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Agent zero : toward neurocognitive foundations for generative social science

Author: Joshua M Epstein
Publisher: Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, [2013]
Series: Princeton studies in complexity
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"The Final Volume of the Groundbreaking Trilogy on Agent-Based ModelingIn this pioneering synthesis, Joshua Epstein introduces a new theoretical entity: Agent Zero. This software individual, or "agent," is endowed with distinct emotional/affective, cognitive/deliberative, and social modules. Grounded in contemporary neuroscience, these internal components interact to generate observed, often far-from-rational,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Epstein, Joshua M., 1951-
Agent zero.
Princeton, NJ : Princeton University Press, [2013]
(DLC) 2013018009
(OCoLC)841391620
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Joshua M Epstein
ISBN: 1400848253 9781400848256 1306282837 9781306282833
OCLC Number: 874222988
Description: 1 online resource (xvi, 249 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Part I Mathematical Model 19 --
I.1 The Passions: Fear Conditioning 19 --
Fear Circuitry and the Perils of Fitness 20 --
Nomenclature of Conditioning 29 --
The Rescorla-Wagner Model 33 --
Social Examples 37 --
Fear Extinction 41 --
I.2 Reason: The Cognitive Component 46 --
I.3 The Social Component 51 --
Simple Version of the Core Target 55 --
Examples of Fear Contagion 57 --
Mechanisms of Fear Contagion 59 --
Conformist Empirical Estimates 63 --
Generalizing Rescorla-Wagner 67 --
The Central Case 69 --
Tolstoy: The First Agent Modeler 71 --
A Mathematical Aside on Social Norms as Vector Fields 74 --
Extinction of Majorities 78 --
I.4 Interim Conclusions 80 --
Part II Agent-Based Computational Model 81 --
Affective Component 84 --
"Rational" Component 85 --
Social Component 88 --
Action 89 --
Pseudocode 89 --
II.1 Computational Parables 90 --
Parable 1: The Slaughter of Innocents through Dispositional Contagion 90 --
Parable 2: Agent_Zero Initiates: Leadership as Susceptibility to Dispositional Contagion 94 --
Run 3. Information Cuts Both Ways 96 --
Run 4. A Day in the Life of Agent_Zero: How Affect and Probability Can Change on Different Time Scales 98 --
Run 5. Lesion Studies 102 --
Part III Extensions 107 --
III.1 Endogenous Destructive Radius 107 --
III.2 Age and Impulse Control 109 --
III.3 Fight vs. Flight 110 --
Case 1: Fight 111 --
Case 2: Flight 112 --
Capital Flight 114 --
III.4 Replicating the Latané-Darley Experiment 114 --
Threshold Imputation 115 --
The Dialogue 118 --
III.5 Memory 118 --
III.6 Couplings: Entanglement of Passion and Reason 122 --
Mathematical Treatment 124 --
III.7 Endogenous Dynamics of Connection Strength 128 --
Affective Homophily 128 --
General Setup 130 --
Agent-Based Model: Nonequlibrium Dynamics 135 --
III.8 Growing the 2011 Arab Spring 138 --
III.9 Jury Processes 143 --
Phase 1. Public Phase 143 --
Phase 2. Courtroom Trial Phase 145 --
Phase 3. Jury Phase 147 --
III.10 Emergent Dynamics of Network Structure 152 --
Network Structure Dynamics as a Poincaré Map 153 --
Relation to Literature 159 --
III.11 Multiple Social Levels 160 --
Agent_Zero as Witness to History 161 --
III.12 The 18th Brumaire of Agent_Zero 165 --
III.13 Introduction of Prices and Seasonal Economic Cycles 168 --
Prices 168 --
A Christmas Story 173 --
III.14 Spirals of Mutual Escalation 176 --
Part IV Future Research and Conclusion 181 --
IV.1 Future Research 181 --
IV.2 Conclusion 187 --
Civil Violence 187 --
Economics 188 --
Health Behavior 189 --
Psychology 190 --
Jury Dynamics 191 --
The Formation and Dynamics of Networks 191 --
Mutual Escalation Dynamics 192 --
Birth and Intergenerational Transmission 192 --
IV.3 Toward New Generative Foundations 192.
Series Title: Princeton studies in complexity
Other Titles: Toward neurocognitive foundations for generative social science
Responsibility: Joshua M. Epstein.

Abstract:

Introduces a theoretical entity: Agent_Zero. This title weaves a computational tapestry with threads from Plato, Hume, Darwin, Pavlov, Smith, Tolstoy, Marx, James, and Dostoevsky, among others.  Read more...

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"In social science generally and most notably in economics, the rational actor model has long been the benchmark for policy analysis and institutional design. Epstein now offers a worthy alternative: Read more...

 
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