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Adolescent drinking and high school dropout

Author: Pinka Chatterji; Jeff DeSimone
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. National Bureau of Economic Research 2005
Series: Working paper., National Bureau of Economic Research ;, 11337
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"This paper estimates the effect of binge and frequent drinking by adolescents on subsequent high school dropout using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Young Adults. We estimate an instrumental variables model with an indicator of any past month alcohol use, which is by definition correlated with heavy drinking but should have minimal additional impact on educational outcomes, as the  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Pinka Chatterji; Jeff DeSimone
OCLC Number: 254795349
Notes: Internetausg.: http://papers.nber.org/papers/w11337.pdf - lizenzpflichtig
Description: 31 Seiten
Series Title: Working paper., National Bureau of Economic Research ;, 11337
Responsibility: Pinka Chatterji; Jeff DeSimone

Abstract:

"This paper estimates the effect of binge and frequent drinking by adolescents on subsequent high school dropout using data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 Young Adults. We estimate an instrumental variables model with an indicator of any past month alcohol use, which is by definition correlated with heavy drinking but should have minimal additional impact on educational outcomes, as the identifying instrument, and also control for a rich set of potentially confounding variables, including maternal characteristics and dropout risk factors measured before and during adolescence. In comparison, OLS provides conservative estimates of the causal impact of heavy drinking on dropping out, implying that binge or frequent drinking among 15, 16 year old students lowers the probability of having graduated or being enrolled in high school four years later by at least 11 percent. Overidentification tests using two measures of maternal youthful alcohol use as additional instruments support our identification strategy"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site

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