary of Newton's Principia

Author: Paul Harold Theerman; Adele F Seeff
Publisher: Newark, Del. : University of Delaware Press : London : Associated University Presses, ©1993.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : Conference publication : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This volume grows out of a symposium commemorating the three-hundredth anniversary of the publication of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, held at the University of Maryland and the Smithsonian Institution in 1987. Widely acknowledged to be the most important scientific work ever published, the 1687 Principia contains the first complete statement of principles that were to govern
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Details

Genre/Form: Kongress
Kongreß
Conference proceedings
Conference papers and proceedings
History
Congresses
Named Person: Isaac Newton; Isaac Newton; Isaac Newton; Isaac (1642-1727) Newton; Isaac Newton
Material Type: Conference publication, Document, Government publication, State or province government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Paul Harold Theerman; Adele F Seeff
OCLC Number: 1193374412
Description: 1 online resource (324 pages : illustrations)
Contents: The culmination of the scientific revolution : Isaac Newton / Richard S. Westfall --
The Principia, the Newtonian style, and the Newtonian revolution in science / I. Bernard Cohen --
"The unity of truth" : an integrated view of Newton's work / Betty Jo Teeter Dobbs --
Newton's chemical experiments : an analysis in the light of modern chemistry / Peter Spargo --
Reasoning from phenomena : Newton's argument for universal gravitation and the practice of science / William L. Harper --
Algebraic vs. geometric techniques in Newton's determination of planetary orbits / Michael S. Mahoney --
Comets & idols : Newton's cosmology and political theology / Simon Schaffer --
Ether madness : Newtonianism, religion, and insanity in eighteenth-century England / Anita Guerrini --
Newton and Lavoisier : from chemistry as a branch of natural philosophy to chemistry as a positive science / Arthur Donovan --
Isaac Newton and Adam Smith : intellectual links between natural science and economics / Norriss S. Hetherington --
A modern look at Newton's final queries / Frank Wilczek --
Overview : Newton's place in history / Dudley Shapere.
Responsibility: edited by Paul Theerman and Adele F. Seeff.

Abstract:

This volume grows out of a symposium commemorating the three-hundredth anniversary of the publication of Sir Isaac Newton's Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica, held at the University of Maryland and the Smithsonian Institution in 1987. Widely acknowledged to be the most important scientific work ever published, the 1687 Principia contains the first complete statement of principles that were to govern physical science into the nineteenth century. Presented here is a sampling of the best current scholarship on the Principia, its context, and its influence. The essays reflect the depth of inquiry and diversity of research that have characterized the last generation of work on Newton.

The volume opens with an essay by Richard S. Westfall that justifies claims that Newton was the "culmination of the scientific revolution." The I. Bernard Cohen essay that follows illustrates the difference between "mathematical principles" and "natural philosophy." Two complementary papers give new insights into the Newtonian foundations of celestial mechanics: William Harper analyzes Newton's argument for universal gravitation from the perspective of a philosopher of science; Michael S. Mahoney discusses the mathematical aspects of Newton's use of force law to determine planetary orbits.

B.J.T. Dobbs uses her research on alchemy to develop an integrated view of Newton's work, while P.E. Spargo explores the alchemistic theme in his paper on chemical experiments. Studies of comets are linked to the seventeenth-century political context in a novel way by Simon Schaffer. Anita Guerrini proves that Newton's concepts of the structure of matter and ether inspired speculations about the nature of insanity, while Norriss Hetherington shows that Newton's formulation of natural laws served as an inspirational model for Adam Smith's formulation of economic laws. Arthur Donovan argues that Lavoisier's formulation of chemistry was not carried out in imitation of Newtonian natural philosophy but initiated a new tradition of "positive science." Frank Wilczek looks back from the perspective of contemporary physics and sees the seeds of modern ideas about transformations in Newton's admittedly speculative Queries. The volume concludes with a short overview by Dudley Shapere.

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