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Adolescent Drinking and High School Dropout

Author: Pinka Chatterji; Jeff DeSimone; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass National Bureau of Economic Research 2005
Series: NBER working paper series, no. w11337
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This paper estimates the effect of binge and frequent drinking by adolescents on subsequent high school dropout using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Young Adults. We estimate an instrumental variables model with an indicator of any past month alcohol use, which is by definition correlated with heavy drinking but should have minimal additional impact on educational outcomes, as the  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Pinka Chatterji; Jeff DeSimone; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 1144552643
Accession No: (DE-627)1046692690 (DE-599)GBV1046692690 (OCoLC)1144552643 (NBER)w11337 (EBP)05544315X
Notes: May 2005.
Description: 1 Online-Ressource.
Series Title: NBER working paper series, no. w11337
Responsibility: Pinka Chatterji, Jeff DeSimone.

Abstract:

This paper estimates the effect of binge and frequent drinking by adolescents on subsequent high school dropout using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Young Adults. We estimate an instrumental variables model with an indicator of any past month alcohol use, which is by definition correlated with heavy drinking but should have minimal additional impact on educational outcomes, as the identifying instrument, and also control for a rich set of potentially confounding variables, including maternal characteristics and dropout risk factors measured before and during adolescence. In comparison, OLS provides conservative estimates of the causal impact of heavy drinking on dropping out, implying that binge or frequent drinking among 15 --16 year old students lowers the probability of having graduated or being enrolled in high school four years later by at least 11 percent. Overidentification tests using two measures of maternal youthful alcohol use as additional instruments support our identification strategy.

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