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American prisoners of war, 1812-1815.

Publisher: Wakefield, United Kingdom : Microform Academic Publishers, 2014.
Series: British records on the Atlantic world, 1700-1900, pt. 20.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English
Summary:
"These records form a part of the Admiralty records in the National Archives. The General Entry Books published here are part of a series of 648 such volumes; most of those volumes have not been included here because they are in relation to French, rather than American, prisoners. These records are part of an advanced prisoner management system developed during the Napoleonic Wars and previous Anglo-French wars. The  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
OCLC Number: 900481931
Notes: "Part 20 of the BOA series, British Records on the Atlantic World, 1700-1900."
Holder of originals: National Archives.
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Prison Ships and Depots in England --
Chatham, 1812-1814 --
Prison Ships and Depots in England --
Dartmoor, 1813-1815 --
Prison Ships and Depots in England --
Plymouth, 1812-1815 --
Prison Ships and Depots in England --
Portsmouth and Stapleton, 1812-1814 --
Prison Ships and Depots in Overseas Locations --
Barbados, 1812-1815 --
Prison Ships and Depots in Overseas Locations --
Bermuda, 1812-1815 --
Prison Ships and Depots in Overseas Locations --
Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1812-1815 --
Prison Ships and Depots in Overseas Locations --
Miscellaneous Records, 1812-1815 --
Parole Locations, 1812-1815 --
Prisoner Deaths, Exchanges, and Transfers, also Brokers and Correspondence for Exchanges, 1812-1815.
Series Title: British records on the Atlantic world, 1700-1900, pt. 20.
Other Titles: British online archives.

Abstract:

"These records form a part of the Admiralty records in the National Archives. The General Entry Books published here are part of a series of 648 such volumes; most of those volumes have not been included here because they are in relation to French, rather than American, prisoners. These records are part of an advanced prisoner management system developed during the Napoleonic Wars and previous Anglo-French wars. The General Entry Book for Prisoners on parole at Ashburton, Devon, is also missing, but most men paroled there were initially recorded at Plymouth or Dartmoor. There is a gap in the Plymouth records from May 1814 to January 1815. However, the Dartmoor General Entry Books appear to be complete and nearly all prisoners received in Plymouth by 1814 were sent on to Dartmoor. There may have been Americans held at other locations, but the evidence for their being held elsewhere in any numbers is lacking. Each depot or prison ship was supervised by an agent of the Transport Board, who was usually an officer of the Royal Navy. Generally speaking these agents would be Lieutenants, though larger depots like Dartmoor could have a Captain. Some Books covering prisoners held outside England reference these agents in their titles. In the war of 1812-1815 about 8 per cent of the total of the seafaring manpower of the United States--roughly 7500 Navy and private seamen--were held as prisoners for at least part of the war. The General Entry Books in this collection were published in five different formats: Type 1 General Entry Books were to record details of prisoners to be held in England for a relatively long period of time and therefore contain personal information on their captives which enables their captors to readily identify individuals after some time spent in captivity. Type 2 General Entry Books were to record details of captives in transit, these details focus upon where the prisoners were taken and where they were delivered to. Type 3 General Entry Books were to record details of sick prisoners for whom more detailed records are held in other General Entry Books. The 'Names' and 'Number on The General Book' [sic] fields are therefore designed to permit easy cross-referencing. Unfortunately, whilst these books do record the length of hospital stays, they do not record the reasons why these prisoners were admitted to hospital. Type 4 General Entry Books were to cover those prisoners who died in custody, the level of detail in these records is greater than in GEB type 3 books. Fields such as prisoners' General Entry Book number, 'rank', and 'ship or corps' are common to both General Entry Book type 1 and General Entry Book type 4. The information unique to these records is the date and cause of death. Type 5 General Entry Books were to cover prisoners of war on parole, these records do cover where and how the prisoners were taken; however, great pains are taken to ensure that prisoners' appearance is recorded in as much detail as possible. Parole arrangements do not appear to have been particularly secure as a significant quantity of prisoners on parole are recorded as having managed to run away. The detailed information on these men recorded in the General Entry Books is the richest single source of data relating to early American seafarers"--Collection metadata page.

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Primary Entity

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