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American carnage : Wounded Knee, 1890

Author: Jerome A Greene
Publisher: Norman, Oklahoma : University of Oklahoma Press, 2014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
As the year 1890 wound to a close, a band of more than three hundred Lakota Sioux Indians led by Chief Big Foot made their way toward South Dakota's Pine Ridge Reservation to join other Lakotas seeking peace. Fearing that Big Foot's band was headed instead to join "hostile" Lakotas, U.S. troops surrounded the group on Wounded Knee Creek. Tensions mounted, and on the morning of December 29, as the Lakotas prepared to  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Jerome A Greene
ISBN: 9780806144481 0806144483
OCLC Number: 861209675
Description: xviii, 599 pages : illustrations, maps, portraits ; 25 cm
Contents: Wild Indians --
New World --
Broken faith --
Trauma --
Seeking to endure --
Perception --
Deployment --
Stronghold --
Grand River --
Pursuit --
Bloodbath --
Place of the big killings --
Direct corollaries --
Close out --
Aftermath --
Survivors --
Appendix A. Treaty with the Sioux (Brulé, Oglala, Miniconjou, Yanktonai, Hunkpapa, Blackfeet, Cuthead, Two Kettle, Sans Arcs, and Santee and Arapaho, April 29, 1868, ratified February 16, 1869 --
Appendix B. Ghost Dance leaders recommended for arrest and confinement --
Appendix C. Standing Rock police who arrested Sitting Bull --
Appendix D. U.S. Army casualties, Sioux Campaign, 1890 --
Appendix E. U.S. Army estimate of Lakota casualties at Wounded Knee --
Appendix F. Lakota casualties --
Appendix G. Medals of Honor for the Pine Ridge Campaign, 1890-91 --
Appendix H. General Miles's congratulatory message to his troops at the conclusion of the Sioux Campaign --
Appendix I. List of Wounded Knee survivors as of May 1941, compiled by James Pipe On Head.
Responsibility: Jerome A. Greene ; foreword by Thomas Powers.

Abstract:

As the year 1890 wound to a close, a band of more than three hundred Lakota Sioux Indians led by Chief Big Foot made their way toward South Dakota's Pine Ridge Reservation to join other Lakotas seeking peace. Fearing that Big Foot's band was headed instead to join "hostile" Lakotas, U.S. troops surrounded the group on Wounded Knee Creek. Tensions mounted, and on the morning of December 29, as the Lakotas prepared to give up their arms, disaster struck. Accounts vary on what triggered the violence as Indians and soldiers unleashed thunderous gunfire at each other, but the consequences were horrific: some 200 innocent Lakota men, women, and children were slaughtered. American Carnage explores the complex events preceding the tragedy, the killings, and their troubled legacy. Historian Jerome A. Greene explores why the bloody engagement happened and demonstrates how it became a brutal massacre. Drawing on a wealth of sources, including previously unknown testimonies, Greene examines the events from both Native and non-Native perspectives, explaining the significance of treaties, white settlement, political disputes, and the Ghost Dance as influential factors in what eventually took place. He addresses controversial questions: Was the action premeditated? Was the Seventh Cavalry motivated by revenge after its humiliating defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn? Should soldiers have received Medals of Honor? He also recounts the futile efforts of Lakota survivors and their descendants to gain recognition for their terrible losses.

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