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Aquatic habitats in sustainable urban water management : science, policy and practice

Author: Iwona Wagner
Publisher: Paris : UNESCO ; Leiden : Taylor & Francis, cop. 2008.
Series: Urban water series / UNESCO-IHP, vol. 4
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Aquatic habitats supply a wide range of vital ecosystem benefits to cities and their inhabitants. This title aims at improving our understanding of aquatic habitats, related ecosystem goods and  Read more...

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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Iwona Wagner
ISBN: 9789231040627 9231040626 9780415453509 041545350X 9780415453516 0415453518
OCLC Number: 441858706
Notes: Bibliografija na koncu poglavij.
Description: XXIII, 229 str., [16] str. pril. : ilustr. ; 25 cm.
Contents: ContentsList of Figures xiiiList of Tables xvAcronyms xviiGlossary xxi1 Introduction to urban aquatic habitat management 11.1 Impact of global processes on water resources in cities 11.2 Aquatic habitats in integrated urban water management: How are they managed or mismanaged? 21.3 Comments on urban aquatic habitat management: Restoration, preservation, rehabilitation or remediation? 41.4 Structure of this book 52 Urban aquatic habitats: Characteristics and functioning 92.1 Characteristics of aquatic habitats 92.2 Human modifications of aquatic habitats 112.2.1 Flow regime 122.2.2 Physical habitat structure 132.2.3 Biotic interactions 132.2.4 Food (energy) sources 142.2.5 Chemical variables (water quality) 142.2.6 Factor interdependencies 152.3 Background on aquatic ecosystem functioning 152.3.1 Conceptual model of aquatic ecosystem functioning 162.3.2 Definition of objectives for preservation or rehabilitation of aquatic ecosystems 192.3.3 Selecting preservation or rehabilitation measures 213 Strategies, policies and regulations integrating protection andrehabilitation of aquatic habitats in urban water management 253.1 Strategies for protection and rehabilitation of urban aquatichabitats 253.1.1 Sustainable development 263.1.2 Ecosystem approach 273.1.3 Measuring progress towards sustainability: Criteria and indicators 283.1.3.1 UN Division for Sustainable Development indicators (2006) 283.1.3.2 Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI): Yale University and Columbia University, 2005 283.1.3.3 Pillar-based sustainability criteria 303.1.4 Urban environmental management approaches 303.1.4.1 Low impact development (LID) 313.1.4.2 Total management of the urban water cycle (TMUWC) 323.1.4.3 Soft path for water 333.2 Regulations and policies driving the implementation of strategies for urban aquatic habitat's protection and rehabilitation 343.2.1 Approaches focusing on aquatic habitat protection 343.2.2 Approaches focusing on water quality protection 353.2.3 Integrated regulations and policies addressing aquatic habitats 373.2.4 Additional observations concerning developing countries 383.2.5 Emerging challenges 394 Ecosensitive approaches to managing urban aquatic habitats and their integration with urban infrastructure 434.1 Urban water cycle and aquatic habitats 434.2 Habitat interactions with water supply 454.2.1 Managing water import into urban areas 454.2.2 Impacts on aquatic habitats imposed by water reservoirs 474.3 Habitat interactions with urban drainage and flood protection 494.3.1 Urban drainage: Problem definition and needs for management 494.3.1.1 Urban drainage impacts on aquatic habitats 494.3.1.2 Overview of aquatic life support conditions in urban waters impacted by stormwater discharges 514.3.1.3 Need for stormwater management 514.3.2 Urban drainage: Stormwater management goals 524.3.3 Tools for effective stormwater management 534.3.3.1 Guidelines and targets 554.3.3.2 Technological measures (BMPs) 554.3.4 Promotion of modern stormwater management 564.3.5 Flood protection 584.4 Habitat interactions with wastewater management and sanitation systems 594.4.1 Basic demands on wastewater management systems 604.4.2 Wastewater systems without separation of waste streams at the source 614.4.3 Water and wastewater reuse for environmental benefits 624.4.4 Technology and site selection 634.5 Concluding observations 645 Aquatic habitat rehabilitation: Goals, constraints and techniques 715.1 Assessing the ecological potential of the river 715.1.1 Buffering mechanisms 715.1.2 Methods for river state assessment 725.1.2.1 Bioassessment 725.1.2.2 Physical and geomorphological assessment 745.2 Techniques in urban river rehabilitation 745.2.1 Rehabilitation of hydrological dynamics of river habitats 765.2.1.1 Attenuation of peak flows using in-catchment or on-watercourse storage reservoirs 765.2.1.2 Managing the high-flow regime in floodplains and riverbeds 785.2.1.3 Assurance of minimum flows during dry weather 785.2.1.4 Flattening of the river longitudinal grade 795.2.2 Rehabilitation of the physical structure of river habitats 795.2.2.1 Re-meandering straight watercourse sections 795.2.2.2 Stream bank management and maintenance 825.2.3 Reconstruction of biotic structure 825.2.3.1 In-stream vegetation: The use of aquatic plants 845.2.3.2 Bank and riparian vegetation: The role of land/water ecotones 855.2.4 Phytoremediation 865.2.5 Increasing capacity of urban habitats for water and nutrient's retentiveness 875.3 Improving the likelihood of success in the implementation of rehabilitation projects 886 Ecohydrology of urban aquatic ecosystems for healthy cities 956.1 Introduction 956.2 Ecohydrology concept and principles 966.2.1 Genesis of the concept 966.2.2 Creating opportunities for the degraded environment 976.3 Ecohydrology for the urban environment 996.4 Multidimensional benefits of the ecohydrological approach for the urban environment and the society 1006.5 Implementation of the ecohydrological approach 1027 Integrating aquatic habitat management into urban planning 1077.1 Biodiversity and the emergence of sustainable development practices in urban landscape planning 1077.2 The need for inventories of aquatic habitats 1087.3 Incorporating wetlands and rivers into urban planning and layout 1097.4 The role of aquatic habitats in facilitating urban biodiversity conservation 1107.5 Trading ecosystem integrity with provision of goods and services in an urban context 1157.6 Use and application of ecological buffer areas in the management of urban aquatic ecosystems 1177.6.1 Defining ecological buffers 1177.6.2 The function of ecological buffers 1187.6.3 Defining buffer width 1207.6.4 The moderating effect of urban layout and land-use on requirements for buffers 1227.6.5 Realities of implementing requirements for buffer areas 1227.7 Tools to assist in the integration of, and tradeoffs between, social, ecological, Engineering and economic requirements in urban areas 1237.8 Conclusions 1238 Human health and safety related to urban aquatic habitats 1298.1 Introduction 1298.2 Water bodies as sources of raw water and wastewater sinks 1298.3 Microbiological risks and their control 1318.3.1 Drinking water 1318.3.2 Bathing waters 1338.3.3 Disease vectors 1338.4 Chemical risks and their control 1348.4.1 Anthropogenic compounds 1348.4.2 Algal toxins 1368.4.3 Sewage sludge use as an option for the control of chemical risks 1378.5 Drowning and other water-related risks of aquatic habitats 1388.6 Integrated water risk management 1388.6.1 General 1388.6.2 Water Safety Plans (WSP) 1398.6.3 Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) 1408.7 Conclusions 1419 Integrated management of urban aquatic habitats to enhancequality of life and environment in cities: Selected case studies 1479.1 Introduction 1479.2 Moddergat river rehabilitation and flood management project Cape Town, South Africa 1509.2.1 Background 1509.2.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1519.2.3 Objectives of the case study and method of implementation 1529.2.4 Project results 1549.2.5 Stakeholders and their roles in the project 1559.2.6 Conclusion and recommendations 1569.3 Rehabilitation of the Wasit Nature Reserve, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates 1579.3.1 Background 1579.3.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1589.3.3 Objectives of the case study 1599.3.4 Implementation of the project and involved stakeholders 1609.3.5 Project results 1629.3.6 Conclusion and recommendations 1639.4 The ecohydrological dimension of small urban river management for stormwater retention and pollution loads mitigation: Lodz, Poland 1659.4.1 Background 1669.4.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1689.4.3 Objectives of the case study 1699.4.4 Project implementation and results 1709.4.5 Stakeholders and their roles in the project 1749.5 Integrating ecological and hydrological issues into urban planning in the Adige River fluvial corridor, Italy 1769.5.1 Background 1779.5.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1799.5.3 Objectives of the case study 1809.5.4 Project results 1819.5.5 Project implementation 1819.5.6 Stakeholders and their roles in the project 1859.5.7 Conclusion and recommendations 1859.6 Assessing Stream bio-assimilation capacity to cope with combined sewer overflows, Lyon, France 1879.6.1 Background 1879.6.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1889.6.3 Objectives of the case study 1899.6.4 First steps of implementation: assessment of bio-assimilation capacity 1909.6.5 Project results 1909.6.6 Stakeholders and their roles in the project 1929.6.7 Conclusions and recommendations 1929.7 Optimization of the river hydrological regime to maintain floodplain wetland biodiversity, Lobau Biosphere Reserve, Vienna, Austria 1939.7.1 Background 1939.7.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 1969.7.3 Objectives of the case study 1979.7.4 Expected results 1989.7.5 Project implementation and stakeholders 1989.7.6 Conclusion and recommendations 1989.8 Integrated management of aquatic habitats: Urban Biosphere Reserve (UBR) approach for the Omerli Watershed, Istanbul, Turkey 2009.8.1 Background 2009.8.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 2019.8.3 Objectives of the case study 2059.8.4 Expected results 2059.8.5 Project implementation and stakeholders 2069.8.6 Conclusion and recommendations 2079.9 Description of the ecology and water management in the Phoenix metropolitan area, Arizona, USA 2099.9.1 Background 2109.9.2 Key aquatic habitat issues in urban water management 2129.9.3 Objectives of the case study 2169.9.4 Potential stakeholders 2179.9.5 Expected results 2179.9.6 Conclusions 217Index 225
Series Title: Urban water series / UNESCO-IHP, vol. 4
Responsibility: edited by Iwona Wagner, Jiri Marsalek and Pascal Breil.

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