skip to content
Covid-19 virus
COVID-19 Resources

Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID-19) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel). Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this WorldCat.org search. OCLC’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus issues in their communities.

Image provided by: CDC/ Alissa Eckert, MS; Dan Higgins, MAM
African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof. Preview this item
ClosePreview this item
Checking...

African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.

Author: Robert Burroughs
Publisher: Milton : Routledge, 2018.
Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa Ser.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The humanitarian movement against Leopold's violent colonisation of the Congo emerged out of Europe, but it depended at every turn on African input. Individuals and groups from throughout the upper Congo River basin undertook journeys of daring and self-sacrifice to provide evidence of atrocities for the colonial authorities, missionaries, and international investigators. Combining archive research with attention to  Read more...
Rating:

(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

Subjects
More like this

Find a copy online

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...

Details

Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Burroughs, Robert.
African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : The Burden of Proof.
Milton : Routledge, ©2018
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Robert Burroughs
ISBN: 9781351804332 1351804332 1351804324 9781351804325
OCLC Number: 1043603944
Description: 1 online resource (201 pages)
Contents: Cover; Half title; Title page; Copyright page; Table of contents; List of figures; Acknowledgements; Note on place names; Map; Introduction; The burden of proof; The Congo: from conquest to condemnation; Bearing witness and receiving testimony; Congo testimony in historical perspective; The chapters; 1 Humanitarianism and diplomacy: West African migrants in the Congo Free State (c.1890-1903); Introduction; Migrant letters: West African testimonies; Questions of trust: British diplomatic responses; West African evidence amid the rise of Congo reform; Conclusion. 2 Behind the Casement report (1903-4): guides, interpreters, and intervieweesIntroduction; New Christian evangelists as guides, informants, and interpreters: Frank Teva Clark; Emerging networks and the interviews at Bolobo and Bonginda; A receptive mission: interviews at Lake Mantumba; Conclusion; 3 Before the Commission of Inquiry (1904-5): travellers and testifiers; Introduction; The Commission of Inquiry; 'Multitudes of witnesses': meetings with the Commission; The commissioners' palimpsest: Congolese testimonies in the report; Conclusion: from palaver to archive. 4 The silencing of witnesses: the Stannard trial (1906) and the Sheppard trial (1909)Introduction; Law in the Congo Free State; Intimidation in the context of reform: the Stannard trial; A recruitment problem: witnesses for the Sheppard trial; Conclusion; 5 'Bringing hands to the English': injured bodies as evidence; Introduction; Objects of terror: severed hands; Retrieval: gathering body parts; Living proof: the Epondo case; Conclusion; Conclusion; A humanitarian history from below; Bibliography; Index.
Series Title: Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa Ser.

Abstract:

The humanitarian movement against Leopold's violent colonisation of the Congo emerged out of Europe, but it depended at every turn on African input. Individuals and groups from throughout the upper Congo River basin undertook journeys of daring and self-sacrifice to provide evidence of atrocities for the colonial authorities, missionaries, and international investigators. Combining archive research with attention to recent debates on the relation between imperialism and humanitarianism, on trauma, witnessing and postcolonial studies, and on the recovery of colonial archives, this book examines the conditions in which colonised peoples were able to speak about their subjection, and those in which attempts at testimony were thwarted. Robert Burroughs makes a major intervention by identifying African agency and input as a key factor in the Congo atrocities debate. This is an important and unique book in African history, imperial and colonial history, and humanitarian history.

Reviews

User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...

Tags

Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data


\n\n

Primary Entity<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>> # African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a>, schema:Book<\/a>, schema:MediaObject<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:oclcnum<\/a> \"1043603944<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nlibrary:placeOfPublication<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Place\/milton<\/a>> ; # Milton<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/leopold_congo<\/a>> ; # Leopold Congo<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> ; # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/atrocities<\/a>> ; # Atrocities<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_colonialism<\/a>> ; # Congo Colonialism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_reform_movement<\/a>> ; # Congo Reform Movement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/africans_violence_against_congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> ; # Africans--Violence against--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Event\/to_1908<\/a>> ; # To 1908<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_atrocities<\/a>> ; # Congo Atrocities<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/967.5\/e23\/<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/colonial_congo<\/a>> ; # Colonial Congo<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Place\/congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> ; # Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/atrocities_congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> ; # Atrocities--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:bookFormat<\/a> schema:EBook<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:creator<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Person\/burroughs_robert<\/a>> ; # Robert Burroughs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:datePublished<\/a> \"2018<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"The humanitarian movement against Leopold\'s violent colonisation of the Congo emerged out of Europe, but it depended at every turn on African input. Individuals and groups from throughout the upper Congo River basin undertook journeys of daring and self-sacrifice to provide evidence of atrocities for the colonial authorities, missionaries, and international investigators. Combining archive research with attention to recent debates on the relation between imperialism and humanitarianism, on trauma, witnessing and postcolonial studies, and on the recovery of colonial archives, this book examines the conditions in which colonised peoples were able to speak about their subjection, and those in which attempts at testimony were thwarted. Robert Burroughs makes a major intervention by identifying African agency and input as a key factor in the Congo atrocities debate. This is an important and unique book in African history, imperial and colonial history, and humanitarian history.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Cover; Half title; Title page; Copyright page; Table of contents; List of figures; Acknowledgements; Note on place names; Map; Introduction; The burden of proof; The Congo: from conquest to condemnation; Bearing witness and receiving testimony; Congo testimony in historical perspective; The chapters; 1 Humanitarianism and diplomacy: West African migrants in the Congo Free State (c.1890-1903); Introduction; Migrant letters: West African testimonies; Questions of trust: British diplomatic responses; West African evidence amid the rise of Congo reform; Conclusion.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:exampleOfWork<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/id\/5192095850<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"Electronic books<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:genre<\/a> \"History<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:inLanguage<\/a> \"en<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isPartOf<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Series\/routledge_studies_in_the_modern_history_of_africa_ser<\/a>> ; # Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa Ser.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#CreativeWork\/african_testimony_in_the_movement_for_congo_reform_the_burden_of_proof<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:productID<\/a> \"1043603944<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publication<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1043603944#PublicationEvent\/milton_routledge_2018<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:publisher<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Agent\/routledge<\/a>> ; # Routledge<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/public.ebookcentral.proquest.com\/choice\/publicfullrecord.aspx?p=5437076<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/nls.ldls.org.uk\/welcome.html?ark:\/81055\/vdc_100061400448.0x000001<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <http:\/\/www.vlebooks.com\/vleweb\/product\/openreader?id=none&isbn=9781351804332<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:url<\/a> <https:\/\/www.taylorfrancis.com\/books\/e\/9781351804332<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781351804325<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.4324\/9781315208664<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:workExample<\/a> <http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781351804332<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nwdrs:describedby<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Related Entities<\/h3>\n
<http:\/\/dewey.info\/class\/967.5\/e23\/<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.4324\/9781315208664<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:IndividualProduct<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Agent\/routledge<\/a>> # Routledge<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:Agent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Routledge<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Event\/to_1908<\/a>> # To 1908<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Event<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"To 1908<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Person\/burroughs_robert<\/a>> # Robert Burroughs<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Person<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:familyName<\/a> \"Burroughs<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:givenName<\/a> \"Robert<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Robert Burroughs<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Place\/congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> # Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Place\/milton<\/a>> # Milton<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Place<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Milton<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Series\/routledge_studies_in_the_modern_history_of_africa_ser<\/a>> # Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa Ser.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nbgn:PublicationSeries<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:hasPart<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>> ; # African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Routledge Studies in the Modern History of Africa Ser.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/africans_violence_against_congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> # Africans--Violence against--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Africans--Violence against--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/atrocities<\/a>> # Atrocities<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Atrocities<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/atrocities_congo_democratic_republic<\/a>> # Atrocities--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Atrocities--Congo (Democratic Republic)<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/colonial_congo<\/a>> # Colonial Congo<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Colonial Congo<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_atrocities<\/a>> # Congo Atrocities<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Congo Atrocities<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_colonialism<\/a>> # Congo Colonialism<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Congo Colonialism<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/congo_reform_movement<\/a>> # Congo Reform Movement<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Congo Reform Movement<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/leopold_congo<\/a>> # Leopold Congo<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Leopold Congo<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Topic\/race_relations<\/a>> # Race relations<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:Intangible<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:name<\/a> \"Race relations<\/span>\"@en<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#CreativeWork\/african_testimony_in_the_movement_for_congo_reform_the_burden_of_proof<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:CreativeWork<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nrdfs:label<\/a> \"African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : The Burden of Proof.<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:description<\/a> \"Print version:<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isSimilarTo<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>> ; # African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781351804325<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1351804324<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781351804325<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/worldcat.org\/isbn\/9781351804332<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:ProductModel<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"1351804332<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:isbn<\/a> \"9781351804332<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \ngenont:InformationResource<\/a>, genont:ContentTypeGenericResource<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:about<\/a> <http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/oclc\/1043603944<\/a>> ; # African Testimony in the Movement for Congo Reform : the Burden of Proof.<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:dateModified<\/a> \"2019-12-11<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nvoid:inDataset<\/a> <http:\/\/purl.oclc.org\/dataset\/WorldCat<\/a>> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n
<http:\/\/www.worldcat.org\/title\/-\/oclc\/1043603944#PublicationEvent\/milton_routledge_2018<\/a>>\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0a \nschema:PublicationEvent<\/a> ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:location<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Place\/milton<\/a>> ; # Milton<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:organizer<\/a> <http:\/\/experiment.worldcat.org\/entity\/work\/data\/5192095850#Agent\/routledge<\/a>> ; # Routledge<\/span>\n\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\nschema:startDate<\/a> \"2018<\/span>\" ;\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0\u00A0.\n\n\n<\/div>\n\n

Content-negotiable representations<\/p>\n