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Aromatherapy and essential oils : a map of the evidence

Author: Michele FreemanChelsea AyersCarolyn Peterson, PhDDevan KansagaraUnited States. Department of Veterans Affairs. Health Services Research and Development Service,All authors
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.] : Department of Veterans Affairs, Health Services Research & Development Service, September 2019.
Series: Evidence-based synthesis program (Series)
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review is to provide the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) with a broad overview of the effectiveness of aromatherapy and essential oils (EOs), and the health conditions for which these interventions have been examined. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: We searched multiple databases through February 2019 for systematic reviews (SRs) of aromatherapy and EOs for health conditions.  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Systematic Review
Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Michele Freeman; Chelsea Ayers; Carolyn Peterson, PhD; Devan Kansagara; United States. Department of Veterans Affairs. Health Services Research and Development Service,; Portland VA Medical Center. Evidence-based Synthesis Program Center,
OCLC Number: 1148207539
Description: 1 online resource (1 PDF file (v, 58 pages)) : illustrations.
Series Title: Evidence-based synthesis program (Series)
Responsibility: prepared for, Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research & Development Service ; prepared by, Evidence-based Synthesis Program (ESP) Center, Portland VA Medical Center ; authors, Michele Freeman, Chelsea Ayers, Carolyn Peterson, Devan Kansagara.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this review is to provide the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) with a broad overview of the effectiveness of aromatherapy and essential oils (EOs), and the health conditions for which these interventions have been examined. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY SELECTION: We searched multiple databases through February 2019 for systematic reviews (SRs) of aromatherapy and EOs for health conditions. Using pre-specified inclusion criteria, all abstracts and full-text articles were dual-screened for inclusion. When there were several qualified reviews for the same health condition, we selected a single review based on its recency, methods, scope, and applicability. DATA ABSTRACTION: From each review, we abstracted the focus of the SR, the number of controlled trials included, combined number of participants, duration of trials, condition treated, and relevant findings from controlled trials. We abstracted separate data for each of 5 outcome categories: psychological outcomes, nausea/vomiting, pain and other physical outcomes, sleep outcomes, and global health outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: For each review and outcome category we assigned values representing the effectiveness level of the intervention and confidence in the evidence and used these values to generate evidence maps. Additionally, we provide a narrative synthesis of the findings. RESULTS: We included 26 SRs representing the most recent and comprehensive evidence available. There is moderate-confidence evidence that aromatherapy is beneficial for pain in dysmenorrhea. Aromatherapy is potentially effective for pain in labor/childbirth; blood pressure reduction in hypertension; stress, depression, and sleep in hemodialysis patients; stress in healthy adults; anxiety in perioperative patients; and sleep quality in various populations, with low to moderate confidence in the evidence. For EOs applied topically, there is moderate confidence in the potentially positive effect of tea tree oil for tinea pedis. There is insufficient evidence of efficacy for all other conditions examined.

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