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Ambassadors in arms : the story of Hawaii's 100th Battalion

Author: Thomas Daniel Murphy
Publisher: Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1954.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Hawaii's 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) was the first U.S. Army combat unit composed of Americans of Japanese ancestry. Its original members were inducted before Dec. 7, 1941. Sometimes called the Purple Heart Battalion, the 100th established itself as one of the most decorated units in the history of the U.S. Army. The 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) was activated on 12 June 1942, composed of more than  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Murphy, Thomas Daniel.
Ambassadors in arms.
Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1954
(OCoLC)568693861
Online version:
Murphy, Thomas Daniel.
Ambassadors in arms.
Honolulu, University of Hawaii Press, 1954
(OCoLC)609791727
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Thomas Daniel Murphy
OCLC Number: 1410142
Description: 315 pages illustrations 24 cm
Responsibility: Thomas D. Murphy ; sketches [by] Yoshio Takamoto ; maps [by] Tadashi K. Ohta.

Abstract:

Hawaii's 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) was the first U.S. Army combat unit composed of Americans of Japanese ancestry. Its original members were inducted before Dec. 7, 1941. Sometimes called the Purple Heart Battalion, the 100th established itself as one of the most decorated units in the history of the U.S. Army. The 100th Infantry Battalion (Separate) was activated on 12 June 1942, composed of more than 1,400 American-born Japanese called "Nisei" (NEE-say), or second generation. The War Department had removed them from Hawaii out of fear of renewed Japanese attacks. The War Department had also stopped accepting Nisei for military service. The battalion commander and some of the company-grade officers were Caucasian; the rest of its officers and enlisted men were Nisei. After training at Camp McCoy, Wisc., and Camp Shelby, Missippi, the battalion deployed to the Mediterranean in August 1943. The unit entered combat on 27 September 1943, near Salerno in Southern Italy. The battalion fought well and took heavy casualties. Impressed with the valor of the Hawaiian Nisei (including six awards of the Distinguished Service Cross in the first eight weeks of combat), the War Department recommended that more Nisei be recruited for an all-volunteer Nisei combat unit.

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