Adaptive strategies for small-handed pianists (Book, 2017) []
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Adaptive strategies for small-handed pianists

Author: Lora Deahl; Brenda Wristen
Publisher: New York, NY : Oxford University Press, [2017]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
"Adaptive strategies for small-handed pianists" brings together information from biomechanics, ergonomics, physics, anatomy, medicine, and piano pedagogy to address the unique physical and musical needs of small-handed pianists. The first comprehensive study of its kind, it provides an overview of historical, anatomical, and pedagogical perspectives and redresses long-held biases concerning those who struggle at the  Read more...

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Lora Deahl; Brenda Wristen
ISBN: 9780190616847 0190616849 9780190616854 0190616857
OCLC Number: 1021332978
Description: xx, 278 Seiten. : Illustrationen, Notenbeispiele. ; 26 cm.
Contents: ForewordAcknowledgmentsKey to Abbreviations and Graphic SymbolsChapter 1: Understanding Small-HandednessDefining the Small Hand1 Demographics of Small-Handedness1 The Evolution of the Modern Piano and Its Relationship to Small-Handedness2 Historical Background 2 Ergonomically-Scaled (Reduced-Size) Piano Keyboards 1 Pedagogical Misconceptions About Small Hands2 Selection Bias and Other Gender-Related Aspects2 Attempts to Stretch the Small Hand1 Small-Handedness and Injury1 The Role of the Teacher1 Conclusion1 Reflection PointsChapter 2: Fundamental Principles of Movement and the Playing Apparatus 1 Principles of Work Efficiency1 Principles of Movement2 Leverage2 Newton's Laws and Piano Technique2 Muscular Contraction and Release2 Additional Characteristics of Movement Economy2 Planes of Motion2 Neutral Position at the Piano1 The Parts of the Playing Apparatus2 Torso 2 Shoulder and Upper Arm2 Forearm2 Wrist 2 Hand and Fingers1 Conclusion1 Reflection PointsChapter 3: Technique and the Small-Handed Pianist1 Maladaptive Tendencies2 Fatigue2 Power 2 Reach1 Lexicon of Fundamental Facilitative Techniques for the Small-Handed Pianist 2 Avoiding Fatigue3 Timing Muscular Releases3 Using Levers Appropriately3 Cultivating Finger-To-Elbow Alignment3 Combining Basic Movements into Larger Gestures 3 Reducing the Amplitude of Movements and Gestures2 Producing Power3 Maximizing Key Speed3 Transmitting Force Through Skeletal Structures3 Using Arm Impulses2 Addressing Large Reaches and Distances3 Using the Arm to Navigate Distances3 Using Passive Spread 3 Using Vertical Spanning 1 Boundaries 1 Conclusion1 Reflection PointsChapter 4: Redistribution 1 Uncrossing Parts1 Eliminating Stretches in Chords and Arpeggios1 Facilitating Leaps or Hand Shifts1 Increasing Accuracy, Power, and Control1 Maintaining More Neutral Hand and Wrist Positions1 Facilitating Trills and Tremolos1 Maintaining Legato and Line1 Projecting Harmony1 Conclusion1 Application ProblemsChapter 5: Refingering 1 Fingering and Hand Size1 Encouraging Compact Hand Positions2 Chords2 Arpeggios, Broken Chords, and Melodic Intervals2 Consecutive Double Notes and Octaves2 Readjusting the Hand to a More Compact Shape2 Playing Seconds with the Thumb Alone2 Using Non-Consecutive Fingerings2 Playing Trills1 Repeating the Same Finger to Recover Space in the Hand1 Optimizing Sound Production and Voicing 2 Repeated Use of the Fifth Finger and Thumb to Project Melodies 2 Aligning the Hand and Forearm in a Skeletal Position1 Moving Longer Fingers over Shorter Fingers1 Substituting the Thumb for Inner Fingers1 Using Positional Fingerings to Achieve Maximum Speed1 Substituting One Finger for Another on the Same Key1 Retaking Released Notes Silently1 Conclusion 1 Application ProblemsChapter 6: Maximizing Reach and Power 1 Covering Large Distances2 Applications of Either Oval or Fan-Shaped Gestures2 Applications of Oval Gestures2 Applications of Fan-Shaped Gestures1 Facilitating Large Reaches 2 Applications of Passive Spread2 Applications of Vertical Spanning2 Applications of Passive Spread in Conjunction with Vertical Spanning1 Dividing or Rolling Chords2 Consecutive and Non-Consecutive Divisions or Rolls2 Simultaneous Divisions or Rolls1 Releasing Notes2 Releasing Notes in Chords and Multi-layered Textures2 Releasing Notes in Melodic Intervals, Arpeggios, and Broken Chords2 Releasing Notes in Broken Octaves1 Using Rotation for Power 1 Taking Advantage of Skeletal Support 1 Playing Staccato Chords and Octaves2 Repeated Chords and Octaves2 Traveling Staccato Chords and Octaves2 Legato Octaves1 Grouping Notes into Larger Gestures1 Omitting and Revising Notes1 Conclusion1 Application ProblemsChapter 7: Musical Solutions for Technical Problems 1 Legato2 Legato in Widespread Cantabile Melodies and Arpeggiated Accompaniments2 Legato in Octave and Double-Note Passages1 Fortissimo Playing1 Pedaling2 Damper Pedal2 Sostenuto Pedal1 Voicing1 Rhythmic Inflection, Tempo Modification, and Rubato1 Gestural Shaping1 Conclusion1 Reflection PointsChapter 8: Integration and Exploration 1 Diagnosis and Integration1 Exploration1 Closing ThoughtsGlossary of TermsBibliographyList of ActivitiesList of Examples Lists of FiguresList of TablesIndex
Responsibility: Lora Deahl and Brenda Wristen.


This comprehensive study offers practical strategies for overcoming the unique challenges of practicing and performing as a small-handed pianist. Informed by established scientific and pedagogical  Read more...


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What an impressive book - so long overdue and badly needed. Deahl and Wristen's survey of the multiple issues confronting small-handed pianists is encyclopedic in scope, while still remaining deeply Read more...

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