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Arab Attitudes to Israel

Author: Yehoshafat Harkabi
Publisher: Somerset Taylor and Francis 1974
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English : 1st edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- CONTENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- 1. Aim and Method -- 2. Generalization, Identification and Sincerity -- 3. Penetration in Depth and Perception of Significance -- 4. Ideology and History -- 5. Selectivity and the Psychology of the Researcher -- 6. General Remarks -- 7. Transliterator's Notes -- CHAPTER 1. THE ARAB OBJECTIVE IN THE CONFLICT -- 1.
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Computer File, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Yehoshafat Harkabi
ISBN: 9781351531337 1351531336 9780878551682 0878551689
OCLC Number: 1034692341
Description: 1 Online-Ressource (552 Seiten)

Abstract:

Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Dedication -- CONTENTS -- INTRODUCTION -- 1. Aim and Method -- 2. Generalization, Identification and Sincerity -- 3. Penetration in Depth and Perception of Significance -- 4. Ideology and History -- 5. Selectivity and the Psychology of the Researcher -- 6. General Remarks -- 7. Transliterator's Notes -- CHAPTER 1. THE ARAB OBJECTIVE IN THE CONFLICT -- 1. Undisguised Expressions of Objective -- 2. Ambiguous Expressions of Objective -- a) Negative Expressions -- b) Figurative and Metaphorical Expressions -- 3. Phrases Coined to Express the Objective -- a) "Restoration of Stolen Rights"--B) "Liberation," "Restoration" etc -- c) "Just Solution," etc -- d) "Rectification (or Undoing) of the Crime (Injustice or Mistake) of 1948" -- e) "Purging (or Liquidation) of Zionist (or Israeli). Aggression," etc -- f) "Liberation of the Motherland from Zionism," etc -- g) "Repulsion of the Zionist Danger," etc -- h) "Liquidation of the Traces of Aggression" (izālat āthār al-udwān) -- 4. Significance of Use of Direct and Indirect Formulations of the Objective: Criteria of Frequency -- 5. The Objective of Compliance with UN Resolutions -- 6. Inadequacy of UN Resolutions -- 7. Liquidation By Peaceful Means -- 8. The Objective in Propaganda for External Consumption -- 9. The Distinction Between Liquidating a State and Liquidating its Population -- 10. Symbols of Liquidation -- 11. Summing-up of the Arab Attitude -- 12. The Dynamics of the Objective -- CHAPTER 2. THE ARAB IDEOLOGY OF THE CONFLICT -- 1. Why Ideology? -- a) The Nature of the Ideology -- b) Criteria of Ideologies -- c) Sources -- 2. Justification for Liquidation of Israel -- a) Liquidation as the Rectification of a Historic Injustice -- b) The Aim: Rectification of the Injustice Not Liquidation -- c) The Unjust Fact Must Be Rejected

D) The Obligation to Respect State Sovereignty Does Not Apply to Israel -- e) Liquidation Only Retribution for Previous Liquidation -- f) Israel is Liable to Expand -- g) Liquidation as a Preventive and Defensive Operation -- h) Israel is Aggressive By Nature and Therefore Must Be Liquidated -- i) Israel is Essentially Evil and Deserves Annihilation -- j) Israel as an Imperialist Base Endangering the Region -- k) Israel as a Source of Instability -- l) Liquidation as a Historic Task and Duty to Humanity -- m) The State of Israel is Unnatural -- n) Liquidation of Israel Will Save the Honour of the Arabs -- 3. The Expansion of the State of Israel -- a) Expansion as Essential to Zionism -- b) Proofs from Zionist Sources -- c) Denials of Expansionist Aims are Fraudulent -- d) Zionism Aims at Ingathering the Jewish People in the Jewish State -- e) Expansionist Aspirations Part of Israel's Nature -- f) Israel Not Content With Present Borders Which are "Not Historic and Not Convenient"--G) Israel Most Expand in Order to Exist -- h) The Opportunity For Expansion Reveals the Hidden Aim -- i) The Name Eretz Israel (Land of Israel) -- j) Dominating the Whole World -- 4. Liquidating is Feasible -- a) The Artificiality of Israel Must Be Fatal -- b) The Jews are Quarrelsome and Cannot Maintain a State -- c) Israel Has No Basis For Existence as Her Territory and Resources are Limited -- d) Her Existence Depends on Transitory Foreign Aid -- e) The Arab Seige and Arab Hostility Will Strangulate Israel -- f) Time Works Against Israel -- g) The Lesson of the Crusades -- h) The Will of the Arabs Will Prevail -- i) Israel's Fate Bound Up With Declining Colonialism -- j) The Religious Argument -- 5. The Nature of the Conflict as the Arabs See It -- 6. Pacifism-Except For Israel -- a) Justice Before Peace -- b) Peace Confirming Aggression is Invalid

C) No Acquiescence in Colonialism -- d) The Psychological Justification -- e) Any Settlement Must Be First of All With the Palestinians -- f) Distrust of Israel and Her Calls For Peace -- g) The Argument From Utility -- h) Israel Would Profit From Peace By Expanding -- i) Israel Does Not Want Peace Either -- CHAPTER 3. HOSTILITY AND THE CONCEPT OF THE ENEMY -- 1. Hostility -- 2. Images in the Conflict -- a) Projection -- b) Selectivity, Rejection and Repression -- 3. The Enemy is Arab Nationalism -- a) Externalization of Guilt -- b) The Enemy as a Coalition -- 4. Factors in Arab Hostility -- a) Hostility As a Cultural Manifestation Language -- b) The Islamic Factor in Hostility -- c) Sociological Factors in Hostility -- d) Psychological Explanations -- 5. Imperialism and Colonialism -- a) Identification of Imperialism -- b) Invasions in the Arab Philosophy of History -- c) The Indictment Against Imperialism -- 6. Self-Criticism For Externalization of Guilt -- 7. Imperialism and Israel -- a) The Establishment of Israel -- b) The Balfour Declaration -- c) Why Imperialism "Created" Israel -- d) The Mandate Period -- e) The Ending of the Mandate -- f) Appendix -- 8. Hierarchy of Enemies and Dangers -- a) Imperialism the Principal Enemy -- b) Israel as the Most Dangerous Enemy -- c) Displacement of Hostility -- CHAPTER 4. ZIONISM -- 1. The Vileness of Zionism -- a) The Source of the Vileness of Zionism Lies in Its Aim -- b) Zionism, Colonialist and Racist -- c) Zionism and Nazism -- d) Zionism and Anti-Semitism -- e) The Hierarchy of Scurrility -- 2. Activities and Intrigues of' 'World Zionism'' -- a) Worldwide Organization -- b) Zionist Intrigues -- 3. Zionism and the Jews -- a) Zionism as a Political Movement Dominating Jewry -- b) Zionism Interested in Creating a Jewish Nation -- 4. Refuting the Historic Right -- a) Refutation on Principle

B) Historical Arguments -- c) The Question of Race -- d) The Divine Promise -- e) Significance of These Arguments -- 5. Identification of Zionism and Judaism -- a) Factors and Significances -- b) Zionism as the Emissary of Jewry -- c) Religious, Cultural and Historic Vileness of Zionism -- d) The Anti-Zionist Jews -- 6. Contradictions of Zionism -- a) Zionism Doomed to Failure -- 7. Praises of Zionism -- 8. Complexities -- CHAPTER 5. THE JEWS -- 1. Islam and the Jews -- 2. The Study and Sources of Arab Anti-Semitism -- a) Study of Arab Anti-Semitism -- b) Originality and Origins -- 3. The Protocols of the Elders of Zion -- 4. Zionism, Jewish Communists and Freemasons -- a) Zionism and Communism -- b) Freemasonry -- 5. The Vileness of the Jews -- a) The Fundamental Evil -- b) Quarrelsomeness and Hatred -- c) "The Chosen People" and Its Attitude to the Gentiles -- d) Judaism as Conspiracy for World Domination -- e) Jewish Distinction in the Culture Field -- 6. The History of the Jews -- 7. "Islamization" of Jew-Hatred -- 8. The Blood Libel -- 9. Justification of Nazi Crimes -- a) Reactions to the Eichmann Trial -- 10. Arab Explanations of Anti-Semitism -- 11. The World Mission of Arab Anti-Semitism -- a) From Ideology to Action -- b) Influence of Arab Anti-Semitism on World Anti-Semitism -- c) The Catholic "Schema" on the Jews -- 12. Anti-Semitism in the Arab Countries -- 13. Summary -- CHAPTER 6. ISRAEL -- 1. Organic Odiousness -- 2. The External Aspect: Aggression, Intrigues, Exploitation -- a) Treachery and Intrigue -- b) Border Incidents and Reprisal Operations -- c) Israel's Foreign Relations -- 3. Internal Aspects -- a) The System of Government -- b) National Disunity -- c) The Israelis -- d) Confusion and Fear in Israel -- e) Attitude to the Arab Minority (Before the Six-Day War) -- f) Belittlement of Israeli Achievements

4. Israel's Anti-Arab Activities -- a) General -- b) Israel As the Enemy of Arab Nationalism -- c) Israel As an Enemy of Social Progress -- d) Zionist Anti-Arab Propaganda -- 5. Favourable and Ambivalent References -- a) Modernity and Efficiency -- b) Unity -- c) Spiritual Values -- d) Ambivalence -- 6. Scurrility, Absurdity and Falsehood in Arab Statements -- a) Scurrility -- b) Measurement -- c) Absurdities -- d) Falsehood and Distortions -- CHAPTER 7. THE ARABS' SELF-IMAGE IN THE CONFLICT -- 1. The Self-Image -- a) Self-Criticism -- 2. History in the Light of the Self-image -- a) General -- b) The National Struggle in Palestine -- c) The Resort to War -- d) The Shock of Defeat -- e) Explanations For the Defeat -- f) Basic Social Factors in the Downfall -- g) Criticism of the Army and the Conduct of Hostilities -- h) Defeat Ascribed to Western Plots -- i) Combined Explanations -- j) Good Out of Evil -- CHAPTER 8. FROM IDEOLOGY TO ATTITUDE -- 1. Errors in Evaluation -- 2. Sincerity of Arab Statements -- a) Are The Declarations Propaganda For Internal -- Consumption? -- b) Is It Extremism For Bargaining Or Defence? -- c) Is It A Ritual Ideology? -- d) Sometimes The Arabs Talk Differently -- e) Leaders and Writers -- f) Conviction and Coherence -- g) Sincerity As A Developing Process -- 3. Distribution Of Ideology and Images -- a) Factors Influencing Identification -- b) Summing Up -- 4. Importance of Ideology and Images -- a) The Catharsis Argument -- b) The Gap Between Talk and Action -- 5. Geopolitical and Psychological Factors -- a) The United Arab Republic -- b) Jordan -- c) Syria -- d) Lebanon -- e) Interaction of Factors -- 6. The Nature of the Arab Attitude -- a) The Formation of the Arab Attitude -- b) Different Strata in the Arab Attitude -- c) Agreement on the Objective, Differences on Methods -- d) The Goal and the Plan -- e) Summing Up

CHAPTER 9. POSSIBILITIES OF CHANGE

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Primary Entity

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    schema:description "D) The Obligation to Respect State Sovereignty Does Not Apply to Israel -- e) Liquidation Only Retribution for Previous Liquidation -- f) Israel is Liable to Expand -- g) Liquidation as a Preventive and Defensive Operation -- h) Israel is Aggressive By Nature and Therefore Must Be Liquidated -- i) Israel is Essentially Evil and Deserves Annihilation -- j) Israel as an Imperialist Base Endangering the Region -- k) Israel as a Source of Instability -- l) Liquidation as a Historic Task and Duty to Humanity -- m) The State of Israel is Unnatural -- n) Liquidation of Israel Will Save the Honour of the Arabs -- 3. The Expansion of the State of Israel -- a) Expansion as Essential to Zionism -- b) Proofs from Zionist Sources -- c) Denials of Expansionist Aims are Fraudulent -- d) Zionism Aims at Ingathering the Jewish People in the Jewish State -- e) Expansionist Aspirations Part of Israel's Nature -- f) Israel Not Content With Present Borders Which are "Not Historic and Not Convenient"--G) Israel Most Expand in Order to Exist -- h) The Opportunity For Expansion Reveals the Hidden Aim -- i) The Name Eretz Israel (Land of Israel) -- j) Dominating the Whole World -- 4. Liquidating is Feasible -- a) The Artificiality of Israel Must Be Fatal -- b) The Jews are Quarrelsome and Cannot Maintain a State -- c) Israel Has No Basis For Existence as Her Territory and Resources are Limited -- d) Her Existence Depends on Transitory Foreign Aid -- e) The Arab Seige and Arab Hostility Will Strangulate Israel -- f) Time Works Against Israel -- g) The Lesson of the Crusades -- h) The Will of the Arabs Will Prevail -- i) Israel's Fate Bound Up With Declining Colonialism -- j) The Religious Argument -- 5. The Nature of the Conflict as the Arabs See It -- 6. Pacifism-Except For Israel -- a) Justice Before Peace -- b) Peace Confirming Aggression is Invalid" ;
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    schema:description "4. Israel's Anti-Arab Activities -- a) General -- b) Israel As the Enemy of Arab Nationalism -- c) Israel As an Enemy of Social Progress -- d) Zionist Anti-Arab Propaganda -- 5. Favourable and Ambivalent References -- a) Modernity and Efficiency -- b) Unity -- c) Spiritual Values -- d) Ambivalence -- 6. Scurrility, Absurdity and Falsehood in Arab Statements -- a) Scurrility -- b) Measurement -- c) Absurdities -- d) Falsehood and Distortions -- CHAPTER 7. THE ARABS' SELF-IMAGE IN THE CONFLICT -- 1. The Self-Image -- a) Self-Criticism -- 2. History in the Light of the Self-image -- a) General -- b) The National Struggle in Palestine -- c) The Resort to War -- d) The Shock of Defeat -- e) Explanations For the Defeat -- f) Basic Social Factors in the Downfall -- g) Criticism of the Army and the Conduct of Hostilities -- h) Defeat Ascribed to Western Plots -- i) Combined Explanations -- j) Good Out of Evil -- CHAPTER 8. FROM IDEOLOGY TO ATTITUDE -- 1. Errors in Evaluation -- 2. Sincerity of Arab Statements -- a) Are The Declarations Propaganda For Internal -- Consumption? -- b) Is It Extremism For Bargaining Or Defence? -- c) Is It A Ritual Ideology? -- d) Sometimes The Arabs Talk Differently -- e) Leaders and Writers -- f) Conviction and Coherence -- g) Sincerity As A Developing Process -- 3. Distribution Of Ideology and Images -- a) Factors Influencing Identification -- b) Summing Up -- 4. Importance of Ideology and Images -- a) The Catharsis Argument -- b) The Gap Between Talk and Action -- 5. Geopolitical and Psychological Factors -- a) The United Arab Republic -- b) Jordan -- c) Syria -- d) Lebanon -- e) Interaction of Factors -- 6. The Nature of the Arab Attitude -- a) The Formation of the Arab Attitude -- b) Different Strata in the Arab Attitude -- c) Agreement on the Objective, Differences on Methods -- d) The Goal and the Plan -- e) Summing Up" ;
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