America's priorities : how the U.S. Government raises and spends $3,000,000,000,000 (trillion) per year (Book, 2007) []
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America's priorities : how the U.S. Government raises and spends $3,000,000,000,000 (trillion) per year

America's priorities : how the U.S. Government raises and spends $3,000,000,000,000 (trillion) per year

Author: Charles S Konigsberg
Publisher: Bloomington, IN : AuthorHouse, ©2007.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Charles S Konigsberg
ISBN: 143436013X 9781434360137 9781434360120 1434360121
OCLC Number: 1154508910
Description: xvi, 431 p. : ill. ; 28 cm.
Contents: I. Introduction : America's priorities --
II. Unlocking the mysteries of the federal budget process --
2-1. Preparation of the President's budget --
2-2. The congressional budget process --
2-3. Implementation of spending laws --
2-4. Budget enforcement --
2-5. The government as banker : federal credit reform --
2-6. The Federal Unfunded Mandates Reform Act --
2-7. Performance-based budgeting --
2-8. Budget process reform proposals --
2-9. Key budget concepts --
III. Spending : how America spends $3 trillion per year --
3-1. Defense and intelligence spending : from "peace dividend" in the 1990s to rapid growth since 2000 --
3-2. Department of Homeland Security --
3-3. Veterans benefits --
3-4. Social Security : is it stable or facing collapse --
3-5. Interest payments, the fourth-largest federal "program" --
3-6. Health care : the nation's greatest fiscal challenge --
Medicare --
Medicaid --
Public support of teaching hospitals --
State Children's Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) --
U.S. public health service agencies : Surgeon General and the Commissioned Corps --
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality --
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention --
Food and Drug Administration --
HRSA : community health, HIV/AIDS, MCH, NHSC --
Indian Health Service --
National Institutes of Health --
Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Admin. --
Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority --
3-7. Education and children's programs --
Head Start --
Child care --
Child Nutrition and Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) --
Child welfare --
Elementary and secondary education --
No Child Left Behind --
Special Education and Individuals with Disabilities Education Act --
Higher education 3-8. Helping people in need --
Earned income tax credit --
Supplemental security income for the aged, blind and disabled --
The Food Stamp Program --
"Welfare, " temporary assistance for needy families (TANF) --
Housing assistance --
Low-Income Home Energy Assistance (LIHEAP) --
Unemployment compensation --
3-9. Transportation programs --
Federal-aid highway program (highways and bridges) --
Public transportation --
Financing air traffic control and airport improvements --
Amtrak --
Transportation safety --
3-10. Law enforcement and administration of justice --
FBI --
DEA, ATF, and U.S. Marshals service --
Federal prison system --
U.S. attorneys and DOJ legal activities --
Justice programs : grants for state and local law enforcement --
3-11. Environment, energy, and natural resources --
Environmental Protection Agency --
Energy programs --
Expenditures on basic science, research and development --
Natural resources : stewardship of public lands, waterways, and wildlife --
3-12. Farm programs --
Commodity programs --
Conservation programs --
Crop insurance and emergency assistance --
Agricultural research and education --
Marketing and regulatory programs --
Farm credit --
3-13. International affairs --
Economic development aid --
Humanitarian aid --
Military aid and security assistance --
Counter-narcotics and law enforcement --
State Department and conduct of foreign affairs --
Contributions to the United Nations and other international orgs IV. Revenues : how America raises $3 trillion per year --
Overview of the U.S. taxes --
Individual income taxes --
Alternative minimum tax --
Payroll taxes : Social Security and Medicare hospital insurance --
Corporate income taxes --
Estate and gift taxes --
Excise taxes, duties, and misc. receipts --
The "tax gap" --
How do U.S. taxes compare to other countries? --
Tax fairness, reform, and distribution of the tax burden --
V. Tax expenditures : spending on the revenue side --
Significant tax expenditures --
VI. In the wink of an eye : from deficits to surpluses and back to deficits --
A brief history of deficits and surpluses --
The triple-digit deficits of the 1980s --
The budget agreements of the 1990s lead to surpluses --
Current decade : exploding deficits lead to massive debt --
Causes of the deficit/debt explosion --
Top officials agree U.S. is on a dangerous fiscal path --
Do deficits matters? --
VII. Non-partisan principles to secure our nation's future --
Appendices --
A. Budget process timetable --
B. Budget points of order in the Senate and House --
C. Major laws governing the federal budget process --
D. Statutory definition of "entitlement" --
E. Revenue bills and the origination clause --
F. Historical table, budget resolutions --
G. Example of budget resolution totals --
H. Example of budget reconciliation instruction --
I. Example of budget resolution reserve funds --
J. Example of budget resolution 302(a) committee allocations --
K. Example of appropriations 302(b) sub-allocations --
L. Explanation of the Senate's Byrd Rule --
M. Historical table, reconciliation bills --
N. Historical table, completion of appropriations bills --
O. Appropriations, rules governing floor consideration and conference --
P. 2004 PART questionnaire --
Q. 2007 federal poverty level.
Responsibility: Charles S. Konigsberg.


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