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Archaeology below the cliff : race, class, and Redlegs in Barbadian sugar society

Author: Matthew C Reilly
Publisher: Tuscaloosa, Alabama : The University of Alabama Press, [2019] ©2019
Series: Caribbean archaeology and ethnohistory.
Edition/Format:   Print book : State or province government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Archaeology below the Cliff: Race, Class, and Redlegs in Barbadian Sugar Society is the first archaeological study of the poor whites of Barbados, the descendants of seventeenth-century European indentured servants and small farmers. 'Redlegs' is a pejorative to describe the marginalized group who remained after the island transitioned to a sugar monoculture economy dependent on the labor of enslaved Africans. A  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Case studies
History
Material Type: Government publication, State or province government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Matthew C Reilly
ISBN: 9780817320287 0817320288
OCLC Number: 1079003112
Description: xvii, 247 pages ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
Archaeologies of plantation modernity --
Redlegs on the plantation landscape --
Below Cliff : excavating and engaging with a plantation community --
Socioeconomic (in)activity --
"A numerous race of mulattoes" : (de)constructing racial barriers --
Alternative modernities Below the Cliff.
Series Title: Caribbean archaeology and ethnohistory.
Other Titles: Race, class, and Redlegs in Barbadian sugar society
Responsibility: Matthew C. Reilly.

Abstract:

The first archaeological study of the poor whites of Barbados, the descendants of seventeenth-century European indentured servants and small farmers. Using archaeological, historical, and oral  Read more...

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Archaeology below the Cliff is a very holistic and strong anthropological approach to Caribbean history and archaeology. The book exemplifies the very best in anthropological methodologies and Read more...

 
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    schema:description ""Archaeology below the Cliff: Race, Class, and Redlegs in Barbadian Sugar Society is the first archaeological study of the poor whites of Barbados, the descendants of seventeenth-century European indentured servants and small farmers. 'Redlegs' is a pejorative to describe the marginalized group who remained after the island transitioned to a sugar monoculture economy dependent on the labor of enslaved Africans. A sizable portion of the 'white' minority, the Redlegs largely existed on the peripheries of the plantation landscape in an area called 'Below Cliff,' which was deemed unsuitable for profitable agricultural production. Just as the land on which they resided was cast as marginal, so too have the poor whites historically and contemporarily been derided as peripheral and isolated as well as idle, alcoholic, degenerate, inbred, and irrelevant to a functional island society and economy. Using archaeological, historical, and oral sources, Matthew C. Reilly shows how the precarious existence of the Barbadian Redlegs challenged elite hypercapitalistic notions of economics, race, and class as they were developing in colonial society. Experiencing pronounced economic hardship, similar to that of the enslaved, albeit under very different circumstances, Barbadian Redlegs developed strategies to live in a harsh environment. Reilly's investigations reveal that what developed in Below Cliff was a moral economy, based on community needs rather than free-market prices. Reilly extensively excavated households from the tenantry area on the boundaries of the Clifton Hall Plantation, which was abandoned in the 1960s, to explore the daily lives of poor white tenants and investigate their relationships with island economic processes and networks. Despite misconceptions of strict racial isolation, evidence also highlights the importance of poor white encounters and relationships with Afro-Barbadians. Historical data are also incorporated to address how an underrepresented demographic experienced the plantation landscape. Ultimately, Reilly's narrative situates the Redlegs within island history, privileging inclusion and embeddedness over exclusion and isolation."--"@en ;
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